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June 23, 1967 - Image 6

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1967-06-23

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Israel's Role Depicted by Eban;
Vile Attacks on Israel at the UN

(Direct .rrn Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

UNITED NATIONS, N.Y.—The
United States introduced Tuesday
in the emergency session of the
General Assembly a resolution
calling, among other matters, for
negotiations between the Arab
states and Israel "with appropriate
third party assistance" on all is-
sues resulting from the third Arab-
Israel war, including "disengage-
ment and withdrawal" of the mili-
tary forces now in Israel-held Arab
areas. The resolution was intro-
diced by Ambassador Arthur J.
Goldberg.
After noting that the Security
Council had overwhelmingly re-
jected a Soviet resolution which
was, in essence, reintroduced in
the assembly Monday by Soviet
Premier Alexsei Kosygin, Gold-
berg proposed the following reso-
lution:
"Bearing in mind the achieve-
ment of a cease-fire in the Middle
East as called for by the Security
Council in its resolutions; having
regard to the purpose of the Unit-
ed Nations to be a center for har-
monizing the actions of nations.
"I. Endorses the cease-fire
achieved pursuant to the resolu-
tions of the Security Council and
calls for its scrupulous respect by
the parties concerned:
"2. Decides that its objective
must be a stable and durable
peace in the Middle East;
"3. Considers that this objective
should be achieved through nego-
tiated arrangements with appropri-
ate third party assistance, based
on;
"A. Mutual recognition of the
political independence and terri-
torial integrity of all the countries
in the area, encompassing recog-
nized boundaries and other ar-
range ments, including disengage-
ment and withdrawal of forces,
that will give them security against
terror, destruction and war;
"B. Freedom of innocent mari-
time passage;
"C. Just and equitable solution
of the refugee problem;
"D. Registration and limitation
of arms shipments into the area;
"E. Recognition of the right of
all sovereign nations to exist in
peace and security;
"4. Requests the Security Coun-
cil to keep the situation under
careful review."
"This resolution." Goldberg said,
"embodies the five principles
which President Johnson identi-
fied yesterday (June 19) as funda-
mental to durable peace. Our ob-
jective in offering this resolution
is to encourage a decision by the
warring parties to live together in
peace and to secure international
assistance to this end. It is neces-
sary to begin to move—not some
day, but now, promptly, while the
memory of these tragic events is
still vivid in our minds—toward a
settlement of the outstanding is-
sues and truly there must be pro-
gress toward all if there is to be
progress toward any."
Goldberg reiterated earlier U.S.
statements denying flatly charges
of American involvement in the
six-day Arab-Israel war, stating
"it is perfectly clear why these
charges have been spread. They
were spread in an attempt to find
a scapegoat for what occurred —
and perhaps for an even more
sinister purpose — to engage the
great powers with each other. The
United States will not lend itself
to such purposes."
After rejecting the resolution in-

6 — Friday, June 23, 1967

troduced by Premier Kosygin, Gold-
berg told the assembly "under this
Soviet proposal Israel is to be con-
demned as an aggressor—without
mentioning other aggressors, both
recent and long past, that led up
to the fgihting, that "the heart"
of the Soviet proposal could be in
effect stated as follows: "Israel,
withdraw your troops and let
everything go back to exactly
where it was before the fighting
began on June 5."
Such a resolution, he added,
would be tantamount to running
the film backward "through the
projector to that point in the early
morning of June 5 when hostilities
had not yet broken out." Asking
what the situation would then be,
Goldberg said "once again oppos-
ing forces would stand in direct
confrontation, poised for combat,
Once again, no international mach-
inery would be present to keep
them apart. Once again, innocent
maritime passage would he denied.
Once again. there would be no bar
to belligerent acts and acts of force.
Once again, there would be no ac-
ceptance of Israel by her neigh-
bors as a sovereign state. No ac-
tion to solves the tragic refugee
problem, no effective security
against terror and violence. Once
again, in short, nothing would be
done to resolve the deep-lying
grievances on both sides that have
fed the fires of war in the Middle
East for 20 years. And, once again,
there would be no bar to the arms
race in the area."
Goldberg then referred to the
fact that the 1949 armistice agree-
ments between Israel and Egypt.
Jordan. Syria and Lebanon had
set down the principle that the in-
Ont of the armistice pacts was to
"facilitate the transition from the
present truce to permanent peace."
Following Goldberg, Syria's pre-
sident Noreddin Atassi addressed
the assembly. lie declared "we re-
ject any conditions or negotiations
based on aggression." He stated
that the Syrian government "wel-
comes" the draft resolution intro-
duced by the Soviet Union Monday
and added that "any other resolu-
tion," aiming at the United States
draft, would be "firmly rejected."
Czechoslovakia also told the as-
sembly that it would reject the
U.S. draft and firmly support the
Soviet proposals.
Reiterating the usual Soviet
charges against Israel, as well as
the accusations that the United

States and Britain "promoted"
Israel's "aggression" against the
Arab states, Soviet Premier
Alexei N. Kosygin, in Ms ad-
dress Monday demanded the
withdrawal of Israel's forces
from the "occupied" Arab terri-
tories, the reimbursement of "the
full cost of all it has destroyed"
in Arab lands, and "the return
of the captured property within
the shortest possible time."
The Soviet Premier voiced a di-
rect threat against Israel by stress-
ing that early this month, leaders
of the seven Communist countries
had declared that their govern.
ments "would do everything neces-
sary in order to aid the peoples of
the Arab countries to deal a firm
rebuff to the aggressor, to safe-
guard their legitimate rights, to
quench the hotbed of war in the
Middle East and to restore peace
in that region." Kosygin introduc-
ed a draft resolution under which
the General Assembly would:

"I. Resolutely condemn the aggres•
sive actions of Israel and the continu-
ing occupation by Israel and the con-
tinuing occupation by Israel of a part
of the territory of the U.A.R., Syria
and Jordan, which constitutes an act
of aggression;
"2. Demand that Israel should im-
mediately and without any condition
withdraw all its forces from the ter-
ritory of those states to positions be-
yond the armistice demarcation lines.
as stipulated in the general armistice
agreements, and should respect the
status of the demilitarized zones as
prescribed in those armistice agree-
ments;
"3. Also demand that Israel should
restitute in full and within the short-

est possible period of time all the
damage inflicted by its aggression upon
the United Arab Republic, Syria and
Jordan, and their nations and should
return to them all seized property and
other material assets;
"4. Appeal to the Security Council
to undertake on its part immediate
effective measures in order to elimin-
ate all consequences of the aggression
committed by Israel."

Kosygin charged Israel with
committing "violence" in seized
territories. "In the same way as
Hitler's Germany used to appoint
gauleiters in the occupied regions,
the Israeli Government is establish-
ing an occupation administration
on the seized territories and ap-

pointing its military governors
there," he said.
Israel Foreign Minister Abba
(Continued on Page '7)

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