Schuschnigg's Return to Austria: Tale of Helplessness
A dramatic story of helplessness during the Hitler era marks the
return to Austria of Kurt von Schuschnigg, who was his country's chan-
cellor when the Nazis took control of Austria.
After an exile of 28 years, the 69-year-old von Schuschnigg, who
in the interim served for 18 years as professor of political science
at the University of St. Louis, states: "I'm going back to Austria be-
cause some of my family are
still there and I may revise my
two European books now in
Perhaps his revised story will
add new light on the Nazi era,
on his conferences with Hitler
at Berchtesgaden, on his rela-
tions with Jews who were so
deeply humiliated in Austria.
There is very little about the
latter either in the history of the
Nazi rape of Austria, or of the
Austrians' all-too-ready submis-
sion to Hitler and their fullest
collaboration with the Nazis, or
of von Schuschnigg's inner feel-
ings during the years when fa-
mous Jews were rounded up in
Kurt von Schuschnigg
Vienna and were compelled to
clean sidewalks with their bare hands. Among the signs they were
forced to erase, sometimes with their noses, were some that had read:
"Vote for Schuschnigg."
The eminent director of the Jewish Information Bureau in New
York, Bernard G. Richards, informs us: "Dr. Kurt Grossman, a real
authority on Austria and Germany, says that Schuschnigg, the short-
lived premier of Austria, did not have a chance to be either good or
bad, for the Jews because he left right after the Anschluss."
But Schuschnigg did suffer under Nazism, he was sent to Dachau,
together with Leon Blum and others, and was in the concentration camp
for at least two years before escaping to this country.
Perhaps Kurt von Schuschnigg himself now will tell the story of
his reactions to the horrors that were impOsed upon the Jews of his
country during his regime as chancellor.
Dispute Over Austria's Liberalism
There is a dispute over the Austrian position. The country's am-
bassador, Ernst Lemberger, denies that Hitlerism was embraced will-
ingly by its people and that there is still a strong Nazi sentiment
there. His views have been repudiated by the chairman of the Ameri-
can Jewish Congress commission on international affairs. Dr. Joachim
Prinz. Their exchange of correspondence is lengthy. They enter into
a dispute that is relevant to the need to expose the truth and to let
it be known.
The fact is that Austrians were among the readiest to yield to
Nazism, they were brutal in their anti-Semitism, they permitted some
of their great men, a number of their Jewish military heroes, to be
forced to clean sidewalks with their bare hands. This guilt can not
be wiped out too quickly.
Presently, Austrians are being tested again. The demonstrations
against Jews in a court room during a recent trial of Nazi criminals
were ugly proof of what's transpiring in that land. Austrians like
Germans remain on trial for what had occurred' under Hitlerism.
Bentwich Story . . . USSR
Emigration . . . Schuschnigg
and the Austrian Nazis
It is difficult to explain the anomalies. The minutest nationality
'groups in Russia are encouraged, they have their own newspapers,
their theaters, their schools. But the nearly 3,000,000 Jews in Russia
are maligned. Except for the monthly magazine Sovietishe Heimland
there are no daily Yiddish newspapers in Russia. The only Yiddish
'newspaper in all Russian areas is the Birobidzahner Shtern, appearing
twice or three times a week in Birobidjan. It had 1,000 readers until
last week. Now it has been expanded to a circulation of 12,000 and
will be placed on sale outside Birobidjian. Imagine a Jewish com-
munity with a minute newspaper of that nature circulating among
only 12,000 people! But even this expansion is being hailed by the
Russians as a great accomplishment and as a concession to Russian
Such are the inconsistencies of Soviet Russian attitudes towards
the Jews. It is no wonder that the USSR is being accused of dis-
criminating against Jews. How else is the Soviet attitude to be judged?
There is a lot of humor emanating from Hollywood. Much of it is
good. Lots of it is bad. And there are opinionated guys who benefit from
Hollywood status. On the basis of "nothing succeeds like success,"
everyone who is in the limelight becomes an authority on world affairs.
And the Hollywoodians, under a peculiar influence, often turn to Jew-
ish subjects for their analyses. And so we have a guy by the name of
Arthur Godfrey who suddenly became an authority and who was asked
about Vietnam. He was interviewed by Miami Herald's Hollywood cor-
respondent, Darrell Eiland, and here are the questions and answers:
Q—You recently visited U.S. troops in Vietnam. What do you think of
the war over there?
A—"It's a terrible war. It's one of the worst ones we have ever fought.
In other wars, you had a front line where the action was and you had a rear
area where you had relative safety.
"Over there, you couldn't sit around in a group like we are here. If you did,
some kid would come in and roll a hand grenade in among you.
"You walk along, everywhere over there, with a gat on your hip and an
eye out to be sure that somebody doesn't sneak up on you."
Q—What do you think of some of the expresions of opposition to our
Vietnam position that have been voiced in this country?
A—"I think it's a crying shame. Over 6,000 of our boys killed and the rest
of the country still goes on like we are not at war. I think we should have total
mobilization. The cream of the bloody crop is dying over there and we are still
having our bas mitzvahs here.
Q—What do you think about the way the war is being conducted?
A— think it's being misconducted. I think we should have gone in there
a long time ago, bombed the hell out of everyone of those Communists and
then got out."
Q—A lot of our entertainers have gone into politics lately. Have you
ever been approached and what post would you consider?
A—"Years ago, I was asked to run for governor of Virginia. I said, 'No,
thank you.' Under the Eisenhower Administration, (Charles) Wilson (secretary
of Defense) asked me to be his secretary of the Navy. I said 'No, thank you.'
And if anybody asked me today, I'd say the same thing.
"Don't want any of them. I especially wouldn't want to be Secretary of the
Navy under that clunk McNamara."
Q—You don't like McNamara?
A—"He's an idiot. He doesn't know what in the hell he's talking about. He's
a statistician, a mathematician, an office-manager. Why the hell doesn't he
let the generals do the fighting!"
That's what comes out of Hollywood! And you're supposed to believe
that Arthur was offered a U.S. Cabinet post, that he was considered for
a governorship, that his opinions really possess merit !
Serves us right for dignifying the nonsense that comes from a guy
who 'gets big in Hollywood! Else, who would pay attention to an author-
ity (sic!) whose blind spots are war mingled with bas mitzvahs! Are the
quotes humor or arrogance?
OK'd for ORT Budget;
LW Hails Programs
NEW YORK (JTA) — A record
budget totaling $13,000,000 was ap-
proved here Sunday by the national
conference of the American ORT
Federation. The total, representing
an increase of more than $240,000
over last year's budget, will
'finance a stepped-up program of
vocational and educational services
for nearly 50,000 Jews in 21 coun-
Allocations of $3,895.000 toward
the total were expected from the
United States, with the balance
coming from overseas sources. An
agreement ratified by the dele-
gates, calling for a grant of $2,-
100,000 from the Joint Distribution
Committee, a member agency of
the United Jewish Appeal, will
provide the major portion of
American funds. Nearly $1,800,000
is expected from the membership
income of Women's American ORT
and other affiliated groups.
Dr. William Haber, of the Uni-
versity of Michigan, president of
the American ORT Federation,
told the more than 500 delegates
representing the organization's
90,000 members across the country
that plans adopted for 1967 would
make possible the largest enroll-
ment in 650 ORT trade and tech-
nical schools in Israel, North
Africa, Iran, India, Europe and
Latin America since the estab-
lishment of American ORT 45
In a message sent to the con-
ference, President Johnson- hailed
ORT programs for "having opened
doors of opportunity to men and
'women in want. They have pro-
vided means of livelihood. They
have built confidence within fami-
lies and fostered progress within
The President particularly
lauded the organization for its
"pioneering ventures in Africa,
joined with the Agency for Inter-
national - Development, as an illus-
tration of the importance of your
39000 Picket CBC Studio Over Interview With NPD's von Thadden
TORONTO (JTA) — Three thou-
sand persons picketed the studios
of the Canadian Broadcasting
Corp. Tuesday when a taped inter-
view with Adolf von Thadden, West
Bentwich's Story of a Horseshoe
Prof. Norman Bentwich at 84 is as alert as many of the university German National Democratic Par-
academicians with whom he met during his brief visit in Detroit. ty deputy leader, was broadcast
He told many delightful stories, reminisced, described life in pre-Israel over the network.
Palestine and told of the emergency and growth of the Hebrew Uni-
Although the demonstrators
versity of Jerusalem.
, greeted with stony silence attempts
He related an interesting tale about the -university's beginnings. !-by CBC staff to interview them, the
It was in April of 1925, when Dr. Chaim Weizmann, Arthur police commended the picketers
James Balfour and representatives of universities from all parts of for their orderliness.
the globe—scores from the United States—laid the foundation for the
In the half-hour von Thadden
Hebrew University. The beginning was meager and on the day after interview which was taped in the
the cornerstone laying, on April 2, an Arab paper published a story i latter's Hanover home, the NPD
about a fella' — a peasant — who found a horseshoe and brought it leader denied that he was a Nazi
home with delight. When his family and neighbors examined it, they and said there was no Jewish
told him: "Now you go out and find three more horseshoes and a problem in Germany because of
horse and you'll be very lucky."
their small numbers. He admitted
That's how the Jewish effort was ridiculed. But the scoffers did I that he saw anti-Jewish atrocities
not know what great things can come out of dreams and they espe- I under Hitler but said they were
cially did not understand the Jewish and the Zionist dream. Israel committed by Romanians and that
is here to tell the tale.
the Germans were not the inven-
tors of anti-Semitism.
Commenting on the small chil-
Russian Reactions to Emigration
dren in the von Thadden home, the
Some weeks ago, in a statement he had made in Paris, USSR CBC interviewer said that a man
Premier Alexei N. Kosygin gave assurances that "the road is open" loving children "cannot be all
for Russian citizens who wish to emigrate to join their relatives bad." Before the interview started.
abroad. His statement was widely publicized, in the Russian and the Toronto Rabbi Gunther Plant cited
world press, and now we hear repercussions. Moldavian Jews were
statements by von Thadden's lieu-
warned last week, in the Moldavian Republic's official organ, Soviet-
tenants incriminating the NPD
skaya Moldavia that if they should decide to go to Israel they should
not return complaining because they are being warned in advance
Later, it was reported from
of harsh conditions in the "Promised Land." The Moldavian paper
London that von Thadden will
portrayed Israel as a land of merciless exploitation of workers, with
address a student club, Cosmos,
vast unemployment, with a heartless relationship among people.
at Oxford University today.
Letters purportedly written by returnees from Israel told of
As soon as the announcement
difficult conditions there, and one correspondent charged that he was
was made, Jonathan Cohen, senior
misled by a "tourist" who was operating under orders from the Israel
treasurer of the club and a founder
embassy in Russia to recruit emigrants for Israel.
The Moldavian attack on Israel is a most amazing development and former chairman of the under-
in Russian-Jewish relations. Israel and Russia are on friendly diplo- graduate society, resigned from
matic terms and are exchanging envoys, yet the attacks on the Israeli Cosmos. He said he believed the
representatives in Russia are frequent. There are what appear to be sponsoring of an address by von
on the surface serious attempts to give the impression that Russia Thadden was "incompatible with
is not antagonistic to Jews or to Israel, yet the outbursts of prejudice the principles of the society. "We
are so frequent that one is amazed at the inconsistencies that stem should not provide a platform for
this particular person," he stated.
"The society's principles are those
But Russia and the United States also are on the friendliest
of the United Nations."
terms, yet Russian propagandists have spread the same rumors
The Liberal Club of Oxford had
about unemployment and mass suffering in the U. S. as they are
previously invited von Thadden
for an address today, then can-
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS celed the invitation when it could
2—Friday, January 27, 1967
NPD have resigned recently. Mon-
day, one of the party's top leaders,
Karl Brenner, announced he had
quit the party because he is now
convinced that his "political demo-
cratic beliefs could not be realized
within the NPD."
Earlier, officials of the German
Peasant Party said in Hanover
that they had met with a repre-
sentative of the NPD in an effort
to obtain peasant backing.
Peasant 'party leaders said that
the NPD spokesman had promised
support of the political aims of
the peasant group if the peasants
would in turn give "considerate
treatment" to-the NPD in the par-
liamentary elections in Lower Sax-
ony to be held in June.
The NPD, which has been de-
scribed as "neo-Nazi" by West
German Interior Minister Paul
Luecke, will present candidates in
all 95 electoral districts in Lower
Saxony in its bid for a third vic-
tory in West Germany state elec-
(Luecke has rejected demands
that the Bonn government take ,ac-
tion against the notoriously anti-
Semitic newspaper, DeutSche Na-
tional and Soldaten-Zeitung. This
position was made clear in a re-
ply to a demand by the German
Trade Union Federation. A spokes-
man for the ministry said that the
German Trade Union
same stand applied to demands for
Expels Members for
the banning of the NPD. Luecke
was said to be of the opinion that
Belonging to NPD
political opposition was preferable
BONN (JTA) — Membership in
the extreme right-wing National
Democratic Party by any indivi-
dual who is a member of a Ger- Swastikas in New Orleans
man trade union, is incompatible
NEW ORLEANS (JTA)—Police
with the ideals of trade unionism, reported last weekend that more
Karl Buschmann, chairman of the than 100 gravestones and monu-
Clothing Union, declared in a ments in two Jewish cemeteries
here were found smeared and
speech at Neumuenster Monday.
Since the middle of last year, he spray-painted with swastikas and
disclosed, some members of his hammer and sickle emblems. The
union have been expelled for being desecrations, which took place
earlier in the week, were not dis-
members of the NPD.
Several leading members of the covered until the weekend.
find no Liberal Party leader will-
ing to share the platform with him.
The Oxford Conservation Associa-
tion also considered 'inviting him,
then changed its mind.
Wednesday, the Cosmos execu-
tive committee accepted Cohen's
resignation with "deep regret."
The committee stated "We believe
that, whatever the opinions held
by a man, his right to express
those opinions must be upheld. This
is especially true in a university
proud of its long tradition of free
inquiry. The meeting does not im-
ply support for von Thadden's
views. We thoroughly deplore all
forms of racialism and aggressive
In the face of wide protests
against von Thadden's scheduled
appearance at Oxford, the Cos-
mos Club said that "strict secur-
ity precautions" will be taken
when he appears on the campus.
If the meeting is held as sched-
pled, it will be von Thadden's
first public address in Britain.
(In Paris, the French Committee
of Resistance, composed of repre-
sentatives of 47 wartime anti-Nazi
groups, petitioned the ministry of
the interior to bar von Thadden
from making any speeches in