Unprecedented. Double-Barreled Drive
Launched; Generous Gifts Set Record
Chief of Israel Air Force General Hod,
New UJA Chairman Edward Ginsberg
Inspire Top Donors to Allied Campaigns
Recognizing the multiplication of threats to Israel's existence
from Soviet-armed Arab states and the imperative need to protect
Israel's economic status, 150 top contributors to the Allied Jewish
Campaign and to the Israel Emergency Fund on Monday evening
pledged a total of $4,052,000 towards the combined drives to meet
the challenge to world Jewry in the continuing Middle East crisis.
The total subscribed at the annual Pace-Setters' meeting, held at
the Great Lakes Club, included $2.070,000 to the regular Allied
Jewish Campaign from a group that last year gave $1,942,000, and
gn additional $1,932,000 to the Israel Emergency Fund. The gathering
Inaugurated the double-barreled campaign for 1968—the nationally
adopted task of conducting repeated Israel Emergency Fund solicita-
tions for gifts to go entirely to Israel, supplementary to the Allied
Jewish campaign which includes the major beneficiary—the United
Jewish Appeal—and the more than 50 local, national and other
Monday's meeting, addressed, in addition to the local chairmen
and division heads, by Brig. Gen. Mordehai Hod, commander of the
Israel air force, and Edward Ginsburg, national chairman of the
UJA, was an outstanding demonstration of generosity and was marked
by the largest sum ever to be pledged here to a philanthropic cause
at a single session.
With Alfred L. Deutsch, co-chairman of the Detroit drive with
Maxwell Jospey, presiding, the agenda of the meeting was marked
by reviews of existing Middle Eastern conditions and reports on the
major needs which presently create great demands for uninterrupted
assistance upon world Jewry.
Gen. Hod, who belonged to the handful of Israeli strategists who
were credited with having planned the Six-Day triumph, said that
the victory was not a miracle, that it was the result of the Israelis'
enthusiasm, preparedness and readiness to meet the threats froni
the Arab states to exterminate Israel.
Deploring the Increasing dangers to Israel, the mounting rearma-
ment of Egypt and Syria by the Soviet Union and the refusal of the
Arabs to discuss peace terms with Israel, Gen. Hod said "we face
More difficult years than those that preceded last June's threats to
our existence." He added: "We are prepared to do the maximum to
defend and protect our existence, but we can not do it without your
Ginsberg gave a thorough analysis of the needs which must be
American Jewry. He said Israel faces two dangers: a possible
war collapse, which, he said, is now inconceivable, since Israel can
meet the dangers on the war front; and an internal collapse, in view
of the social and economic responsibilities confronting the state. It
Is on the latter score, he emphasized, that American Jewry must pro-
vide maximum aid. "If we take care of these burdens, Israel will
take care of its armed forces," Ginsberg said.
"If ever there was a time to work together, to stand together, to
give together, it is now," Ginsberg said. "I am confident that we
will see them through. If we don't, who will?"
At the close of the meeting, Ginsberg, who has been a leader in
the Cleveland Jewish community, said that the demonstration he
witnessed during the announcement of gifts at Monday's meeting was
`the greatest outpouring of philanthropy I ever witnessed."
Max M. Fisher, who assisted in enlisting the initial contributors
the two-faced drive, briefly addressed the meeting. Others who
spoke, in addition to Deutsch, Jospey and Fisher, included Phillip
Stollman, Paul Zuckerman, who was the chairman of the 1967 Israel
Emergency Fund, Charles Milan and others.
Bonn's Coalition Government
Split on Measures to Deal With
Growing Strength of Neo-Nazis
THE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
Vol. LI I, No. 18 17100 W. 7 Mile Rd.—VE 8-9364--Detroit 48235 January 19, 1964 ._.---
Bias Charged by U. S. Commission
In Major Corporations 'Executive
Suites; Detroit Seriously Involved
WASHINGTON (JTA)—Discrimination against Jews at management levels of busi-
ness and industry and their exclusion from the "executive suite" of giant corporations
were charged in a survey made public Monday by the United States Equal Employment
The commission, under the chairmanship of Clifford L. Alexander, Jr., opened hear-
ings at the United States Court House in Foley Square, New York, on discrimination in
employment affecting Jews.
A summary of the commission's report on aspects of white-collar bias affecting Jews
revealed that "under-utilization of Jews at the management level apparently exists
throughout New York industry." The report asserted that "the representation of Jews
among corporate executives contrasts sharply with their education level and share of the
city's population:' It was noted that Jews represent approximately 25 per cent of New
York's population, and 50 per cent of its college graduates. The commission cited are
Anti-Defamation League report and other studies that revealed that major corporations
employed only 4.5 to 8.9 per cent Jews among corporation officers.
Among the three largest auto manufacturers in Detroit, where the Jewish popula-
tion is about 3 per cent, only two-thirds of 1 per cent of white-collar employes at all
levels were identified as Jews. Fourteen major shipping lines nation-wide had 0.9
per cent Jewish officers.
According to the commission, the extremely limited participation of Jews in indus-
try management cannot be explained by Jewish career preference but must be laid pri-
marily to employer attitudes and practices. Studies at Harvard and Cornell showed little
distinction between the goals of Jewish and non-Jewish students. But both the Harvard
research and a study at the University of Michigan uncovered attitudes held by recruiters
and personnel staff which reflected and influenced company hiring and promotion
of Jewish candidates. The companies sought to "minimize risk" by seeking conformist
candidates with "undistinctive" social characteristics.
A 1967 list of officers available for 91 of the 100 major corporations considered
in the hearings showed 8.9 per cent Jews. This pattern was confirmed by Dr. Philip
Harris, of the Baruch School of the City College of New York. He studied six huge
companies with headquarters in New York, and found only 198 Jews among 2,216
executives — or 8.9 per cent.
The commission maintained that under-representation of Jews at the executive
level is a national as well as city-wide pattern. Study of the insurance industry in
Hartford, Conn., where Jews represent an estimated 10 per cent of the total population,
showed only 1.2 per cent Jews among the executives of 10 major companies:
Jewish representation was studied in utility businesses, banking, insurance, trans-
(Continued on Page 3)
BONN (JTA) — The apparently growing strength of the neo-
Nazi National Democratic Party is not only a matter of increasing
political concern in the Federal Republic but has already involved
the shaky coalition government in some internecine sniping.
Chancellor Kurt Keisinger has accused the Social-Democratic
members of the coalition of refusing to agree to proposed electoral
changes which were intended to prevent the NPD from winning seats
in the Bundestag (lower house) in the next general elections.
The implication was that the Social Democrats would be respon-
sible if the neo-Nazis, who now hold election seats in 10 Laender
(state) parliaments, manage to gain entry into the federal parlia-
The NPD, which espouses many Ilitlerian precepts, has been
branded as "anti-democratic" by leading German politicians. How-
ever, the government has shied away from a legal test because a
court refusal to allow a ban on the NPD would only strengthen the
latter and embarrass the government.
The NPD has won a claim for compensation against the city of
Nuremburg which may add the equivalent of $3.670 to the party
treasury and some $50,000 to the pockets of individual party members.
The Nuremburg court found in favor of the NPD in its claim
against the Nuremburg municipality for banning the party from hold-
ing Its annual congress in that city last May. The party asked 14.700
marks for itself and demanded that each party member who made
the trip to Nuremburg be compensated. The latter claim would
amount to some 200,000 marks ($50,000).
Meanwhile the state prosecutor here has demanded life im-
prisonment at hard labor for seven of 15 accused in the "Stanislaw
trial" now before a jury.
The defendants were accused of the murder of 120,000 Jews in
Stanislaw, East Galicia, during the war. This sentence was re-
quested for Hans Krueger, 58, former chief of the security police in
Stanislaw, on 12 counts of murder; Heinrich Schott. 67. 16 counts
Of murder; Ernest Varschmin. five counts: Franz Mause, 56, four
counts; Werner Hagemann, 55, two counts; Alfred Hass, 61; and
Josef Taus, 60. (Related Story — Page 8)
At the Pace - Setters' inaugural Allied Jewish Campaign meeting, are (from left) seated,
Brig. Gen. Mordehai Hod, chief of the Israel Air force; Edward Ginsberg of Cleveland, and
Max M. Fisher, national chairman and president of the United Jewish Appeal; standing, Alfred
Deutsch and Maxwell Jospey, campaign co-chairmen.