100%

Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Share

Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

The University of Michigan Library provides access to these materials for educational and research purposes. These materials may be under copyright. If you decide to use any of these materials, you are responsible for making your own legal assessment and securing any necessary permission. If you have questions about the collection, please contact the Bentley Historical Library at bentley.ref@umich.edu

September 02, 1966 - Image 15

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1966-09-02

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

'Exodus' and Aliyah Beth' Due for Recognition

By MILTON FRIEDMAN

(Copyright, 1966 JTA, Inc.)

WASHINGTON — A poorly-la-
beled exhibit item in Washington's
Smithsonian Institution may lead
to public recognition of the role of
300 brave American volunteers and
10 ships in the founding of Israel.
This summer marks the 20th an-
niversary of "Aliyah Beth," the
illegal immigration program that
dramatized the plight of the refu-
gees. It happens that-a senior offi-
cial of "Vista," the domestic peace
corps, is a veteran of Aliyah Beth
and still retains a love of the sea.
He is Elihu Bergman, who, in his
teens, sailed aboard a small ship
flying the Star of David. He served
the compelling cause that emerged
in the wake of Hitler's holocaust.
Bergman recently found him-
self in the imposing new Smith-
sonian Museum of History and
Technology examining the ship
models on display: His memories
drifted back to the days of the
"illegal" Jewish fleet-1946 to
1948. Americans were moved to
action by the plight of the refu-

gees desperate to leave the grim
memories of Europe for hope in
a promised land. He noticed
among the ship models on dis-
play a replica of the S.S. Presi-
dent Warfield, better known as
the "Exodus." He was deeply
moved. _
But all the national museum of
the United States had to say about
this historic ship, which symbol-
ized the hope of a people, was
that it was built in 1928 for the
Old Bay Line to sail between Balti-
more and Norfolk, and was "later
engaged in Jewish immigration
strife."
Not a word appeared about the
epic voyage of the "Exodus" from
France to Palestine in July, 1947,
nor of her human cargo of 4,550
who knowingly faced death at the
hands of the British Navy rather
than continued exile.
No parenthesis described the
cowardly attack on the "Exodus"
by the Royal Navy in international
waters.. Nor the murder by British
Marines of "Exodus" first officer
William Bernstein, an American

Explosive Syrian Border

By SAUL CARSON

JTA Correspondent at the UN
(Copyright, 1966 JTA, Inc.)

the United Nations record, one
sees near the northeastern cor-
ner of Lake Tiberias, the iden-
tification of a Syrian town, Mous-
sadiye. That town is in the Syrian
hills, just beyond Israel's thin
shore line along the lake. It is
from Moussadiye that Syria's
guns fired at the Israeli Coast
Guard cutter stranded on a reef
in the lake, about 200 yards
from the shore.
The United Nations is saying
very little publicly. True, the chief
of staff of the UN Truce Super-
vision Organization, Lt. Gen. Odd
Bull, has openly appealed to both
Syria and Israel to cooperate with
him in maintaining some kind of
tranquility on the border. But
Bull, and the UN chiefs here, and
all neutrals on the scene—includ-
ing the U.S.A.—know that Syria
has mounted huge searchlights on
its heights near the lake shore,
that Syria has increased its troops
and guns and tanks and even its
airplanes along the Israel border.
Syria's chief of staff has said
openly that his country is proceed-
ing with plans to launch that
"Palestine liberation" war it has
been seeking a long time.
Israel is replying in muted tones.
It is not a pretty condition. One
can only hope that the situation,
tense as it is, stays that way—with-
out exploding—by the time this
piece is printed.

UNITED NATIONS, N.Y.—This
week's newsletter from the United
Nations is being written under
clouds of threatened war between
Syria and Israel. The threats are
coming from the Syrian side.
In front of this writer, as this
is being written, is an official Unit-
ed Nations copy of the armistice
agreement signed between Israel
and Syria, "done at Hill .232 near
Mahanayim, on the 20th day of July
1949, in the presence of the United
Nations Acting Mediator on Pales-
tine and the United Nations Chief
of Staff of the Truce Supervision
Organization." The acting mediator
was the same man who is now the
UN Under Secretary for Special
Political Affairs, Dr. Ralph J.
Bunche. -
Reading the Armistice Agree-
ment carefully, and studying the
official maps, leave no doubt what-
- ever that Israel was given full. jur-
isdiction over Lake Tiberias, the
body of water over which much
of the recent fighting took place.
Yet, despite the 1949 pact and the
attached, official map—Syria in-
sists it has the right to enter Is-
rael's territory (which, in this in-
stance, is the lake) and try to
salvage a Syrian jet fighter (used
for Syrian aggression) and the
body of a Syrian pilot (shot down
by Israel while engaged in an ag-
gressive mission.)
Authorship
These are the simple facts, based
on official UN documentation and
The two most engaging powers
on reports that have not been of an author are to make new
denied by Syria.
things familiar, and familiar -things
As one examines the map in new.—Johnson.

1 1

From Rosh Hashana to Rosh Hashana

Rosh Hashana, first day of 2
Fast of Gedaliah
Yom Kippur
Sukkot, first day of 8
Shmini Atzeret
Ili Simhat Tora
Rosh Hodesh Heshvan
Rosh Hodesh Kislev
;.i Hanuka, first day of 8
HI Rosh Hodesh Tevet
Fast of Tevet
Rosh Hodesh Shvat
Tu b'Shvat
Rosh Hodesh Adar I
Rosh Hodesh Adar II
iii Fast of Esther
Purim
iii Rosh Hodesh Nisan
Passover, first day of 8
Rosh Hodesh Iyar
Lag b'Omer
ill Rosh Hodesh Sivan
Shavuot, first day of 2
Rosh Hodesh Tammuz
Fast of Tammuz
Rosh Hodesh Av
ill Fast of Ninth of Av
Rosh Hodesh Elul
Rosh Hashana
Fast of Gedalia
Yom Kippur

111

Thursday, Sept. 15
Sunday, Sept. 18
Saturday, Sept. 24
Thursday, Sept. 29
Thursday, Oct. 6
Friday, Oct. 7
Saturday, Oct. 15
Monday, Nov. 14
Thursday, Dec. 8
Wednesday, Dec. 14
Thursday, Dec. 23
Thursday, Jan. 12
Thursday, Jan. 26
Saturday, Feb. 11
Monday, March 13
Thursday, March 23
Sunday, March 26
Tuesday, April 11
Tuesday, April 25
Thursday, May 11
Sunday, May 28
Friday, June 9
Wednesday, June 14
Sunday, July 9
Tuesday, July 25
Monday, Aug. 7
Tuesday, Aug. 15
Wednesday, Sept. 6
Thursday, Oct. 5
Sunday, Oct. 8
Saturday, Oct. 14

volunteer, and two survivors of
Nazi torture camps.
Bergman casually mentioned
the Smithsonian's negligent treat-
ment of the "Exodus" to a friend.
The friend was Rep. Leonard
Farbstein, New York Democrat,
and a member of the House For-
eign Affairs Committee. The
Congressman vividly recalls the
silent service of the 300 Ameri-
can youths in the painful after-
math of World War Two. He
lost no time in contacting Dr.
S. Dillon Ripley, secretary of the
Smithsonian Institute. He point-
ed out that the role of Americans
on the "Exodus" and other ships
from America deserves histori-
cal recognition.
Although the "Exodus" inspired
a popular novel, film, and musical
score, the true story of the men
and ships of that era is sinking
into oblivion. Bergman and other
veterans feel that the commercial-
ized stories failed to accurately
reflect the truth of those dramatic
days.
No systematic record has been
made of the service of Aliyah ships
and volunteers from America. The
men gradually drifted apart. Sid-
ney Rabinovich, of Queens, N.Y.,
faithfully keeps a roster in his
capacity as executive secretary of
the American Veterans of Israel.
But even the Israeli govern-
ment has neglected the archives.
When Aliyah Beth men applied
for the Haganah "Mahal" service
ribbon, awarded to foreign volun-
teers who served in the ground
and air forces, Jerusalem let dust
gather on their letters. The men
wanted nothing for hardships but
a little ribbon to recall a mom-
entous epoch in Jewish history.
As a result of the seeming in-
difference of some Israeli offi-
cials, the American Veterans of
Israel group has refused to accept
"Mahal" ribbons for ground and
air duty until the Aliyah Beth boys
are remembered.
Meanwhile, however, the Aliyah
Beth veterans have taken the sit-
uation in hand. They are offering
to pay, from their own pockets, for
a decent plaque at the Smithsonian
to memorialize the "Exodus."

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Friday, September 2,1966-15

Sept. 9 Deadline for New Year Issue

Deadline for next week's issue, because of Labor Day,
is noon today.
For the New Year issue, deadline for all copy will be
noon Friday, Sept. 9.
Deadline for classified advertising for the New Year
issue will be 3 p.m. Tuesday, Sept. 13.

AIR-CONDITIONED

CONGREGATION BETH JOSEPH

(ANSHE RUZHIN)

ANNOUNCES THE SALE OF A LIMITED NUMBER OF
MAIN SANCTUARY SEATS FOR THE

5727

HIGH HOLIDAY SERVICES — 1966



Any person wishing to participate in the services, but
cannot afford to pay for a ticket, arrange to see our
president Mr. Hyman Karp.

TICKETS ARE NOW AVAILABLE AT THE SYNAGOGUE OFFICE
MONDAY - THURSDAY 9-12 A.M. — 4-8 P.M.
SUNDAY 10 A.M. — 8 P.M.

18450 WYOMING, NEAR PICKFORD

UNIVERSITY 4-0982

DATES STILL AVAILABLE FOR BAR MITZVAHS
S'LIHOT SERVICES MIDNIGHT, SAT., SEPT. 10th

CONGREGATION BETH HILLEL

19371 GREENFIELD AT VASSAR DRIVE

Invites Friends and Neighbors to

Participate in Their

HIGH HOLIDAY SERVICES

AIR-CONDITIONED AND LARGE SANCTUARY

TICKETS AVAILABLE:

SUNDAY (Beginning August 28) 11 A.M. - 2 P.M.

EVENINGS, 7:30 - 9:00 P.M.

For Information Call BR 3-0570 or 541-2267

ALSO INVITES REGISTRATION FOR ITS

RELIGIOUS SCHOOL

LEADING TO BAR MITZVAH AND CONSECRATION

CALL BR 3-0570 or 541-2267

tr ■ r*-1..r"*-1 .1\i"-^

B'NAI MOSHE
RELIGIOUS
SCHOOL

CONGREGATION B'NAI MOSHE

ANNOUNCES

Ten Mile at Kenosha — Oak Park

REGISTRATION FOR
1966-61
ACADEMIC YEAR

(Children age 4-16 Pre-Kdg. through 10th)

Classes Are Held on Sunday Mornings

You May Join Any One of These Sessions

9 - 10:30

10:30 - 12

12 - 1:30

Classes Begin Sunday September 11

Open For Registration Also—
Sunday, August 28 and Sunday, Sept. 4
We Suggest You Register Your Child TODAY

As a Service to the Community
Students of Non-Members Are Accepted'

Congregation Memberships
Available

Phone the Synagogue office for school
registration and membership information.

LI 8-9000

We Conduct A Complete Youth

Program With A Full Time

Professional Youth Director.

.

Back to Top

© 2021 Regents of the University of Michigan