The New Year's
Must Be Adopted
Vol. LII, No. 15
1 I of Jewish Events
fs/1 I I—I I GA t ■ .I
A Weekly Review
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd., Detroit — VE 8-9364— December 29, 1967
$6.00 Per Year, This Issue 20c
Pope Peace Call Seen Dropping
Congressman Ford Asks
Greater U.S. Aid to Avert
Soviet Middle East Threat
By MILTON FRIEDMAN
(Copyright 1967, JTA Inc.)
WASHINGTON — The Republican leadership in the
House of Representatives has strongly rejected the adminis-
tration assessment that the Soviet military buildup in the
Middle East does not "pose any im-
mediate military threat to the United
States and its allies."
Israel feels that the unrelenting
Soviet arms shipments to the Arabs
poses a very real threat. So does the
escalation of Russian naval and air
power movement into the region.
The State Department, however,
does not regard Israel as an ally.
President Johnson's Dec. 19 re-
marks differentiated between United
States commitment to South Viet-
nam and Israel. The President made
clear that America has a "treaty"
with Saigon but none with Israel.
House Minority Leader Gerald
R. Ford has opened a heavy attack
on the administration's Middle East policy. Rep. Ford, Mich-
igan Republican, questioned the "credibility" of President
Johnson's "commitment to Israel." The GOP assault is aimed
at the apparent failure of the administration to back Israel
as firmly as the Russians are supporting the Arabs.
(Editor's Note: Congressman Ford expressed the views
outlined in this report in a radio interview with Milton Fried-
man, our Washington correspondent, over New York's station
WABC, Sunday night).
Rep. Ford served notice that the second session of the
90th Congress will challenge the administration's response
to the Soviet-Arab buildup. The Republicans will demand
stronger U.S. support for Israel — including provision of jets
and other arms Israel previously obtained from France. A
drastic change in Israel's defense posture is seen by Rep.
Ford in the arbitrary cancellation of contracts by France,
Israel's prime arms source.
The Republican leader sees American support of Israel
in "the national security interests of our own United States."
Rep. Ford is aware that the White House has deferred action
(Continued on Page 6)
ROME (JTA)—Pope Paul VI, in his Christmas address to the College of Cardinals Sunday,
called for peace in the Middle East "not saturated with hatred and future vindictiveness." He
urged that free access to the holy places of of the three faiths, Judaism, Christianity and Islam,
be guaranteed "by an institution of international character with special regard for the historical
and religious physiognomy of Jerusalem." The Pope also called for respect for all communities
in the Holy Land to freely enjoy their religious rights, and praised the United Nations Secur-
ity Council's decision to send a representative of the secretary-general to the Middle East on a
The Papal call for free access to holy places seemed to indicate that the Vatican has ceased
to press actively for its long-term objective of internationalization of Jerusalem, and has begun
to work instead for some form of international guarantee., possibly by the United Nations, the
World Court, or through a new three-faith body under UN aegis.
Pope Paul said that he considers the UN resolution of Nov. 22, which established the mis-
sion of Ambassador Gunnar Jarring, to be "the first step" on the road to peace, and hoped that 31
it would have the "sincere support" of all responsible leaders. He called for intensified aid
to the "old and new refugees," the "poor and impotent victims" of conflict in the Middle East.
Christmas Worship in Bethlehem Draws Large Crowds
JERUSALEM (JTA)—Some 4,000 worshipers, including more than 100 American service-
men on leave from posts in Europe, attended an overflow midnight mass at • the Church of the
Nativity in Bethlehem Sunday night, or watched it on cinema-size television screens on Manger
Square outside the church. In all, the first Christmas celebration in Bethlehem under Israeli
occupation went off smoothly, and drew large numbers of pilgrims despite warnings from
terrorist organizations to stay away. One act of sabotage marred the occasion. A transmis-
sion line was blown up, cutting radio and telephone
communications between Bethlehem and Jeru-
salem. But the damage was repaired in less than
an hour, and service was restored.
The absence of any other incidents was at-
tributed in large measure to precautions taken
Seek Peace in M. E.
authorities. More than 1,000 Israeli
PARIS (JTA) — Two hundred and fifty mem-
policemen stood guard along the four-mile road
bers of Parliament, Gaullists and prominent
between Jerusalem and Bethlehem when the
political leaders among them, signed an appeal
traditional procession of pilgrims, led by the Latin
urging France to join with other big powers
Patriarch. Msgr. Alberto Gori, began shortly after
to work for direct Israel-Arab talks of bring about
peace in the Middle East. The appeal was
noon. Automobiles were banned from Bethlehem
authored by General Koenig. a leader of the
for the day, but special buses were provided by
French Resistance movement in World War II,
Israeli authorities to carry pilgrims to and from
who is chairman of the Committee for Solidarity
the town. Steps were also taken to exclude all
Christians in order to avoid a crush of tour-
It affirmed Israel's right to have "secure
ists and other curiosity seekers which might have
borders" in face of the new dangers that threaten
overtaxed Bethlehem's limited facilities.
her, and said that "it cannot be envisaged that
Israel should abandon any position before being
The high mass drew the consuls from Roman
certain of protection from destructive hatred."
Catholic countries, a sprinkling of Americans and
The document said that "the great powers, and
other tourists from abroad, and Arabs from the
1 France especially, have a duty to contribute to the
West Bank who apparently ignored exhortations
creation of a direct dialogue, thus bringing about
on the Amman radio not to attend services in
an end to the conflict in the Middle East."
areas under Israeli control. A majority of Israel's
The signing of this appeal by members of
Arabs, and those of the West Bank, belong to the
France's Parliament appeared to confirm an
Eastern Orthodox and Armenian churches, which
editorial comment by Pierre Paraf in Combat
(Continued on Page 9)
do not celebrate Christmas until next month.
Demagogue Shukairy Resigns Under Pressure
JERUSALEM (JTA) — Ahmed Shukairy, head of the Palestine
Liberation Organization, which trains terrorists and saboteurs for depreda-
tions in Israeli-held territory, has resigned under pressure from his
deputies, according to Cairo radio reports. Shukairy was accused by his
colleagues of failing to coordinate all the organizations which commit acts
of terrorism against IsraeL
Egyptian newspapers reported Monday that a council of 100 Palestinians
will now be chosen by Egyptians to head the PLO. The council will be
made up of political leaders and terrorist organizers' from Egypt, Jordan,
Syria and Lebanon. The council will elect a 10-man- executive committee,
the Cairo radio said.
(Writing editorially, under the title "Arab Derdagogue Steps Down,"
the New York Times on Wednesday asserted that Shukairy's resignation
"could mark a significant step toward peace in the Middle East." The
editorial states that Shukairy was dropped because of his precipitate flight
from battle because of his embarrassing bombast and because his new
high command has been disrupted by the Israelis." The editorial concludes:
"The Palestine Liberation Organization has changed leaders, but will it
change its aims and tactics? That will be the real test of Arab intentions.")
(See Commentary Page 2, Related Stories, Pages 6, 7)
Expose of Prejudice:
Arnold J. Toynbee's Jewish Psychosis
An analysis of a former sympathizer
with Zionism who has become a
professional agitator against Jews
By Josef Fraenkel
our London correspondent
IN NEXT WEEK'S JEWISH NEWS