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March 10, 1967 - Image 10

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1967-03-10

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

`They That Go Down to the Sea in Ships'—a Seaworthy Tradition in Israel

By CARL ALPERT
HAIFA — A nation which lives
along the sea must be sea-minded
for reasons which are related to
both economics and defense. And
a nation which sends its men to
sail ships must be prepared for the
disasters and tragedies which have
always been associated with mari-
time pursuits.
Thus it is that Israel proclaimed
a national day of mourning recent-
ly for the ship Hashlosha which
went down in Mediterranean wa-
ters southwest of Naples. The
small 2,000-ton freighter apparent-
ly sank without warning, carrying
its 18-man crew and two passen-
gers to a quick water grave. Noth-
ing was found but a few pieces of
debris which had floated to the
surface.
Exactly 17 years ago another
vessel, the Masada, operated by
the same line, Ophir, sank in the
same water. Of the six victims
then, three were Israelis, and the
ship just lost had been named for
them, Hashlosha, (The Three).
Maritime work is not conducted
only from a land office. Jewish ac-
tivity in these fields means a Jew-
ish navy, Jewish fishermen and
Jewish longshoremen and steve-
dores too. In days of old these
areas were not unknown to the
ancient Hebrews. It was the Psalm-

ist who first wrote of "They that
go down to the sea in ships, that
do busines in great waters . . ."
And in the same Psalm (107, 23-30)
the author give a description of a
storm at sea so vivid that the read-
er can sense the dizzy heave of the
waves.
Israel today is one of the world's
leading maritime powers among
the small nations. Its blue and
white flag is not a flag of conveni-
ence. Its ships are Israeli in every
sense of word.
The Israel merchant marine ex-
ceeds 100 vessels, totaling over
1,000,000 tons. Its cargo ships ply
the seven seas, and its fishermen
cast their nets far from home
shore. Of 3,932 registered seamen,
not counting the navy, 2,861 are
Israelis and 1,121 non-Israelis. The
number of the latter decreases
from year to year.
Israel's shipping lines have had
their ups and downs in recent
years, and the 1966 67 period has
not been a good one. The gen-
eral decline in world shipping
has affected Israel as well.
Largest of the companies, the
Zim line, was operating so deep-
ly in the red that it underwent a
major managerial reorganization.
Its flagship ,the 25,000-ton luxury
liner, Shalom, was taken off the
Atlantic
route and used almost ex-
.

-

clusivey on cruise routes. Two
other, smaller passenger vessels
were sold, but the company began
to make money with its freighters,
tankers and refrigerated carriers.
Zim accounts for three-quarters of
the nation's tonnage.
Another compnay, Somerfin, went
on the rocks financially. Its best
known ships, the Bilu and the Nili,
were objects of court action as
legal steps were taken to salvage
some of the $30,000,000 put into the
concern.
Ophir, which recently lost Hash-
losha, is unique among shipping
companies in that it is a coopera-
tive. The men who sail the ships
are themselves the owners of the
company. At the end of the fiscal
year they divided the profits—or
the losses—among themselves.
In the shade of the medieval
walls of Acre's Crusader fortress
is to be found Israel's Nautical
Academy, the largest of the three
schools where the officers are
trained. And up and down the
coast sail the destroyers and the
submarines and the fast torpedo
boats which constitute the main-
stays of the Israel Navy.
They are a strange breed, these
Israeli longshoremen at the port
and the Israeli sailors who man the
ships. Haifa is a major port city,
and the Israeli seamen are promi-

nent on the streets. Yet in all my
years in Israel, I have never, even
whe nthe fleet is in, seen a drunken
Jewish sailor or stevedore.
* * *

value of the fleet being operated
by Zan in 1967 (after deduction of
depreciation and interest) is $148,-
400,000.

New Vessel for Zim

New 'Book Features
Meisner's Activities

HAIFA — The new cargo ship
Oron has been handed over to the
Zim Co.
The 60,100-ton Oron, built spe-
cially for the transport of bulk
cargoes, was constructed at the
Maizuru Shipyards in Japan. It is
the biggest cargo ship in the Israeli
fleet, excluding two tankers, and
will be mainly used for shipping
iron ore.
A sister ship to the Oron, the
Besor, is also being built in the
Maizuru Shipyard and is due to be
handed over to the Zim at the end
of this year.
During 1967, Zim will operate 84
ships including four passenger
ships, 48 cargo ships, 14 bulk car-
riers and tankers and 18 chartered
vessels.
Another ship, the Tamar, is one
of two ships under construction for
Zim in Yugoslavia.
The full complement of the crews
of all the ships totals 2,888 seamen.
This figure includes 851 men on
pasenger ships, 1,560 men on cargo
ships, 245 men on ships operated
in partnership, and 232 men on
ships of various other types. The

The life and business experiences
of Gordon R. Meisner, Detroit area
life insurance man, are featured
in a new book, "Sell and Grow
Rich," published by Lexington
House, Lexington, Ky.
Gordon R. Meisner is one of a
group of 57 highly successful young
life insurance salesmen presented
in "Sell and Grow Rich." All are
members of the Million Dollar
Round Table—composed of life
insurance salesmen who sell more
than 1,000,000 dollars of life in-
surance in a single year—and none
of the group has yet passed the
age of 40.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
10—Friday, March 10, 1967

DONATE YOUR

Unwanted books, paperbacks,
records,' National Geographic
Magazines to

BRANDEIS UNIVERSITY
BOOK SALE.

DI 1-2461

THE JEWISH WELFARE FEDERATION

Cordially Invites You To The

OFFICIAL OPENING OF

1967 ALLIED JEWISH CAMPAIGN

to hear

HILIP M. KLUTZNICK

* Former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations

* Past International President, Bnai Brith

* Developer of Israel Port of Ashdod

Wednesday, March 22 8:15 p.m.

Aaron DeRoy Auditorium

Jewish Community Center, 18100 Meyers Road

Detroit

Seats May Be Reserved By Calling
Jewish Welfare Federation WO 5-3939

Hyman Safran, President

Jewish Welfare Federation

Alfred L. Deutsch, Chairman

Allied Jewish Campaign

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