THE JEWISH NEWS
Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit, Mich. M235.
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Editor and Publisher
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the first day of Heschvan, 5728, the following scriptural selections
will be read in our synagogues.
Pontatuchal portions, Gen. 6:9-11:32, Num. 28:9-15. Pnophetical portion, Isaiah
Candle lighting, Friday, Nov. 3, 5:05 p.m.
VOL. LII. NO. 7
November 3, 1967
Fiftieth Anniversary of Balfour Declaration
Since the issuance of the Balfour Declara-
tion on Nev. 2, 1917, Zionism has become
a reality, Theodor Herzl's prophecy that he
had created a Jewish State when he called
the First World Zionist Congress in -1896
was fulfilled and the State of Israel stands
firm as evidence of the realization of pro-
soveraber lid, 1919.
Deer Lord Rothschild.
I have much pleasure in conveying to you. es
behalf of His Majesty' ■ Government, the following
declaration of sympathy with Jewish zionist aspirations
which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Zahinet.
Government view with favour
establishment in Palestine of a national horn* for the
Jewish people, and will use their beet endeavours to
facilitate the achievement of this object. it being
Clearly understood that nothing shall be done 'blob
may prejudice the civil and religious rights of
existing non-Jewish ccirmunitiss in Ps.lestins, or the
rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any
I anould be grateful
if you would bring this
declaration to the it:nodules of the Zionlit PederatIOn.
And 50 years have elapsed since Arthur
James Balfour addressed the famous letter
to Lord Rothschild were marked by tensions,
tragedies, riots in Palestine with the aim by
Arab potentates to destroy the very founda-
tion of the Jewish State.
The events of the past half century mili-
tated against all of the obstructions that
emanated from Arabs, British officials who
could not stomach the very idea of Jewish
statehood and anti-Semites in many quar-
ters as well as some bigoted Christians who
failed to recognize the legitimacy of Jewish
aspirations as represented in the Zionist ideal.
It is to the credit of Lord Balfour that
he stood firm in adhering to the pledge he
had made on behalf
of the government he
represented. He was
abused by many, when
he appeared at the
laying of the corner-
stone for the Hebrew
University in Jerusa-
lem he was maligned
and his life was threat-
ened. But he did not
deviate an iota from
the ideal he embraced
from the time that he had met with Dr. Chaim
Weizmann, the world leader of the Zionist
movement, and joined with him in support-
ing the hopes of the Jewish people to strive
for an end to Jewish homelessness.
Retention of faith in the Balfour Declara-
tion was not an easy task by any means.
There were too many British officials who
labored to destroy the very idea inherent in
Zionism and in the pledge to the Jewish
people by their government. There was, how-
ever, a small group that stood with Balfour
in defense of the great humanitarian idea
which was the counterpart of another great
declaration, that of Cyrus, King of Persia, as
recorded in the Book of Ezra 1:2-4:
"Thus said Cyrus king of Persia, AU
the kingdoms of the earth hath the Lord,
the God of heaven, given me; and he hath
charged me to build Him a house in Jeru-
salem, which is in Judah. Whosoever there
is among you of all His people, his God
be with him, and let him go up to Jeru-
salem, which is in Judah, and build the
house of the Lord, the God of Israel, (he
is God), which is in Jerusalem. And whoso-
ever is left, in any place where he sojourn-
eth, let the men of his place help him with
silver, and with gold, and with goods, and
with beasts, beside the freewill offering for
the house of God which is in Jerusalem."
Here we have the framework for Zion
rebuilt, the source of prophecy, the basis for
a continuity of Jewish claims to statehood in
their ancient homeland. In this ancient decla-
ration is incorporated the obligation of Jews
everywhere to come to the aid of those who
seek to re-establish their homeland in Israel
and to end their statlessness wherever their
security is threatened. Here we have a con-
firmation of the rights of Jewry—of the Peo-
ple Israel—to the capital called Jerusalem,
the house of God that is in Judah!
It is with a sense of historic continuity
that the Zionist movement undertook the re-
vival of statehood. The determined will of
the Jewish people—under great difficulties
encountered among Jews who were blind to
reality in the early days of Zionism as well
as among unfriendly non-Jews—was responsi-
ble for a triumph that was accompanied by
fearlessness, courage, adherence to faith.
The historic sense was inspired by Theo-
dor Herzl and the distinguished leaders who
understood the Jewish needs and who de-
terminedly set out to solve the age-old prob-
lem of homelessness of persecutions that
accounted for millions of Jewish dead dur-
ing the 20 centuries of statelessness.
The Balfour Declaration ensued as a
result of the labors of one of the greatest
men of our time — Dr.
Chaim Weizmann. It was
as a result of the activi-
ties of the eminent Jew-
ish chemist that Arthur
James Balfour, Lloyd
George, Winston Church- t
ill, Josiah Wedgewood
and many other hasidei
umot haolam—the saint- , "
ly among the nations of ,
the world, assisted in
making Zionism a real-
ity. As we celebrate the
50th anniversary of the
Balfour Declaration we Dr. Weizmann
must take into account primarily the guid-
ance, the labors, the dedication, the sac-
rifices for the movement made by Chaim
And as we mark the historic event we
take into account the labors of the many
other great Zionist leaders and later the
dedicated services of the present Israeli lead-
ership, of the people who came to the ancient
homeland to build against great odds, of
the modern Maccabees who fought for lib-
eration and who have battled heroically to
retain their freedom.
Annually commemorated in Detroit at
Rich Traditions of 1870-1925
Recorded in 'Portal to America'
When the Jewish Museum of the Jewish Theological Seminary of
America conducted the Lower East Side Exhibition in 1966, it was
among the sensations of the year. Depicting life on the East Side of
New York in the early years of the Jewish settle-
ment, it dramatically portrayed the historic period
of 1870 to 1925. It incorporated the personalities,
their struggles, their emergence into prominence.
It showed the flow of immigrants and the difficult
conditions under which they lived. And at the same
time it indicated the desire for learning, the passion
for culture—and for justice—and the craving for
good theater, participation in press discussions,
the public rallies, the defense of the downtrodden.
Now this story is recorded in a most impressive,
extensively illustrated, work, edited by the man
who directed the exhibition. In "Portals to America:
The Lower East Side, 1870-1925," published by Holt, Rinehart and
Winston, Dr. Alton Schoener presents the chronicle of Jewish events in
the years of the mass migrations, during the formative periods of the
emergence of the Jewish community of America.
Like the unusually impressive exhibition, this beautifully
printed and excellently compiled book is a combination of history,
of personal dramas, of art and literature.
It is the story of the immigrants and the streets they made famous
on the Lower East Side. It is an account of resistance to ani-Semitism,
when rowdies molested newcomers, and of protests against pogroms
The story of the sweatshop, the strikes, the Triangle Fire, the
social-mindedness, the theaters, the holiday celebrations; the per-
sonalities who emerged in greatness; the centers that were created
by Lillian Wald and men and women who, like her, sought to alleviate
misery and to raise the standards of the people—these are among
the many factors from the exhibition that are presented in this
The treatment of the occurrences and the experiences of that era
in the press—in the major New York newspapers and in the Yiddish
press—is part of this dramatic narrative.
Considerable attention is given to the Bintel Brief of the Forward
and like the theatrical progress it es idences the interests of the people
and the form of service that was rendered to the immigrants and to
those seeking advice on a variety of social, economic, family and other
matters. It served as a platform for the East Siders.
There was an Adaptation, as is indicated in the section so
entitled in this volume, and in it the reader learns about the
immigrant's adjustment to the economic, religious, social aspects
of a new life. Naturalization was important and soon the im-
migrant became a vital clement in America. His citizenship papers
and the library card distinguished the newcomers.
It was a pioneering era and in the course of it the immigrant
assisted in forming a strong labor movement.
In his introduction to this noteworthy work, the editor, who so
ably directed the exhibition at the Jewish Museum, stated:
the Balfour Concert of the local Zionist
"A rich tradition of aspiration and achievement belongs to every-
Organization, it is an occasion for genuine
one associated with the Lower East Side. Immigrants became ped-
The anniversary we are now celebrating
marks the most historic event of the century.
It was the beginning of Jewish statehood.
It proclaimed an end to Jewish homelessness.
Therefore we recall the name of Arthur
James Balfour with joy and with thankful-
ness. And we join in acclaiming the Bal-
four anniversary as one of the great sym-
bols of freedom attained—never tq be sac-
dlers, sweatshop workers, and small shopkeepers. Economic oppor-
tunities permitted many of them and their children to become success-
ful businessmen, lawyers, doctors and intellectuals. The American
melting-pot philosophy encouraged social mobility. The Lower East
Side was an open-end ghetto . . . It was a creative crucible which
gave birth to great ideas and great men."
Text and photography combine to make "Portal to America" an
outstanding work. With the Lower East Side exhibition now touring
the country, this volume assumes even greater significance.