Eshkol Tries B-G Technique: Attacks VIPs
of Zionist Movement at Actions Committee
JERUSALEM ( JTA ) —An attack for the proposed agency was given
on leaders of the Zionist movement, to Aryeh L. Pincus, chairman of
which reminded listeners of similar the Jewish Agency Executive, and
attacks made by former Prime Israeli Labor Minister Yigal Allon.
Minister David Ben-Gurion, was
Allon said that reduced immi-
voiced here Sunday night by Prime gration had forced the government
Minister Levi Eshkol at the open- to take retrenchment measures. He
ing session of the Zionist Actions said that if economic activity had
Committee, which is the highest continued as before, but with les-
ruling body of the Zionist move- ser immigration, inflation and a
ment between World Zionist Con- severe economic crisis would have
resulted. He added that the cur-
More than 2,000 guests attended rent retrenchment did not affect
the opening session which was also Irsaeli industries working for ex-
addressed by Dr. Nahum Goldmann, port or for replacing imported
president of the WZO, and Jacob products. He cited wheat, raw
Tsur, chairman of the actions com- materials, all production equip-
ment and defense materials as ex-
The Zionist movement, Premier amples of imports for which Israel
Eshkol said, had passed many fine must pay hard currency.
The labor minister declared
resolutions which included encour-
agement of immigration and of that large scale immigration
Jewish learning. But what had the could do much to ease Israel's
Zionist movement done to imple- problems because immigration
ment these resolutions? Most immi- sparked new economic activity.
grants come even now from coun- He added that professionals, mid-
tries where no Zionist movement dle-class Jews, scientists, pio-
exists. They were drawn to Israel neers and investors could help
by factors which have not been Israel considerably by settling
inspired by Zionist efforts, includ- here.
ing the very existence of the state
A nagging fear exists in the
of Israel, he said.
hearts of Israelis that Jews are
The premier cited the fact that not prepared to come to the Jewish
of the many tens of thousands of state of their own free will, and
Jewish students, only about 2,000 this fear is at the bottom the crisis
have reached Israel. He expressed now sweeping the state of Israel,
the opinion that even this small Pincus asserted Monday night.
number of students were not al-
Speaking at a session of the
ways influenced by the Zionist actions committee, Pincus warned
movement in the countries from • that unless the Zionist movement
where they came.
saw to it that an ever-increasing
He also charged leaders of the stream of immigrants came from
Zionist movement with "doing lit- countries of prosperity, there was
tle" to expand the network of Jew- the danger of an "abyss" opening
ish day schools and to further between the Jews of Israel and
Jewish education in their countries. those of the rest of the free world.
"If Zionist leaders would devote
He presented to the delegates
their energy to implementing their a dramatic picture of the achieve-
own resolutions, then there might ments of the Jewish Agency and
be moral force in the advices they Israel, including the absorption of
are dispensing freely," Eshkol 1,300,000 immigrants and the estab-
lishment of nearly 1,000 settle-
Declaring that the existing ments.
covenant between the Israel
He stressed that though im-
government and the Jewish
migration had decreased, there
Agency loses its meaning unless
were still thousands of new-
it is backed by deeds, the pre-
comers arriving each year and
mier said that it is useless just
that even during the crisis of
to mention the existence- of such
economic retrenchment, they
a covenant which provides for
were being absorbed and given
formal recognition by the Israel
government of the rights of the
He said another 100 settlements
"There has been much criticism would soon be removed from the
of the Zionist movement and it is agency's care and handed over to
$ in your power to refute it," he told the agriculture ministry.
Pincus also said that- 250.000
the 107 voting members of the
actions committee and the 28 recent newcomers still needed help
"virilist" members who have no in education and that social ab-
sorption, which he defined as the
Dr Goldmann opened debate immigrant's feeling he was wel-
Monday with a reply to the Eshkol come, was one of the main tasks.
statement on the convenant.
He said that in spite of criticism
Dr. Goldmann said in his com- of Israeli Jews, there was an in-
ment that the premier was right creasing awareness of the role of
"from time to time" and that one _Zionism among Israel's youth, high
should re-examine things done un- school students, army officers and
der the covenant because covenant educators. All of them are look-
agreements not followed by deeds ing for a bridge with the Jewish
people as a whole, he declared.
The world Zionist leader said
He said the agency had decided
that, in the United States, there not to take on any new debts and
was chaos in Jewish life and that noted that repayment of existing
each Jewish organization there is- debts was a heavy burden which
sued statements on political issues meant some activities had been
and sent delegations to West Ger- curbed. "The people and the state
many. He said this must be stop- today need a strong Zionist move-
ment more than ever before," ne
Establishment of a world Jewish stated.
framework in which the Zionist
The Jewish Agency plenary ses-
movement would be ati influential sion decided Sunday night to adopt
force was proposed at the session the plan put forward by Pincus,
by Yitzhak Korn, secretary general providing for a reduction in the
of the World Mapai Movement, number of departments. After the
Thud Olami. He said tasks such as vote, however, Herut, Mapam and
aliya and education should be re- S.Z. Shragai of the National Re-
turned to the Zionist .federations. ligious Party, expressed continued
Ezra Shapiro of the World Con- opposition to the plan.
federation of General Zionists said
(Although the NRP as a whole
that the American Jewish commu- favors the plan, Shragai is ex-
nity stood solidly behind Israel. He pected to resign his post as head
backed Dr. Goldmann's view that of the agency immigration depart-
the Zionist movement should shake ment which he held for more than
off the "domination" of parties.
The Israel government and the
(Shragai abstained in the vote,
Jewish Agency are planning a and Zvi Lurie of Mapam also did
joint immigration and absorp- not participate in the vote and
tion authority in an effort to pro- asked for instructions from his
vide a central office • for immi- party. • In a statement after the
grants abroad and in Israel, it vote, Pincus said: "I am sure this
was disclosed Tuesday.
merger will increase the efficiency,
The task of ,submitting proposals...effect. economies and improve the..
tools at the disposal of the ex-
Dr. Goldmann, in his opening
address, said that the present
crisis which is now developing
in Israel is the worst the coun-
try faced during the 18 years
of its existence, but the moral
and psychological aspects of this
crisis are its most disturbing
Criticism in Israel, the president
of the World Zionist Organization
declared, is enormously exagger-
ated; the Israeli press is bringing
only negative sides of the pictures;
the population is engaged in pro-
liferating jokes unworthy of 'the
great Jewish sense of humor.
"These jokes," Dr. Gold man
stressed, "are neither funny nor
gentle—they are horrid."
The situation in Israel today, Dr.
Goldman continued, is the result
of policies of all previous govern-
ments and the blame cannot, there-
fore, be put on one or another
party. The halting of Israel's eco-
nomic boom was inevitable and
must be born with good grace, he
He emphasized that "at this
hour, the Zionist movement, which
had founded the state of Israel
has a right to advise and cheer
up Israel." He called for solidar-
ity and stressed the fact that Israel
is one of the greatest achieve-
ments of all mankind.
Turning to the situation in Ger-
many, Dr. Goldmann said the rise of
the National Democratic Party in
West Germany—which is classified
as a neo-Nazi party—cannot be
considered a Jewish problem be-
cause there are not many Jews
today in Germany, but should be
a problem for the whole demo-
cratic world. At the same time he
advised against ignoring Germany
because of personal feelings of
Analyzing the Soviet policy on
Jews, Dr. Goldmann said that Soviet
Jewry is in danger of annihilation
because of forced assimilation.
Protests by Jewish organizations in
various countries, he stressed, have
aroused world opinion to the situa-
tion of the Jews in the Soviet Union
and have brought some results,
such as the publication of -a Yid-
dish journal, the publication of
some Yiddish books, and the trans-
lation an d publication of Israeli
However, he pointed out, these
merger results show only a slight
progress, while world Jewry will
not be satisfied until the Jews in
the Soviet Union are given equal
rights with all other elements of
the population in the USSR.
The World Zionist organization
committee on reorganization, which
has been considering changes in
the structure of the world Zionist
movement, completed its sessions
here Jan. 4 with a number of basic
reorganization proposals. The com-
mittee was named by the last
World Zionist Congress.
One of the proposals recom-
mends that in every country .
where Zionist groups are func-
tioning there should be one na-
tional Zionist organization to in-
clude all these groups. Another
recommendation calls for allow-
ing individuals to join Zionist
organizations without belonging
to a particular Zionist group.
Another proposes that any Jew-
ish group supporting the Zionist
program could join the Zionist or-
ganization. The latter proposal
would make possible the broaden-
ing of the WZO beyond its present
The reorganization proposals will
be submitted to regional commit-
tees of the WZO and will be sum-
med up next summer. The last
World Zionist Congress empowered
the actions committee to complete
changes in the structure of the
WZO constitution. The committee
plans to bring its proposals for
adoption to the session of the Zion-
ist Actions Committee in January
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, January 13, 1967-7
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