THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
10—Friday, November 3, 1967
Levi Eshkol Insists on Secure Boundaries;
Reported Planning U.S. Trip Next Month
JERUSALEM (JTA) — Prime
Minister Levi Eshkol opened the
winter session of the Knesset Mon-
day t Parliament) here Monday
with a 90-minute speech in which
he declared unequivocally that Is-
rael intends to replace the 1949
armistice lines with secure national
boundaries agreed to within the
framework of formal peace trea-
ties. and that she will not return
to any status quo ante which con-
tains the seeds of future havoc and
In his address, Eshkol advised '
the Big Powers and the United
Nations to avoid vague formulas
like declarations on cessation of
hostilities unaccompanied by any
real peace treaty, if an end to
the Middle East crisis is to be
achieved. lie reviewed in detail
the events since the Six-Day War
and noted that the Arabs have not
abandoned their hostility. Israel.
he said, maintains her prepared-
ness and will do all in her power
to equip her defense forces with
whatever arms and equipment are
needed to protect the nation.
Referring to the boundary
situation, Eshkol said the 1949
lines had no characteristics of
normal boundaries and were the
result of nothing more than
military expediency. The Arabs
have insisted on this principle
throughout the years and, for
this reason, "there is ample
justification from legal, political
and security points of view for
Israel's attitude that secure na-
tional boundaries must be deter-
mined within the framework of
peace treaties," he declared.
for the Golan Heights."
Eshkol said, "we shall not permit
a restoration of the situation prior
to June 5 that bore the seeds of
havoc and destruction of our vil-
lages in the valley, nor will the
situation in Sinai, the Gulf of Eilat
or the Suez Canal be restored to
what it was."
Eshkol warned Egypt. Syria.
Iraq and other Arab countries that
Israel will not remain silent in face
of the harassment and persecution
of Jews within their borders. He
demanded that Jews imprisoned
in Arab countries be released and
ix)rmitted to leave those countries.
The prime minister said that
the local Arab inhabitants of the
West Bank region and the Gaza
Strip have not cooperated with ter-
rorist gangs, and the situation is
settling down. He noted that the
unification of Jerusalem was car-
ried out without any upheaval, and
the situation has returned to nor-
mal despite attempts at incitement.
Eshkol d e v ot ed part of his
sooech to castigating Soviet policy.
which he said, has degenerated
with hostility that recalls the dark
days before the overthrow of the
Eshkol will nay an official visit
to the United States in mid-Decem-
ber, when he will be received by
President Johnson. it was reported
here. There was no official con-
firmation of the planned visit.
(During his visit, to last a week,
Eshkol reportedly will discuss
with Mr. Johnson the situation
in this region resulting from last
June's Six-Day War. It is ex-
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pected that the agenda will in-
clude also further discussion of
water desalination, a project
which Eshkol and Mr. Johnson ,
discussed when the Israeli pre-
mier last visited Washington as
head of the Israeli government
ably had talks with Egyptian of-
ficials on the Thant proposals.
Ambassador Gideon Rafael of
Israel was on record with a
warning to the Arab states
against using the proposed Unit-
ed Nations mission to the Middle
East "as a means to escape
from negotiating with Israel. He
said the Israel government saw
no value in any United Nations
mission set up on the assump-
tion that its job was "to restore
pre-war conditions with their
fragility and hostility."
Diplomats at the United Nations
interpreted Tuesday Prime Minis-
ter Eshkol's speech in the Knes-
set as a further hardening of Is-
rael's stand and saw little chance
of the Security Council reconven-
ing on the Middle East problem.
(The Israeli ambassador to the
Corneliu Manescu, president of
the General Assembly and Ro- United Nations spoke at a dinner
manian foreign minister, reiterated last weekend at which he received
at a press luncheon here that he the American Jewish Congress 1967
favored direct negotiations between Stephen S. Wise Award "for dis-
Israel and the Arab states as a tinguished statesmanship in the
means to achieve a settlement of cause of Israel.")
The Security Council Oct. 25 con-
the Middle East crisis.
Manescu was careful to note, demned all cease-fire violations,
in reply to a question on the sub- and demanded that member states
ject, that his answer was given as cease all prohibited military acts
Romanian foreign minister and not and cooperate promptly and fully
in his capacity as assembly presi- with the UN cease-fire observation
dent. He said that "we have to be terms in the Suez area.
Ambassador Arthur J. Goldberg,
realistic and take into account the
sovereignty and rights of existence U.S. permanent representative, de-
clared after the vote that the re-
of every country in the region."
Ile added that the Security Coun- solution "fully meets the spirit,
cil should be allowed more time for language and intent" of the resolu-
consultations on a Middle East tion presented by the United States.
The Soviet representative, Dr.
resolution before sending the mat-
ter back to the assembly. Behind- Nikolai T. Fedorenko, insisted even
the-scenes talks in the security after the resolution passed that it
council have been underway since meant "to condemn Israel." He was
Oct. 13 in an effort to reach agree- answered sharply by Rafael.
In Tel Aviv, Gen. Moshe Dayan.
ment on a resolution on sending
a special UN representative to the Israel's defense minister, told a
Middle East. Disagreement per- crowded press conference last
sists on the mandate to be given weekend that Israel still considers
itself bound by the original cease-
such a represeentative.
Meanwhile, Israeli authorities fire agreement with Egypt despite
awaited Tuesday official notice of the Egyptians' unwarranted attack
plans to strengthen the United Na- on and sinking on the Elath on
tions cease-fire observation mach- Oct. 21 off Port Said.
inery in the Middle East outlined
He told more than 200 newspap-
by Secretary-General U Thant this er and television reporters that the
sinking of the destroyer was not
According to Thant's proposals. only a "flagrant violation" of the
the plans include doubling the num- cease-fire agreement but was in
ber of observers and observation fact also the "most serious chal-
posts on both sides of the Suez lenge to the cease-fire as such."
Canal and equipping the UN ob-
The defense minister's press
servers with small patrol craft and
conference was the first in sev-
helicopters. Israel has informed
eral weeks. He had rejected all
General Bull that she has no ob-
requests for such interviews for
jections to increasing the number
several weeks after he was sharp-
of observers but has withheld com-
ly criticized by Premier Eshkol
ment on the boats and helicopters
for his wide-ranging statements
until formal notice is received. Is-
to newsmen. He said Israel's
rael in general does not favor giv-
view was that the cease-fire
ing the UN staff further respon-
should not only be observed but
also that it was to the interest
U.S. Marine Col. Floyd John-
son, deputy chief of the UN Ob-
servers Corps, returned here
from Cairo where he prestun-
of both parties to keep it until
some better arrangement was
achieved, such as a peace agree-
`Suez-Ten Years After' Presents
Vital Opinions on Major Problem
Suez issues will remain vital for military objective was to secure
a long time, and reviews of past the Canal Zone. I do not think that
experiences retain their signifi- it was really the alm, but it was
cance no matter what period is written that way. I think this aim
really was not, as I said, the real
In "Suez — Ten Years After " one. The real one was to put out
edited by Anthony Moncrieff, with Nasser: but this was not written,
an introduction by Peter Calvo- and let us say that it was a sort
coressi, published by Pantheon of secret aim."
Books (22 E. 51st, NY 22), there
Nasser asserts: "I was accused
are statements by David Ben- of many, many things. But all my
Gurion, Nasser, C hristian C. object was, was to have complete
Pineau, Anthony Nutting, Gen. independence in the Arab coun-
Andre Beaufre, Hans Eberhard tries."
Dingels and others, there are opin-
In his stated opinion, David Ben-
ions that deserve attention and Gurion said: "On Oct. 28 there was
that will lead to ever-widening a meeting. It was Sunday. We held
all the meetings on Sunday morn-
The questions raised by the book ing. It was a meeting of our Gov-
are suggested by Peter Calvocoressi ernment. I give them the reasons
in his foreward:
why we had to attack on one side
"Did the United States let down the Gaza strip, on the other side the
centers of the Fedayeen in Sinai.
"Had Washington in effect ad- And this was our aim in invading
opted a double standard requir- Sinai, although we did not regard
ing advance consultation by allies Sinai as part of Egypt. Not a single
(Suez) but without reciprocity Egyptian lives in Sinai—only a
number of Bedouin here and there.
"Was the American stance over But—I told the government—'You
will not be able to stay there be-
Suez dictated by oil men?"
"Did Washington tacitly swap cause Russia and America will
Suez for Hungary, condeming the not let us and we cannot do any-
former and condoning the latter be- thing against these two great pow-
cause it feared a general war?" ers. So you should not have any
Gen. Andre Beaufre, commander illusions that we are going to con-
of the French troops, states: "The quer the Sinai desert ...' "
While it is routine for the head
of the armed forces to appoint an
Gen. Dayan welcomed the pro-
posal by U Thant to increase UN
observer facilities and men along
the Suez Canal. lie said this would
mean "objectively reporting on hap-
Gen. Yitzhak Rabin, Israel's chief
of staff of the armed forces, an-
nounced that he has named his
deputy, Brig. Chaim Barley, as in-
vestigator of the Elath disaster.
investigator whenever an incident
results in loss of life, this is the
first time the investigator selected
was such a high officer of the
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