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August 11, 1967 - Image 9

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1967-08-11

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Trick Suspected as Kremlin Hints
Possible Arab Recognition of Israel

matic observers here characteriz-
ed Moscow-inspired news items
appearing in various parts of the i
world, hinting of possible Arab
recognition of Israel, as part of
the Soviet Union's propaganda
campaign in its Middle East policy.
The Soviets have been spread-
ing such rumors systematically
through Paris, Belgrade, New
Delhi and London. Observers said
the stories were designed to up-
grade the Soviet 'and Arab images
in western public opinion and to
contrast Arab "reasonableness -
with a "stubborn" Israel.
Reports of ' this alleged softer
stand by the Arab rulers are not
being published either in the
Soviet Union or in the Arab coun-
tries. No intimation of any such
change in the Arab position has
been received by any Israeli offi-
cial nor has any Weste”n country
passed on such information to Is-
rael. it was noted.
"Moscow is waiting patiently

for the Arab -ations to unite be-
hind a 'reasonable' rather than
`extremist' policy towards Is-
rael," the Christian Science Mon-
itor reported Tuesday from Mos-


The report said that Western
diplomats in the Soviet capital be-
live that "reasonable" means some
acknowledgement by the Arabs
that they are not out to annihilate
Israel as a state. "Moscow could
then call on Washington to use its
influence to obtain Israeli with-
drawal from occupied Arab terri-
tories, thus opening the way to a
negotiated settlement of the Arab-
Israeli war," the report states. It
adds that "Moscow has brought no
overt pressure on the Arabs toward
taking the first step in this hoped-
for process. But the Soviet press
has made it abundantly clear in
the past few weeks that if the
liquidation of Israel remains an
Arab goal, the Kremlin will have
nothing to do with it."
With regard to th6 Moscow atti-
tude on the Suez issue, the Moscow
report says that the Soviet press
has several times cited the Treaty
of Constantinople of 1888 as giving
Egypt the right to ban belligerent
shipping from the Suez Canal. "By
implication, nonbelligerents should
be permitted to use the canal." the
correspondent emphasizes.
"From these and other com-
ments," the Christian Science Mon-
itor report states, "Western diplo-
mats here have the impression that
the Kremlin 'desires normalization
of the Middle East situation and
rejects the extremism represented
by Algeria and Syria.
"Soviet goals in the Middle



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East, these diplomats believe,
include the following: to replace ,
Western influence among the
Arab nations with its own—but
not at the risk of a major war;
to strengthen "progressive" Arab
regimes—but not at the cost of
Arab unity as a whole."

(Pravda Ukrainy, the official or-
gan of the Communist Party in the
Ukraine, referred in an article
Monday to the Arab call for the
destruction of Israel as "ultra-
nationalist hysteria" and insisted
that no responsible Arab leader
favored that objective, it was re-
ported from Moscow.
The article conceded that such
Arab "public figures" as Ahmed
Shukairy, head of the Palestine
Liberation Organization, did call
for the liquidation of Israel." Most
of the article attacked Zionism as
a movement to make the Jews of
all countries "instruments of im-
perialist policy.")

Bonn Note to Moscow Expresses
Hope for Peaceful Solution of Crisis

BONN (JTA)—West Germany's
foreign ministry handed a note to

the Soviet ambassador here Tues-
day, affirming the Federal Repub-

lic's hope that "a peaceful and just
solution" to the Middle East crisis
will be found soon. The West Ger-
man note was a reply to one re-
ceived from the Soviet government,
similar to messages to many other
governments, explaining Moscow's
viewpoint regarding the Middle
East crisis.
The West German Foreign Office
denied Tuesday Arab-inspired re-
ports that West Germany had sign-
ed an agreement with Israel to
provide 160,000,000 marks ($40,-
000,000) in new credits to Israel.
However, Bonn sources said that a
new credit agreement was "a mat-
ter of timing."

Positive Results
Seen by Goldberg
From UN Actions

—The belief that there were "posi-
tive developments" in the Middle
East in the direction of an eventual

Arab-Israeli peace settlement was
expressed here by Arthur J. Gold-
berg, the United States representa-
tive to the United Nations.
Goldberg expressed that view to
newsmen after a lengthy meeting
with Secretary-General U Thant.
The envoy cited as the basis for
his belief the fact that there had
been "a consolidation of the cease-
fire under United Nations super-
vision" and that he looked to addi-
tional UN action on outstanding
issues. including the status of Jeru-
The envoy said that "movement
toward a settlement is going to be
slow, but there - has been some
progress in the tease-fire arrange-
ments and there has been no retro-
gression in other areas."

Execution of Jews
in Stalin's Russia

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

The longest siege in. military
history was that of Tangier, North
Africa, from January 1662 until
late October 1680 — a period of
over 18'i years.

LONDON — The Association of
Jewish Journalists and Authors in ,
Britain commemorated Wednesday
the 15th anniversary of the execu-
tion by the Soviet Union of 24



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freedom to Soviet Jewry.
The state recalled the "untimely
deaths" of the murdered intellect-
uals "with deepest sorrow" and i


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Sonic of the victims were "re-
habilitated" by announcements
that a particular individual was
"a victim of the Stalin person-
ality cult." The 1952 executions
did not mark the end of the cam-
paign. In 1953, a group of physi-
cians, most of them Jews, were
arrested in the "Doctors Plot"
and reportedly confessed to plans
to poison Soviet leaders. Only
the death of Stalin in March
1953 ended the officially-spon-
sored anti-Jewish campaign.


When the people
at the office ask where you're going
to spend your vacation, say "Oh, I thought
I'd go to some
little out-of-the-way island:'

The doctors who survived were
released and their civil rights re-
stored but succeeding Soviet re-
gimes have never formally con-
demned the campaign. other than
issuance of vague references to
"Stalin's personality cult."

Soviet Court Sentences
2 Latvians for Killings

vians were convicted of war crimes
in the Soviet Latvian High Court
at Riga, one of them sentenced to
death. the other given a 15-year
(.,ermany Plans to Hold prison term, according to the So-
viet newspapers here.
2 Major Crimes Trials
Jan Ladzins and Felix Ulpe were
convicted of having killed "a num-
reported here for two major war ber" of Jews and non-Jews in
crimes trials, one for a group of several provincial Latvian towns
Nazis who operated in the Lublin in 1941. They were also charged
district in occupied Poland and with torturing partisans who had
the other for a group of 240 Nazis fallen into their hands. Ladzins
stationed in Riga. the capital of was given the death sentence.
Latvia. Both are charged with mass- while Ulpe's sentence called for
killing of Jews.
imprisonment at hard labor.
The trial of the Lublin group
It was noted here that. in the
will begin here Oct. 30. The date Soviet press, the Jewish victims
for the other trial, on which 50 of the two Nazi collaborators were
prosecutors have been working for identified only as "Soviet citi-
eight years. will be held before zens," while the non-Jews were
the end of the year.
identified as Latvians.
Ten survivors of the Riga ghetto
made depositions in London. One
of them was the cinema actor,

Joseph Dubin-Behrman, who also
survived the Dondangen and Buch-
enwald death camps. The actor, who
plays the role of a double agent
in the film, "The Naked Run-
ner." said he based his character
on his personal experiences with
the Gestapo.

The lightest human on record
was Lucia Zarate (1863-1889), an
emaciated Mexican midget of 26 , :,
inches, who weighed 4.7 lbs. at
age 17. He died at age 26.


leading Jewish intellectuals with
an appeal to Soviet authorities to
allow full cultural and religious

"by the many translations of their
works into Russian and other
languages, enriching Russian and
world literature. -
The statement stressed that the
deaths were an "enormous loss not
only to Yiddish but also to world
literature." It pointed out that no
explanation had been given by
Soviet authorities to this day for
their executions, nor have all their
names and reputations been re-
habilitated, or even the places of
their burials been made known.
The Soviet authorities were
urged "in tribute to the memory
of these victims of Stalin" to al-
low the fullest development of
Jewish culture in the Soviet Union
"and to allow the Soviet Jewish
! community to enjoy all the facili-
ties available to other nationalities
and ethnic groups."
The Jewish intellectuals were
charged with treachery, crimes
against the state and party and
"contacts with criminals elements
abroad." The 1952 executions were
the climax of an anti-Jewish cam-
paign which began in 1948 against
Soviet intellectuals, scholars and
writers with Jewish-sounding
names. Even now, details of the
interrogations and tortures to which
the victims were subjected, are
not fully known, nor is there in-
formation available as to where
the victims were buried.

Friday, August 11, 1967-9




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