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October 21, 1966 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1966-10-21

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Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951

Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit, Mich. 48235.
VE 8-9364. Subscription $6 a year. Foreign $7.
Second Class Postage Paid at Detroit, Michigan


Editor and Publisher


Business Manager


Advertising Manager


City Editor

Sabbath Rosh Hodesh Scriptural Selections

This Sabbath, the eighth day of Heshvan, 5727, the following Scriptural selections
will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Gen. 12:1-17:21. Prophetical portion, Isaiah 40:27-41:16.

Licht Benshen, Friday, Oct. 21. 5:23 p.m.

VOL. L. No. 9

Page Four

October 21, 1966

Threat to Peace: Terror on Israel's Borders

On Oct. 6, almost as if he had anticipated
new attacks on his country, Israel's Foreign
Minister Abba Eban, addressing the General
Assembly of the United Nations on a variety
of issues affecting the peace of the world,
told the representatives of 119 nations, in-
cluding the Arab states:

During 1966, two ex-plosive tensions in Asia
have been resolved or, at least, diminished.
The fighting between India and Pakistan has
come to an end through direct negotiations with
the good offices of a third party. And the con-
frontation between Indonesia and Malaysia has
now ceased. The Foreign Minister of Malaysia
has correctly ascribed this result to "direct con-
tacts between the two countries in a sincere
endeavor to bring about a peaceful settlement."
He added: "We hope that this will set a pattern
for the settlement of disputes between nations."
Two clear lessons can be drawn from this
and previous experience. First, there are no
military solutions for disputes between States.
The international order is defective; but it is
not anarchic. It contains many obstacles to
settlement by force. Second, there is a direct
relationship of cause and effect between the
decision to negotiate a conflict and the tangi-
ble prospect of its settlement.
These considerations are sharply relevant to
the war in Vietnam. The choice lies between
a negotiated solution now—and a solution at
a future date. In the latter case, the price of
postponement will be exacted in heavy loss of
life; in expanding destruction and havoc; in
the prolonged agony of the Vietnamese people,
which has had no consecutive peace for a quar-
ter of a century; in the constant growth of
international tension; and in the frustration
of what would otherwise be an authentic pros-
pect for the improvement of international rela-
lions. Indeed, the penalty of delay may be
even heavier than this. It is true that there
are many inhibitions against the escalation of
local conflicts into general war. But who can
be certain that these would hold firm against
expanding hostilities in a region where the
policies and interests of the Great Powers are
intimately engaged?
In these circumstances, the United Nations,
as the central embodiment of man's quest for
peace, cannot evade its moral responsibility.
An international organization which had noth-
ing to say about the world's most perilous con-
flict would neither obtain nor deserve the
respect of mankind. We are summoned to do
all that lies in our influence to transfer the
Vietnamese tragedy from the battlefield to the
negotiating table.

Developing the issues affecting the peace
of the world, Israel's spokesman then turned
to the situation in the Middle East and told
the assembly:

Unfortunately, many of our countries are
called upon to face their international responsi-
bilities in conditions of regional tension. The
situation in the Middle East has not substantially
changed this year. Behind the armistice fron-
tiers established by agreement between Israel
and her Arab neighbours in 1949, the national
life of sovereign States has become crystallized
in an increasingly stable mold. There is some
evidence that thoughtful minds in the Middle
East are becoming skeptical about threats to
change the existing territorial and political
structure by armed force. Such threats and
the policies concerted to support them— of-
fend the spirit and letter of our Charter. They
violate bilateral agreements freely negotiated
and solemnly signed. They undermine the
central principles of international civility. And
they have no chance of being carried into ef-
fect. For they encounter insuperable obstacles
in our country's will and capacity to defend
itself, as well as in the opposition of the
world community to the alteration by aggres-
sive force of legally established and interna-
tionally recognized situations.
It is not necessary to formulate new or spe-
cial principles for peace and security in the
Middle East. Nothing is required beyond the
precise application of Charter principles which
enjoin respect for the sovereignty of States,
and the abstention from the use or threat of
force against their integrity and independence.
It is sometimes forgotten that Israel's neigh-
bors have already committed themselves in

bilateral undertakings to the strict application
of these principles. Seventeen years ago each
one of Israel's four neighbors agreed to move
forward to permanent peace; to regard the
armed conflict between them a7ld Israel as
permanently liquidated; to abstain for all time
from undertaking, planning or threatening any
aggressive action by their armed forces; to re-
gard the present armistice lines as immune
from any change without consent; actively
to prevent any illegal crossing of those lines
by armed forces or civilians; and to carry out
all these engagements "until a peaceful settle-
ment between the parties is achieved." It is
extraordinary that the official rhetoric and
policy of neighboring states are so little influ-
enced by Charter principles or by agreements
which they signed and sealed 17 years ago.

It is with this as a background that Foreign
Minister Eban made his plea for peace—for
the Middle East and all other afflicted areas.
But these appeals seem to have fallen on
deaf ears. The United Nations delegations
are fully aware of what was happening and
it is common knowledge that Syria, with the
tacit consent of the other war-mongering
Middle Eastern states, are threatening war on
Israel. Syria is waging such a war. Yet
there is quiet in the international organiza-
tion's quarters!
The United Nations has emerged and re-
mains the most valid instrument for the en-
forcement of peace. The effectiveness of the
UN Expeditionary Force on the Israeli-
Egyptian border proved that war can be
averted by firm action. But in the present
situation involving Syria's threats and Jor-
dan's concurrence—although only a few days
ago both of the latter nations were threaten-
ing war upon each other—is a threat to the
peace of the world. The United Nations can
prove its effectiveness in this crisis or it
can emerge again as helpless, impotent, un-
able and perhaps also unwilling to act. That
would be a sure admission of failure and
might result in a great calamity.
There is one basic factor to be taken into
consideration. Unless the U.S. delegation at
the United Nations takes a firm step in the
direction of peace in the Middle East, we
may have an all-out war and that area will
certainly be doomed to unending, continuing,
perpetual tensions. Such tensions can lead
to a world conflict -- with Russia and the
Arab states so deeply involved as a combined
element leading to conflict — and the West-
ern powers will be responsible for what may
This is a time for firm action. Delay is
inexcusable. Let there be a declaration from
the international organization, under the in-
spiration of the United States, that war--
mongering will not be tolerated.
Israel has a perfect right to demand action
from the UN. Established in the interest of
peace, the world organization of nations is
again being put to the test. It must emerge
nobly as a defender of its own Charter.
A foolish act by the New York Betar group
which, in a desire to register a protest against
the aggressions on Israel's borders, invaded
the Syrian UN mission, has temporarily hurt
the Israeli cause. If that unwise "invasion"
which was no more than a demonstration
is to prove irreparably harmful to Israel it
will be another indication of a spreading
There have been similar demonstrations
against Russia and Cuba and other aggressor
nations, but at no time have they, as in the
instance of the Betar, inspired such adamant
official U.S. protests.
Israel's case must stand on its own merits
as a demand for an end to the campaign to
destroy the Jewish State. It is the responsi-
bility of the UN and its member nations to
avert the threatened crisis that borders on
war. Extraneous matters involving individ-
uals must not influence the case in the direc-
tion of further injustice.

Lowenstein's Novel Splendidly
Narrates Israel's Freedom War

Could "Bring My Sons From Far" by Ralph Lowenstein, published
by World, possibly be autobiographical? It is a novel about the Israel
War of Independence. The author is presently a candidate for his
Ph D at the University of Missouri of whose school of journalism he
is publications editor of the Freedom of Information Center. A native
of Danville, Va., he joined the Israel army in the war of 1948 at the
age of 18. A Korean War veteran, he earned his BA at Columbia
University and his MS from the Columbia Graduate School of Jour-
nalism. For a series of stories about immigration problems, he was
given the Pall Mall Big Story Award and the Columbia Journalism
Award for Distinguished Service to Journalism.
Thus, after fighting with the Israel army of liberation, he returned
to this country to pursue his studies in journalism. This is what the
hero of his novel, Evan Copperman, did after fighting with the Israel
liberation army, after falling in love with the heroine in "Bring My
Sons From Far," in spite of her appeals that he remain in Israel.
Like the author, the hero of the story came from Virginia. He
gave up his studies to join the Israeli armed forces. His parents ob-
jected to his enlistment, but he defied them.
Evan Copperman fell in love with Shulamit while both served in
the army of liberation. There was a deep love. But she warned him,
when he readied to go back to the United States and to his studies:
"When you leave Israeli soil you'll stop existing for me, just as you
stop existing for the army."
He pleaded. He said he would write, he would return. She warned
him she would not respond, that by leaving he was deadening the love
affair. He had his choice, and he left.
A prefatory note to the novel states: "The author served in
the '79th Armored Regiment, Army for the Defense of Israel,
during Israel's War of Independence. None of the characters in
this book is intended to resemble any person who was a member
of the stalwart regiment. The battles described in this novel are
often fictitious, as are the incidents around which the story was
built." Yet, there is much of alikeness in the author's personality
with the characteristics of the novel's hero.
Aside from this, there are many excellent elements in the story:
the descriptions of the battles, the analyses of the characters the hero
meets and befriends—those with whom he fought side by side.
There are the stories of the survivors from Auschwitz—that's part
of Israel's history. There is the Ethiopian black Jew around whom is
woven the struggle against segregation and the color line in Israel.
A well-written, well-motivated plot marks this splendid novel. It
throws light on the libertarian Israeli struggle. It is a fine study of
human relations. It depicts the heroes of that important year in Israel's
history with skill. Lowenstein's may well be considered one of the
very best Israeli novels to have appeared thus far.

'Human Beginnings': Instructive
New Book for Young Readers

Viking Press has just issued a children's book with facts about
the firsts in human experiences that could well serve as a textbook for
a course to bear the title of the book, "Human Beginnings." Splendidly
written by Olivia Vlahos, well illustrated by Kyuzo Tsugami, this volume
contains a marvelous collection of facts about human relations dated
to earliest known times, man's existence among mammals and verte-
brates, man's development in time and his tools—and his weapons
for defense and existence; man's language, clothing, writing skill.
It all leads up to the emergence of the civilization as we know it.
It explains the steps from ancient time of cave dwelling to the present

civilized state—"the icing on the cake," as the able author describes
it, explaining the origin of the word civilization, from the Latin

civitas—which means 'of the city-state'—the root from which we get
civics, citizens and related terms.
Of special interest is her explanation of the role of Hebrew
in the development of languages. "Latin," she writes, "is an in-
flected language. So are the Semitic tongues such as Hebrew and
Arabic. These prefer stems consisting of three consonants. The
changing vowels in the middle tell time, number, possession, etc.
The group k-t-b conveys the idea of writing. As `kataba' it means
`he has written'; as `katib,"writer'; as "kitab,"book! " This reminds
us of English words like 'to sing,' which, with internal vowel
changes, becomes 'sang' and then 'sung.'
Thus, a book for children emerges an instructive volume for class-
rooms, people of all ages having much to learn from it.

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