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March 10, 1967 - Image 4

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Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1967-03-10

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THE JEWISH NEWS

Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing 'with issue of July 20, 1951

Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial
Association.
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit, Mich. 48235.
VE 8-9364. Subscription $6 a year. Foreign $7.
Second Class Postage Paid at Detroit, Michigan

PHILIP SLOMOVITZ

Editor and Publisher

CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ

SIDNEY SHMARAK

Business Manager

Advertising Manager

CHARLOTTE HYAMS

City Editor

Sabbath Scriptural Selections

This Sabbath, the twenty-ninth day of Adar, I, 5727, the following scriptural selec-
tions will be read in our synagoues:
Pentateuchal portion, Ex. 38:21-40:38, 30:11-16. Prophetical portion, Kings 12:1-17.
Rosh Hodesh Adar II ,Tora readings, Sunday and Monday, Num. 28:1-15.

Candle lighting, Friday, March 10, 6:14 p.m.

VOL. L. No. 29

Page Four

March 10, 1967

Community s Duties in the Major Campaign

In less than two weeks, the entire Detroit Jewish community will again be put to the
test to prove whether our claims to dedication to basic responsibilities is very real or is
mere lip service.
With the Allied Jewish Campaign set to commence the annual solicitations, to be con-
ducted over a six-week period for what is hoped to develop into a $6,000,000 income, the
current appeal has greater significance than many previous drives. While there already is
an assurance of success for the 1967 solicitations, with the drive opening with pledges that
already total $3,000,000, the challenge this year is far greater than any previous one because
of the mounting obligations and especially because we have assumed a position of leader-
ship among American Jewish communities and must retain it.
When we speak of the position of leadership it is not a form of boasting. It is an affirm-
ation of our having recognized our responsibilities and having fulfilled them. But the bur-
dens have increased, the demands for expanded service are growing, and the duties are
more pressing. That is why it is fair to say that in an appeal for funds to carry on our services
and to maintain the activities in behalf of the less fortunate overseas we must recognize that
giving is not static, that it must be increased, just as personal incomes have increased, and
that the duties we speak of call for a demonstration of interest and loyalty to disprove that
there is even the remotest possibility of mere lip service in confronting the issues involved
in a great fund-raising campaign.
The overseas aspect of the current drive is well known and generally understood.
There are many thousands of Jews who live in lands of oppression and for whom homes
must be established in security. Israel is the only haven available for them and the open
door to the Jewish State must be retained. Besides, every possible evidence must be dem-
onstrated to indicate to Israel that American Jewry will not let its kinsmen down and that
the injustices that have been in evidence at the United Nations in dealing with the Syrian-
Israel and other disputes will not deter us from giving aid to the embattled small Jewish State.
There are other elements in the current drive that are vital. We have done a lot of
evaluating and we have expressed pride in the aid we give to local agencies, to the social
welfare, recreational and health projects. We have especially boasted — and rightfully —
that we are leading in the uphill efforts to strengthen our educational system. If these
services are to continue, if they are to remain creative and productive, they must be given
all the added assistance they require in the years to come.
This applies to national agencies we aid with our campaign dollars as well as to the
overseas and local needs.
The current campaign truly puts us to the test: either we are boastful about a note
worthy status we have attained as a leader among the Jewish communities in America, or we
will retain that status by solidifying our forces and by assuring progress for the causes we
aid with our gifts. That is why it is of the utmost importance that those who can give more
than in past years should do so and that those who have not given should enlist their
services in the campaign and should not be counted out as non-participants in the move-
ments that are vital to our existence as an organized community. No one who is able to
contribute should count himself or herself out from a share in the glory of belonging to
Detroit Jewry.

The Vandals and the Tragic Trend of Our Time

Those who have wondered how human
beings could have turned into beasts during
the Nazi era, how people who were created
in the image of the higher forces as portrayed
in Scriptures, and how they could possibly
have destroyed property and threatened lives
and burned houses- of worship, might under-
stand it better having heard the report of
what happened in Trenton, Mich., last week.
The police describe it as the work of van-
dals. Of course, that is what it was: they were
undoubtedly delinquents who caused the
damage. But they could not have been sane
youths: they must have been demented. That
is what the Hitlerites were and that is what
those who molest people and destroy sacred
objects are.
How else are we to describe the sacrilege
of mutilating Sifre Tora, of using Sidurim to
ignite the fire, .,of desecrating a house of
worship?
Of course, it is hoped that the vandals
will be apprehended. Of course, the over-
whelming majority of the people are horri-
fied by what had happened and Christians
are joining in condemning the disgraceful
act in Trenton.
But what had happened last week was not
a new occurrence. There has been swastika
smearing and synagogue desecration in De-
troit for some years, but the incidents were
on a smaller scale than the one in Trenton
and they were written off as mere vandalism
in order not to frighten people unduly.
With an increase in incidents involving
desecrations, it 'becomes necessary to become

more seriously concerned about new trends
which are repetitions of old practices. There
have been murders that stem from dementia.
There was a shooting in a Chicago nurses'
home, wholesale murder from the rooftop of
a university building in Texas, the gun on a
Bima. They are all part of a trend that points
to a decline in human responsibilities and to
the need to re-evaluate our approach to youth
training, to relationships among men, to the
duties that devolve upon citizens who must
respect their fellow men.
It is the trend that matches Nazism that
we must be aware of and must guard against.
It is the horror that stems from the inhu-
manity of man to man that should guide us
in our human relations and should direct
leadership towards proper approaches to law
observance. We pray for a solution to such
destructive manifestations and for a return
to sanity in our ranks, especially among youth
that has been misled and needs new guid-
ance towards responsible partnership in
wholesome communities.
The demented are a very small minority
in our midst, yet we could not possibly have
enough insane asylums for all of them. The
rational, the human elements among us, over-
whelm the bigots. In Trenton and ,else-
where the Christians among them are even
more deeply hurt by what had happened in
the Michigan community than are the Jews
whose sanctuary has been desecrated. It is
thanks to this reality that we can rest more
easily, that we have a right to feel that the
tragedies inflicted by the insane represent
a passing phase in our troubled time.

'Journey Through Haunted Land'
Depicts German Situation Today

Amos Elon, Israeli foreign correspondent, having toured and
studied the Germany of today, interviewing the present rulers of
the land, getting the views of the German youth as well as elders,
has written an important book in which he presents the developing
progressive tendencies and remaining symptoms of old poisons.
In "Journey Through a Haunted Land—The New Germany,"
published by Holt, Rinehart and Winston (383 Madison, NY17), Elon
reports on his visit to Auschwitz—it was during the 1965 trials when
judges took culprits to the scene of their crimes—and on the reactions
of Germans to the past. The spirit of universities is reviewed. He
thus confronts problems involving youth:

"The older generation which helped put Hitler into _ power,
cheered him on, waged his wars, watched while the synagogues
were burning and their Jewish neighbors were _led away—this
generation still holds on. In cultural life it has little influence;
press, radio and television are mostly in the hands of the young.
But economically and politically this older generation still controls
the new West German Republic. Adolf Hitler's generals, officials
and industrialists are respected citizens today. They are found
among the mighty in Bonn: in leading positions as members of
parliament, as secretaries of state, lawyers and commanders of an
army wholly integrated into NATO. Some two-thirds of all West
German judges practiced 'justice' during the Third Reich. Sixty-four
per cent of all army officers once belonged to the Nazi Wehrmacht.
Half of all federal officials served the Nazi administration. When
one considers that more than twenty years have passed since
the end of the war, these are astonishingly high figures. The age
group of senior executives (those between forty and sixty today)
was severely decimated by the war. One would consequently expect
to find younger men advancing more quickly. Rather than former
Nazi judges handing down the law, or former Nazi generals planning
Germany's defenses against Russia, one would expect to see
younger judges, generals or ambassadors. But in Germany forty
or forty-five is still considered too young for such a job."

There is a comment on the press of Germany that deserves
special attention. The recent disputes, the role of the Spiegel, the
new attitudes of German newspapers, their critical approaches—these
are vital to the discussion. In the course of these analyses, Elon states:

"The Pressehaus in Hamburg is a large dark building occupying
an entire block. It houses the editorial offices of the Zeit, the Spiegel
and the Stern as well as two daily newspapers. Familiarly, the
building is known as the 'Hamburg Hangout.' The imposing brick
building looks almost like a fortress (and for a time it was when
the police occupied the Spiegel offices in 1962). Its top floor looks
out on beautifully reconstructed Hamburg. After the great fire of
1842 Heinrich Heine wrote:

Rebuild your houses
And drain your puddles
Equip yourselves with better laws

And better fire engines.

"After a more recent catastrophe the Germans seem to have
taken Heine's advice. They have rebuilt their houses and obtained
better laws. Their newspapers have no real power; but they are
fire engines. They are certainly better in this respect than those
of the Weimar Republic. The best newspapers in West Germany
act as watchdogs . . . with energy, fantasy and without fear. It
is the best thing to say about the press of any country."

There is realism in Elon's approach to the German problems:
"Today even those who admit that millions of Jews were murdered
often pretend that Germans murdered only Jews. The Soviet Union,
not counting ten million dead soldiers, lost thirteen million people
in occupied territories, including four million prisoners of war shot,
gassed, worked or starved to death. The Soviet Union, says Alexander
Werth in 'Russia at War,' did not have just one Lidice, not only
one Oradour, but hundreds. Lesczynski estimates the number of dead
Polish civilians at two and a half million people. At least one million
Poles died in extermination camps.
"It has become common to compare—even equate—the extermi-
nation camps of Auschwitz and Treblinka with the destruction of
Dresden by Allied bombers a few weeks before the end of the
war, or with the expulsion of the German population from East
Prussia, Silesia or Czechoslovakia in 1945. Some people demand
trials against Allied war criminals. Prominent politicians, led by
former Minister of Defense Franz Josef-,,Strgws,. render lip service
to this demand. It is politically useful."
In an able translation by Michael Roloff, this journey through
pot-Nazi Gemany is a - good commentary on existing conditions;

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