Tears Mff aff and Hope
BY CHARLOTTE HYAMS
5726—a year for headines that
stunned the Jewish community of
Detroit, of the nation and of the
world. Many were stories that sim-
mered. A few exploded.
The latter took place Feb. 5 at
/? Shaarey Zedek Synagogue, where
the calm of a Sabbath morning,
was shattered by bullets. Dr. Mor-
ris Adler, scholar and spokesman
for his people, assassinated.
Until his death March 11, a com-
munity forgot all differences to
pray for his recovery. Even as they
consoled his wife, she was consol-
'ng the family of Rabbi Adler's
-young assailant, who took his own
Three weeks before his 60th
birthday, Dr. Adler died, Thou-
sands crowded to Shaarey Zedek
for the funeral, said to be possibly
the largest in Michigan history.
And Jews throughout the world
* * *
As the Issues of anti-Semitism
and the fight for civil rights con-
tinued into the year 5726, they
took on new, frightening aspects.
While Jewish defense organizations
were joining Negroes in their
quest for equality, some Negro
leaders were admitting in public
that Jewish leadership of rights
groups was no longer "appre-
ciated." Indeed, they questioned
how much of the rioting in big-
city ghettoes was hit-miss and how
much by anti-Jewish design.
The foe of both Negro and Jew
took up the "white power" cause.
Under the guise of a "fight for
white men's rights," George Lin-
coln Rockwell's brownshirts car-
ried their hate on a banner into
Chicago's racially troubled areas.
The Nazi emblem came back
again and again, first as a
"harmless" teen-age fad (which
moved at least one Detroit high
school principal to ban the Iron
Cross with a warning to his stu-
dents about its horrible mean-
ing) and later in the form of
repeated vandalism on houses of
This time, the reports were corn-
ing not only from Austria, where
evidence of anti-Semitism has been
mounting, but from our own land
of the free, from cities as near
as Teaneck, N. J., where one
synagogue was desecrated almost
daily for a week.
It wasn't the type of thing,
America could boast about in urg-
ing the Soviet government: Lib-
erate your Jews; give them the
rights we give our Jews in a
Soviet discrimination against the
Jews continued to be a priority
item on the agenda for action map-
ped by world Jewry. Expert wit-
nesses continued to give testimony
against the unwavering Moscow
policy, which, indeed, might waver
toward leniency in one area only
to fall back into its old pattern—
,-the "economic crimes" charge, for
Communists in the Western
world, including America, were
finding it most embarrassing.
What could be done to move
an obstinate Moscow? Communal
organizations, such as Detroit's
Jewish Community Council
formed action committees in the
hope that public opinion could
help their oppressed brothers.
It was a cause that beckoned
to youth. Thousands in New York
turned out for a protest rally. For
all the talk of their leaving the
Jewish fold, they recognized an
injustice that their parents may
have been slower to meet.
5726 was a year when everyone
talked of peace, although it look-
ed more remote than ever. Presi-
dent Johnson reiterated the ad-
ministration's commitment to the
9 Vietnam war; American Jewry
was badly split over how far that
policy should go.
But while peace seemed far, far
away, 36 Americans, including De-
trailers Emma Schaver and Abra-
ham Borman, dedicated a peace
center named for former President
Harry S. Truman at the Hebrew
The City of Peace also saw,
at last, the dedication of its
parliament building. Representa-
tives of many nations viewed
this milestone in the life of the
18-year-old State of Israel. Only
David Ben-Gurion stayed away.
He and President Levi Eshkol
were still at war.
Internally, Israel was beset with
problems. For Eshkol's new coali-
tion government, B-G and his oppo-
sition "Rafi" Party were the least
of them. After a seven-year boom,
the economy was feeling the worst
pinches of inflation and jobless-
ness. Immigration had slackened;
so had the demand for housing and
consumer goods. Where it would
stop, no one could tell. But a tight-
ening up was coming.
trouble-beset Israel. His name was
He flew a rickety plane to Egypt
to meet with President Nasser for
a little peace talk. The Egyptians
But so did the rest of the world.
to Address Detroit
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, September 16, 1966 9
AS A REMEMBRANCE
Rabbi Abahu said "Why do we
blow with a ram's horn? So that I
might be reminded of the sacrifice
of Isaac, the son of Abraham, and
I will consider it as though you
yourself were prepared for an act
of self-sacrifice on my behalf?'
God expects personal submission,
not a gift of material resources.
—Talmud, Rosh Hashanah, 16a
How to say Happy New Year
Judge Theodore Tannenwald,
Jr., the federal judge in the tax
court of the United States in Wash-
ington, D.C., will address the De-
troit Chapter of the American Jew-
8 p.m. Wednes-
day, at the home
of Mr. and Mrs.
2727 W. Seven
wald, who is a
member of the
of the American
Jewish Commit- •
tee and chairman Judge Tannewald
of the committee on Israel, will
speak on "Reflections on Israel-
Judge Tannenwald recently re-
turned from a trip to Israel with
other AJC leaders during which
extended discussions were held
with governmental, religious and
There will be a panel of reactors
composed of two Israeli students
and one American student who
will respond to Judge Tannenwald's
Norman Katz, co-chairman of the
communal affairs committee of the
Detroit AJC Chapter, will mod-
Israel's good - neighbor policy
didn't do much better in 5726. Jor-
dan's El Fatah terrorists started
the job; Syrian planes finished it.
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In each case, Israel refused to
stand by; reprisal raids were
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The United Nations stepped in.
But how long UN intervention
could keep the peace was only a
matter for conjecture.
Out of the Middle East came a
hopeful note, however. Jordan's
King Hussein took a swipe at the
ALSO IMPORTED CRYSTAL & OTHER FINE GIFTS
"Palestine Liberation Army,"
whose avowed purpose is the des-
truction of Israel. He also asked
1 Block N.
for an end to the Arab refugee
camps that have been a festering
sore for almost two decades.
Other rulers were not so
friendly. Saudi Arabia's King
Faisal came to the United States
for a visit, insulted the Jews (he
insisted he wasn't against Jews,
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only "Zionists") and got a re-
turn kick from New York's
Mayor Lindsay and Gov. Rocke-
feller, who refused to see him.
An angry man opens his mouth
Israel's President Zalman Shazar and shuts up his eyes. — Cato.
did much better in the statesman-
ship line. He made friends where-
ever he went throughout South
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America, and diplomatic Washing-
ton was charmed.
President Johnson and President
Shazar had much to talk about.
Israel has been on Congress'
agenda many times this year. The
injustice of selling arms to Jordan,
without supplying Israel with suf-
LARGEST SELECTION OF
ficient deterrent power, enraged
many a Congressman until an
arms deal favorable to Israel was
Egypt's continuing intransigence
also inspired impassioned speeches
by Congressmen. They took action,
too; amendments to the foreign aid
WOOL - SILK - RAYON
bill would halt all assistance to
countries that pledge war on
America's friends. The United
Arab Republic was at the head
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Many important documents were
signed this year. Notable among
them was the vote by the Vatican
Ecumenical Council for the "Jew-
ish document", deploring anti-
Semitism as a Christian teaching.
The wording of the document spur-
red much heated discussion by
(High Holiday Prayer Books)
Christian and Jew, but only time
— and teaching — would tell if
justice was done.
Another important document
was adopted by the UN General
Assembly: the International Con-
vention on the Elimination of
All Forms of Racial Intolerance.
And, at the end of a six-year
struggle with the Soviet Union,
the UN Human Rights Commis-
sion adopted a draft convention
on the Elimination of All Forms
of Religious Intolerance, actual-
ly including the word anti-Semit-
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* * *
YAHRZEIT (Memorial) STAND AND LAMP Reg. $3.00
The deaths of three of America's
best loved entertainers, Sophie
Tucker, Ed Wynn and Billy Rose,
made 5726 less than a happy year.
There was another death, not
mourned the same way, perhaps,
but mourned nevertheless. It was
the destruction by fire and fire-
hose of 200,600 rare volumes in the
library of the Jewish Thelogical
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A sad year, indeed, but in many
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ways full of hope. One of the cheer-
iest notes of all came out of
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