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February 17, 1967 - Image 13

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1967-02-17

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, February 17, 1967-13

Label Katz Reaffirms Stand That Jewish Centers Be Jewish

NEW ORLEANS (JTA)=Label
A. Katz; former international pre-
sident of Bnai Brith, has defended
his position that Jewish centers
should maintain a Jewish sectarian
character, against criticism from
Reform rabbis in this city.
Katz -raised the issue initially
last month in an address here to
the executive committee of Bnai
Brith Grand Lodge No. 7 in which

he declared that he had been one
of 140 members of the New Or-
leans Jewish Community Center
who had protested the admission
of 18 non-Jewish families to cen-
ter members-hip.
After • the protest, the center
halted admission of non-Jewish
families, pending a report by a
study committee, allowing the pres-
ent non-Jewish members to retain

Is Vietnam Policy Stumbling Block
o •OK of Resolution on Genocide?

By MILTON FRIEDMAN

by the international community.
Such a hypocritial stance can
WASHINGTON—Administration hardly serve our interests abroad."
sources are using Vietnam as an
The Congressman called on the
excuse for deferring action by the President to send Congress a spe-
White House to seek' Senate rati- cial human .rights message. He
fication of the United Nations Con- pointed out that initiative from
vention on Genocide.
the White House is essential if
This treaty outlaws persecution Congress is to act on five pending
and destruction of religious, racial, human rights treaties—genocide,
and nationality groups. It was forced labor, slavery, political
drafted in 1948 because of Nazi rights of women and racial dis-
crimes against the Jews and crimination. He introduced a reso-
Hitler's policies in occupied - ter- lution asking the President to
ritories. The treaty has now bebn submit a special message as the
ratified by 67 foreign nations in- only effective means of obtaining
eluding some Communist regimes. action.
Opposition to American ratifica-
Now pending in Congress is
tion was originally based on fears
H.R. 669, a bill to establish a
that Communist governments might
U.S. Committee on Human
invoke the treaty and intervene in
Rights to prepare for American
domestic affairs of the United
observance of International
States. Afro-Asian nations, for in-
Human Rights Year in 1968, as
stance, could conceivably support
proclaimed by the UN. The
a resolution to have a UN group
measure would, in effect, imple-
probe racial violence in Alabama
ment the recommendations of
-
or Mississippi.
the 1965 White House Confer-
The State Department will
ence on International Coopera-
not publicly admit it, but offi- - tion.
cials are currently fearful that
The legislation was passed by
American involvement in a UN
undertaking against genocide the Senate in 1966. The House
might provide a device by which Foreign Affairs Committee re-
the UN could probe American ported it favorably. But the 89th
actions in Vietnam. The deporta- Congress adjourned before the
tion of populations of certain measure was scheduled for floor
strategic areas, use of chemical consideration.
The bill would establish a
warfare agents on fields and
forests, and police powers as-, dOnamibtee on Human Rights to
sumed by American forces over evaluate the American role. The
Vietnamese civilians might be proposed committee would submit
a report to the President recom-
questioned.
Rep. Seymour Halpern, New mending means whereby the U.S.
York Republican, is fearful lest could make a positiVe and fresh
another Congressional session pass contribution to human rights. The
without action on the genocide committee's work would -coincide
accord. In a letter to President with the forthcoming International
Johnson, he said that "our reluc- Human Rights Year in 1968.
tance to consider these interna-
In asking the President to also
tional agreements beclouds the encourage creation of the commit-
integrity of expressed foreign tee, Rep. Halpern said "this great
policy objectives."
cause cannot be ignominiously
Rep. Halpern said "a bewilder- ignored by the .United States, a
ing gap has ,_developed between great power, whose very policy
our traditional allegiance to in- aims at the evolUtion of an inter-
dividual rights at_home and our national community of order,
apparent unwillingness to abide mutual respect, and amicable rela-
by those basic safeguards imposed tions between states."

membership - "at their option." -
In the petition, a special meet-
ing of the general membership
was asked to clarify a phrase in
the JCC charter that the goal of
the center was "to develop an af-
firmative attitude toward Jewish
life." Katz said he and the other
signers understood this phrase to
mean that, to be eligible for cen-
ter membership, one must be a
Jew.
Katz's stand was disputed on the
national level by Sanford Solender,
executive vice president of the Na-
tional Jewish Welfare Board.
In the newest development in.

(Copyright, 1967, JTA, Inc.)

Workers' Wives Call Off
Picketing at Ashdod Port

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

-

be paid only to workers earning
less than 500 Israeli pounds ($167)
monthly. The compromise was en-
dorsed by finance ministry_ experts
and the Histadrut, Israel's labor
federation.
A further modification speci-
fied that one-quarter of the al-
lowance would be paid to those
earning more than 500 pounds a
month. While Mapam insisted on
full payment of the allowance
to those in the lower income
bracket and half to those with
higher salaries, plus a 5 per
cent increase in wages to work-
ers in industry, the compromise
apparently had set the stage for
an agreement acceptable to
Mapam.
When news of the compromise
reached the National Religious
Party, its leader, Moshe Shapiro,
who is interior minister, rebelled.
He was quoted as saying that
"There will be no government if
a decision is adopted to pay an
allowance above that previo_usly
agreed to."
The religious bloc and the Inde-
pendent Liberals responded today
with a virtual ultimatum to the pre-
mier that, if he acceded to Mapam
demands- ,r11, •qrmitttYl. • ,pyen: ' the
-smallest increase in `allowances or
wages), they would leave,the cabinet.

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TEL AVIV
The possibility of
a split in Premier Levi Eshkol's
coalition government was revived
suddenly Tuesday by a threat of
the religious bloc and the Inde-
ndent Liberals to quit the gciv-
nment over the issue of cost-of-
ving allowance payments this
year.
The dominant align/tent of Pre-
mier Eshkol's "Mapai Party and
Ahdut AvOcla has
been seeking only
a token paymenta,
~
of the customary
allowance be
pause of Israel's
'current economic
squeeze: The left-
ist Mapam,
member of the
coalition, has
been insistent
that the allow-
ance be paid in
full for 1967. The-
alignnient's eco-
nomic committee
proposed Monda
- Eshkol
a compromise un-
der which payment would be made
of a 4 per cent cost-of-living allow-
ance — half of !the official rise in
the cost-of-living
hei
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the allowance is pegged. It would

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ASHDOD—Operations returned
,to normal Tuesday at the Ashdod
port after two days of picketing by
wives of dismissed port workers.
Police continued to patrol the
area.
Forty dismissed workers went
on • a hunger strike in protest
against their layoffs. Wives of 30
of them formed a living wall at
the port -to prevent other workers
from entering. One consequence of
the brief tie-up -was that three
ships left the port unloaded and
captains of another seven vessels
said they might have to follow
suit. However, with resumption of
work,, it appeared the seven ships
would remain for unloading.
The 411 workers remained on
their hunger strike. '
The wisdom of nations lies in
Another phase of the port dis-
pute involved a demand by tem- their proverbs, which are brief
porary workers for permanent and pithy. — William Penn (1644-
jobs. A committee of the workers 1718).
agreed to a proposal' that the de
mand be referred to the Hista-
IF YOU TURN THE
drut for a decision. -
Forty temporary workers at Ash-
dad port reluctantly ended their
UPSIDE DOWN YOU WON'T
week-long strike at midnight Tues.,
FIND A FINER WINE THAN
day when Histadrut, the Israel
Labor Federation, announced that
efforts would be made to provide
a minimum of 16 days of employ-
ment per month _for each of the
Milan Winifies, Detroit, Mich.
striking workers.

Eshkol Coalition Faces Possible Split
Over Cost-of-Living Payments Issue

(Direct- JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

:the controversy, Reform rabbis
here criticized Katz in sermons
and _ statements in their sync-'
gogue bulletins. Rabbi Leo A.
Bergman, Rabbi Nathaniel Share
and Rabbi Jay Rosenberg chal-
lenged Katz in sermons and bul-
letin statements.
Rabbi Bergman said that he saw
no harm resulting from the pres-
ence of non-Jewish members and
that the Jewish •content of the
programing was not adversely af-
fe,cted by non-Jewish members.
Rabbi Share said that it was true
that open memberihip '"exposes
our youth to contacts with non-
Jews."
qlowever," he said, "our young
people are -going to live in a soc-
iety in which the majority will be
non-Jews." He added that "it rests
upon those who are fighting for
closed membership to demonstrate
that the center's policies and pro-
grams are less affirmatively Jew-
ish now than they would be if
membership were limited to Jews
alone."
Replying, Katz noted that "If the
Reform rabbis believe that one
does not have to be a Jew to
achieve an affirmative identifica-
tion with Jewish life," then the
qUestion should be raised about
permitting non-Jews to participate
in Reform programs for youth,
and to be members of the congre-
gations, since "much of their con-
gregational programming and ac-
tivities other than religious serv-
ices, parallels that of the Jewish
center."

May 31, 1967, and is good throughout the United States only. Void
were prohibited, taxed or restricted. Labels submitted by clubs or
organiza tions,will:net bEk honored. Duplicate regileStS constitute fraud.
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