The Jewish News to Serialize
`Between Hammer and Sickle',
Revealing Story of USSR Jewry
VOLUME LI—No. 21
Why is Russia persecuting its three million Jews? What is the true state of affairs
affecting Russian Jewry? Is there any hope for the large community of Jews
under Soviet rule? How do Jews react to the oppressions? "Between Hammer
and Sickle" by Ben Ami—the assumed name of a highly informed authority who has
covered the entire scene more thoroughly than any one ever before has scrutinized
the situation — published by the Jewish Publication Society of America, will
be serialized in The Jewish News beginning with the first installment to appear in
next week's issue.
HE JEWISH NEWS
of Jewish Events
I=)E R C=to I
NA IC I-11 GA
A Weekly Review
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd., Detroit — VE 8 - 9364 — August 11, 1967
$6.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c
Soviet Anti-Israel Attacks Mark
Revival of Fictitious 'Protocols'
Israeli Basic Rights Upheld in Republican
Policy Statement: Eisenhower Plan for
NC E. Cooperative Harmony Approved
WASHINGTON (JTA) — A policy statement demanding an adminis-
tration stand against Arab extremism and Soviet attempts to penetrate the
Middle East was adopted by the top-level Republican Coordinating Com-
mittee and released by the Republican National Committee.
Entitled "The Middle East — Crisis and Opportunity." the paper
emphasized that in recent developments "the administration never said
whether our sympathies were with Israel or the Arabs. By contrast. the
declared Soviet position was 100 per cent pro-Arab." The Republicans held
that "the United States should make a determined effort to expose and
isolate the radical troublemakers in the Middle East. We should aid only
those states following non-aggressive, non-Communist policies."
The committee that approved the sweeping new stand on the Middle
East included such leaders as former President Eisenhower, Richard M.
Nixon, Thomas E. Dewey, Alf M. Landon, Senate Minority Leader Everett
M. Dirksen, Chairman Bourke B. Hickenlooper of the Republican Policy
Committee, Chairman Margaret Chase Smith of the Republican Conference,
House Minority Leader Gerald R. Ford, Chairman Bob Wilson of the
National Republican Congressional Committee, Chairman Ray Bliss of the
Republican National Committee, Gov. Nelson Rockefeller of New York,
Gov. George W. Romney of Michigan. Gov . John A. Volpe of Massachusetts,
Gov. Raymond P. Shafer of Pennsylvania, and many others.
The thrust of the Republican position was that the Israeli victory
provided - an excellent opportunity" to deal with Arab extremism and the
Communist maneuvers in the region by bold action. The Republicans
charged that instead of exploiting the situation, the administration dis-
played "confusion" and "still has no policy for the Middle East."
The policy advocated by the Republicans would "expose and isolate
the radical troublemakers in the Middle East" and withhold aid from any
Arab nation that follows irresponsible policies. The Democratic adminis-
trations were criticized for increasing aid to the Nasser regime. A demand
was made for an "alert, firm and resourceful" policy "to prevent extension
of Soviet imperialism into the Middle East and North Africa."
The foremost Republican individual recommendation was that "the
United States should exert its influence to secure a Middle East peace
settlement which will confirm Israel's right to live and prosper as an
independent nation." The Republicans said that "stability and peace require
the parties to the Arab-Israeli conflict to agree upon permanent boundaries
for Israel. Such territorial arrangements as are determined must provide
security for all and permit the disengagement of opposing military forces.
The United States should be prepared to join other powers in guaranteeing
borders that are confirmed."
Israel's rights to innocent passage in the Suez Canal and the Strait
of Tiran were strongly asserted. A formula on the holy places of Jerusalem
was advanced in a manner that appeared compatible with the expressed
Israeli position. The Republicans called for cooperation by the Arab states
and the United States in the rehabilitation and resettlement of the Arab
The so-called old "Eisenhower Plan" was advanced to establish Arab-
Israeli harmony through regional cooperative development of nuclear
desalination. This was seen as a possible means of providing an Arab
The administration was charged with ignoring warnings that President
Nasser of Egypt had been plotting aggressive moves against Israel. Even
after it was obvious that war was imminent and Nasser's role was seen, the
Republicans said "the administration floundered about." The State Depart.
ment's assertion that the United States was "neutral in thought, word and
deed" was criticized along with subsequent expressions that fell short
of taking a firm position while the Russians lined up with the Arabs.
Violent attacks on the Zionist movement. charges of Jewish international
control that are tantamount to revival of the atrocious fabrications that have been
spread widely as "The Protocols of the Elders of Zion" and pro-Arab and anti-Israel
activities instigated in Moscow marked the Communist program emphasizing the
anti-Semitic stand of USSR officials.
The danger of Soviet propaganda was revealed in charges at a UNESCO
meeting in Geneva, and reports received in Washington and in London point to an
extension of Soviet anti-Jewish acts.
"A heavy cloud of foreboding hangs over the Jews in the Soviet Union," the
United Nations Economic and Social Council was told Monday by Mordechai Kid-
ron, Israel's representative to the UN headquarters in Geneva. "The anti - Jewish
overtones of the unbridled Soviet campaign of incitement against Israel cannot but
fill the hearts of men of good will everywhere with deep trepidation," he warned.
Declaring that Soviet Jewry "is also feeling the lash of Moscow's incitement
against Israel," Ambassador Kidron told the session of the council: "The venomous
campaign was not directed at Israel alone. Another principal target was and still
is the long-suffering Jewish community of the Soviet Union." He added that the
Economic and Social Council "was aware of the state of this unfortunate minority.
deprived of its national, cultural and religious rights and subject to gross discri-
mination in many walks of life. -
He told the session that, for many years.
the press. radio and television in the Soviet
First Direct Contact
Union had served as a "faithful echo" of
Arab propaganda against Israel, and that the
With Arabs Hastens
campaign of vituperation had reached a peak
at the outbreak of the Middle East war on
Return of Refugees
June 5. He said that charges had been made
JERUSALEM (JTA) — Israel and
"without limits between the bestial crimes
Jordan agreed Sunday night—in the first
of the Nazis and Zionism, a noble movement
direct contact between representatives
of national liberation."
of the two states—to the form of an
application blank which will facilitate
He accused the Soviet Union of being
the return to the Israeli-held West Bank
"gravely implicated" in the Middle East arms
of the Jordan River of many Arabs who
race and in the responsibility for the misery'
fled to the Jordanian side during the
and distress caused by "reckless adventures."
He declared that the Soviets had instigated
Israel had announced last month
the Middle East arms race in 1955 and that
that it would permit many of those re-
billions of dollars which otherwise might
fugees to return to the West Bank if
have been invested in economic and social
they filed applications by Aug. 10. show-
ing that they had been residents in the
development had been sunk into accumula-
West Bank areas. Jordan had refused
tion of weapons of death and destruction, "a
efforts by the International Red Cross
gruesome trade that still goes on."
to circulate those application blanks be-
The envoy also raised the issue of the
cause the documents bore the imprint
treatment last June of Jewish nationals in
of the government of Israel.
Egypt. Syria. Iraq and Libya where, he said,
Late Sunday night. Joseph Tekoah.
assaults on Jewish communities had resulted
deputy director-general of Israel's for-
eign ministry. met near the Allenby
in many deaths. incarceration of Jews in con-
Bridge over the Jordan River with Dr.
centration camps. and sacking and piilage of
Yussuf Zehny. secretary-general of the
Jordanian Red Crescent. Also participat-
The Soviet Union, fearing a diplomatic
ing in the conference was a representa-
defeat. has backed way from a showdown
tive of the International Red Cross.
vote over a demand that Israel pay repara-
Tekoah and Dr. Zehny agreed that the
tions to the Arabs for damages done in the
application forms would be reprinted to
carry the imprints of both the Jordanian
The Russians had demanded at the
government and the Israeli government.
as well as the symbol of the Interna-
ECOSOC meeting here that a Soviet reso-
tional Red Cross. Tekoah agreed that
lution be approved to require an assessment
Israel extend the deadline for filing ap-
of damages caused by Israel and payment of
plications from Aug. 10 to Aug. 31.
(Related Stories on Pace 10, 11)
(Continued on Page 71
B-G, Labor Chief Differ on M.E. Peace Chances
Syrian Charge Reminder of Damascus Blood Libel
JERUSALEM (JTA) — Conflicting views regarding the chances for peace
between Israel and the Arab states were put forth here in addresses Sunday night
by former Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion and by Minister of Labor Yigal Allon.
Both addressed the Congress of the World Association of Jewish Students.
Ben-Gurion held that only the intervention of the Big Powers could bring peace
to this region. Direct approaches to the Arab states, he maintained, are "doomed to
failure." Alton, on the other hand, told the students that chances for peace with the
Arabs "are great." Egypt's President Gamal Abdel Nasser, he declared, is "a clever
UNITED NATIONS. N.Y. (JTA) — Israel labeled recent Syrian accusations
of atrocities and alleged intimidation of its population by Israel as "most shocking
statements, reminiscent of the darkest period of medieval times and of the 'Damascus
blood libel' of a century ago."
A letter to Secretary-General U Thant from Ambassador Shahtai Rosenne.
Israel's acting permanent representative, refuted and rejected Syrian allegations,
made in previous communications to the UN, as "false." Dr. Rosenne said: "There
is not and has never been any intimidation of the local population which is being
provided with food. There is a plentiful supply of foodstuff in the shops. All cases
of pilferage which come to notice are brought before an appropriate court martial
man" and it is possible that he may have realized by this time that he had been
attempting to implement a policy that "exceeded the sociological potential of his
or military court."