The Jewish News introduces, with this issue, a series of 50 weekly lessons in Hebrew, presenting a self-teach-
ing method conducted by the eminent Israeli scholar, Aharon Rosen. The series, to run for 50 weeks, has been prepared
by Brit Ivrit Olamit of Jerusalem. The first lesson in the series appears on the last page of this issue.
HE JEWISH NEWS
"7- F2 orr
A Weekly Review
I—I I Gdct ■
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-...cwish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
Vol. L, No. 9
October 21, 1966
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd.—Detroit 48235—VE 8-9364
A Sad Chapter
at the UN
$6.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c
Eshkol Counters Arab Destruction
Threats With Renewed Peace Offer,
While Syria Mobilizes 100,000 Force
Direct JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News
JERUSALEM — Israeli officials reacted with concern Wednesday
over emergency regulations issued by Syrian officials Tuesday night pro-
viding for general conscription to the "National Defense Militia." Observers
here said that the conscription is compulsory and would total nearly
Meanwhile, at Israel's request, United Nations observers inspected
Israel's side of the border after Syrian and Soviet allegations that Israel
was plotting with "imperialists" to overthrow the leftist Syrian regime.
Similar inspections were under way by UN observers on the Syrian
side, raising the question of known Syrian troops and weapon concentrations
in the area. Syria several months ago concentrated heavy artillery and
tanks on the border. Prior to the Syrian agreement to accept UN inspection,
which the UN received only late Tuesday night, it was considered likely
that the Syrian regime evacuated some of the weapons.
Premier Levi Eshkol said Tuesday that Israel was ready to sign
immediately a non-aggression pact with Syria. But he warned at the same
time that, if "murderous attacks and acts of sabotage continue" from Syrian
sources, "we will act to halt them." He made these statements in a speech
to the opening winter term of Israel's Parliament, reporting on Israel's
foreign affairs and security situation. His address lasted two hours.
Eshkol made a direct appeal to Syria, declaring that Israel was not
concerned with the nature of Syria's regime or its internal affairs. He
added: "We are ready for peace at once, but our patience has a limit. If
Shaarey Zedek Teachers Strike
Averted; Fired Men Reinstated;
Resume Contract Negotiations
The threatened strike by the teachers of the Shaarey
Zedek religious school has been averted and the two dis -
charged teachers, Sol Panush and Jacob Golany, were re -
instated this week. Charges filed against the synagogue, with
the Michigan State Mediation Board, have been withdrawn.
Final action resulted from an all-day meeting, Sunday,
at which committees representing the Shaarey Zedek and
the teachers negotiated amicably. Late Sunday night, after
a specially-convened meeting of the Hebrew Teachers Asso-
ciation of Shaary Zedek, at which the arrived-at decision was
approved unanimously, the following joint statement was
"Congregation Shaarey Zedek and its Hebrew Teachers
Association announce that an agreement has been reached to
rescind the telegram of dismissal and to reinstate the two
teachers who were dismissed. The teachers will resume their
classroom responsibilities. The Hebrew Teachers Associa-
tion has agreed to withdraw the notice of intent to strike
on Oct. 23, 1966, and to withdraw their complaint of unfair
labor practices. Bargaining between the two groups will
continue until a satisfactory contract has been completed."
Negotiating for the teachers at the meeting Sunday,
from 9 a.m. to close to 5 p.m. were the two discharged
teachers, Panush and Golani, who are president and vice
president respectively of the Hebrew Teachers Association;
Dov Parshan and Sidney Karbel, who had been named as the
teachers' bargaining agent.
Representing the Shaarey Zedek at this meeting were
Samuel Kovan, Dr. Max Lichter, Harvey Weisberg and
Howard Danzig, with Louis Berry, the Shaarey Zedek presi-
dent, serving as an ex officio member of the committee.
The decision arrived at Sunday negates the action of
the congregation which, at its meeting the preceding Thurs-
day night, voted overwhelmingly against a proferred resolu-
tion to instruct the synagogue's board of trustees to rein-
state the discharged teachers. It was estimated officially
that 650 members were present at that meeting and that
(Continued on Page 9)
murderous attacks and acts of sabotage continue, we will act to end them,
according to our views and choosing our own time. We are not preparing
to attack Syria," he said, referring to charges to that effect from both Arab
and Soviet sources. "Our policy is not dictated by any foreign factor. Our
only concern is to protect the lives and security of our citizens."
He began his address with an outline of Israel-Arab relations since
the signing of the armistice agreements in 1949. Since 1965, he said, there
had been some 60 acts of sabotage perpetrated against Israel, which were
instigated by Syria, "which trains and maintains the saboteur organization,
El Fatah." He said El Fatah was made up of hired killers and hardened
criminals, who sometimes came directly from Syria and sometimes via
other Arab countries, "but their actions are always traceable to Damascus."
Eshkol asserted that Syrian official statements in Damascus con-
firmed Syrian backing of the guerrillas "unequivocally, although their
representatives at the United Nations "talk a less courageous language and
disclaim responsibility." He rejected Syrian and Soviet charges of an "im-
perialist plot" against Syria, declaring heatedly that "it isn't the regime
in Syria that is bothering us, but our own dead and wounded." He em-
phasized that Israel remained faithful to its basic aim of peace.
The premier said that, lately, there had been signs in the Arab
world of progress toward abandonment of the idea of war as a solution to
the conflicts of the region. He added he would not make any forecasts
as to the pace of such "stirring." He said Israel could not rely on them.
(Continued on Page 18)
2 Jews Awarded Nobel Prize in Literature
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
Two Jewish authors Thursday were awarded the 1966 Nobel Prize for Literature.
S. Y. (Samuel Joseph) Agnon, 78, Israel's foremost classical writer, and Nellie Sachs,
75, a war refugee from Germany living in Sweden, will share the $60,000 prize.•
Agnon has served as a link between the Hebrew literature of this generation and the
vast expanse of Hebrew literature of earlier periods. The emphasis on his writings is on
exile and he is known as a narrator of the spiritual tumult and drama of the return to Zion.
Born in Galicia in 1888, he came to Palestine in 1909 and settled in Jerusalem. He
has widely inspired the younger generation of Hebrew writers, particularly with his
books, "Etmol Shilshom" and "Hakhnassat Kala."
The award was considered not only as a tribute to the foremost Hebrew writer but
also one to Israeli literature in general.
Premier Levi Eshkol sent his congratulations and Education Minister Zalman Aranne
called at Agnon's home. The writer remained calm, despite his evident surprise, saying,
"I absolutely did not expect it."
Some of the Nobel Prize winner's writings have been translated into a number of foreign languages.
However, he became more widely known when most of his works were published last year by West
Germany's Fisher Verlag. It was reported that the West German firm also dealt with technical
aspects of the Hebrew writer's candidacy for the award.
Miss Sachs left her native Germany in 1940, and her works, written in German, recall the horror
of the Nazi period. Two works which were cited by the judges were a novel, "Flight and Change,"
describing the flight of the Jews under Hitler, and a play, "Eli."
Miss Sachs had been a strong Nobel Prize candidate for many years.
Protest Feeding PLO With Refugee Funds
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (JTA)—The Arab refugee problem, always a touchy issue here when the
General Assembly is in session, received its 1966 opening Monday morning when it reached the Assem-
bly's Special Political Committee. But the annual report about last year's operations of the United Nation
agency furnishing relief to the refugees contained so many sections due to raise unusually hot controversy
that the session was adjourned until the delegations have an opportunity to formulate their reactions
to this year's problems regarding the refugees.
Three sections of this year's report that promised to produce the most heat at this year's Arab
refugee debate were:
1) Michelmore's admission that Ms agency is issuing rations to Arab refugees
being trained for mili-
tary service in the Palestine Liberation Organization, an army formed by Arab League to make war
2) His outright failure to "rectify" the UNRWA refugee registration rolls which, admittedly, con-
tain many thousands of false claimants, including holders of ration cards originally issued to the dead
and to refugees who can no longer be found at their original addresses;
3) His hint that the relief operations for the refugees may have to be reduced because
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