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March 10, 1967 - Image 18

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1967-03-10

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

18—Friday, March 10, 1967

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Dr. Zvi Ankori to Talk at Adas Shalom

From Captain to Captain—SS. Shalom's
Masters Retain High !Nautical Traditions

An important change in Masters
has just taken place on the flag-
ship of the Zim Lines — the S/S
Shalom.
Captain Werner Freudenberg,
who has gained the affections of
thousands of cruising tourists, has
just retired. He has become a
grandfather, he wishes to see his
children and grandchildren more
often, and the lapse of more than
six months between his last stop-
over in Israel and his approaching
stay there next week, as part of
the Shalom's Purim cruise, is a
bit too much for him.
Thus, after three years as cap-
tain of the Shalom he has asked to
be transferred. He will be captain
of the SS. Theodor Herzl.

Weekly Quiz

By RABBI SAMUEL FOX

(Copyright, 1967, JTA, Inc.)

Why is it customary to offer a
prayer for the dead every Sab-
bath morning in the synagogue?
A number of reasons are ad-
vanced for this practice. Some
claim that this is done because the
Sabbath, being a day of rest, is a
symbol of the world to come, i.e.
the eschatalogical day when the
Messiah will bring the Utopian
ideal into the universe. Then, evil
and hurt will disappear and even
the dead will find peace since
they will be punished no more in
the next world. Others claim that
the memorial prayers are offered
because they, in essence, announce
a pledge of charity in memory of
the deceased. The charity is
deemed as a deed which will merit
forgiveness for the deceased, since
it indicates that the deceased left
an impression of goodness upon
the heirs or acquaintances to the
extent that they feel inclined to
perform virtuous deeds in their
memory. The fact that the deceased
need forgiveness and that the liv-
ing can help effect this forgive-
ness, is derived by the Rabbis
(Sifre, Shoftim) from the biblical
passage which asks forgiveness,
i.e. "Forgive, 0' Lord, thy people
Israel whom thou hast redeemed
(Deuteronomy 21:)". They say that
the "people Israel" refer to the
living while "whom Thou hast re-
deemed" refers to the dead, since
they are considered as having been
redeemed. Yet, they, the dead evi-
dently need forgiveness and the
petition mentioned in the Bible in-
dicates that it is possible for the
living to pray for their forgiveness.
According to the further implica-
tion of the aforementioned rab-
binic text, a murderer ( and this
could apply to any sinner) brings
guilt unto all the souls of Israel
especially to those who were re-
deemed from Egypt—since their
redemption came with the expecta-
tion that their offspring, the future
generations would be virtuous and
worthy of redemption. Since our
sirs reflect upon the deceased, we
must offer charity and pray they
will not be punished for our short-
comings. Others claim that memo-
rial prayers are offered on the
Sabbath because the punishment in
Gehinnom is suspended on the Sab-
bath. We thus pray that they shall
not have to be returned to punish-
ment after the Sabbath.
Why is the Sefer Tora held up
in one's arm when the memorial
prayer is recited?
Two reasons are offered for this
custom. First, a pledge is being
made for charity and it is cus-
tomary to offer a pledge or oath
with a Tora, the same as a wit-
ness sworn in today over the
Bible. Second, the one thing that
serves to bind all the people of
Israel together throughout the
generations and from one genera-
tion to the next is the Tora. Since,
in the case of the memorial prayer,
the present generation is praying
for the past one, the Tora serves
as the symbol of the link between
the two.

Another interesting personality
assumes his pest. Now the Sha-
lom captain is Bernard Berko-
witz. Like his predecessor, whose
nautical career dates back to his
early youth, Berkowitz started in
seamanship at the age of 16,
when he came to Palestine in
1936. He joined his uncles there,
after having left Germany. He
was for a time in a Moshav, then
commenced his life as a sailor—
following a family tradition of
seamanship.
After three years in maritime
private enterprises, he joined the
British Navy in 1939. During the
war he was on a minesweeper and
his boat and his fellow sailors'
lives were endangered during the
war years.
Pursuing studies in British naval
colleges, in Edinburgh and Lon-
don, Berkowitz gained his cap-
taincy in higher studies and re-
turned to Israel. He was captain
of the S/S Theodor Herzl for three
years and he recalls many - inter-
esting experiences in the years
when his ships carried hundreds of
immigrants from Morocco and
elsewhere to Israel.
He especially recalls his ex-
periences as captain of the S/S
Negba, when U. S. Senator and
Mrs. Herbert Lehman accom-
panied him on a trip that took
900 new settlers to Israel. "Sena-
tor and Mrs. Lehman took a deep
interest in the newcomers to Is-
rael and showed great concern
for them and for Israel's future,"
he said.
He also recalled that General
Hildring similarly traveled with
him on the Negba and learned
much about Jewish aspirations as
a member of the U: S. delegation
to the United Nations.
Captain Berkowitz says he shares
with Captain Freudenberg a major
hope: that more young people will
take the cruises to Israel or on the
S/S Shalom on the Caribbean
cruises.
"We provide a Jewish atmos-
phere," he said. "Those who de-
sire a strict Jewish diet have it in
our kosher _section, and we are
strictly kosher when we travel to
Israel. 'We have Jewish programs,
courses in Hebrew, regular serv-
ices."
Captain Berkowitz said that he
had arranged for several Bar
Mitzva services on the S/S Herzl
—one of them having been his own
son. "We are equipped for the best
in Jewish traditional services, just
as we offer the finest entertain-
ment, and we hope the Zim Line
cruises and the tours to Israel will
gain in popularity," he stated.
"Jews feel at home in our boats
and non-Jews are equally happy
among us because of the variety
of services, supervised on a high
plane of cruising standards."
Captain Freudenberg, bidding

the Shalom farewell, referred to it
as "a traveling university" which
provides many cultural programs,
and he referred especially to the
last Passover cruise during which
Rabbi Israel M. Goldman gave 40
lectures on a variety of Jewish
cultural subjects in addition to the
religious Sabbath and holiday fes-
tivities.
"We plan to continue such pro-
gramming wherever we travel, and
we hope to have the cooperation of
Jews interested in vacationing with
us," both captains emphasized.

U.S. Orthodox Rabbis
to Build Center in Israel

NEW YORK (JTA) — The Rab-
binical Council of America, an
organization of Orthodox rabbis,
announced plans for the develop-
ment of a $25,000,000 institute in
Jerusalem for the advancement of
Judaic studies.
Under the plan, the council
stated, it will build the new insti-
tute near Mount Herzl, providing
facilities for the study of Jewish
subjects as well as residential
quarters for about 100 students.
All of the students, the council
said, would be American rabbis
ordained by Orthodox rabbinical
seminaries in this country. The stu-
dents would continue their studies
at the institute for a year before
joining the active rabbinate in
this country.

The Adas Shalom adult study
lecture series on "Culture and
Morality in a Changing World"
will teature Dr. Zvi Ankori, his-
torian, author and educator, 9 p.m.
Tuesday in the social hall. His
subject will be: "Forgotten Com-
munities: The Historian and His
Camera."
Dr. Ankori, of
the faculty of the
Hebrew Univer-
sity in Israel, is
now visiting pro-
fessor at Ohio
State University.
He is a close per-
sonal friend and
next-door neigh- Dr. Ankori
bor of Shmuel Agnon, Nobel
Prize winner, in Jerusalem. Dr.
Ankori has traveled widely in
Mediterranean countries and has
helped uncover vestiges of remote
Jewish communities.

Plutarch's Wisdom
A man should not allow himself
to hate even his enemies, because
if you indulge this passion on
some occasions, it will rise of it-
self in others: if you hate your
enemies, you will contract such a
vicious habit of mind, as by de-
grees will break out upon those
who are your friends, or those who
are indifferent to you.—Plutarch.

Dr. Ankori will present with
his lecture color slides of the his-
toric places he has visited. The
entire community is invited. Rabbi
Jacob E. Segal will serve as
moderator.

Thunderbird
Day Camp Is
Now Accepting
Applications
For Sumnier
Employment

CALL LI 1-2555

for application form.

RESERVE THE DATE .

• •

MONDAY, JUNE 26th

Details to Follow

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Here's a shining example

Passion Play Staged
in England Despite
Widespread Criticism

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

MANCHESTER — A production
of the Oberammergau Passion Play
depicting the crucifixion of Jesus,
presented by a company of am-
ateur players from Oberammergau
and the neighboring village of
Thiresee in West Germany, where
the play originated three centuries
ago, opened at the Bellevue Arena
here Tuesday night after sharp
criticism of the production forced
a number of Jewish impresarios
to withdraw from their associa-
tion with the play.
The anti-Semitic implications of
the current production were ap-
parent in the crucifixion scene
shown to an audience here that
included many children. Emphasis
was placed in the characterization
of the Jews as wicked with no
real attempt to explain the Jewish
case in any objective way.

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