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December 22, 1967 - Image 5

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1967-12-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Ideological Debate About Israel's Future

By ELIAHU SALPETER

JTA Correspondent in Israel

JERUSALEM — One of the di-
rect consequences of Israel's vic-
tory in the Six-Day War last June
has been the renewal of the ideo-
logical debate over the nature, pur-
pose and meaning of the Jewish
State. Not since these questions
were asked about Zionism in the
first years after the establishment
of the Jewish State have ideologi-
cal issues become so central a
topic of discussion in this country.
As a matter of fact, the debate
"about the future of Zionism" in
the early fifties involved only poli-
ticians, local professional Zionists
and element of the intellectuals.
The younger intellectuals were not
able to work up any great interest
in the subject.

Translated into practical terms,
the question is: what should be
done with the "occupied areas" —
the Arab territories conquered in
the war? Theoretically, there are
three possibilities: return most, if
not all, of the occupied areas in
exchange for a peace settlement;
annex all or most of the occupied
areas to Israel; establish a sepa-
rate Palestine Arab-State on the

Montreal Director
Succeeds Sobeloff
in LA Federation

LOS ANGELES (JTA)—Former
Detroiter Isidore Sobeloff will re-
tire as executive director of the
Jewish Federation - Council of
Greater Los Angeles on Feb. 1 and
will be succeeded by Alvin Bron-
stein, currently executive director
of the Allied Jewish Community
Services of Montreal, Victor M.
Carter, president of the Federa-
tion-Council announced.

The Los Angeles Federation-
Council is the second largest Jew-
i s h community
organization in
the United States.
Sobeloff, w h o
is 68, assumed
the Los Angeles
post in 1964 on
his retirement as
executive vice
president of the
Jewish Welfare
Federation of De-
troit after 27
years of service
there. Bron-
stein, 53, had
been with the
Montreal federa-
tion since 1960
Sobse o
and has been active in community
work for more than 30 years. He
is a graduate of the University of
Louisville and attended the Chi-
cago Graduate School of Social
Service Administration.

Carter said that the selection of
Bronstein had been made from
among five candidates, by a com-
mittee which included Sobeloff.

A statement by the federtion's
executive committee commended
Sobeloff for his significant and val-
uable professional leadership pro-
vided not only toward strengthen-
ing and development of the Great-
er Los Angeles Jewish community,
but to national communal life in a
distinguished career of more than
40 years of devoted and dedicated
service."

Trust Fund to Meet Rules

MONTREAL (JTA)—The Cana-
dian Jewish Congress has acted to
separate the administration of tax-
charitable donations from funds in
its general treasury, in order to
conform with income tax regula-
tions.
A trust fund, the Canadian Jew-
ish Congress Charities Committee,
has been created to handle the ad-
ministration and financial support
of institutions that have tradi-
tionally been CJC. beneficiaries/ .

West Bank of Jordan.
The future of the Sinai Peninsula
in the South and of the Golan
Heights in Syria is not an ideologi-
cal question. No one seriously
claims any spiritual attachment to
the former Syrian Plateau, nor
do many people seriously think
that the barren wastes of Sinai
should become a province of the
Jewish State. The Golan Heights
is solely a security problem; there
is unanimous agreement that the
Syrian troops cannot be allowed to
return to the positions there from
which, for 19 year s, they have
shelled Israeli settlements in the
valley below and sniped away at
farmers in the fields.
As for the Sinai, Israel holds
it today for two reasons: as a
card in future negotiations to as-
sure Egypt's compliance with
international law and with UN
Security Council decisions af-
firming the right of Israel ships
to use the Suez Canal, and sec-
ondly, to make sure that the
expanses of the peninsula do not
again become forward bases and
staging areas for another at-
tempt at annihilating Israel and
its population.
So the ideological issues actually
concern the West Bank. The area
is an integral part of Palestine
and it could be annexed by Israel.
It has an Arab population of about
one million. Israelis who call for
its annevation cite historic rights,
dating from the Bible, as well as
practical military considerations.
Those who believe that Israel
should return most of the West
Bank to King Hussein of Jordan,
cite all the troubles inherent in
any occupation, direct or indirect.
They maintain that cession of those
territories would not be too high
a price to pay for a peace settle-
ment with an Arab country. Those
who prefer establishment of a

Palestinian Arab State hope to
have the benefits of both occupa-
tion and withdrawal: the Pales-
tinian State would be tied to Israel
in matters of defense but, at the
same time, Israel would not be
required to administer a popula-
tion under occupation. It is also
the fairest solution, they claim,
since it would let the Palestinian
Arabs be their own rulers for the
first time.
Ideologically, the issue is: what
kind of a nation should Israel be-
come? Should it remain a Jewish
State, as it was before June, with
the Jews constituting some 90 per
cent of its population? Or, should
the West Bank be annexed and
Israel become a bi-national state
of Hebrew-speaking Jews and
Arabic-speaking Moslems and
Christians? In this case there
would always be the possibility
that, given the high Arab birth-
rate, the Jews would become a
minority in the country within a
few decades.

Friday, December 22, 1967-5

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

India Undercutting Israel on Diamond Markets

LONDON (ZINS)—India is now also at lower prices which are a
engaged in strong competition with decisive factor in the economic
Israel in the diamond trade on competition between nations.
the international markets, contrib-
uting in a large measure to the
current crisis in Israel's diamond
industry, according to statements
by London experts.
In their view, India is in a posi-
tion to capture from Israel much
of this trade as a result of India's
cheaper labor hired as diamond
cutters as compared with the much
higher wage scale paid in this line
in Israel.
Murry & Shirlee Roblin
In order for Israel to be able
Ben-Shari-Carolyn-Richard
to consolidate its position on the
diamond market, it not only has
to offer higher quality goods but

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