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August 25, 1967 - Image 9

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1967-08-25

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Friday, August 25, 1967-9

Stalinist Obsessions Revealed in New Deutscher Volume

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

In "The Unfinished Revolution—
Russia 1917-1967," published by
Oxford Press, Isaac Deutscher con- the prospect of its own annihilation by
Nazis, We were g
eacrrieg
n ign 1Hos io nti ci
tinued his analyses of the USSR the
as panic-mongers,
and Communist conditions. He enemies of the German proletariat and
of the Soviet Union.
probed the question whether the
The surrender
1933 was the mos
aims of the Russian Revolution crushing defeat of
Marxism ever stiffer
have been attained and whether
there can be a way back to the
Isaac Deutscher Dies;
past in view of the Stalinist scan-
dals and oppressions, and he de-
Authority
on USSR
clared: '
From Hasidic Family
"In the Soviet Union, we know,
the revolution - has survived all pos- •
ROME (JTA) — Isaac Deut-
sible agents of restoration. Yet it
scher, noted writer and Marxist
seems to be burdened with a mass • theoretician, author of political
of
accumulated disillusionment
biographies of Trotsky and Sta-
and even despair that in other his-
lin and of other works on the
torical circumstances might have
Soviet Union and its develop-
been the driving force of a restora-
ment, died last Saturday at the
tion. At times the Soviet Union ap-
age of 60, while on a visit here.
pears to be fraught with the moral-1 A resident of Great Britain,
psychological potentiality of re- I Deutscher was born in Krakow,
storation that cannot become a
Poland, to a Hasidic family of
political actuality. Much of the
printers and publishers of reli-
record of the 50 years is utterly
gious books. He attended a
discredited in the eyes of the
yeshiva, took up secular Hebrew
people; and no returned Romanovs
studies and wrote Hebrew
are going to rehabilitate it. The ' poetry before turning to radical
revolution must rehabilitate itself,
writings.
by its own efforts.
A prominent Communist
theoretician between the wars,
"Soviet society cannot reconcile
he
later left the Communist
itself for much longer to remain-
Party and Poland and, after a
ing a mere object of history and
period
in France, he settled in
being dependent on the whims of
England. He took no part in
autocrats or the arbitrary decisions
Jewish life.
of oligarchies. It needs to regain
the sense of being its own master.
It needs to obtain control over its
governments and to transform the •
State, which has so long towered
above society, into an instrument
of the nation's democratically ex- ,
pressed will and interest ..."
Reviewing the history of Bol-
shevik-Menshevik conflicts, corn-
menting on the changes that have
taken place within the USSR and
on the attitudes on matters in-
volving foreign relations, Deut-
scher charged that. "the Marxist
prediction about class struggle in
capitalism were not as wide of the
mark as they may now seem, ex-
cept in so far as Marx, Engels
and Lenin did not reckon with
Stalinism and its international con-
sequences." But he made an ef-
fective accusation with regard to
the Stalin-Hitler pact when he
stated:

Israel Reports Record Crops

succeeding to this; and
, that even If
it we rtaothfail,thiatn sl o suLtelgyo accept

ed, a defeat which was to be deepened
by later events and later Stalinist
policies, a defeat from which the Ger-
man and the European labor move-
ments have not yet recovered. If the
German left, and above all the Ger-
man Communist Party, had not allow-
ed itself to be goaded into capitulation,
if it had had the sense to fight for
its life, there might never have been
a Third Reich and a Second World
War. The Soviet Union might not have
lost 20,000,000 dead on the battlefields.
The smoke from the Auschwitz gas
chambers might not have blackened
the record of our civilization. And
meanwhile, Germany might perhaps
have become a workers' state."

Deutscher, one of the world's
outstanding authorities on the
Soviet Union and the communist
ideologies, added immensely to an
understanding of the current state
of affairs in the USSR and espe-
cially the Stalinist obsessions in
"The Unfinished Revolution."

TEL AVIV (JTA) — Israeli
farmers have turned in a record
wheat harvest of 210,000 tons,
comprising about 60 per cent of
the country's total requirements,
it was reported by a spokesman
for the agricultural ministry. He
stressed the importance of the
domestic yield in view of the de-
cline in wheat surpluses through-
out the world.
Comparison between the yields
of Arab farmers on the West Bank
of the Jordan, now occupied by
Israel, and Israel's current out-

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"A major example, one of many that
could be adduced, may be given as
illustration. Any student of recent his-
tory will be struck and perhaps baffled
by the uttr.rimpassivity and indiffer-
ence with which in the 'early 1930's
Moscow m elee,! the rise of Nazism.
Stalin, his advisers, and his propa-
gandists showed at that time not the
slightest awareness of what was corn-
ing. They had no inkling of the gather-
ing force and destructive dynamism
of the Nazi movement. From 1929 to
1933 they prompted the German Corn- •
munist Party to commit a long series
of fatal blunders, blunders which made !
it all too easy for Hitler to seize
power. Nov, was /Idler's triumph ti
1933 really inevitable? Did objective
circumstances make it so? Or could
have
MOUCIIICIlt
labor
the German
prevented it? Before trying to answer
these questions, we have to consider
movement

the fact their in 1933 that
surrendered all its positions to Hitler
without a struogle. This is true of both
parties, the Social Democrats who con.'
troled the trade unions and had an •
electoral following of over eight !mil
Lion people, and the Communists who
had a following of over five million.
The most vigorous and militant ele-
ments of the movement were in the
Communist Party. Because of their
own political weigh t, and because of
the influence their conduct exercised
on the more inert mass of Social Demo-
crats, their behaviour in the crisis was
of the utmost importance. Yet the
and
Communist Party deliberately
systematically played down the Nazi
danger and Wirt the workers that the
or `Social-fascists,'
Social Democrats
not the Nazis, were the chief enemy
on whom they ought to 'concentrate all
fire.' The lenders of both parties, the
Social Democrats and the Communists,
refused even to contemplate the idea
of any common action against Nazism.
There was no objective reason why
they should behave in this way. Their
Surrender was not inevitable. Hitler's
easy victory in 1933 was not inevitable.
And Stalin and the Soviet party had
no real interest whatsoever in sponsor-
ing the policy of surrender and per-
sisting in it. Their apathy and indif-
ference in the face of rising Nazism
restated solely from the isolationist
temper of Stalinism, from its desire to
keep the Soviet Union out of any en-
any major conflict
in
tanglement
abroad. Playing for safety, Stalin ruled
Out any Communist move in Germany
that might have led to a confrontation,
and possibly to civil war, between the
German left and Nazism. Pursuing the
mirage of security within the interna-
tional status quo, the mirage of So-
Stalinism
One Count ry,
cialism in
caused the defeat of socialism in many
other countries and exposed the So-
viet Union to mortal peril. Some of
us argued in those years, well before!
1933, that it Nazi government meant
world mar and invasion of the Soviet
Union; that it was the duty of the
German left to bar Hitler's road to;
power; that it had a fair chance of

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