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August 26, 1966 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1966-08-26

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

The Swastika

The Nazi emblem has become the symbol of the
the American Nazi Party fomenting discord . .
from Washington by Milton Friedman, Page 14 . .
swastika smearings in U. S. and abroad, Page 14

In the U. S.

Menacing U.S.
Extremisms

Sides of
German Coin

Two

reactionary "white power" forces in America, with
. Federal concern over spreading peril reported
. Story of Chicago "white power" manifestations,
. . . Editorial comment, Page 4.

HE JEWISH NEW$

c: D

A

Editorials
Pave 4

11 - t
- r=ecz:›

Weekly Review

1\41c1-11.A.1 ■ 1

of Jewish Events

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

. .. L, No. 1

August 26, 1966

17100 W. 7 Mile Rd.—Detroit 48235—VE 8-9364

A New School

Year and Its
Major Problems:
Encouragement
Due to the New
Superintendent

Commentary
Page 2

$6.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c

• Communists Plan Parley
Against Anti-Semitism, Admit
USSR Sup resses - Jewish Culture

U •

In ternational Jurists

Asked to Probe Soviet
Economic Crime' Cases

NEW YORK (JTA) — The sentencing to death last
week in Moscow of a Jew aecused of "economic crimes"
promoted the American Jewish Conference on Soviet
Jewry to ask the International Commission of Jurists in
Geneva. Switzerland, to determine if the Soviet govern-
ment has embarked on a new series of such trials and
convictions as were held in 1961-64, which had anti-
Semitic connotations.
The Jew sentenced to death by a Moscow court was
an industrial engineer, M. Rabinovich. The announce-
ment of the sentence raised the question of anti-Semitism
among Soviet newspaper readers as well as among various
Jewish and non-Jewish groups abroad. Rabbi Israel Miller,
chairman of the American Jewish Conference on Soviet
Jewry, wrote to the International Commission, as the
agency which conducted a study of the economic crimes
trials in the Soviet Union in the 1961-64 period.
(A Moscow dispatch in the New York Times also
reported that Soviet newspaper readers, reacting to the
death sentence against Rabinovich, wonder whether there
has been a revival of the practice under the Premiership
of Nikita Khrushchev of using the Jews as scapegoats in
economic trials. The dispatch attributes many of the 1961-
64 death sentences against Jews convicted of economic
crimes to the known fact that Khrushchev was personally
anti-Semitic. The Times report reveals that Khrushchev
had often referred to Jews as "Zhid," an insulting term
equal to the word "Zid" or "Kike.”)
The International Commission of Jurists is an assoc-
iation of more than 45,000 highly distinguished and res-
t, ted jurists from countries throughout the world.
Tearful that "Soviet authorities may once again em-
bark on a road of scapegoating," Rabbi Miller said "It is
a tragedy for the Soviet Jewish people that they have
been made the scapegoat for the transgressions of those
whose guilt it would be dangerous to make public."

It

NEW YORK (JTA)—A draft resolution prepared by the national education department
of the Communist Party of the United States would call on the government of the Soviet Union
for "the restoration of the administratively suppressed Jewish cultural institutions." The draft,
made public here in Political Affairs, the theoretical monthly journal of the U.S. Communist
Party, stressed that it was prepared in response to proposals "relative to the Jewish question"
made at the party's national convention, last June.
A preface to the draft resolution indicated that there is, as yet, no unanimity among the
party's leaders on the approach to the Soviet Union regarding the Jewish question. The preface
noted that the last convention ordered that a national conference "on work among the Jewish
people and the fight against anti-Semitism" be convened. It is stated now that such a conference
is tentatively scheduled for Nov. 12 and 13 when the draft resolution is to be debated. "This
procedure was decided upon because of the existence of differing views on a number of important
questions and the need to thresh them out thoroughly, the preface stated.
The draft resolution would refer to reports of "Soviet anti-Semitism" as a "slander and
outright fraud which must be rejected and fought." It would blame "suppression .of . Jewish
cultural figures" on the Stalin regime, and would declare that there is "no official policy of anti-
Semitism in the. Soviet Union" since "anti-Semitism and all other forms of national discrimination
or privilege are prohibited by the Constitution of the USSR."
While thus defending the present USSR regime, the draft resolution was seen as con-
ceding most criticisms leveled against the USSR in regard to anti-Jewish practices. It conceded:
1. "The existence of such shortcomings as the crude, fallacious, antireligious propaganda embodied
in books of the Kichko or Schakhnowitz varieties; 2. "Continued limitations such as lack of prayer
books experienced by religious Jewish people; 3. "The absence of a campaign against persistent
expressions of remnants of anti-Semitism; 4. "The slowness of restoration of Jewish culture." "All
these have enabled the cold war instigators of the campaign regarding `fradulent Soviet anti-
Semitism' to meet with a considerable degree of success in these efforts," the draft resolution
said.
The draft resolution condemned "political Zionism," but claimed that Communists
supported the establishment of Israel. It condemned the Israeli government for the 1956 Sinai
attack against Egypt, blaming Israel's "military aggression" on 'the policies of the then Isae1
Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion, charging Ben-Gurion with oppressing the Arab minority
in Israel and with "refusal to recognize the rights of the more than 1,000,000 Arab refugees." It
blamed Ben-Gurion for entering into economic and diplomatic relations with West Germany, and
said that the people of Israel have given up the "activist" Ben-Gurion "pro-Imperialist" policies,
crediting the current Prime Minister, Levi Eshkol, with "bettering relations with the Socialist
countries."
The draft also blamed "regrettably a number of Arab leaders, some of them outright
reactionaries" for advocating war against Israel. It called on both Israel and the Arab states
to reach agreement "in the spirit of Tashkent" as "essential to peace in the Middle East."

yrian Threat of War on Israel Alerts State Department;
ietnamese Involvements Dragged into Near East Issue

Direct JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News
the Syrian military command. Then a more detailed assessment will be feasible.
WASHINGTON — Reports of an announcement in Syria Tuesday by the Syrian
There was thought in some quarters here that Syria would like to wage a
army chief of staff that Syria has decided to launch a "war of liberation" against
limited war against Israel through guerrilla and underground means — protected by
Israel have attracted the notice of the State Department which is increasingly con-
some forthcoming Soviet policy declaration against Israeli reprisals. The Syrians
cerned about the strident tone of Arab threats.
in this sense, would seek a privileged sanctuary from which to wage a "liberation'
According to dispatches from Damascus the Syrian chief of staff said his
campaign against Israel.
country is planning "a war of liberation to regain Palestine." He said the recent
However, State Department officials are cautioning Israel not to cite the
aerial clash in the Tiberias area was "the forerunner of future battles." He cited
American military strikes against North Vietnam because the United States regards
the "liberation wars" in Vietnam and Algeria as examples of "wars of determination"
the two situations as different. The United States position is that the United Nations
to be followed by the Arab masses against Israel. The Syrian chief of staff said that
Truce Supervision Organization exists on the Syrian-Israel border while such UN
"America has to kneel to the gallant Vietnamese" and indicated that the time is
presence is lacking in the Vietnamese situation.
ripe for "liberation" warfare against Israel while
Officials here have repeatedly urged both Is-
America is preoccupied in Vietnam. -
rael and Syria to cooperate with the UNTSO and re-
State Department officials said they were await-
solve differences through the United Nations while
ing official reports in the admittedly serious threats
refraining from military action. The United States
by Syria. It was noted that such a threat from a Syrian
does not feel that even Syrian- strikes into Israel of
government military authority caused more concern
a limited nature justify Israeli counter blows across
than similar utterances by such non-governmental
the border
agitators as Ahmed Shukairy, chairman of the so-
It also learned Tuesday that concern exists
- called Palestine Liberation Organization.
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)
lest the Soviet Union back Syria in an escalating situ-
Authorities are troubled because American in-
JERUSALEM — A team of 10 senior Hebrew
ation, thus bringing about a confrontation that Amer-
fluence in Syria is less than it is in any other Arab
ica wants to avoid in the Near East at a time when
University medical students left Wednesday for
state. The Syrians are regarded as the most irrespons-
this 'country is so deeply involved in Vietnam.
Western Turkey to join the relief operations for
ible of the Arab states, and some subordinate military
JERUSALEM (JTA) — With both sides armed'
officer could set in motion an escalating conflict that
the thousands of victims of the earthwake in Tur-
to the hilt, each on its own side of the common
might embroil the whole frontier and region.
keq. Israel's Mogen David Adorn,. and a number
frontier, Syria and Israel continued to face each other
The State Department is awaiting confirmation
of municipal services., are sending medical sup-
midst grave tensions along Lake Tiberias. The lake
of the statements attributed by press associations to
plies and plasma to Turkey.
(Continued on Page 9)
_ ,

Hebrew limy ersity Students,
Mogen IDavid Adorn to Help
Turkey's Ear thquake Victims

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