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March 10, 1967 - Image 38

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1967-03-10

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

38—Friday, March 10, 1967

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Rules in Saying the Slintone Esreh

BY RABBI SAMUEL J. FOX

(Copyright, 1967. JTA, Inc.)

It is required that the worshiper
place his feet rigidly together dur-
ing the main body of prayer (i.e.
the Shmone Esreh—the 18 bene-
dictions.
Rabbi Yose ben Chanina in the
Talmud (Berahot 10b) derives this
requirement from the position the
angels assumed in their service to
the Almighty, as the Bible writes:
"And their feet were straight to-
gether" (Ezekiel 1:7). Man, in his
prayer, is thus emulating the
angels and takes on their position
as they stand before the Almighty.
The medieval codifier, Rabbi Jacob
ben Asher (Tur, Orach Chayyim,
27) contends that since prayer is a
substitute today for the original
temple sacrifice, the worshiper
must assume the characteristics of
the Kohen (the priest) during

Arab Infiltrators
Active on Borders;
Israeli Wounded

TEL AVIV (JTA) — Arab in-
filtrators and saboteurs stepped up
their activities on three of Israel's
borders last weekend—near Syria,
Jordan and Lebanon.
The most serious of the incidents
took place about 630 yards from
the Syrian border, when a tractor
being driven toward Kibbutz Sha-
mir hit a mine, seriously wounding
the Israeli driver. The site of the
blast was near the Syrian gun post
of Darbashyia.
On the Jordanian border, infil-
trators surprised a night watch-
man, robbed him of his watch and
money and started to abduct him.
However. the watchman was re-
leased when- the infiltrators reach-
ed the border and escaped into
Jordan.
On the Lebanese frontier, Le-
banese soldiers drove off a flock
of 100 sheep, taking the sheep
across the Lebanese border. The
sheep belong to Kibbutz Marga-
liyot. Sunday, Lebanese authori-
ties notified Israel, through the
UN Mixed Armistice Commis-
sion, that the sheep will be re-
turned.
Meanwhile, a serious wreck was
narrowly averted last weekend
when the engineer of the Tel Aviv-
Jerusalem train discovered heavy
logs had been placed on the tracks
at a point about nine miles from
the Jordanian border.
The barricade could have de-
railed the train, but the engineer
found it possible to halt the loco-
motive in time. Seven young Arabs
who were part of a Bedouin en-
campment nearby were arrested by
Israeli authorities on suspicion of
having placed the logs across the
railroad tracks.

sacrifice. One must therefore place
his feet together as the priests did
during sacrifice. The Bible order-
ed them to "stand and serve"
(Deuteronomy 18:5). Joseph Kare,
the author of our Shulchan Aruch
explained the requirement for
keeping one's feet together during
prayer as a means of removing
all possible material thoughts from
one's mind and thus having nothing
else in mind but his engagement in
prayer before the Almighty. (Bet
Yosef, Tur, Orakh Hayyim 95).
He also quotes Rabbi Isaac Abuhav
as citing another reason—i.e. that
by keeping his feet together in a
fixed position the worshiper demon-
strates that he has abandoned all
attempts to flee and directs his
every desire to the Almighty. He
is thus rigidly fixed in his position
of service and bondage to G-d be-
fore whom he is, bound and help-
less.
Many worshipers actually
raise their heels while reciting
the "Kedusha."
Rabbi Jacob ben Asher considers
this to be a means of "raising their
bodies upwards." This demon-
strates a feeling that one is ele-
vated to his loftiest spiritual posi-
tion when he is reciting the "Ke-
dusha." At this point man is
closest to resembling an angel
since he is actually repeating the
doxology of the angels (i.e.—Holy,
Holy, Holy, etc.). Furthermore this
moment was so exciting that the
prophet writes: "And the posts of
the door were moved at the sound
of them (i.e. the angels) that
called" (Isaiah 6:4). The author of
"Shibbole ha-Leket" (Rabbi Ben-
jamin) writes that if even wood
and stone shook at the utterance
of these words of Kedusha, how
much more should the sensitive
human shake. Thus, the human
being is moved to spiritual heights
which he demonstrates by lifting
his- heels when he recites the Kedu-
sha originally recited by the angels.

Dover Issues
Folkloristic
Collection

NPD Not Just Lunatic Fringe, Dr. Prinz Says

In an article in the current issue
of Look magazine, Rabbi Joachim
Prinz of Newark, N.J., reported on
his recent fact-finding tour spon-
sored by the American Jewish Con-
gress and said that the National
Democratic Party (NPD) in West
Germany represents convictions
shared by many Germans, not just
a "lunatic fringe." This nationalist
Minority party, often described as
neo-Nazi, received a show of sup-
port in Bavaria last year.
Dr. Prinz, expelled from his na-
tive Germany by the Gestapo in
1937, returnd in an attempt
through dialogue and interview to
plumb West German attitudes
toward Jews. He spoke with stu-
dents, officials and others includ-
ing novelist Gunter Grass.
"I do not think it is correct to
say that (the NPD) is a neo- Nazi
movement," the rabbi told Look,
"(but) a new movement, with Nazi
elements of course, but with an
ideology attuned to . . . new con-
ditions . . That makes it much
more dangerous, because if the
movement would repeat the sio-

S. African Says Jews
Not Unified on Race
Problem in Homeland

JOHANNESBURG (JTA)—Gus-
tav Saron, general secretary of the
South African Jewish Board of De-
puties, returned here from a four-
months' study tour of the United
States, Europe and Israel. The
South African Jewish leader told
the press here that he found much
misunderstanding abroad of South
African Jewry's position on his
country's racial programs.
He added he felt there was need
to increase the opportunities for
dialogue between Jewish leaders
in South Africa and in other coun-
tries, particularly the United States.
Reporting that he gave some 40
lectures to Jewish audiences dur-
ing his visit to the United States,
he declared that "almost invariably
direct questions were put to me,
asking how the Jewish community
fitted into the over-all pattern of
race attitudes in South Africa and
why South African Jewry did not
take a communal stand on racial
problems."
Explaining that he did not see
his role as one of defending
existing policies but instead one
of interpreting to American Jew-
ish audiences "forces and trends
at work in South Africa," Saron
stated that he tried "to give an
objective picture of our racial
situation and how it differed
from that of America."
He said he tried to make his
American audiences understand
that "in the South African context
there could not be a collective
Jewish approach to political is-
sues," that differences on these is-
sues were "as sharp in the Jewish
as in the general community, and
that each individual had the demo-
cratic right to hold his own opinion
and to act upon it in the political
sphere."

Dover Publications has issued
in paperbacks classics by Andrew
Lang—"The Red Fairy Book,"
"The Yellow Fairy Book" and "The
Violet Fairy Book," others in the
series soon to be available.
Familiar fairy tales are included
in this series of books unabridged,
with complete collections of illus-
trations from the traditional works.
The well known English tales
are in this volume—Pied Piper,
Jack and the Beanstalk, Snowdrop
—and there are many tales from
many languages.
In their totality, this collection
presents a veritable treasure in
stories, excellently portrayed. Most
Change in Divorce Laws
of the illustrations are by H. J.
of Canada Recommended Ford.
With the foremost folkloristic
in Jewish Congress Brief
workS drawn upon, this series
OTTAWA (JTA) — The Cana- serves excellently the purpose of
dian Jewish Congress has sub- turning to brief stories, to enter- 17 Jewish Youths Get
mitted a brief to a special parlia- taining reading.
Suspended Sentence for
mentary committee here, consider-
ing changes in the commonwealth's
Syrian Mission Sit-In
divorce laws, recommending that a Latin Govts. Requested
NEW YORK — Seventeen Jew-
new law must do away with the to Ban Hate Matter
ish students who staged a sit-in at
present procedures "which recog-
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)
the Syrian Mission to the United
nize adultery as the sole ground of
MONTEVIDEO — Delegates to a Nations last October received sus-
divorce." Such a requirement, the
CJC stated, is "completely inade- session of the South African execu- pended sentences last weekend in
tive of the World Jbwish Congress criminal court.
quate."
Arthur J. Goldberg, U.S. am-
Filing its brief at the request of adopted Tuesday a resolution ask-
the special committee, the CJC re- ing all Latin American govern- bassador to the United Nations,
commended that "divorce proceed- ments to ban printing and distri- had signed the complaint against
the defendants. They were told by
ings ought to include conciliation buting Nazi materials.
The resolution also asked the Judge Milton Shalleck that their
procedures, without which divorce
courts will not get empowered to governments to revise existing sympathy for the Israelis "doesn't
legislation to make it a crime to give you the license to violate the
dissolve a marriage."
The brief stressed that "the Jew- diffuse religious and racial mater- law here."
"The very type of thing you were
ish concept of marriage has always ial inciting hatred and to outlaw
been that, while the marriage bond all organizations practicing such protesting against," he said, "was
is expected to be inviolable, it is activities. Another resolution urg- what you did in invading the Sy-
not indissoluble" and referred to ed Soviet authorities to extend full rian mission."
The defendants' lawyer, Harold
the tradition which "makes it cultural and religious rights to
0. N. Frankel, said the youths had
abundantly clear that divorce can Soviet Jewry.
A roundtable was held on the been "overcome with' sorrow" as
only be a last resort for the relief
of the parties when marriage has resurgence of neo-Nazism and its a result of border incidents be-
tween Syria and Israel.
been irretrievably broken down." international repercussions.

gans of 1933, it would sound ridic-
ulous."
Not only is racism unconstitu-
tional in West Germany, but too
few Jews remain there to carry
the blame for social or economic
ills, the article points out.
Dr. Prinz called the NPD "not a
lunatic fringe . . . Some of its con-

victions are widely shared by a
great many people." He thought
that if the party's importance was
being exaggerated outside Ger-
many, it was being seriously under-
estimated within, and that its ap-
peal to "dissidents and discon-
tents" created a disturbing parallel
to Hitlerism.

Unemployed Hold Demonstrations
in Cities of Nazare th and Tel Aviv

TEL AVIV (JTA) — Demonstra-
tions against Israel's rising unem-
ployment were held in this city and
at the all-Arab city of Nazareth
this week.
On Monday, about 100 persons
demonstrated in front of the
labor exchange here, when a
watchman at a nearby synagogue
started to remove from a wall of
the house of worship a poster an-
nouncing the rally for the jobless.
The unemployed tried to inter-
fere with the watchman, causing a
near riot. Police dispersed the de-
monstrators, but no one was ar-
rested.
On Wednesday, a number of un-
employed workers began a sit-
down strike in front of the Tel
Aviv Labor Exchange, demanding
immediate employment.
In Nazareth, where 1,000 unem-
ployed are registered at the local
labor exchange, about 100 persons
staged an orderly protest demon-
stration. That action had been
sponsored by local Communists
Monday.
Meanwhile it was estimated in
Treasury circles that Israel's de-
ficit by April 1, the end of the
current fiscal year, will reach about
400,000,000 pounds ($133,000,000).
A few months ago, the treasury
had estimated that the deficit
would be 300,000,000 pounds
($100,000,000).
At the same time, however,
there was encouraging news from
the government's statistical office.

Israel Justice Chief
Defends Secret Trials
in Security Cases

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

JERUSALEM — Justice Minister
Yaacov Shapiro affirmed . Wednes-
day the government's determina-
tion to continue to take strong ac-
tion against all persons, journalists
or others, who published classified
security matters.
He said he would not be de-
terred from such action b:' the
controversy last month over the
disclosure that two editors of the
sensational weekly, Bul, had been
secretly arrested, tried, convicted
and jailed on such charges.
The minister warned that such
action would be taken whether the
published information was true or
false.
Answering questions an a Kol
Israel radio program. the minister
also revealed that a third person,
whose identity he did not disclose,
was being held in jail without pub-
lic knowledge of his arrest, trial
and sentencing.
He stressed that such special
legal procedures were necessary
because of Israel's delicate se-
curity position.

Morocco Jews Puzzled
by King Hassan's Speech

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

CASABLANCA — A speech from
the throne by King Hassan II, in
which he again stressed the im-
portance he attached to Islamic
values in the "new Morocco" evok-
ed varying comment from Moroc-
can Jewish communities Wednes-
day.
The king again emphasized the
high value he placed on religious
works in this Moslem country and
the eminent place occupied by re-
ligious studies in Morocco's scho-
lastic curriculum. It was recalled
that some time ago the king re-
ceived a delegation of Jewish lead-
ers, who presented greetings to
him on behalf of the Jewish corn-
. munities.

The latter reported that the cost-
of-living index continues to drop.
The statisticians said that the cost-
of-living index had dropped in
January 1967 by .01 point below
the figure of January 1966, and
that a further drop was expected
to be shown in the figures for Feb-
ruary of this year.

Bircher Cries Bias
When BB Lodge
Turns Him Down

LAKEWOOD, N.J. (JTA) —
Michael P. Silverman, president
of the Lakewood Bnai Brith,
confirmed that he had barred
a John Birch Society member
from joining the Lakewood Lodge
because he was not Jewish.
Silverman said he had no in-
formation about a statement
made by George Demetry, 36,
of Jackson, N.J. that he had
filed a complaint of discrimina-
tion against Bnai Brith with the
New Jersey State Civil Rights
Division.
Demetry said he had tele-
phoned Silverman about joining
the Bnai Brith lodge and that
when he told the Bnai Brith
president about his Birch So-
ciety membership, Silverman
"abruptly ended the conversa-
tion."
The Birch Society member in-
sisted he was "definitely not
anti-Semitic" but added that he
saw nothing wrong about the
remarks last month of Newton
Miller, then vice president of
the Wayne Township Board of
Education, who had called for
the defeat of two Jewish candi-
dates for the board because, as
Jews, they were likely to want
to spend heavily for education.

Rabbi Morris Adler :
Composite of Man

By ROSE E. FARBER

He was a man.
As simple as all that.
Replete with foibles - doubts

That beset any human.
Wherein then the difference?
Why the homage?
Endowed by the Creator of All —
Embodied in his very soul
A Spark!
That light that rises above and beyond.
That ever-illusive quality of
Humaneness. Commpassion. Understand-
ing. That give stature. (The average
give lip-service to)
His Endowment is our Legacy! For
HE WAS HIS FELLOW-MAN.
This Legacy-Will it thrive? Vibrate?
Multiply?
Or become dry parched.
Will it bear the fruit of the seeds
planted
Or the winds blow these priceless par-
ticles into the nowhere?
The world will long remember what
he did here.
And that Legacy shall always remain
animate
Pulsating throbbing through the veins
of all
Who yet shall breath whom he touched
By thought. By word. By deed. By
hand.
This fruit must flourish! And grow
grow grow grow and reach the In-
finite or we disintegrate with the
flying seeds.
And this man who lived and died
among us
Will have trod this earth in vain.
For embodied in his very soul
Was his fellow-man.
ALL FELLOW-MEN..
HE IS.

American Jewish' Historic
Society Receives Grant

NEW YORK — The Jewish His-
torical Society is the recipient of
a grant from the New York State
Council on the Arts according to a
joint announcement made by John
B. Hightower, executive director of
the council, and Dr. Leon J. Ober-
mayer, president of the society.
The grant will be used to cata-
logue the book, manuscript and art
collections of the society by provid-
ing the services of two librarian-
museum trainees.

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