Israelis Take Control of Mount S cop us
other essentials for Jewish Jeru- I Jenin bars Jordanian forces from ed States. Syria and Algeria also unilateral action on the Aqaba is-
announced they had broken off re- sue. This may have induced speed-
salem's 200,000 residents, most of a land attack on the Haifa coos a
ier action by Israel.
lations with the United States.
them living in shelters since the area. One of the bitterest battles
(The U. S. approved the sale of
The diplomatic developments fol-
war began. They included 60,000 of the 1948 war of liberation was
children. I fought for control of Latrun which lowed a series of wild charges by gas masks to Israel after West
approved the sale of
,.was still in Arab hands when a Egypt that American and British
He reported that 15 civilians had
planes had assisted the Israeli Air 20,000 gas masks.
been killed in the brief but savage cease-fire ended hostilities.
Force in battles and had provided
(Fear of the use of nuclear
Gen. Mordehai Hod, air force
Jordanian attack on the New City.
an air screen over Israel. Both weapons was expressed in London
commander, announced shortly
• • •
June 1 by Minister of State for
WASHINGTON — Egypt Tues- after midnight that the Israeli
nantly denied the charge and said Foreign Affairs Lord Chalfont.
air force had destroyed 374
day severed diplomatic relations
Nasser had put it out as a cover-up
(It was reported in Washington
with the United States following enemy planes and that 34 Israeli
for the humiliating Arab rout.
on June 1 that jet bombers pro-
planes had probably been de-
the firm American rebuff of Egyp-
American policy on the Middle mised to Israel had not yet been
stroyed. This is considered to
tian allegations that American
East came in for increasing crit- provided for Israel's defense.
be about one-fourth of the total
and British aircraft had aided
air power the Arabs mustered at icism in Congress as members of
(The Israel Cabinet acted speedi-
both parties called for American ly late last week to approve a na-
the beginning of hostilities_
(Jordan is reported to have de-
Gen. Itzhak Rabin. chief of staff aid and support to Israel. Israel's tional government to include all
clared that her air force shot down of the Israel defense forces, re- outstanding victories changed the parties except the Communists. and
a U.S. naval aircraft.)
ported on a broadcast Tuesday nature of the criticisms from the Moshe Dayan immediately was
The Egyptian ambassador was morning that Israel had taken large question of American guarantees named defense minister. Dayan
awakened at 3:45 a.m. Tuesday by numbers of prisoners on the south- of Israel's territorial integrity to named Gen. Tzvi Tzur, former Is-
the State Department. The depart. ern (Egyptian) front and had cap- the question of protecting Israel's rael chief of staff, as his assistant
ment protested to him against the Lured a considerable amount of gains..
Sen. Hugh Scott, (Pa. Rep.), key-
- inflammatory and false" accusa- arms and equipment, including
(On June 5, Soviet Ambassador
tions that U.S. planes were in- tanks and artillery. He said the noted this approach when he told to Israel Dimitri Chuvakhin de-
volved in the successful Israeli enemy had suffered heavy casual- the Senate that "I hope the Unit- livered a note to the Israel Foreign
ties. He termed Israeli losses coin- ed States, in its protestations of Ministry calling on Israel to halt
A Defense Department spokes- paratively light. being a neutral, will not be a party fighting and to evacuate territories
Israel struck its hardest blow to negotiating away any of those it had occupied. Earlier, Prime
man stated categorically that "No
U.S. military aircraft have been in the air. Gen. Rabin said. He rights that the Israelis may estab- Minister Eshkol had sent an addi-
involved in any way in the Middle termed the air smash a "devastat- lish through their own military tional message to Soviet Premier
Kosygin asking the Soviet to par-
East actions. Reports of U.S. mili- ing blow" which had assured Israel efforts."
Sen. Jacob K. Javits, N.Y. Rep., ticipate in a four-power effort to
tary air activity in this area are of air supremacy.
Gen. Hod reported that Egypt said that a United Nations cease- secure peace in the Middle East.
f a Ise."
(Israel's parliament held a reg-
Secretary of State Dean Rusk had lost 286 planes. 20 of them in fire resolution must require not
later made a firm denial of the combat. Among the planes de- only that the Strait of Tiran but ular session Monday in embattled
and passed three emer-
were 30 TU-16 heavy bombers and raeli shipping. A UN resolution, gency fiscal laws by almost unani-
(The Israeli government apolo-
12 Sokhoy fighter-bombers which he said, must involve more than an mous vote. Defense Minister Dayan
gized Thursday for the mistaken
Egypt had only recently received armistice but should involve "a came to the parliament building as
bombing and torpedoing of a U.S.
from the Soviet Union. permanent peace in the Middle members sought shelter and was
Navy research vessel in the Medi-
welcomed with cheers.
He said that Syria had lost 52 East."
terranean 15 miles north of the
Rep. Emanuel Celler, (N.Y.
(An early statement declaring
Sinai Peninsula. Four Americans planes. including two Illyushin
U. S. "neutrality" was amended
Were killed and 53 wounded. Three bombers and Jordan had lost 20
later, on Monday, by Secretary
hundred men were aboard the U.S. British-built hunters and seven
responsiblity for dealing with Rusk, who spoke of non-belliger-
Teddy Kolleck, mayor of Israel's Liberty at the time of the attack. transport planes and helicopters.
Egypt, "Israel fights alone and ence.)
capital. visited Mount Scopus Tues- It was not immediately known Gen. Hod revealed that the Israeli
air forces had carried their strike fights valiantly." He said that to
(Debates at the UN Security
day. the site of the pre-independ- ' how the mistake occurred.)
into Iraq and had attacked the ask Israel to surrender any of the Council resulted in an order for
s • s
ence Hadassah Hospital and
Iraq base at Kiraki, near the Jor- territory she had fought for would immediate cease fire. Jordan com-
Hebrew University, cut off from
danian border, destroying nine be "grotesque."
plied, and warfare ended with
Israel since Jordan seized the en- air forces delivered a crippling
• • *
Hussein's army. Egypt and Syria
clave and Old Jerusalem in the', blow to Gamal Abdel Nasser's planes there.
refused to comply.
war of independence
Eshkol Tells de Gaulle
(Algerian, Iraqi, Moroccan and
years ago. four Arab aggressor countries — activities. Gen. Hod said Israel Israel Wants Peace
other troops commenced a new
The enclave - had been guarded Egypt, Syria, Jordan and Iraq.
With Arab Neighbors
in the war on Thursday and
by Israeli police contingents who In less than 24 hours, Israel
PARIS—(JTA)—Prime Minister bean to resist Israel's advance.
Of the 11 Israeli pilots missing.
were relieved by fortnightly con- destroyed Nasser's potential to
(With Russia as the chief an-
voys passing through Old Jeru- carry out his proclaimed threat
sage to President Charles de Gaulle
salem with United Nations escorts. to uproot and eradicate the. State hands.
affirming Isrl's constant readi tagonist at the UN. Israel never
Syrian infantry. supported by
With the passage now free, Mayor of Israel, captured strategic posi-
with its Arab theless is continuing to press for-
Kollek visited the area. tions dominating the entire Sinai tanks and artillery, launched an ness to sit
ward to victory.
attack Tuesday morning on the neighbors to discuss issues
He told newsmen that he did peninsula.
(President Johnson has named
them such as the question of the
McGeorge Bundy as "special con-
not intend to be mayor of any part
Palestine refugees and freedom of
of Jerusalem except that part for El Arish and Deir El Balah ef- ern Galilee.
sultant" and as head of a group
transit in the Gulf of Aqaba. The
Syrian artillery also opened up
which he had been elected by fetively severed Egypt's access to
to strive for peace and an end
Israeli leader stressed in his letter,
the Jewish population. However, the Sinai Peninsula and ended any on settlements along the frontier,
to the 19 years of uncertainty in
delivered to Gen de Gaulle by
Jerusalem's city council was busy threat of Egyptian land invasion concentrating fire on Gadot and Ambassador Walter Evtan, the Middle East. Walt W. Bestow
planning services, such as road- ; of Israel territory. Israeli forces Mishmar Hayarden. Later, Maayan
is 'a member of his committee.
Israel's intense desire to establish
clearing and water supplies to the took the city of Gaza and the en- Baruch and Kfar Szold also came
(Arab threats of a "jihad"—a
peaceful relations with the Arab
population of the Old City. There tire Gaza strip, long pointed like under fire.
countries but only on condition holy war—are at the heart of the
were not many residents left. The a dagger at Tel Aviv.
that Israel's territorial integrity problem, Abba Eban told the
The Israelis announced two im- --
area through which Mayor Kollek
Diplomatic Relations Severed
and its international rights, such Security Council. In his brilliant
was driven on his visit to Mount portant land victories on the Jor- Between United States, Egypt
as transit of the waterways, are address which drew applause,
Eban adomished the UN that the
Scopus had been deserted by its danian front. Israeli forces cap-
WASHINGTON (JTA) — The assured.
cured Latrun. midway between
(President Johnson held numer- clock usually goes forward, not
The mayor said that "every Jew . Ramie and Jerusalem—a key corn- State Department announced that
ous meetings with his Cabinet, Con- backward, as the Arab leaders
has been dreaming for this to hap- - munications center and a threat the United States had severed gressional leaders and Secretary would have it.
pen for 2.000 years but none to the Jerusalem-Lydda route, and' diplomatic relations with Egypt as
(Jordan has denied that U.S.
of State Rusk prior to the out-
thought it would happen so fast." seized the Arab stronghold of ' a "reciprocal" action following
break of hostilities. Secretary Rusk and British planes had helped
Meanwhile, he said, his principal Jenin. northernmost angle of the notice that President Nasser had
"bloody triangle." Capture of , withdrawn recognition of the Unit- had stated categorically several Israel. Jordan seems to have
problem was assuring food and
days before the outbreak of the broken its ties with the Arab
war that the U. S. would not take states).
(Cont inued from Page 11
Riad. He said that on June 3. two
days before the Arabs launched
their four-nation assault on all of
Israel's fronts, Gen. Riad brought
to Jordan two battalions of Egyp-
tian commandoes to carry out
sabotage activities in Israel. par- ,
ticularly against airfields.
Col. Pearlman reported that two
Egyptian officers captured Tues-
day night by Israeli troops in the
Jordanian fighting included a
major and that they were elements ;
of the commando units under Gen.
After Israel forces completed
seizure of the Old City of Jeru-
salem. they concentrated their ef-
forts on mopping up operations ;
against snipers and on silencing,
the artillery positions which had
caused considerable damage to
buildings and other property in
THIS PHOTO from
up a cloud of dust.
Refugee Issue Needs Clarification
Israel shows an Israeli army half-track carrying armed troops,
Among the issues related to the war situation which will need
clarification is that of the Arab refugees.
Well-meaning commentators have been misled by the entire
There were only about 550.000 Arabs who fled Israel when the
state was established.
Their number has grown and some have quoted 1,300,000 and others
as many as 1,500,000.
More than 60 per cent of those in refugee camps are under 18 and
therefore were born after the establishment of Israel.
No one knows the exact number to which the refugee numbers
have grown because, as the State Department has admitted to the
editor of The Jewish News at briefing sessions, the refugee rolls are
padded, that the ration cards of tens of thousands — perhaps many
tens of thousands — of those who have died are being used in
The entire issue needs review, and peace, which must follow the
present conflict, must include a sound solution that would enable the
occupants of refugee camps to become productive people who will
be provided with homes and work—and that means they'll have to go
to work. But this group also represents a Fifth Column if any number
of them were to be returned to Israel; they therefore must be
rehabilitated elsewhere, other than Israel.
40—Friday, June 9, 1967
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS