CENTENNIAL SCRAPBOOK : ge1718•67
The most consequential book of the
19th century, judged from a mili-
tant revolutionary view, had first publica-
tion just a century ago. Volume I of Das
Kapital, written by Karl Heinrich Marx with
Friedrich Engels, was issued in 1867 at Lon-
Marx was then forty-nine. Born in Treves,
Rheinish Prussia, son of a Jewish lawyer
who was a Christian convert, Karl and the
family were baptized as Protestants. At the
Universities of Bohn and Berlin, Marx stud-
ied law, history and philosophy before earn-
ing a Ph.D. in 1841.
Like most of those who have assumed to
be revolutionary leaders for the working
class, he was a theoretician, never an actual
He started agitating as a writer for a
German radical organ, which he helped get
suppressed in 1843 for socialist agitation
against the entrenched aristocracy of wealth
and political power. He could also have been
fired for pronounced anti-Semitism. (Marx's
anti-semitism is documented in a translation
of his writings with an introduction by Dago-
bert Runes [published by Philosophical Li-
brary, New York].)
That same year, 1843, Marx married Jen-
ny von Westphalen, daughter of a baron,
and a lineal descendant of English royalty.
Karl took Jenny to live in Paris, where he
met and accepted as collaborator Friedrich
Engels, parasite son of a wealthy father. En-
gels was to be his co-editor and co-author
In 1847 they wrote the pamphlet Manifest
der Kommunisten, forerunner of Das Kapital,
and published a German language newspaper
with Marx as editor in name.
Das Kapital, compounded from readings
at libraries in London while Marx was sup-
ported by Engels and Jenny Marx, was to
have three volumes. The third was written
wholly by Engels after Marx's death— and
when their brand of monolithic autocracy
had begun becoming a political force in the
world in forms of fascism and communism.
1(—] Part of monument to co-father of Com-
munist scheme of world conquest, in London.
He died there, 1883.
Taking Orders, S haring in Guilt:
Tragic Lessons in Youth Story
John R. Tunis wrote a story taken out of the burning building
entitled "His Enemy, His Friend," a shot killed Hans.
Thereupon Jean-Paul, the young
which has been published by Wil-
liam Morrow & Co. (425 Park, S., Frenchman, "slipped down beside
him weeping, beside the dead body
NY16). It's a story for youngsters, of his enemy, his friend."
but it has a lesson and a challenge
Jean-Paul had been taught the
for the elders as well.
football game by Hans during the
It is a tale about football (soc- friendly days before the order from
cer). first in a French village, ' Nazi quarters to kill Frenchmen in
Nogent - Plage, occupied by the retaliation for what they called
Nazis; then, a decade later, again "terrorism." He retained friendly
in France, when German and regard for the man who served
French teams were engaged in a under the Nazis. Their joint story
revives the problem of taking or-
ders and following them, and while
A major character in the story Hans was resisting the Nazi orders
is a German sergeant who acted he quoted to his superior a saying
gently with the people in the oc- by Marti, a Cuban revolutionary,
cupied city; who, as an expert in who said: "He witnesses a crime
the game of football, advised the and does not protest, commits it
young Frenchmen in the game.
But when his superior officer
Thus we have in "His Enemy,
was killed by people in the resist- His Friend," an interesting lesson.
ance. this German, Sergeant Hans The author, John R. Tunis, was a
von Kleinschrodt, having been sports writer. Ile is an authority on
given the commanding post, was football and the story he wrote re-
ordered to kill six Frenchmen in , veals it. But the moral lesson his
retaliation, unless the guilty par- tale contains is the major aspect
ties were turned over for Nazi of his book.
Hans tried to resist. The orders
remained. The six, among them a
little boy, a teacher whose grand-
father was a Jew and a priest,
were murdered. Hans did not give
the order: another voice next to
him did. But later he was sen-
tenced at Rouen, in 1948, for the
Ile returned as a baron, leading
the German team. The Germans
won. Suddenly they discovered that
the game was in Nogent - Plage.
Hans. who had been branded as
Butcher of Nogent-Plage,"
Dr. David Herreshoff, assistant United States the role of labor Trades (no longer affiliated to
professor of English at Wayne has grown. Unless this pattern the Socialist Trade and Labor and his team were rounded up and
into the very building
State University, makes an inter- has finally fulfilled itself, the Alliance in 1898). William J.
where the six French martyrs were
esting comment on American story of the Americanizers of
Ghent, editor of the American held before they were murdered
socialist aproaches in an impres- Marx is not yet at an end."
sive work. "American Disciples of
Prof. Herreshoff's important Fabian and the Jewish Daily For- as an act of vengeance. The crowd
was ready to kill them. But the
Marx—From the Age of Jackson analyses, his review of the per - ward took a pro - war line . . . hero of the French team, whose
to the Progressive Era," published sonalities in the era of some 135 Victor Berger's Milwaukee Vor- father was one of the six martyrs.
by WSU Press.
years accounted for in his study, wearts suggested that the war came to their rescue. He believed
His evaluative work on social throw much light on this important would advance Cuba economically. Hans that he had not given the
evolutions. which contains among subject.
thereby bringing her closer to order of the Nazis. The young
other matters the view that "the
Most valuable in Dr. Her- socialism." This is especially ad- French football player rescued the
Negro upsurge has not yet had reshoffs work are the characteri- monishing in view of what occur- German team. But as they were
a leavening effect on the labor nations of Daniel De Leon and red 70 years later.
movement." concludes with this Eugene V. Debs. With regard to
Henry David Thoreau's views
De Leon he states that his roots are valuable in this study. Dr. Her-
"Er-1- y American generation were Carribbean, Latin American, reshoff refers in his book to "such
since the 1826s has witnessed a "and probably Jewish."
German leftists as the True
significant expression of labor
In the course of numerous Socialist, Moses Hess"; to person-
radicalism. It seems likely that
and lengthy references to De- alities of eminence, including
there will be new expressions of
Leon's activities, the author states Samuel Gompers, Morris Hillquit,
it and that labor radicalism will
that the eminent socialist "took Eduard Bernstein, as well as
37 17 :1163 Pk?
be one of the forms of revolt to
the Second International as his Joseph Barondes s. who has
It . /117
the generation now
model," that "it had fraternally j already been referred to. "Ameri-
of college age. The great un-
united a broad spectrum of ten- can Disciples of Marx" is a most
certainly would seem to lie in
dencies 'from the most rudimen- informative volume.
whether the next labor radical-
Lary, like Zionist-Socialism, up
ism will be more conscious and
to the most dearly and soundly , Hebrew Corner
more powerful than its prede-
revolutionary, like the Socialist
cessors. When the future dispels
Labor Party—provided they all
this uncertainty, one of two his-
aim, remotely or approximately,
torical estimates of the modern
now is soil born?
at the overthrow of the capitalist
A few weeks ago I traveled to the
working class will have been yin-
system of production.' "
Adulam District, south of Jerusalem.
dicated: Thomas Jefferson's or
Among the interesting references and I saw with my own eyes how soil
Karl Marx's. Jefferson thought
.D'3 1 10' 11217
to wars, to personalities to divi- is born anew.
sa o reo acg t
that the class of wage workers
sions in thinking among socialists, torsr.--Rganrd I at
7:1Y I'V P 7:11? 1 n'V';
created by capitalism would
Dr. Herreshoff states that Social- °late areas; everything was covered
prove politically and morally
1st Labor Party members "gave
wizifeedm Iortune I met a friend
impotent, but Marx had faith
to De Leon's attitude
that the victims of modern
—Shalom, Mr. Etzioni! What are you
war and imperialism in
society would learn to free them-
the Spanish - American War," that do—
inf am workinga tract
selves. The scales of prophecy "De Leon was firmly anti-war and ing soil for agricultural
gs r do et;oi Ne ttl im
ere? But every-
are still balanced. Experience
internationalist." He adds with thin Soil
has battered the conscience and regard to De Leon: "Among social-
Mr. Etzioni took out a map from his
and began to tell me about the
depressed the self-confidence of ists in America his stand was pocket
In ancient days our fathers
the labor movement; but in the
opposed only by leaders and jour- used (sat) here and earned their lie-
waves of reform turbulence
nals outside the SLP. Joseph
which occasionally sweep the
Barondess of the United Hebrew before (until) Jewish farmers will
Prof. Herreshoff Describes 'Age of Jackson
to Progressive Era' Regarding Marx Disciples
Soil Is Reborn
Contest to Spur Interest in Jewish Books Is Begun
YORK — A Program Ideas nouncement of the winners will be
Contest to encourage the reading made in May.
In 500 words or less, the Jewish
of books of Jewish interest is be-
Book Council is seeking previously
ing conducted as an event marking used or
l f or the pro-
the 25th anniversary of the Jewish motion of wider interest in Jewish
Book Council of the National Jew- , books by individuals or groups of
ish Welfare Board (JWB).
! all ages. Preference will be given
A total of 5625 in books will be , to original and imaginative pro-
awarded for the 25 best ideas sub- gram ideas.
nutted by rabbis, educators, libra- , For rules information, contact
rians, Jewish community center the local Jewish center or write
workers. communal leaders, prom ' Ideas Editor, Jewish Book Council,
gram chairmen : and others who, National Jewish Welfare Board,
take part in the contest. The dead- 1 145 East 32nd St.. New York, N.Y.
line for entries is Feb. 1. An- 10016.
again be able to extract their bread
from the soil of Adulum. First of all
is necessary to prepare the ground.
—And how does one do this? I
— The experts have determined that
there are twenty-five thousand dunams
(approx. 6,000 acres) of soil which may
sag, l i ce m
u i e
t unrtasl sc
this a re
rise. However. it is first necessary
pave roads and bring tractors and
other machines to extract the boulders
and the stones.
—But I see a small settlement al-
ready there on the hill.
— Yes, that is the first village in the
district — Givat Yeshayahu (Isaiah's
Hill). It was established a half a year
ago. And after it will come more
The work has already begun. The
soil is being reborn. In a short time
there will be many new-settlements
here and Jewish farmers will again
extract their bread from the soil of
(Hebrew translation of column pub-
lished by Brit Ivrit ()lamp).
Study Larger Oil Pipeline
to Increase Volume From
Eilat to Mediterranean
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)
AVIV—The Israel govern-
ment was reported Wednesday to
be considering development of a
42-inch crude oil pipeline between
Eilat and the Mediterranean shore
near the port of Ashdod. Israel
now has a 16-inch pipeline carry-
ing oil from Eilat to Haifa where
refineries are located.
No details were given on the
amount of investment necessary
for the proposed pipeline, but it
was learned that foreign capital
would be involved. Such a pipeline
would not only create possibilities
for large-scale transfer of oil via
the Red Sea to the Mediterranean
and thence to any European port,
but would also cut costs of the oil
transport. Both Eilat and Ashdod
have facilities for very large
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40—Friday, October 20, 1967
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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS