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December 22, 1967 - Image 2

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1967-12-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Purely Commentary

Hanuka: Maccabaean Valor Tested While Jewry Again Faces
Bombardment on All Fronts, Including Crucial Internal Issues
Candle lighting commencing on Tuesday evening will shed light on
Ilistory of the Maccabees, on the inspirations that stem from it, on its
influences upon subsequent generations and on our own time. Perhaps the
Illumination will provide the means to probe existing conditions as they
intercede in our lives today and as they emerge to create new and repeated
crises for Jews everywhere and for Israel . '
A little more than six months ago, the military triumphs of the modern
Maccabees enthused the Jewish people and created a new sense of con-
fidence in the future. But there are accompanying developments that are
responsible for new puzzlements, for a sense of uncertainty and suspicion
that calls for new cautions in our planning and our actions.
Theodor Herzl believed that the emergence of a Jewish state will
mark the end of anti-Semitism. He was a modern prophet who foresaw the
rebirth of Jewish sovereignty almost to a day-50 years after he had penned
his historic document. What he did not foresee is our current experience—
the vituperative attacks on the great libertarianism of the Zionist movement
he had created as a modern instrument to effect the end of Jewish home-
lessness. He .could'ot have foreseen that the bigotries that were rampant
during the Affaire \Dreyfus, which was in great measure responsible for
his inspired labors leading towards the rebirth of Jewish Statehood, would
emerge anew so-soon after the Holocaust—another tragedy that neither he
nor any other dreamer of justice for the Jewish people could have foreseen.
Therefore, as time progresses, the world's advances scientifically do
not in any sense guarantee social and human relations progress. We are
climbing skyward but are not reaching the Heavens. We are attaining
knowledge scientifically—mathematically. chemically. physiologically—but
that does not denote wisdom. Nor does it assure humanitarianism.

.

The facts are that the virus of hatred has not been isolated. This
applies to the race issue in our own land and to the inherited hatred of
the Jew in nearly all lands. Who would have believed that in our time we
would witness the re-emergence of the libels that were incorporated in the
atrocious Protocols of the Elders of Zion that had their origin among the
bigots in Russia, France and Germany? Is it conceivable that the ritual
murder charge should be repeated by people who are credited with the
minds of humans, that religious discrimination should still be practiced,
that venom should be the order of the day in many areas? These are the
experiences to which we are subjected anew.
The problem involving anti-Jewish bigotry does not frighten us in
the least: it's an uninterrupted historic Jewish experience. What concerns
its are the Jewish reactions, the tackling of the issues confronting us by
.lews, the ability of our youth to face up to challenges.
The new developments in France, stemming from an apparent anti-
Jewish bias that motivated the blasts directed at us by Charles de Gaulle,

A Plea for Enlightment on Hanuka:
Free Men Must Not Be Panic-Stricken

By Philip
Slomovitz

indicated not only the existence of an inherited prejudice among many
Frenchmen (a poll showed 44 per cent endorsing the de Gaulle attacks)
but also the traditional panic that invaded Jewish ranks. Many French Jews
suddenly-yielded to fears and commenced to test their Jewish loyalties with
yardsticks measured by their French duties—completely ignoring the con-
clusions that have been agreed upon for a long time that one can be—and
should be!—loyal to his spiritual heritage while living- up to his obligations
of citizenship, whether the latter is native by birth or is attained by natural-
ization. We would be turning the calendar back by a generation or more
if we •abandoned this simple but completely accepted principle.

What has happened is that many Jews again become panic-stricken
whenever a man in power suddenly attacks them and levels shocking

accusations at them. That's what has happened in France; similar reactions
have been noted in other lands—and in Cairo a rabbi even joined with
Nasser in justifying the UAR dictator's actions. If ever fear should invade
our ranks on the American continent, it will be a sad commentary on condi-
tions in free lands.
We return, therefore, to a familiar theme: the appeal on Hanuka
for enlightenment, for knowledge, for understanding by Jews of their
status as free men in a free society. That status has not been fully attained
due to the limitations in our educational settings, the shortcomings in
assuring a maximum of learning. We cannot have the fullest measure of
learning if we do not assure the highest standards in teaching, and our
duties are manifold on that score: to strive for the ablest educators and
to make certain that learning again assumes a major role in Jewish life.
This plea is not based on exaggerations. We now know that while
90 per cent of the Jewish youth are entering universities very few of them
pursue Jewish studies. Less than 10 per cent of our youth remain in Jewish
schools after Bar Mitzva age. We know that there is a disturbing shortage
of teachers, that in response to calls for 400 instructors in Conservative
ish schools that movement was able to supply only 45, and of this small
number 32 were transfers from small cities to larger ones, thus depriving
the smaller communities of the dire need of good teachers.

That's how the situation stands: there is little learning and there
are few teachers to provide knowledge.
We need a greater interest among teachers and learners and the
obligation is to raise the standards of the latter and to retain their standards
and to inject a new interest in Jewish ranks, especially among our youth,
to keep them so well informed that no matter how extensive the anti-
Semitic pressures there should never be a yielding to fright and to panic.
There is no other obligation as vital as this one on Hanuka: that of
striving for knowledge and of attaining it; that of seeking enlightenment
and assuring it for young and old. 'That's the role of the Hanuka lights
that beckon to us anew on this inspiring festival.

Community Mobilizes for Unprecedented _Drive

New Campaign Formula Provides for Greater
Needs, Increases to UJA, Emergency Funds

Taking into account the increasing needs
the upkeep of the local educational,
recreational, health and welfare agencies
and the urgency of the situation in Israel
v.hich demands not only an enlarged gen-
eral United Jewish Appeal fund but also an
augmented Israel Emergency Fund, parti-
cipants in the annual budgeting conference
of the Jewish Welfare Federation, Sunday
morning, at the Jewish Center, formulated
a plan of action to assure support that will
guarantee the continuation of requirements
for all the causes included in the : Allied
Jewish Campaign for 1968.
A formula adopted by the conference
after an analysis of the discussions by Hy-
man Safran, president of the Federation,
calls for a campaign goal of $5,950,000 —
S165.000 above last year's allocations —
with the provision that sums raised above
that should go to the Israel Emergency

for

Fund.

At the same time it was emphasized
that the 52,937,500 figure included in the
above goal for the United Jewish Appeal
is to be exclusive of the Israel Emergency
Fund which is being repeated as a most
pressing need. The emergency fund total
raised here after the Six-Day War $6,342,.
174 which included $500,000 from the
United Jewish Charities.
Paul Zuckerman, who was chairman of
the Israel Emergency Fund campaign, led
in the appeals in support of the formula
which was adopted unanimously, urged the
channeling of all funds for Israel and de-
clared that "what we thought were war,
crisis and emergencies are still upon us—
war, crisis, emergency demanding our con-
tinuing efforts for both the regular and the
emergency drive.
The basic outline of both needs was
given by Max M. Fisher, who last week
was elected president of the UJA. Review-
ing the experiences of the past seven

2—Friday, December 22, 1967

months, dating back to the trying period in
May when Israel was threatened with extinc-
tion, Fisher declared that "the war is not
over, we have another emergency, one just
as great." He declared: "There are threats
of a fourth round from Arab quarters. We
must assure that Israel is supported and
kept strong, that Israel is supported eco-
nomically."
Indicating that Israel is carrying the
governmental, military and security obliga-
tions, Fisher declared that economic aid by
American Jewry includes the financing of
education, integration of new settlers, wel-
fare, and he repeated the pledge he made in
November. in Tel Aviv, to the people of
Israel when he said, addressing Prime
Minister Levi Eshkol at the dinner of the
members of UJA mission to Israel:
"We who have traveled with you this
year will travel with you to final victory."
William Avrunin, whose election as ex-
ecutive vice-president of Federation was
announced at Sunday's conference, analyz-
ing the approaches to the forthcoming drive,
reported that close to $2,000,000 has already
been pledged to the 1968 campaign in both
the regular UJA and the emergency cate-
gories, from about 80 contributors, whose
gifts are increasing over both sets of contri-
butions in 1967.
Safran joined in the appeal for "holding
the line locally and nationally and by in-
creasing the gifts to the regular fund."
His statement was supplemented by an
assurance given by Alfred L. Deutsch,
Allied Jewish Campaign chairman, that "in
the second round of the emergency we will
live up to the goals adopted by this con-
ference."
Should both funds aimed at be secured
in 1968, the total to be raised could reach
the $12,000,000 mark. Sol Drachler, associ-
ate director of the Federation, who, at the
outset, reviewed past accomplishments in

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

local drives, pointed out that of the 11,000
who had given to the Israel Emergency
Fund, approximately 1,000 had never before
contributed to the Detroit drives.
Reports were submitted to the confer.
ence by Stanley J. Winkelman, Dr. Peter
G. Shifrin, Irving Rose and Mandell L.
Berman for the community relations,
health and welfare, capital needs and
education divisions.
Rose admonished the gathered campaign
planners that there are new needs for build-
ings and he indicated that the agencies that
will face such needs in about five years
will be the United Hebrew Schools, Home
for Aged, Jewish Community Center, Sinai
Hospital, Camp Tamarack, Jewish Family
and Children's Service, Jewish Vocational
Service, and he warned that as against the
needed $5,000,000 only $2,000,000 is avail-
able. He urged the inclusion of an item of
$875,000 a year for the coming years
through 1972 in preparation for capital
needs.
Of special interest also was the report
of Berman indicating that there are drastic
changes in school attendance resulting
from changes in neighborhoods. His report
showed a small decline' in attendance, a

drop in enrollment in Yiddish schools, an
increase in per capita costs, the need to
provide for the children's education in
newly developing areas. The sharp dis-
locations necessitated merger of three
schools and showed vast increases in stu-
dent attendance in suburban schools, mak-
ing up for losses in the area south of 8
Mile Rd.
Berman reported on a new relationship
being established between the United He-
brew schools and the Detroit day schools
and stated that the study of local educational
needs now being made by the American
Association for Jewish Education will be
made public in the spring.

Winkelman expressed hope that efforts
to eliminate duplication of tasks by com-
munity relations committees will materi-
alize. He placed emphasis on the need to
enlighten the Jewish community on current
happenings in Israel and on the home front.
Dr. Shifrin stated in his report that the
Jewish Center is expanding its program in
the 10-Mile Rd. branch because of the chang-
ing population trends. He also said that the
plans for the construction of a residence
for older citizens are nearing realization.

Reunited Jerusalem Plans 3-Faith Observance

JERUSALEM (JTA) — The municipality of united Jerusalem is preparing for
the first combined celebration in 20 years of the holidays of the three major faiths-
Hanuka, Christmas and Alfitr, which marks the end of the Moslem holy month of
Ramadan. Mayor Teddy Kollek announced that the holiday season will wind up with
a reception by the municipality for the heads of the Jewish, Christain and Moslem
religious congregations.
(At the United Nations, Secretary General U Thant cited the Middle East
conflict in a holiday season message to the United Nations staff Monday, to illustrate
both the limitations and the value of the world organization in securing and maintaining
peace.
The decision of the Israeli authorities to bar non-Christians from Bethlehem
on Christmas Eve, a measure intended to avoid the crush of tourists that might overtax
the limited facilities of that own, has drawn angry proests, particularly from
immigrants from western countries and American Jewish- triurists:

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