Jerusalem in Jewry's Prayers: City Inseparable
From People's History and Its Prophetic Tradition
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Return with compassion to Jerusalem Thy city, and dwell
therein as Thou hast spoken. Rebuild it soon in our day for
all time, and establish soon therein the throne of David.
Blessed art Thou, Lord who rebuilds Jerusalem.
VOLUME LI—No. 1. 5
Three times daily, in the
Amida, Jews have recited and
continue to recite these two
prayers. They date back. to the
First Century of the present
era. In Jewish tradition, the
entire City of David —Jerusa-
lem — is inseparable from Jew-
is hopes, prayers and traditions.
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May our eyes witness Thy loving return to Zion. Blessed
art Thou, Lord, who will restore His'Divine Presence to Zion.
Struggle to Retain Jerusalem's Status
Outlined in Story on Page 32
HE JEWISH NE
in Demands for
IN,I1 I I-11 GA IV
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
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Israel Adheres to Jerusalem Decision
Eshkol Appeals for Jewish Unity
In Israel's Behalf Through JTA
UN's Action Leaves Problem in Quandary
Israel OKs Amnesty Bill,
Revises Casualty Figures
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
JERUSALEM — The Israel government issued a re-
vised list of casualty figures for the Arab-Israel war of
last month with the total Israeli dead in the hostilities
now placed at 730. The revised figures listed 2,800 Israelis
wounded, half of them with some permanent disability.
Earlier figures issued in mid-June listed 679 Israeli dead
and 2.500 wounded.
A general amnesty bill passed first reading in the
Israel Knesset Wednesday. Devised as a national expres-
sion of thankfulness for the victory which delivered the
country from possible extermination, the bill affects some
600 people now serving prison terms, plus about 800
whose cases are pending before the courts.
Exempted from the amnesty are those arrested for
crimes involving the security of the nation, as well as
those serving sentences under the law against Nazis.
Under the terms of the law, people charged with
Income tax violations will be given a chance to make
good by payment of their indebtedness. The law is the
second amnesty authorized in Israel. The first was ap-
proved in 1949, on the occasion of Israel's victory in its
war for independence.
• • •
TEL AVIV — A large quantity of Dead Sea scroll
fragments has been found in the Rockefeller Museum
located in the Old City of Jerusalem. Dr. Avraham
Biran, director of the Israel department of antiquities,
said the museum was being taken over by his department.
Left in a quandary over future developments in the Middle East, the United Nations Gen-
eral Assembly ended its turbulent session without action on the situation that emerged from the
June 5 victory by Israel. No action other than a near unanimous vote on the status of Jerusalem
has been taken, and the order for Israel to abandon the Old City is being viewed as mere shadow
boxing. Israel having asserted that the Holy City will now remain an entity. Only lip service in
support of the refugees has been expressed. There was no action on Israel's demand for direct
Israel-Arab peace talks and from all indications the debates, which in the main inspired vile at-
tacks on Israel by the USSR and the Arab spokesmen. will be transferred for additional rounds
of debate to the Security Council. Soviet Russia. which had demanded the convening of the UN
General Assembly, contrary to the wishes of the United States, is considered to have been defeated
in all its moves in the present session.
Direct JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News
JERUSALEM (JTA)—Prime Minister Levi Eshkol called on world Jewry Tuesday to stand
by Israel to show that "we are a united People" during the postwar period. He made the appeal dur-
ing a one-hour meeting in his office with Robert Arnow, president of Jewish Telegraphic Agency.
The premier asked that the JTA, the world's only Jewish news agency, continue to play, in the
future, its "crucial role" in informing Jewish public opinion and thus help to secure solidarity
which, he told the JTA president. Israel continued to need.
He said the response of Jewish communities during the six-day June war was "excep-
tional" in world history and that "it was their and our finest hour." He told Arnow that the response
was "a practical illustration of the old saying Kol Israel Haverim — all Israel are brothers." He
strongly praised the JTA for contributing its share to "this eighth wonder of the world."
Emphasizing that Israel's hour of need was not yet over, the premier told the JTA president
that "we still have serious military, political and economic problems." He disclosed that in recent
days, 450 Soviet cargo planes had landed at Egyptian airfields and could have brought to Egypt at
least 225 MIG fighter planes, on the basis that two such cargo planes are needed to transport one
(Continued on Page 7)
Israel Preserves Sanctity of Holy Places,
Eshkol Assures Ecclesiastical Dignitaries
Premier Levi Eshkol has told heads of religious denominations in Israel "that all the holy places in
Jerusalem were now open to worship by members of all faiths without discrimination. The government of
Israel has made it a cardinal principle of its policy to preserve the holy places, to insure their religious and
universal character and to provide free access to them." Eshkol's statement was delivered at a gathering in
Jerusalem. June 27, attended by the chief dignitaries of Israel's religious communities.
The premier said that it was his government's intention to continue to maintain this policy of
freedom of worship and see to it that it is scrupulously carried out through regular consultations with heads
of the various communities.
Referring to the supervision of the holy places, the premier assured his audience that it was "the
government's intention to place their internal administration and arrangements in the hands of the religious
leaders to whose communities they belong." The task of carrying out the necessary arrangements towards
that "end has been conferred upon the minister of religious affairs. Eshkol said.
Responding on behalf of the Christian leaders, the Greek Orthodox Patriarch Benedictus paid tri-
bute to Israel's policy and declared, inter alia: "Everyone has shown kindness and willingness to serve us
and all have shown respect for the holy places, churches, convents and religious institutions. Let us hope and
pray for peace, love and good will for these sprang from Jerusalem, cradle of our religions."
Among the ecclesiastical dignitaries present at the meeting with the prime minister were: Ar-
menian Patriarch Yerishe Derderian, Latin Patriarch Alberto Gori, Greek Orthodox Patriarch Benedictus,
Anglican Bishop Nagib Chuhain, Coptic Orthodox Archbishop Luco Shaya, Ethiopian Archbishop Abuna
Probst H. Quohler. Apostolic Delegate Mons. Sem-
Joseph, Custos of the Holy Land L. Capiello. Lutheran
pinski, the Mufti of Jerusalem Sheikh Saad Edin El Alami and Chief Rabbi Unterman,
Refugee Problem Now Near
Solution: Israel Repudiates
Charges on Status of Arabs
Charges leveled at Israel relating to the status of Arab
refugees have been repudiated in important declarations at the
United Nations and by the Israel government in Jerusalem.
The Israel government has vigorously reiterated ire view
in an official statement that "with the creation of the new
conditions in the region. there now exists a situation enabling
a general and immediate solution to the refugee problem, with
regional and international cooperation." Foreign Minister Abba
Eban has been requested to stress this viewpoint in his con-
tracts with various political quarters and in the UN General
Denying the accusation made in the General Assembly from
quarters hostile to Israel that Israel had encouraged the de-
parture of Arabs from the Jordan West Bank, the government
"1. There is no truth what-so-ever about the expulsion of
or Palestinian inhabitants from the West Bank. There were
no expulsions, no pressure exerted and no encouragement
(Continued on Page 5)