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June 30, 1967 - Image 11

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1967-06-30

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Jerusalem's Reunion Into One City Fait Accompli

(Continued from Page 10)
expressed the hope that this would
Hussein repeating the familiar soon be a reality.
Arab charges of Israeli aggression.
Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin
In his address, the Jordanian mon- told his press conference that he
arch, who called for the "forth- reached no agreement with Pre-
with return" of Jerusalem and
sident Johnson on the Arab-
other areas captured from Jordan, Israel situation during their sum-
asserted that Jordan would learn mit meeting in Glassboro, N.J.,
to use modern weapons of war because he insisted on the im-
and would rise again against Israel mediate withdrawal of the Israeli
when the time is ripe, unless Israel forces from the conquered Arab
Withdraws its forces immediately
territories while President John-
from territories it had taken from son wanted this question to be
considered a part of the entire
complex of problems relating to
Eban's address was a reply to
the situation in the Middle East.
numerous statements made pre-
viously, during the current ses-
The Soviet premier added, how-
ever, that there was agreement
sion, by the Soviet Union, Brit-
ain, France, King Hussein of between him and President John-
Jordan and many other Arab son that, with regard to further
speakers. But the only govern- efforts and activities on the Middle
ment he castigated outright was East issue, Secretary of State Dean
the Soviet Union. He charged Rusk and Soviet Foreign Minister
that the USSR had "stimulated Andrei Gromyko would remain in
and is now renewing an arms contact to work on all the issues
race in the Middle East." He relating to the situation in the
noted that, in the last 15 years, Middle East.
the Soviet Union had not once
To the question whether the
called on any of Israel's neigh- Soviet government would favor dis-
bors "to respect her statehood continuation of arms sales to coun-
and sovereignty."
tries in the Middle East, as well
The first essential, Eban in- as freedom of passage through the
sisted, is "a dialogue" between Gulf of Aqaba and the Suez Canal,
the Arab states and Israel and Kosygin replied that, first, Israel
the recognition that "intermedi- must withdraw its troops behind
ate armistice arrangements have the armistice lines, then the other
had their day." If Egypt claims questions could be "considered."
there is a state of war between
On the question of whether the
her and Israel, he said, "then Soviet Union would contribute to
there is a state of war, and Egypt the prospects of peace in the
cannot complain of the conse- Middle East by embargoing arms
qences of its own doctrine." The shipments in the area, as it is be-
only course to assure a future ing done by France and Britain,
of peace, he declared, is peace Kosygin said that "this is a ques-
tion between the Arab countries
In the kind of peace settlement and the Soviet Union." He reiter-
Israel seeks, he pledged, "we shall ated that he considers "the first
establish all the conditions of a and most important issue" the
stable and secure peace by mutual bringing about of the withdrawal
agreement. If there is a doctrine of the Israel forces behind the
of peace. contractually expressed, 1949 armistice lines. "When that
then freedom of navigation follows is done," he stated, "then all the
spontaneously. There is a common other questions that may arise can
interest in avoiding topographical be considered and resolved."
and tactical situations congenial to

border disputes.

conditions of peace, there is
no incentive to perpetuate a re-
fugee problem. We should all strive
to ensure that those who are now
refugees become the productive
citizens of sovereign states. In this
spirit, we have already established
a Settlement Authority to work for
the integration of refugees into
economic life.
"Similarly, we are taking steps
to ensure that the interest of the
world's religions in the peace. sanc-
tity of the holy places and free
access thereto is expressed in
agreed form. For the first time in
20 years, Jerusalem is not divided,
is not a military frontier and of-
fers access to the shrines of all
three great religions. Conditions
are thus ripe for the fulfillment
of spiritual yearnings and ideals.
In his address, King Hussein
charged that Israel had planned
its aggression for 19 years and
had finally perpetrated "a mon-
ster, sneak aggression" that has
been paralleled in history only by
Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor.
charged Israel with "vicious

a different stand than the other
countries of the Soviet bloc. He
appealed to the Arab states to
recognize Israel and advocated
direct Arab-Israel talks for a
settlement of all differences.

The Romanian Communist leader
also stressed that Israel must re-
tire to the June 5 armistic lines,
but he did not make the request
unconditional. In warning against
"the use of force to assert a right,"
he did not—as have all other Soviet
bloc spokesmen, including Kosy-
gin—single out Israel as the target
of charges of aggression.
Romania is the only Soviet bloc
country which did not follow the
lead of the Soviet Union in break-
ing diplomatic relations with
Turkish Foreign Minister Ishan
Sabri Caglayangil told the As-
sembly that Israel must evacu-
ate the territories its 'forces had

Queried whether he would
comment on reports of a new
wave of anti-Semitism in the
Soviet Union as a result of the

Arab-Israel war, Premier Rosy-

gin replied:
"Well I can only surmise that
that is an invention trumped up
by the author of the question
himself. There has never been
and there is no anti-Semitism in
the Soviet Union and so there
can be no question, either, of any
new wave because there hasn't
been an old one. The Jews in the
Soviet Union enjoy all the rights
on an equal basis with all the
other citizens of the Soviet
Union. Many of them occupy
very high, responsible posts. One
of my deputies, a Deputy Prime
Minister of the Soviet Union, is
a Jew, and there are many Jews
among the scientists and states-
men and men in other positions
in the Soviet Union. There is no
anti-Semitism in the Soviet
Union, and I think that allega-
tions to that effect are designed
to create certain difficulties and
to depict in a false light the
in our country."
treatment" of Jordanian civilians situation
In reply to another question, as
and prisoners of war. He accused to whether his talks with Presi-
Israel of aggravating the Arab re- dent Johnson will not affect his
fugee problem. He demanded that relations with the Arab states,


Israel's policy with regard to
"the unity of Jerusalem" and
freedom of access to the holy
places there to all religious
faiths was reiterated Sunday by
Eban in a nationwide television
program. "Access to the holy
places is assured under the unity
of the city," he said, adding that
the question of "securing access"
is a matter for negotiation. He
was interviewed on the "Meet
the Press' program of the Na-
tional Broadcasting Company.

Israel's parliament approved
readings this week of three bills
presented by the government to
authorize it to realize unification
of New and Old Jerusalem under
conditions which it hoped would
avoid diplomatic difficulties.
The measures provided for pro-
tection for the holy places, for for-
mulation of laws in "newly-freed"
territories and permitting the gov-
ernment to name new municipal
areas and new municipal council-
ors. Three readings are required
for enactment into law. The meas-
ures would place all holy sites
under the protection of the Israeli
government. The laws were pre-
sented by Justice Minister Yaacov
Shapiro, Religious Affairs Minis-
ter Zerach Warhaftig and Deputy
Interior Minister Israel Ben-Meir.
The "basic law" on protection
of the holy sites would cover
shrines sacred to Christianity, Juda-
ism and Islam and would impose
prison terms of up to seven years
for desecration of the sites or for
preventing worshipers from attend-
ing services at the sites. The muni-
cipality bill would authorize the
interior minister to include, by ad-
ministrative decision, an area into
an existing municipality or to com-
bine existing municipalities.
Under the measure, the interior
minister also would be authorized
to name municipal councilors from
residents of the new municipal ter-
ritories. While Jerusalem is not
mentioned by name in the three
measures, it was clear that the law
was specifically designed to make
possible the capital's legal reuni-

the assembly recognize clearly that Kosygin said he did not discuss
had invaded three Arab

• its Soviet-Arab relations with John-
and must wi
immediately. lie told the son. Ile declared: "We maintain
that Jerusalem is "now very good relations with the Arab
foreign hands for the first time world, very good relations; the
years." Arab states enjoy great trust and
in Premier
Levi Eshkol told an confidence in the Soviet Union."

with foreign When asked whether, in the light
impromptu conference
his direct talks with President
journalists that as long as Israel ' s of
Johnson, he favors direct talks be-
neighbors continued to make plans tween the leaders of Israel and
for Israel's destruction, "we are the Arab states, he said: "That is
not going to evacuate any of the a question which the Arab states
territories under our control neces- should decide upon and reply."
sary for our security."
A topic of conversation among
He added that if the Arab rulers UN delegates of various coun-
would agree to negotiate with Is- tries during the weekend was
rael, "all problems could be solv-
the attitude taken at the Gen-
ed" and he reiterated an earlier
Assembly toward the Arab-
statement that "chances for peace eral
Israel conflict br Romanian
Prime Minister Maurer. In his
in the past 20 years." The premier
address before the Assembly,
emphasized his belief that
leader took quite
live in peace and the Romanian

and Arabs could

gave them assurances of religious
freedom. It was believed that
the government was examining
the possibility of creating a re-
ligious council, formed from rep-
resentatives of the three reli-
gions, to supervise the holy sites
and religious freedom for all.
Meanwhile, Israel began today
to switch supervision of Jewish
holy sites in Old Jerusalem from
military to civilian auspices with
an announcement that the Reli-
gious Affairs Ministry had assum-
ed direction of the Western Wall
ane the Cave of Simon. It was as-
sumed that the ministry would soon
take responsibility for the other
Jewish holy places in the Old City.
The ministry will soon name a
team of supervisors to work out
arrangements for visits to the sites
and also take responsibility for
their maintenance. Until now, su
pervision has been under direction
of the chief chaplaincy of the Is-
rael armed forces.
Representatives of Jerusalem
burial societies submitted a report
on the status of the graves on
Mount of Olives. The report said
that several thousands burial stones
had been removed by the Jordan-
ians, presumably for building pur-
poses. Some graves had been des-
troyed by the Amman regime when
it built highways across the tradi-
tional Jewish cemetery area. How-
ever, graves in the "Rabbis' Sec-
tion" — where some of the most
famous rabbis are buried — were
reported intact, including the grave
of the late Chief Rabbi Kook.

The premier and Dr. Warhaf-
tig received representatives of
the three major religions and

settlement in the Middle East,

including the future status of
Jerusalem. It was pointed out
that Rev. Blake had already said
that the status of Jerusalem and

the holy places there were poli-
tical matters. This stand, it was
noted, contrasted with the stand
of the Vatican, and represented
the attitude on this question by
200 Protestant and Orthodox de-
nominations around the world.)

The Standing Conference of Or-
thodox Bishops in the Americas
unanimously urged that the holy
places in Jerusalem be given an
"internationally guaranteed status,
irrespective of the results of pres-
ent efforts for a political settle-
ment." The conference also set up
a Holy Land Refugee Fund to as-
sist the "hundreds of thousands"
of refugees in the area.

Friday, June 30, 1967-11

(From Geneva it was report-
ed that the Rev. Eugene Carson
Blake, head of the World Coun-
cil of Churches, said that the

council and the Israel govern-
ment were consulting on a num-
ber of issues involved in a peace

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