Israel's Ability to Solve Refugee Problem
Professor Levin Compiles Thorough
of Malthusian Theories
By TERENCE PRITTIE
t intend to build an oil pipe-line • the root of the Israel-Arab disput
Diplomatic Correspondent of the from Eilat, on the Red Sea, to —that of the refugees. The 220,0049
Prof Samuel M. Levin's years , Keynes, Julian and Thomas Hux-
Guardian, London; Author of I Ashdod on the Mediterranean. refugees of the Gaza Strip can b e of intensive study of the Malthu- ley, Robert Millikan, Havelock Ellis
"Israel—Miracle in the Desert" which will eventually be of con- given local employment, or th e sian theories now are incorporated and other scholars, so
that his re-
The administration of the Gaza siderable use to European im- j qualifications which will enabl e in a full-length book, "Malthus and search is a complete study of social
Strip and the West Bank of the porters of Middle East oil. And them to find jobs elsewhere in the the Conduct of Life," published by and demographic ideas
Jordan are Israel's biggest mate- the maritime powers are seriously Arab world. The 80,000ref ugee; Astra Books
d distrib uted
riot problems during this present considering the building of giant left in the West Bank can be in - Twayne Publishers (31 Union Sq.
Of special interest is Prof.
period of diplomatic deadlock over freighters for the round-the-Cape tegrated into the economy of a W., NY3).
Levin's contrasting analysis of
the Arab-Israeli dispute. The oc- route.
new Palestinian political entity
cupied areas of the Sinai Peninsula
Now an emeritus professor of "Marx versus Malthus" in which
In Sinai Israel has no problem For the Israeli government believes
he shows how both dealt with popu-
and the Golan Heights in Syria of having to deal with a hostile that this is what will emerge there, Wayne State University, for many lation problems, with the misery
an active leader in social
come next in importance—indeed, population and consequent aster- failing a peace settlement. Already
"population redundancy." He
Gen. Moshe Dayan, Israel's defense tial unrest. The post-war census influential Arab voises, those of service agencies and the Jewish
states that "a bent of evolutionary
minister, has rated Sinai, in con- showed only 33,000 inhabitants and the mayors of Hebron and Bethle-
thought is discernible in both Mal-
junction with the Suez Canal, as there may be a few thousand more hem, have been raised in favor
thus and Marx" and points out that:
the biggest problem of the lot. Bedouin who were not registered. of local autonomy. There is not
"Malthus recognizes the neces-
It can be said immediately that Sinai may even prove more useful much love among the West Bank-
sity of reasoning 'from nature up
the occupation of Sinai is of con- for siphoning-off some of the ref- ers for Jordan's King.
siderable military importance to ogees of the Gaza Strip. There
to nature's God. 'But man, disposed
More operatively, Israel can
Israel. Before the Six-Day War have been two unrealized schemes begin to solve the refugee problem
to indolence, is nevertheless caught
Egypt could. at least in theory. in the past for turning El Arish by practical measures, during the
in the dominating world process
send bomber-planes to Tel Aviv in into a development area. capable present period of Middle East dead-
whose goal or purpose is the crea-
10 minutes flying-time, put Ashdod, of sustaining a population of up to lock. And she can go on preaching
tion and formation of mind ... The
Ashkelon and other southern Is- 60.000. Israel may easily evolve the virtues of an accommodation
results are manifold — the growth
raeli cities under artillery fire. a new, feasible plan. And between, with Jordan, to solve the parallel
of intellect, self-discipline, a spirit
and launch rockets into Israel from El Arish and Port Fuad to the problem of the more than 200,000
of independence, foresight and re-
naval craft equipped with Soviet west. the Israelis have already refugees there. Israel is prepared
sponsibility. Marx, on the other
produced launching-pads and shel- launched a pilot-scheme in the to organize joint utilization of the
hand, fixes his attention on the
tering in the harbors of Gaza and shape of the fishing settlement of Jordan's waters with the Kingdom
apparatus of industry, and under-
El Arish. That Egypt did none of Nahal Yam. on the Bardawil lagoon. of Jordan, to produce a jointplan
scores the idea that changing
these things in the Six-Day War
Half a dozen permanent settlements for installing desalination plants,
methods of production and ex-
e to failure to grasp military of this
a real to enclose the southern waters
change function as determinative
PROF SAMUEL M. LEVIN
economic contribution. the Dead Sea jointly and turn them
factors in the world's historic
were there to use.
If Israel withdraws from Sinai into a gigantic potash field. Israel National Fund of Detroit, Prof. process ... Marx pictures the role
The possession of Sinai has
given Israel's southern frontier she is certain to ask for the per- would almost certainly give Jordan Levin has devoted himself to re- of historic change, more potent
less than half as long as the old manent demilitarization of the Pen- a free port in Haifa's harbor, possi- search in the Malthusian subject, than the individual's action or will,
one in the Negev, and easily de- insula. This is a minimum demand bl.. with access to it by means of and his many essays have been heading towards its goal — the
Tensible. This frontier is now only and it would entail the establish. an "international" highway. Plans published in national magazines. overturn of the capitalistic system,
a few minutes flying-time from ment of an Israeli-Egyptian peace- of this kind have repeatedly been
and the inauguration of a socialis-
In his new book he presents tic order in its place."
Cairo and Alexandria. The bomb- keeping commission—for the Unit- outlined by Foreign Minister Abba
the results of his research,
ing of the Aswan Dam by Sinai- ed Nations could not be entrusted Eban. And most Israelis believe
The role of war in human
analyses of the Malthusian herit-
based aircraft would be eminently with this task a second time. Is- that Jordan would accept them
society, Malthus' criticism of
age and the noted philosopher's
feasible. The possession of Sinai. raeli-Egyptian contact over this willingly, if she were not under
"man's grim record of destruc-
idea of progress. Reviewing Mal-
moreover denies Egypt her vital matter is all the more desirable, pressure from Egypt and Syria not
tion as a purveyor of war," is
thus' development of the demo-
theater of land warfare. All pop- in that it could be made to serve to do so.
faiseladsmodel for cooperation in other . Eastern Jerusalem apart, there
interestingly introduced by Prof.
graphic art and his thinking on
sibility of defensive maneuver.
Levin. He shows that "Malthu-
while Arab allies could attack in
is no problem concerning her Arab
• • •
sian thought points to a re-
indicates that "the ideas brought
the north and east, has vanished
neighbors which Israel would not
straint on population growth as
to light by Malthus have not lost
In another war with Egypt, Israel's
Demilitarization, again. may be be prepared to discuss and nego-
their relevance to the men and
objective—if there is no peace- the answer in the area of the Golan tiate. Jordan is the neighbor with
women of our day." Prof. Levin's ,
treaty and she remains in posses- Heights in Syria. The Syrians whom discussions could be most
As an appendix to his volume
book appears shortly after the on Malthus, Prof. Levin introduces
sion of Sinai—would be to smash turned this into a vast network of productive, as Prime Minister Esh-
bicentenary of the birth of a chapter on "President Eisen-
the Egyptian army, not in Sinai immensely strong fortification and kol indicated when he said that he
Thomas Robert Malthus, the hower and the Population
but between the Suez Canal and evacuated all but around 9,000 of was ready to go to Amman and
English demographer and econo-
Cairo. The occupation of Cairo its previous population of 90.000.. talk to King Hussein. Here, too
Explosiori." Interesting new de-
would mean more than military Once an excellent wheat-growing time is on Israel's side; for Jordan,
velopments in population studies
victory; it would mean the end of area, the Golan Heights were al- with 150,000 "new" refugees, face
Prof. Levin's work draws upon in this country are analyzed in this
Nasser's regime. lowed to lapse into a primitive pas- a bitter winter.
the scholarship of John Maynard essay.
The loss of Sinai temporarily de- toral economy and the only popu-
prives Egypt of about one-third of lation left there were members of
her oil resources. She may be able the Druse minority, who hated are that the Israeli government
to afford this, but can she arford Syria and may well adapt them- will stand firm on its declared
to allow Israel to meet all of her selves easily to Israeli rule. It is policy of talking direct with the
own needs from the Sinai wells? significant that, since the war. Arabs and giving up no piece of
Even more important, the loss of Syria's immensely active propagan- occupied territory in the meantime.
Sinai has brought the closure of dist press and radio have had She will be right to do so. For she
is position to show by practical
the Suez Canal. This means a loss little to say about the Golan in a
of canal dues to nearly 5300,000.000 freights. They have preferred to measures in the meantime how
a year. Of course. Egypt is current- go on harping on the old, stale problems can be solved in the gen-
eral interest. Her economists will
ly getting around $260.000.000 a• line of total war against Israel.
As with Sinai. Israel has made a exploit the strength of her position.
year from the oil-rich Arab states.
But this is a subsidy which is useful tactical gain in the shape and her diplomats will have to de-
given grudgingly. may be with- of the Golan Heights. Their posses- estop the strength of her case.
held, and in any event inhibits sion means that Syrian artillery With Arab thinking becoming a
,8 5 - ;:1
Nasser's freedom of diplomatic can no longer shell the kibutzim of little more rational all the time. 1710"
,1 9 6 3 .
Galilee, and Syrian-trained El there is still a fair chance of a
* • •
Fatah terrorists can no longer raid breakthrough to understanding and
Nasser. naturally, has seen in across the Upper Jordan into Is- Peace in the Middle East.
.1 9 6 7 1t$112 15 - Z "T1t 7iTIZ 113730 071= 71i1trt3
the closure of the canal a weapon rael. Those important headwaters
for exerting pressure on the mari- of the Jordan. the Banias and Waz- Hebrew Corner
time powers. Its closure is costing gani springs, are now in Israel's
Britain. for instance, an estimated grasp. In this north-eastern cor-
S50.000.000 a month. But the mari- ner of her territory Israel is sure
Albert Schweitzer. who died about
time powers are beginning to re- to require frontier rectifications, to two
years ago, was a famous man. He
gard the canal as a liability: it can safeguard the kibutzim and put became well known mainly through his
established in Africa!
be all too easily blocked or closed an end to those half-fledged Arab hospital,
as long as there is no lasting peace plans for diverting the Jordan's he worked under tituenglosr d difficult
in the Middle East. The Israelis headwaters for no other purpose conditions.
In 1963, In honor
0 0 r of " S5th birth.'
than to deprive Israel of their use. day.
the •,Albert Schweitzer Prize" was
,19 5 0
The Golan Heights, again, are established. This year the prize was'
to Dr. Benjamin Ben Assa of
an area of potential settlement awarded
Israel at a ceremony held in Holland
and Israel has already established on Jan. 15, 1967.
to Resume on Dec. 12
. It is fitting, therefore, that the prize
another pilot-scheme here, the kib- in
(Direct JTA Teletype wirr
the name of the doctor who lived
,33.317 T T
to The Jewish News)
butz at Baniya.. Other kibutzim in the jungle should be received by 1
woo or 14:
LONDON — Britain and Egypt could follow, if there is no final a doctor who doe s pioneer
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e desert. D
Dr. Be nti
will resume formal diplomatic re- peace-treaty in the Middle East. Assa is respo nsible
g•!7. s wtg the edouiFr IrFees m
cael 1 it 71D1j7113 :19 6 5 rig -IV
lations Dec. 12 but the Egyptians And as with Sinai, the Golan
liold out no hope for a speedy re- Heights have given Israel a big
How did Dr. Ben Assa come to the
(Eretz •israel)? He came here i l
opening of the Suez Canal despite military advantage. In a new war country
by way of the Far East. He was born'
British urgency on that point, it with Syria. Israel's troops could in Holland and immigrated to the
country in 1950, after serving for three,
was reported here Wednesday.
be in Damascus in a few hours.
years in the Dutch Navy in Indonesia. !
Sir Harold Beeley, who was For-
• • •
Four years after his arriv.atl in the'
country, Dr. Ben Assa we
eign Secretary George Brown's
I believe that today a surprising Negev. The ministry of health ap-
personal emissary to President paradox is beginning to emerge in
oi. the 1
Nasser. has been named ambassa- the Middle East. The June war the
Negev. He filled this post until
dor to Cairo. He will be the first has apparently burdened Israel ,1175.
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ambassador since Egypt severed with fresh problems• in the shape tion brought about a reduction in the'
relations with Britain two years of the need to support and ad- number of deaths among the children 127p 1:1'7/p; . 7?1
.V7'1. 17? nk;
ago over the Rhodesia issue.
minister occupied territories twice bedouin habits of personal hygiene and
President Nasser Wednesday re- as large as Israel herself. But the ggieerrcaull.:fsn, taa trins;.:endwgeuhghwt a gpari e l t.; . t
ceived Sir Charles Denman, chief possession of these territories may alert among the bedouin tribes.
of the British Trade Mission in enable Israel to solve the biggest
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