Court Rules in Favor of Textbook AM. to Religious Schools
ALBANY, N.Y. (JTA)—The Appellate Division of the New York State Supreme
Court upset a lower court ruling which had declared unconstitutional the state law
providing for the loan of textbooks to children in Hebrew schools and other parochial
and private schools.
The law, which had been declared unconstitutional in the lower court last
August by Supreme Court Justice Paul T. Kane, provides for state payments to
school districts of $10 to $15 for each pupil annually for the purchase of textbooks
to be loaned to pupils of both public and non-public schoOls. The state grants were
set for all pupils, public and non-public, in grades 7 through 12.
In spite of the lower court ruling declaring the measure unconstitutional, State
Education Commissioner James Allen, Jr., was instructed to implement the plan
Trends in France
while State Attorney General Louis Lefkowitz filed an appeal from Justice Kane's
ruling. The American Jewish Congress and other secular Jewish groups had vigorously
opposed the law while Orthodox Jewish organizations backing Hebrew day schools
had supported the measure.
All five of the Appellate Division justices who overturned the lower court ruling
said they were satisfied that the law was constitutional although three of them based
their decision on the contention that the East Greenbush school board in Rensselaer
County, which instituted the litigation, had no right to bring suit.
Marvin E. Pollock, the attorney representing the East Greenbush school board,
said: "We intend to pursue this case to its ultimate conclusion," adding that this
would mean going beyond the state courts if necessary.
HE JEWISH NEWS
of Jack Ruby
A Weekly Review
f Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
Vol. L, No. 20
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd.—VE 8-9364—Detroit 48235—January 6, 1967
and the Impact
of the Elders'
- :-';', } :$6.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c
Iaxation o Aid Restrictions
PLO, New Syrian . Attacks
On Israel F ment New Troubles
Dr. Adenauer Is Optimistic
While Four Americans
Differ on NPD's Role
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)
BONN—Dr. Konrad Adenauer, West Germany's former
chancellor, said here that he did not consider the extremist
National Democratic Party as a danger. He expressed con-
fidence in German youth and said that parties similar to
the NPD had been formed and disappeared without a trace
in West Germany in the postwar period. The NPD evoked
worldwide concern when it won parliamentary seats last
November in state elections in Hesse and Bavaria.
The former chancellor expressed his views on the party
in an interview with Welt am Sonntag. He suggested that
the German people should be more self-confident and could
then dispense with extremist nationalism.
Dr. Adenauer also said that West Germany had "a
certain responsibility for Israel and we must help Israel
whenever we can." He called his May 1966 visit to Israel
the most interesting trip he had ever made. He declared
he could not understand the hatred of the Arabs for Israel,
adding that his visit had convinced him that "the Jewish
people does not want anything but peace with the Arabs."
NEW YORK—Four prominent Americans have refused
to join 20 other personalities in signing a statement issued
by the American Council on Germany declaring that recent
elections in West Germany do not show a rebirth of Nazism
and warning against what it described as the "danger"
of condemning an entire people for the views of a minority.
The four who refused to sign the council's statement
. were William J. Vanden Heuvel, president of the Interna-
tional Rescue Committee; Jacob Blaustein and Irving Engel,
honorary presidents of the American Jewish Committee;
and Gen. Lucius Clay, former military commander of the
t.T.S. Zone in Germany and honorary president of the
council. In recent elections, the National Democratic Party,
which has been described as neo-Nazi by the Bonn Interior
-'Ministry, won 8 out of 96 seats in Hesse and a larger
_1-;ercentage of the seats in the Bavarian legislature.
BERLIN—A West Berlin court ordered a 21-year-old
garage mechanic to write a 20-page essay on the Hitler
era and fined him 100 marks ($25) for appearing in a
Jewish shop with a large swastika painted on his overalls. '
The youth, Berndt Ruge, also was given a suspended
seven month prison term.
Tacit American consent to the financing of the Palestine Liberation Army, which has been
formed under the leadership of Ahmed Shukairy, who not only seeks the destruction of Israel but
also the overthrow of King Hussein of Jordan, is believed to be the most serious threat to the peace
of the Middle East.
A temporary lull in snipings and infiltrations into Israel ended last week with a series of
Syrian -incursions and attacks on Israeli military and farmers' groups.
Revelation of the possibility that an earlier decision not to provide United Nations aid to
the Palestine Liberation Organization has been reversed with U. S. consent was made in Wash-
ington this week. This information was made known at a time when Ahmed Shukairy announced
in Cairo that he had formed a secret revolutionary council of Arabs inside and outside Jordan
to plot Hussein's overthrow, while planning Israel's destruction.
WASHINGTON (JTA)—The Washington Post reported Monday that the United States
government has "quietly and queasily relaxed its pressure on the United Nations to cut off rations
to refugees serving in the Palestine Liberation Army, whose stated aims are to destroy Israel and
overthrow Jordan's King Hussein."
Behind the new American attitude, said the Post, is "a little noted deal announced during
the fall of the UN Relief and Works Agency which for 17 years has cared for Palestinians who
fled their homes in what now is Israel." UNRWA's chief, Laurence Michelmore, took notice
then of American complaints that his agency was subsidizing the PLA. These complaints figured
in Congress's decision to cut the U. S. contribution 5 per cent in each of the last two years—
down to $22,200,000 in cash and commodities out of the 1967 - UNRWA budget of $39,300,000.
"In light of these differences," said Michelmore, "arrangements have been made for special
added donations to the amount of $150,000 which meets the total cost of any rations consumed by
the young men (PLA soldiers) in question. Contributors to UNRWA . . . may thus be assured that
their contributions will not be used to furnish assistance to refugees receiving military training"
by the PLA, he said.
The "special added donations" were said to come from Syria, Egypt, Lebanon and Jordan.
The U. S. government confined its official reaction to a statement that "we believe the General As-
sembly should not give the impression that it condones or regards with indifference the involve-
ment of a UN agency with an organization (PLA) which avows such purposes" (to attack Israel
by armed force).
The Washington Post said that "privately, American officials acknowledge that the added
donations in effect formalize UN relief to the PLA. The difficulty, they say, is that UNRWA is
a pauperized UN stepchild which lacks the political clout to prevent the host Arab countries, or
the Palestinians who administer the rations, or the refugees themselves, from diverting rations
to the PLA." The Post estimated that 12,000 PLA troops are in the Gaza Strip and others in
Syria. — -
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (JTA)—Israel filed a complaint Monday with the Security Coun-
cil over a new series of mine-laying incidents which Israel called a "resumption" of raids.
(Continued on Page 15)
Brother Earl Uses Yiddish to Outwit Jack Ruby's Guards
(From News Wires to The Jewish News)
Earl Ruby of Southfield outwitted
security guards around his brother Jack's
bed in a Dallas hospital last month, and
succeeded in recording the ailing Jack
Ruby's story, denying that he had joined
in a conspiracy to kill Lee Harvey Os-
wald, the assassin of President Kennedy.
Ruby, who was suffering from exten-
sive cancer, died of a blood clot in the
lungs Wednesday, Burial was scheduled
for this morning in Chicago.
To alert his brother, but not the
guards in the room, to the presence of
a. tape recorder he had smuggled in,
Earl Ruby spoke a few words in Yiddish.
"I have a tape recorder in this case,"
The conversation took place sometime
between Dec. 15 and 18 and is now part
of an album on President Kennedy's
assassination being issued by Capitol
Jack Ruby said he could not recollect
the shooting of Oswald, that his presence
at the Dallas County Jail that morning
of Nov. 24, 1963 resulted from his
making an "illegal turn behind a bus
and winding up in the jail parking lot.
"Had I gone the way I was supposed
to go—straight down Main Street," he
said, "I would never have met this fate."
Ruby told his brother he always car-
ried a gun with him because of "various
altercations I had in my club." The
conversation took three minutes. The
recording was played publicly for the
first time Tuesday at a news conference
in the Americana Hotel, New York,
- called by officials of the record company.
Funeral services for Ruby, 55, were
to be held in accordance with Jewish
ritual, as he had apparently requested
of his family. He was to be buried in
Chicago's Westlawn Cemetery, where
his parents are interred. Arrangements
were made by the Original Weinstein
and Sons Chapel.
Although Jewish law calls for burial
as quickly as possible, the need to
transport the body from Dallas was con-
sidered extenuating circumstances.
About 20 specialists and nurses were
attending Ruby when he died.
Survivors besides Earl, include four
sisters, Mrs.. Harold Kaminsky, Mrs.
Norman Carroll and Mrs. Anna Volpert
of Chicago and Mrs. Eva Grant of Dallas;
and two brothers, Sam Rubenstein of De-
troit, and Hyman Rubenstein of Chicago.