Israel Emergency Fund
Gets Additional Support
More than $6,800,000 already remitted from
Detroit to assist Israel in regaining economic
Detailed Story. Page 5
'Face to Face'
U. S. Loans to Finance
Arms Deals Condenaned
Romania Refuses to Assist
Arab Aim to Destroy Israel
Communist Party chief serves notice that de- Senator Symington, Congressman assail
planned aid to rearm Arab states
structive plans will not be given Romanian
Detailed Story. Page 7
Detailed Story. Page 6
HE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
NI I I-4 I GA. N4
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
$6.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd., Detroit 48235—VE 8-9364—July 28, 1967
City Restored to Sanity;
Firm Action Ends Rioting;
Community Aids Sufferers
Detroit is back to normal, and firm
action taken after President Johnson
had sent 1,800 U.S. Army paratroop-
ers appears to have ended the looting.
the sniping and the guerrilla warfare.
the cost of which matches the loss of
life sustained in Detroit's race riot
There is near-unanimous conclusion
that the rioting that started on Sun-
day was not a race incident but the
work of gangs of hoodlums who were
bent on stealing, pillaging, looting
business houses and resorting to arson.
There were more than 1,200 fires
during the several days of rioting,
several sections of Detroit were de-
molished and the losses have been
estimated as high as a billion dollars.
President Johnson summarized the
issue when he declared: "Pillage, loot-
ing, murder and arson have nothing
to do with civil rights. They are
criminal conduct. . . . We will not
tolerate lawlessness. We will not en-
Oakman Merchants Association. He
figurez 60 to 70 per cent of the busi-
nessmen on his street were Jewish
but is convinced there was no racial
hostility involved in the attacks.
"My wife and I had good relations
wtih our customers. and we never
carried a gun," he said.
Negro businessmen were hurt just
the fate of white businesses. (Observ- as bad as I was. I feel sorry for
ers noted there were many white
the five people who worked for me;
looters as well, as the rioting went one of them guarded my store until
the very end. Now they're out of
into its second day).
It didn't help. Miss Friedman in- jobs. What will happen , to them?"
sists the damage was done by out-
Discouraged but not revengeful.
siders, not by neighborhood residents. Lipson said he doesn't know if he
"Neighbors who do business with us could go back if he wanted to. The
stopped me and said 'What can we insurance on his store ran out five
say? Will you be coming back?' "
Victor could not say if he would
As the action spilled over from the
go back. He didn't know yet if he 12th Street-Clairmount area, where a
was fully covered by insurance, and Jewish community had once lived and
even if he was, would it be worth prospered, businesses in other areas
were hit: Robinson Furniture at Lin-
Sam Lipson, who owned a variety wood and Oakman, Gorman's Furni-
store on 12th Street between Phila- ture at Livernois and Midland, Schol-
delphia and Pingree, had been at- nick's haberdashery at Washington
tempting to organize a biracial merch- Blvd. and Grand River, Eaton Drugs
ants association for some time. On at Eaton and Livernois. The list goes
Sunday, Lipson's Variety Store was on.
ner of Dexter and Richton has been
a landmark for some time. On Sunday
night, it was completely ransacked.
Selma Friedman, who is a pharma-
cist at the store, said three Negro
employes remained as long as possi-
ble, hid as much liquor as they could
and hung out the sign "Soul Brother"
in the window in hopes of avoiding
The looting and destruction of
property was not aimed at Jewish
businesses, it was agreed. But in
the bath of fire and bombing, loot-
Luxury stores on the Livernois-
ers succeeded in wiping out many looted and burned, and its owner was
small firms their Jewish owners had wiped out.
Seven Mile "Avenue of Fashion" were
spent years in building up.
Lipson had been in business for struck in hit-and-miss style. Such
One of them was George Victor, 23 years, 18 of them on Clay Ave., firms as Block's. Harry Solomon,
he helped organize the Clay- Siegel's, Whalings and Ceresnie and
whose George V drug store at the cor-
Offen furriers were looted although
other businesses equally posh weren't .,
.touched. Merchandise Mart was burn-
ed to the ground. From his home
window on W. Outer Drive near
Livernois, The Jewish News editor
and his wife could see youngsters
carrying away musical instruments'
from Grinnell's close to midnight
Once the violence had spread into
Pontiac, Flint, Mt. Clemens, Saginaw
and Grand Rapids, other old. estab-
lished businesses were reported
Except for two or three stores
which were boarded up and one tailor-
ing establishment which was looted,
the Curtis-Wyoming area was business
as usual on Tuesday. Beth Aaron
Synagogue and Jewish National Fund
office reported no difficulties.
After a check of Jewish communal
institutions in the metropolitan area,
the Jewish Community Council de-
termined there had been no damage
to these facilities. The Jewish Home
for Aged at 11501 Petoskey was not
disturbed although commercial places
in the area were wiped out.
One wholesaler who does business
with retail establishments in the
Grand River. Linwood, Dexter and
12th Street area said every one of
his 30 customers had been ruined.
(Continued on Page 8)
Hope for Lasting Peace Expressed by the President;
Eshkol Tells ZOA Delegates of the Difficult Struggle
Nasser in Weakest Position:
Fedorenko Renews Israel Attack
JERUSALEM (JTA)—In a message to the 70th anniversary convention of the Zionist
Organization of America, President Johnson declared that "the Middle East stands today at a
decisive crossroad poised between great peril and promise" and expressed the belief that "your
membership will represent America's fervent wish that all nations of the region seize upon this
historic moment with the vision and generosity it demands."
The President said he was confident that "you will advance our beliefs in the fundamental
rights of every nation to live and the accompanying obligation to respect the rights of others
to live. And I assure you that as you do your part to secure lasting peace from anxious truce,
you have our continuing concern and the concern of all men of good will."
Prime Minister Levi Eshkol warned that Israel faced a "prolonged, difficult and arduous"
struggle in the days ahead and called on the Jewish people throughout the world—"our great ally"
—to play its part.
Addressing the opening session of the convention he called on Jews around the world to
come to Israel and help build up the land.
"Today, we need more than money," he exclaimed. "We need people. Israel. old and new.
calls to the Jews to come. The war and victory have opened up a new chapter in the history
of our people. We shall have to do great deeds, new deeds.•' He concluded with the exhortation.
"Let the nation build its future in its own land."
Eshkol told the convention that one of the greatest problems facing Israel was the Arab
refugee problem. "We have to help in solving this problem." he declared. "We want permanent
peace with our neighbors so that we may help to solve this human problem. contributing some of
our knowledge and capabilities."
More than 2,000 delegates and guests, led by President Zalman Shazar, were present in
the Jerusalem Convention Center when the convention opened. They heard Eshkol speak in warm
. r is in the weakest
LONDON—Egypt's President Gamal Abdel Nass e
position he has faced since he assumed complete power over his government
in 1954, according to Robert Hutchison. Cairo correspondent of the Daily
Telegraph. who left the Egyptian capital last week after remaining at his
post there through the war with Israel and the events that followed the
Egyptian army's defeat by Israel.
"Nasser's hold on the situation appears so weak," the correspondent
wrote in Tuesday's issue of the newspaper, "that one push westward by
the Israelis would probably be enough to topple his government—and that
push is eagerly awaited hour ty hour. This makes Cairo today a very
unpleasant city to be in.••
The newsman quoted a leading Cairo editor. whom he did not identify,
as saying: "It is a measure of Nasser's greatness that he remains in power
after so great a setback. But now he is coasting on a reserve of popularity,
and even Nasser cannot run on reserve indefinitely. -
In addition to the usual inconveniences of a police state. Hutchison
wrote. "mob violence is always lurking in the streets despite a ban on
demonstrations. Six weeks after the war. the Arab in the street is still
not fully informed of the developments. While people criticize Nasser
openly, and even blame him for the defeat. he still retains much popularity
because of his past achievements. - The newsman added that a street
leading to Nasser's home in the suburb of Heliopolis has been blocked off
by the elite Republican Guard. The approaches to the street. he reported,
(Continued on Page 9)
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)
(Continued on Page 14).