Jackson's KKK Story Reconstructs Era
of Ku Klux Klan Activities in Detroit
While the KKK predominated in
the deep South, the movement
gained ground and many adherents
in large northern cities.
In "The Ku Klux Klan in the
City, 1915-1930," published by
Oxford University Press, Kenneth
T. Jackson reviews the Klan's
progress in many cities, the in-
roads the movement made, its anti-
Jewish, anti-Negro and anti-Cath-
olic propaganda and the strug-
gles that were experienced against
Of special interest to Detroit- fed the racial hysteria that en-
ers is a long-forgotten chapter veloped the city."
These and many other incidents
of Klan activities here, when
led to the disquiet here. In the
Charles Bowles was candidate
primary election of 1924, Bow-
for mayor, when he actually
les was defeated for the nom-
was elected on a KKK ticket
ination, but he ran as a ticket
or write-in candidate in the No-
but was counted out because of
vember election and the vote was
improperly written-in votes.
counted as John W. Smith, 116,-
In the chapter "Detroit: The
807; and Charles Bowles, 106,-
Write-In Challenge," there is a
679; Joseph Martin, 84,929. Jo-
complete run-down of the local ex-
sephine Gomon was quoted as
perience. Jackson lists the men who
saying the Klan candidate should
directed the KKK activities here,
have won the election: there were
the debates and the public issues
2,653 spoiled ballots and 12,-
daily per pers.
that ensued, the challenges that
567 wrongly-written in names
$ * dble.
arose with Bowles' candidacy.
40 of 130 rms.
The famous Dr. Ossian Sweet
$9.50 Dec. 15-Jan. 15
Black Legin activities also
case figures prominently in this
story. Dr. Sweet moved into a are described in the Jackson book
Planned Entertainment. Gala
white neighborhood at Garland and the Detroit KKK functions and
Xmas-New Year Eve Festivities.
and Charlevoix, he and his family the subsequent developments will
Jack Muravehlk, Owner-Mgmt.
were attacked, his brother shot amaze those who read about them
and killed Leon Breiner in the today. It could well be viewed as a
melee that took place, and Clar- hardly believable story, yet it is
ence Darrow defended the Negroes true.
What Jackson does not do is
and secured an acquittal. Jackson
PRIVATE BEACH • POOL
writes that "although the Ku Klux pursue the account further, to in-
C ABANA COLONY
how Bowles subsequently
Klan was not officially involved
OCEANFRONT at LINCOLN RD.
in the incident, it thrived upon and was elected mayor and was re-
called later by popular vote.
Jackson concludes by express-
ENJOY ALL THIS AT THE
ing the view that "although the
Ku Klux Klan is no longer an
effective and viable force in
American life, the Klan men-
OCEAN AT 41st STREET, MIAMI BEACH
tality remains." Ile maintains
A Shower of Stars Hotel
that "as a result of the continu-
ing refusal of the American peo-
PEPPY FIELDS' LIVE RADIO SHOW
ple to accept literally as well as
Enjoy great stars such as Jackie Gleason. Milton Berle,
theoretically the words of the
many others. as Peppy Interviews them!
A nightly party. only at the Lucerne ,
Declaration of Independence and
now to Dec. 15
111. $14 Dec. 15 to Feb. 1
CHRISTMAS IS MORE EXCITING THAN EVER!
Statue of Liberty, the problems
A wonderful program of fun for
FULL COURSE BREAKFAST MO
brought into sharp focus by the
the entire (amity!
7-COURSE DELUXE DINNER. add
Ku Klux Klan have not been
$4; children under 12. add $3.
ENTERTAINMENT UNTIL 3 A.M.
solved; the roots of intolerance
FREE SIGHTSEEING TOURS • FREE GOLF • FREE
SPECIAL FAMILY PLAN • CHAISES a MATS • NIGHTLY FLOOR SHOWS. DANC-
NO CHARGE FOR CHILDREN,
ING! • DINE - A - RAMA — Dina at S oceanfront hotels!
REGARDLESS OF AGEI
activities in all the major
American cities are reviewed by
Carl Cohen. Owner/Management
who gives a full account
Al Rusks, Gen. Mgr.
of the intolerance and the opposi-
tion to it.
An interesting sidelight is visible
in Jackson's description of the De-
troit political campaign for the
mayoralty in 1924: He states: "Two
imponderable elements complicat-
ed the situation: 1. Henry Ford's
endorsement of Mayor Smith, an
action which placed Jewish citizens
in the position of either voting with
the Ku Klux Klan or aligning them-
selves with the nation's most noto-
rious anti--Semite; and 2. the Klan's
endorsement of five candidates for
the city council . . ."
A thoroughly revelatory book,
Jackson's is timely informative and
important lessons for the pres-
ent — and undobutedly for all —
Friday, November 3, 1967-17
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
NegroYouthStudy: Crossways Viewed
Problems of Negro youth are
the nation's problems. The manner
in the young Negro emerges as an
element in the struggle for equal-
ity, the problems relating to
schools to the country's economy
and to the linking of all youth in
a democratic society are part of
the issues which torment the na-
"Negro Youth at the Crossways"
by E. Franklin Frazier, published
by Schocken, is a valuable analysis
of the personality development.
Prepared for the American
Youth Commission of the American
Council on Education, with an il-
luminating introduction by St.
Clair Drake, this volume deserves
widest study for an understanding
of matters that are the concern of
THINK THIN . NOW!
Weight Watchers Welcome!
Enjoy Top Spa Vacationing!
ANOTHER EXTRA JOY
CALL FREE—CALL COLLECT
Write for Color Brochure
SAMUEL M. EDELSTEIN,
YOEL EISEN, Manager
George Morton Levy was picked
for the Harness Racing Hall of
Fame, and Jerry Silverman trained
the top pacer in harness racing.
Belle Isle/Venetian Causeway/Miami Beach
GROUP PACKAGE TO
Miami Beach, Fla.
DEPARTURES EVERY TUESDAY THRU DEC. 5th
— Air Fare — Transfers — 7 Days Lido Spa — Free
Daily Massage — Free Golf & Tennis — All Spa Ficili-
ties — All Meals — Individual Diet Supervision (Salt
Free, Sugar Free, Etc.) — Initial Medical Examination —
Waterfront Solarium — Complete Social Program —
SI imnastic Classes
FOR RESERVATIONS & INFORMATION SEE OR CALL
HAROLD KALT AT
BEE KALT TRAVEL SERVICE
4626 N. Woodward, Royal Oak
JO 6-1490 or LI 9-6733
We've got our own formula
for treating you perfectly
— called TLC!*
*tender loving care
HARBOR ISLAND, ON THE 79TH STREET CAUSEWAY
For reservations and information, phone New York
WO 4-8078 or call collect Miami (305) 751-7561
or write for rates and NEW COLOR BROCHURE
NATIONALLY FAMOUS...OVER 50 YEARS
THE FABULOUS JACOBS KOSHER CUISINE
OCEAN AT 17TH ST., MIAMI BEACH
DAY I SPECIAL
Any 10 days bet.
Dec. 19-Jan. 18
FiUN OF THE HOUSE.
ALL DE-LUXE ACCOMMODATIONS—
ALL OUTSIDE ROOMS!
PLANNED ENTERTAINMENT—FREE PARKING
FREE BEACH CHAIRS
T.V. in every room 100% Air-conditioned & Healed.
• DIETARY LAWS STRICTLY OBSERVED
• CONSTANT RABBINICAL SUPERVISION
• SPECIAL ATTENTION TO DIET REQUIRE-
FREE— New Year's Eve Champagne Party
YlerOrc Zers. $1550 • golYlerOrcg.ets.
Teen-Age Activities$10. Tb
Dec. 19-Jan. 18
•1S of 140 rooms
INCLUDES FULL COURSE BREAKFAST
8 GOURMET DINNER DAILY
Marchers on Pentagon
Ignorant of 'Genocide'
Not one of those interviewed
here after the march on the Pen-
tagon last weekend knew the
meaning of the term "Genocide"
that was used in charges against
the Johnson administration.
The term "genocide" was coined
by the late Prof. Rafel Lemkin,
who initiated the movement for
the adoption of the United Nations
Genocide Convention aimed at out-
lawing the "heinous crime" of
mass killing of peoples.
The term genocide stems from
the Greek word geno — meaning
tribe or race — and the Latin cide
— analogous to homicide or fratri-
cide. Genocide thus refers to the
extermination of nations or ethnic
The UN Genocide Convention,
which brands "genocide a crime
under international law, and for
the commission of which the prin-
cipals and accomplices . . . are
punished," has been adopted by
approximately 70 nations. The U.S.
has not yet approved it.
Dr. Lernkin's movement was a
result of the effort commenced to
prevent the recurrence of Nazi
crimes perpetrated against the_
Alan Levinson sailed away with
a Pan-Am silver medal in the snipe
and Ms fabulous
Star at TV,
...first choice for FAMILY VACATIONS!
• FREE GOLF es Dar inn Outs
course (we're Ile ONLY magnet
betel that Were FREE CMS
• 3 DEUCIOUS GOURMET YEAS DAILY
• 4 basis carts— sports tommaseett
• Otpagie Peel i UN feet pints WA
• Nighty darachwAstertalseuaL
Seaters series. Whew thews
• All Its facilities at Cm 503 aos
HOLLYWOOD MACK ROTEL
SIT YOUR TRAVEL AGENT of call:
KC TONIC. ancient
11111010 IL SUNOS Gael Mgr.
UMW $80880. eashket Et E.
... where parents can Wag while the cAildree
program of actnitirrs UNDER TRAINED
*22• Tr. 29•
3 DELICIOUS MEALS DAILY
%tally per person. double occupancy
December 17— March 16
210 of 700 rooms
FALL GOLFER'S HOLIDAY
CsItfilled days I * 9
5 fus- filled skits
int'? ro om
I 6— December 16
INCLUDES: 3 4/1<.3 Huh Hay • acarlan rams
Hama gret cart (2 is care
• moon. awl prim • 3 ars 5 needs
off bath • kw
• VW cleifes • Moak* Damp
M ban and
of tie noralliont
leitterwd Such INK