THE JEWISH NEWS
U.N.SESSION —SOME O
Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit, Mich. 48235.
VE 8-9364. Subscription $6 a year. Foreign
$7. Class Postage Paid at Detroit, Michigan
Editor and Publisher
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Yom Kippur Scriptural Selections
Pentateuchat portions: Morning, Levit, 16:1-34, Num. 29:7-11; afternoon, Levit. 18:1-30.
Prophetical portions: Mornings, Isaiah, 57:14-58:14; afternoon, Jonah
Sukkot Scriptural Selections
Pentateuchal portions: Thursday and Friday, Levit. 22:26-23:44, Num.
Prophetical portions, Thursday, Zechariah 14:1-22; Friday, I Kings 8:2-21.
28, 7:01 p.m.; Sept. 29, 8:03 p.m.
Licht Benshen: Sept. 23, 7:09 p.m.; Sept.
Vol. L. No. 5
Sept. 23, 1966
Yom Kippur: Day of Repentance for Man
With mankind it is even more serious
Yom Kippur, as the Day of Atonement,
today. We are organized into an international
has the universal connotation for mankind.
movement for peace, yet the cause of uniting
While world Jewry gathers in houses of wor- the nations of the world is hitting snags, and
ship to ask forgiveness for the misdeeds of enforcement of amity is becoming more
the year that has gone by, the entire world rather than less, difficult.
Mankind remains the sinner. At a time
needs to atone and to pray—to be pardoned
for the sins that have turned the universe when instruments for peace are more readily
available, we are making greater use of
into an armed camp.
Human beings err frequently, and no weapons of destruction. Therefore Yom Kip-
one is immune from some sort of misguid- pur has become even more significantly a day
ance. All of us have something to atone for— of atonement for the entire world. May there
much or little—whatever the case may be. be not only forgiveness for sins, but more
Even the saintliest of people have turned to especially the vitally needed resolutions that
the Almighty on Yom Kippur to ask to be the inhumanity of man to man should not Information on Kashrut
pardoned for sins of omission or commission. again be so evident among thinking men.
Forty Years of Communal Achievements
Four decades of community services,
account of which will be made at the 40th
anniversary meeting of the Jewish Welfare
Federation, next Tuesday, point to the im-
pressive progress in our community.
Not only money-wire—in the course of
the 40 years that have passed, Detroit Jewry
has risen from campaigns during which less
than $200,000 was raised annually to fund-
raising drives that have approached the $6,-
000,000 mark—but in the act of solidifying
ranks, in the effort to advance cultural aims,
in fields of social, vocational and recreational
activities, we have emerged among the
leaders in American Jewish communities.
Except for one other community in the
land—barring New York City, which, because
of its large Jewish population, is an area not
to be likened to Detroit and Cleveland—De-
roit Jews are top fund raisers. But if it were
that alone we might be subjected to challenge
if we could not produce well functioning ag-
encies in our own midst. It is not only by our
generosity to Israel and to other causes —
overseas, on the national American scene and
locally—that we have played a role of being
Conscious Jews who are well able to link the
best of the American and Jewish principles
and traditions; it is because, primarily, we
have raised the standards of Jewish educa-
tion, we have welcomed refugees, we have
provided good camping facilities, we are car-
ing for the aged to the best of our ability.
anniversary, one name will stand out — a
name that is linked with all of the important
pioneering efforts in Detroit Jewry: that of
Fred Magnus Buzel. He had served as one of
the early chairmen of our Allied Jewish Cam-
paigns, but he was never a president of the
Federation, although he had served it as
chairman of its executive committee. The
presidency was unnecessary and unimportant
in his instance. He was the community's
guide, the inspirer to great deeds, the man
who understood the challenges whenever
there were crises—and there were plenty of
them. He was a Zionist at a time when many
of his contemporaries did not know how to
value the messianic movement in Jewry, and
at the time of his death he was honorary
president of the Zionist Organization of De-
troit. He was esteemed by non-Jews as much
as by Jews, and when we take into account
the historic events that marked that progress
of our Federation we must consider the But-
zel name as inseparable from its history.
The great progress in solidifying agencies,
in advancing the Hebrew School system, in
making our fund-raising so successful is due
in large measure to the work of Isidore Sobe-
loff who served this community as the Fed-
eration's executive director for 26 years.
Mr. Sobeloff trained a good staff to suc-
ceed him. He was a strong man. He rose to
many occasions to assure the successes that
were charted here, and his name, too, is im-
portant in Federation history.
'Jewish Dietary Laws': Valuable
Guide to Meaning, Observance
When the Jewish Welfare
formed here in 1926, it was the successor
On the occasion of the 40th anniversary
organization to the United Jewish Charities.
of the Federation there is cause
Until that year, it was charity that motivated
organized community effort. From that year for great satisfaction in the selection of the
on, the newly-formed Federation included 1966 Fred M. Butzel Award recipient.
By choosing Morris Garvett for this
services for the United Hebrew Schools as the
the Federation's present officers
community's educational arm, the Jewish
have displayed proper understanding of gen-
Centers as the recreational agencies, the tra-
the free loan uine leadership. Mr. Garvett has held many
ditional gemilut hassodim
tasks for needy businessmen and others— important posts, including the presidencies
of both Temple Beth El and Temple Israel,
and the welfare activities.
Then followed the merging of other move- having been the founding president of the
latter. It is in the field of Jewish education
ments, the establishment of the Community
Council for civic-protective work and of Sinai that he stands out as one of the architects of
our local system. He had begun his cultural
Hospital for health purposes.
There are men and women in our midst efforts in behalf of Temple Beth El, as chair-
today who share in the glory of having aided man of the temple's education committee.
in the establishment of the Federation. They Then, as chairman of the Federation educa-
will be duly honored at the 40th anniversary tion division, he supervised many of the
celebration of the Jewish Welfare Federa- programs that were introduced in our com-
tion. In the process, the community will re- munity through the functioning educational
call the names of distinguished pioneerS who system, and he has been a major factor in
were among the first to serve as Federation giving priority in communal programing to
presidents. Henry Wineman, Milford Stern, Jewish education.
A man of culture, a lover of books, a
Clarence H. Enggass, Julian H. Krolik, Abra-
ham Srere and William Friedman were distinguished lawyer, an able leader of men,
staunch in their efforts. They knew and un- Morris Garvett has well earned the honor to
derstood the programs they were sponsoring be accorded him next Tuesday. The Detroit
and encouraging. Their memories will be Jewish community is honored by the choice
deservedly honored at Tuesday's celebration. now made of adding the Garvett name to the
In the course of observing the Federation list of Butzel Awardees.
It isn't enough for those who adhere to the dietary laws to talk
about them: it is necessary to know the purposes of the laws, the
reasons for them, their meaning in Jewish traditions.
Even those who sneer at Kashrut should at least know what the
term means and what the word "kosher" stands for.
"The Jewish Dietary Laws," a paperback issued by Burning Bush
Press (280 E. 70th, NY 21), therefore serves a very valuable purpose.
It has two parts. The first, "Their (Dietary Laws) Meaning For Our
Time" is by Rabbi Samuel H. Dresner; the second, "A Guide to
Observance," was written by Rabbi Seymour Siegel. To encourage the
use of these explanatory essays, the foreword and introduction to this
paperback were written by Marvin S. Wiener, director of the National
Academy for Adult Jewish Studies of the United Synagogue of America,
and Arthur S.. Bruckman, chairman of the United Synagogue commit-
tee on adult education.
Deploring the lack of interest in Jewish observances, Rabbi
Dresner expresses confidence that if a call for kashrut observance
were sounded in our congregations the response may be more
positive than we think, that "there is a spark in every Jewish
heart which needs only to be kindled with insight and meaning."
Kashrut as related to holiness is explained by quoting biblical
rules and passages such as: "Ye shall not eat anything that dieth of
itself . . . ; for thou art a holy people unto the Lord thy God. Thou
shalt not seethe a kid in its mother's milk." (Deut. 14:21).
Rabbi Dresner describes the traditional Jewish way of hallowing
-the act of eating by fulfilling the mitzvot of kashrut, by rejecting pagan
glorifications which turn sumptuous feasts into vulgar and disgusting
acts. He tells about the place for fasting in Jewish life and lore and
the teaching of reverence for life. He points out:
"Kashrut teaches, first of all, that the eating of meat is itself a
sort of compromise. To many it will come as a surprise that Adam, the
first man, was not permitted to eat meat." He quotes Gen. 1:27-29 to
prove his point and shows how Adam, "the perfect man, as an
inhabitant of the Garden of Eden," was limited in his diet to fruit and
vegetables. Why, then, was Noah permitted to eat flesh? The answer
given is "sin" and the author shows that the eating of meat "con-
stantly posed a religious problem to Judaism, even when it has accepted
the necessity of it." Rabbi Dresner conceded that man will eat meat,
as Adam had craved for it, but he points to a return to "the original
state" in the Garden of Eden, as prophesied by Isaiah (11:6, 7, 9) in
the prediction that "the wolf shall dwell with the lamb," these passages
including the assertion, foreseeing the future, "And the lion shall eat
straw like the ox . . . "
Explaining kashrut, Rabbi Dresner describes "the reverence
for life" on Jewish teachings, that the observance of kashrut has
helped in it, that kashrut also teaches how we eat. He describes
kashrut in Jewish history, declares that its goal is holiness, declares
that "kashrut makes two demands upon the modern Jew: under-
standing of the mind and commitment of the will," both being
He concludes his essay by stating: "According to Aristotle's pupil
Olearchus, his master once had a discourse with a Jew and came away
deeply impressed with two things about this people: their admirable
philosophy and their strict diet. Philosophy and diet, thought and
practice, inner attitude and outward observance, agadah and halakha-
this combination has characterized Judaism since earliest times. It is
the very essence of the Jewish religion."
Rabbi Siegel's "Guide to Observance" directs the reader how to
conduct a kosher home and explains the kashering of meat, broiling,
the laws of "milk and meat," to be on guard against blood spots in
eggs, Passover observance, use of dishes and utensils and traditions
regarding eating. He also admonishes against eating non-kosher food
outside the home.