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July 21, 1967 - Image 11

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1967-07-21

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

JERUSALEM (JTA)—The Suez
Canal zone was reported to be
quiet Monday with no incidents re-
ported since midnight (6 p.m. N.Y.
time) when a cease-fire arranged
by Lt. Gen. Odd Bull brought to
a halt the worst outbreak of fight-
ing since a cease-fire agreement
ended the June fighting between
Israelis and Egyptians.
United N ations observers
reached the southern canal zone,
locale of Sunday's heavy fighting.
Israeli sources, however, were
skeptical of their effectiveness
since, they said, the Egyptians
were hindering establishment of
communications between the ob-
servers on the east and west banks
of the canal. The Egyptians were
also said to be making difficulties
over acceptance of the canal line
as the cease-fire line putting the
Israelis right on the bank of the
canal.
From the east bank of the canal
it was possible to see the addi-
tional troops and the tanks the
Egyptians were moving up to the
line. The greatest concentration
was near Ismailia. Egyptian troops
could also be seen busy repairing
and strengthening the defensive
positions which had been smashed
in Saturday's barrages.
Gen. Moshe Dayan, minister of
defense, gave a detailed report to
the Israel Cabinet on the weekend
flareup of fighting in the Suez
Canal area and on the presence
of Soviet warships in Egyptian
ports.

The presence of the Soviet
men-of-war in Port Said, at the
northern end of the canal, ac-
cording to one view put forward
at the meeting, was the reason
the Egyptian attacks had
shifted from the north end in
the vicinity of Ras-el-Eish to the
southern end of the waterway.
It was suggested that hostilities
almost under their bows would
have been a source of embar-
rassment to the Soviet warships.

It was believed here that instruc-
tions given to the Soviet fleet
commanders did not include direct
intervention in any Egyptian-
Israeli fighting.
The presence of the Soviet war-
ships, however, continued to rep-
resent an important factor in the
situation. While an immediate ef-
fect of their presence could be to
give the Egyptians the assurance
that the Soviet Union was firmly
behind them, and thus to encourage
them to prolong hostilities, there
was concern that the stay of the
Red Fleet vessels in Egyptian ports
could be the first step towards
establishment of permanent Soviet
military bases in the Mediter-
ranean.
Israeli sources said that five
MIG jet fighters and one Sukhoi-7
fighter-bomber were shot, down in
air battles over the southern end
of the canal Sunday. They esti-
mated that the Egyptians suffered
80 killed and scores wounded, most
of them crews of the guns on the
west bank of the canal which Is-
raeli planes bombed and strafed
to silence.
Israel admitted the loss of one
plane and Ambassador Gideon
Rafael told Secretary-General U
Thant at the United Nations that
seven Israeli soldiers had been
killed, 22 wounded and two were
missing.
Rafael noted in a letter to the
president of the Security Council
that Israel favored the "immediate,
complete and mutual cessation of
all firing in this sector."
One reason advanced for the
intensity of fighting and for its
shift from the north end of the
canal to the lower extremity was
the fact that Israel vessels, ply-
ing out of Port Tewfik, have
been sailing on the Suez Canal
and the Israeli flag was flying
over waters the Egyptians had
denied to Israel since 1948. For
both Israel and Egypt, the pres-
ence of the blue-white flag on
the Suez Canal was more, than a

.

-Matter .of '11resilge. • 4

k

Friday, July 21, 1967-11

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Guns Are Silenced by Cease Fire; Israelis
Skeptical on the Effectiveness of Observers'
Presence; Niagen Davids on Flags at Suez

Soviet Union which was actually
defeated in the June clash, he
declared that the USSR had had
the lesson that it could not rely
on the Arab armed forces "and
While Israel agreed to the sta- s anctions. After consultations,
toning of observers along the Suez Pakistan modified this clause a we must wait for the conse-
quences Russia will draw."
Canal, there are few illusions as to few hours before the voting and
He also told the visiting rabbis
the effectiveness of the UN plan. then, at the last moment, to en-
The conviction is that Egypt has sure passage of a resolution with- • that there was an urgent need to
settle thousands of Jews in Jeru-
embarked on an escalation policy out delay, deleted it entirely.
salem and the surrounding area
to create crisis after crisis. Con-
The Pakistani-Arab haste in
without uprooting a n y of the
stant firing across the Suez at
pressing the resolution to a vote
present Arab inhabitants there
last Friday was reportedly dic-
Israel lines even after the agree-
and to settle Israel's Negev
ment for UN observers is seen as
tated by fear that an interim
desert. He said both places must
announcement of an understand-
proof of these intentions.
be industralized at the earliest
ing between Israel and the Vati-
The shelling in the Ibraham-
possible time.
can on the future administration
Tewfik area was so intense, Israeli
of
the
holy
places
would
have,
in
Additional proof of active Soviet
officials said, that Israeli units
military aid to Syrian forces along
could not evacuate some 30 casual- the eyes of most delegations,
ties. After Israeli planes silenced made such a resolution unneces- the Israel border just prior to last
sary.
month's war has been uncovered
the Egyptian guns in the area, the
Explaining Israel's non-participa- with the discovery of photographs
Israeli wounded and dead were
Minister
of Russian officers along with the
brought back to base. Defense tion in the vote. Foreign
Minister Dayan said the fighting Abba S. Eban said that the resolu- Syrian units to which they were
on the canal Saturday reached such tion ignored the "affirmative attached.
a peak that it was "particularly aspect" of Israel's unifying mea-
The photographs, found in homes
sures in Jerusalem, was inaccurate in the Syrian heights now occupied
equivalent to war."
For the first time since the about the factual situation there by Israel, showed four Soviet
cease-fire took effect, trouble was and had juridical weakness.
colonels who participated in special
Ambassador Arthur J. Goldberg, reconnaissance units with the Syri-
reported from the Jordanians. An
Israeli spokesman said that Jor- in explaining the U.S. abstention ans. The pictures showed the Rus-
danian forces opened fire three on the vote, said that a durable sians posing with the Syrian
times, twice before noon, Saturday, peace in the Middle East would members of the units. Captions
and again in the afternoon, north not be achieved by resolutions identified two of the. Russian offi-
of the Damiya bridge across the dealing with only one aspect of the cers as Col. Alexei Gebitieff and
Jordan River. Most of the shooting problem. He stressed, however, Col. Konstantin, both chief instruc-
was with rfiles and machine guns, that the United States did not
but the Jordanians also fired some "recognize or accept" the mea-
anti-tank shells. Israeli officials, sures taken by Israel and re-
who said there have been no garded them as "interim and
casualties, did not indicate whether provisional."
Czechs Back Soviet in Move
the fire had been returned.

Prime Minister Levi Eshkol
told the Israel Cabinet today that
plans were well advanced for
two major meetings in Israel
next year to mobilize world
Jewry and to enlist capital for
the strengthening and develop-
ment of Israel.

Eshkol said preparatory meet-
ings will be held here next month
for a large-scale conference of
potential investors and industralists
which will be convened here next
April.
In September, he said, 200 Jew-
ish leaders are to meet in
Jerusalem to prepare for a 1968
conference of representatives of
Jewish organizations throughout
the world to be attended by more
than 1,000. The meetings will bring
together leaders of all the organi-
zations represented in the World
Conference of Jewish Organiza-
tions (COJO) which had its annual
meeting here last week, the organi-
zations composing the Conference
of Presidents of Major American
Jewish Organizations, the Ameri-
can Jewish Committee and others.
Eshkol received a COJO delega-
tion to discuss plans for the
meeting.

Watered-Down Resolution
on Status of Jerusalem

UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (JTA)
—The special emergency session
of the General Assembly adopted
a watered-down Pakistan resolu-
tion repeating its request in a pre-
vious resolution of July 4. calling
on Israel to "desist forthwith"
from any action altering the status
of Jerusalem. T h e resolution,
which was co-sponsored by Af-
ghanistan, Mali, Guinea, Iran,
Somalia and Turkey, was adopted
by 99 votes to 0 with 18 absten-
tions. The United States was among
the countries abstaining. Israel did
not participate in the vote.
After noting "with the deepest
regret and concern" Israel's non-
compliance with the earlier similar
resolution, the latest action again
told Israel to "rescind all mea-
sures already taken and to desist
forthwith from taking any action
which would alter the status of
Jerusalem."
A clause in the latest resolution
requesting the Secretary-General
to report on the implementation
of the measure was weaker than
the earlier resolution in that it
failed to specify a time limit for
the report.
The original draft of the resolu-
tion included a clause . requesting
the Security Council to ensure im-
plementation of the resolution by

Israel. As phrased, the clause
could have been, interpreted, as
a request •to the Conneilio.impose

tors on reconnaissance and de-
scribed the two others as "technical
advisers" on the same subject.
Niram settlement, located near
the Gaza Strip border, marked a
dual tragedy as memorial services

were held for two brothers, mem-
bers of the settlement. The elder,
Amos Schwartz, was killed in action
last month while leading his pla-
toon of paratroopers attacking the
Egyptian stronghold of Rafah.

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to Make Israel Pay Damages

GENEVA (JTA) — Czechoslo-
vakia announced that it would sup-
port the Soviet move in the United
Nations Economic and Social Coun-
cil, now in session here, to pin
responsibility on Israel "for the
aconomic damage caused to Arab
and other peace-loving states by
its aggression against the United
Arab Republic, Syria and Jordan."
The Soviet Union is seeking to
have this question put on the
Council's agenda. Hans Busnlak,
the Czechoslovak representative,
told the plenary session yesterday
that his delegation supported the
Soviet Union's proposal and would
vote to have it added to the Coun-
cil agenda.
Previously the Soviet Union was
unsuccessful in the Security Coun-
cil and in the General Assembly
in putting through a resolution re-
quiring Israel to pay damages to
the Arab states.
Ben-Gurion Says June

War May Not Have Been
Last One with Arabs

TEL AVIV (JTA) — Former
Premier David Ben-Gurion told a
group of visiting American Conser-
vative rabbis that, because the
Soviet Union is supporting the
Arab cause, there was no certainty

that the June Arab-Israeli war
"was the last one."
He told the delegation of mem-
bers of the Rabbinical Assembly
of America that "we are dealing
not only with the Arabs but also
with the Soviet Union, which con-
tinues to supply arms to the
Arabs." He said also that he did
not believe that the Sov , ets wanted

Israel's destruction but that they
were well aware that the arms they
were sending to the Arabs were
destined for use against Israel.
Asserting that it was the

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