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April 21, 1967 - Image 55

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1967-04-21

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Kibutzim in Israel Face New Problems

JERUSALEM — When Israel be-
came independent in 1948, settlers
in kibutzim comprised about 7.5
per cent of its population. Since
then the total population increased
about fourfold, while the number
of Kibutz members only doubled.
As a result, kibutz settlers now
represent only about 3.7 per cent
of the total population.
These simple statistics both rep-
resent one of the central problems
of the kibutz movement, facing all
kibutzim, irrespective whether
they belong to the leftist, center or
religious settlement organizations.
The issue has been troubling the
kibutzim for many years now. It
became a subject for broader dis-
cussion in recent weeks when the

GREETINGS

ROYAL
SHOE SERVICE

Passover Best Wishes

Pollak's Custom
Dress Making

864-7766

Holiday Greetings

O'Brien Drug Store

= Prescription Pharmacy
We Deliver

20655 West 7 Mile at Smile

Call KE 2-2410



The relative decrease of member-
ship since independence worries
the kibutzim for several reasons,
some of them practical and some
ideological, some of them genuine
and some of them not so genuine.
In general, a new kibutz comes
into being in one of two ways;
either a number of young people in
Israel or abroad organize them-
selves into a "garin" (kernel) and
establish their settlement, or young
people of the second generation in
an established kibutz decide to
stake out on their own. In both
cases, the land for the new settle-
ment is provided by the Keren
Kayemet (Jewish National Fund),
while their parent-movements and
the Jewish Agency provide the
initial capital needed.
To enable growth "from the

inside," kibutz movements
naturally want to be able to ab-
sorb new members in the older,
established settlements. Also, a
certain percentage of old mem-
bers are always leaving the

13619 W. 7 Mile Rd.
UN 4-7997

19490 Livernois

kibutzim, jointly with the Jewish
Agency and the Ministry of Labor,
published ads in the papers urging
city and town dwellers hit by the
present economic recession to join
a kibutz as a solution to their
personal difficulties.

kibutzim for the cities, and there
is the problem of natural aging
of the original settlers. All this
makes the influx of new, younger
members highly desirable. On
the other hand, few kibutzim
will admit yet to a development
in the opposite direction: as
farming becomes more and more
mechanized (and kibutzim usu-
ally are pace-setters in this
field) fewer and fewer hands
are required to cultivate the
land. Those who have become
thus superfluous in agriculture
are transfered to manufacture,
and this is one of the main rea-
sons why more and more kib-
utzim add factories to their

3............................. ■■■•■■■••■ ........es •









Happy Holiday to All

MITCHELL SYRUP & PRESERVE CO.

e





Detroit

1951 E. Ferry

WA 1-0800

to one of the national organiza-
tions of kibutzim, divided along
political-ideological lines. These or-
ganizations are directly affiliated
with the various political parties.
Therefore the desire to grow and
multiply is also an aspect of com-
petition both inside the political
parties and among the parties.
And above this "internal" motiva-
tion for growth there is the
broader, more abstract concern of
the kibutz movement as a whole
over the decrease of relative im-
portance and impact in the social
and ideological fabric of Israel.
Before the establishment of the
state, and during the first years
of its existence, kibutzim were the
epitome of the ideals of chalutziut
(pioneering) that built the Jewish
national homeland. It is no coinci_
dence that most of Israel's present
leaders are—or at least were in
their younger years—members of
a kibutz. Things have changed
since, and the ideas and aspira-
tions of most Israelis are rather
middle-class. The challenges, of
course, have also changed. And
naturally, as immigration became
less and less selective, the pro-
portion of those with strong pio-
neering ideological motivation has
also decreased.
Yet the kibutz movement feels,
and not entirely without reason,
that simple numerical factors also
play here an important role: it is
certainly a big difference whether
7.5 per cent or 3.7 per cent of the
population lives in kibutzim.

Life in the kibutzim has also
changed fundamentally and this
is stressed in the present cam-
paign to attract new members
from among the city dwellers af-
fected by the economic reces-
sion. Leaders of the kibutz move-
ment feel that many Israelis
still retain the old picture of
the kibutz as a life of hard
manual work with no ameni-
ties or luxuries, and of ideologi-
cal and political discussions as
the main staple of after-work
relaxation.
Today, in fact, living conditions

e•
: in many, if not most, established

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----

441=.3.4mm. ■ .0.041M...OIMPO

Happy Passover to All

NORTHLAND BUILDING MAINTENANCE, INC.

GENERAL. CLEANING CONTRACTORS — Day and Night Janitorial Service
We Carry Compensation and Public Liability Insurance

864-4811

7600 Fenkell

Passover Greetings

PEERLESS DISTRIBUTNG CO.

kibutzim compare favorably with
those of average middle-class liv-
ing conditions in cities. Apart-
ments are nicely furnished, the
women-folk are fashionably dressed
after work, the community hall
resembles a club house with es-
presso bars and soda-fountains,
many kibutzim now even have
beauty parlors. And, in the,Plead
of physical recreation an the
quality of schools, not many city
dwellers can enjoy the same high
standards as most kibutz mem-
bers can.
Thus the kibutz movement feels
that its own attractions, together
with the new pressures "outside,"
may well mark 1967 as a year of
major growth in their membership.

TE 4-6400

8720 Livernois

Si

.................................................... ..amzsmar ,..m.v.wasmammomaz.,,:,
Holiday Greetings

zi

Q-9-9.9-2 999 Q-9 Q..Q.9 ¢9

a
a
a
a

DIE;

ll

ALLEN'S SALON

ll_ °
E Dr:
: :

22106 Coolidge

lh

Oak Park, Mich.

DIE

DR

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

LI 2-1398

LAND 0' LAKES CREAMERIES, INC.

TE 4-1400

9140 Roselawn

Happy Holiday

LARDNER ELEVATOR CO.

WO 5-4870

300 Riopelle St.

0 0 0 0 0 0515 0-15- 0- 1113-615615

00000000000000000

000

Best Wishes for a Happy Passover
to Our Friends and Patrons
Mr. and Mrs. Kalman Lustig of

MAYERS BAKERY & PASTRY SHOP

TO 9-9826

12028 Dexter

Happy Passover

MICHIGAN INDUSTRIAL LAUNDRY, INC.

Louis Dalitz

WE 3-1850

9350 Roselavvn

A Happy Passover To All Our
Friends and Customers

SAMUEL BROS. CAFETERIA

Eastern Market

Season's Greetings

SQUARE DEAL HEATING
& COOLING, INC.

Heating, Cooling and Wiring Contractors

WA 1-2345

10163 Gratiot

Happy Holiday

SOBERMAN & MILGROM

Manufacturer of Mercury Paints

UN 4-7530

7741 Lyndon Ave.

Happy Passover
To All OurFriends and Customers

SUSSMAN PRINT SHOP

TO 8-2909

STUDIO GALLERY OF ART

C.;

Passover Best Wishes

HELEN ZINBERG
R.E.

8221 Curtis, cor. Roselawn
Phone for oppt.—UN 2-8914

Best Wishes For A Happy
Passover

Charlie Robinson's
Shell Service

8 Mile Rd. and Mark Twain
UN 4-9821

Friday, April 21, 1967-55

Happy Passover
To The Jewish Community

Holiday Greetings

13516 Second Ave. at Davison

868-8442

Detroit, Michigan 48203

0

■ ' ,.'znrtrzrrtn5-8-6-trifirznrrnrrtrInn5t'

;De

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • II • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • IPA •

11826 DEXTER

UN 4-8959

TE 1-5940

Best Wishes for A Happy and Healthy Passover

Ej

COMPLETE PRINTING SERVICE

Happy Passover

18615 Livernois

Detroit's Oldest Restaurant — Air-Conditioned
Open Weekdays till 10:30 p.m., Sot. 2 a.m. Closed Sundays

3401 Riopelle, corner Erskine

ffl

MEYER WEINGARDEN and SONS

Li Tommy's Barber Shop

ROMA CAFE

Eie

Compliments of

original, purely agricultural
Eli
base.
Practically each kibutz belongs

Season's

i-eetings

Thomas Goodfellow, Inc.

Machinery Movers, Riggers, Erectors

Heavy Specialized Carriers

"Over 50 Years On The Move"

5201 Twelfth Street

TY 4-0661













0 0 0. 0 0 0.0. 0 0

By ELIAHU SALPETER
(C opyright, 1967, JTA Inc.)

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