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August 19, 1966 - Image 40

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1966-08-19

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

I rael Meets Challen

(Continued from Page 1)
in applications filed for admission
but whose servant, in error, took to the Hebrew University and to
the invitation to the family's the Technion. More than 2,200
enemy, Bar Kamtza. The latter, young men and women already
believing there might be reconcili- have applied for admission to the
ation, in good spirit accepted the Technion and only half of them
invitation. He was humiliated, and can be accepted. Technion offi-
even though he asked to be per- cials have just announced:
"First in order of preference for
mitted to remain, offering to pay
for the dinner, was ousted. Venge- admission is electrical engineering
fully, he betrayed the family to with 603 applicants for 150 vacan-
the Romans, and the denounce- cies; second is mechanical engi-
ment is traditionally said to have neering with 309 applicants for 150
led to the destruction of the vacancies: third is architecture
with 215 applicants and 72 vacan-
cies; then comes civil engineering,
So earnest is the desire for unity down to fourth place for the first
that one wonders why there is so time this year, with 185 applicants
much division in Zionist ranks. for 150 vacancies.
There is no doubt that Zionists still
"There are 132 applicants for
are in the forefront of pro-Israel chemical engineering. 107 for aero-
activities, and Zionism remains a nautical engineering, 40 for agri-
guiding factor in the Jewish State's cultural engineering and 10 for
upbuilding. Yet. there are two Gen- mining engineering. Evening
eral Zionist confederations. Even classes attracted another 98 ap-
during the sessions of the World plicants.
Jewish Congress in Brussels, the
"Applications for enrollment in
two confederations held separate chemistry, physics and mathema-
meetings. The World Union of Gen- tics have more than doubled this
eral Zionists had a strong repre- year. Those who wish to study
sentation from the Zionist Organi- these subjects and who have ob-
zation of America, under the lead- tained an average of more than
edship of the ZOA president, 70 per cent for their matriculation
Jacques Torczyner. The Confeder- are, for the first time, exempt
ation of General Zionists again from writing entrance examina-
conferred under the leadership of tions. There are 61 applications
Haciass-ah women and of a former for the department of mathema-
ZOA president. Why the division? tics, 114 for the department of
What has been accomplished in physics; 120 for the department of
this fashion? Why can't Hadas- chemistry and 53 for the depart-
sah and ZOA representatives, in- ment of teacher training."
cluding former ZOA presidents,
work together? Must we have an-
Then there is the growth of
other Kamtza-Bar Kamtza experi- hotels. There are many outstanding
ence? This question inevitably hotels in Israel. Notable among
crops up when divisiveness be- them is the new Tel Aviv Hilton,
comes apparent.
possibly the most impressive in
* * *
the entire Middle East; the posi-
The progress in evidence in Is- tively fascinating Caesarea; the
rael overshadows whatever nega- Dan HaCarmel with its impressive
tive elements may arise on the view of the harbor, the city, the
horizon, There are, for example, environs; the Tel Aviv Sheraton
the universities. There is no doubt and several other ones that are
that the Hebrew University is one competing for the growing tourist
of the supreme objects of pride trade.
for Israel and the Jewish people.
The newest hotel, the Tel Aviv
Then there is the great technical Hilton, built at a cost of $17,000,-
school—Technion in Technion City 000, with its 446 guest rooms, 22
on Mount Carmel, at Haifa.
other suites and three Presidential
Meanwhile, another great school suites, its 550 employes, its night
, is emerging—Tel Aviv University. club, heated-for-the-winter swim-
which already has made enormous ming pool, children's pool and
progress. In the course of time, numerous other facilities, matches
there also will be universities in the best hotels in the finest Ameri-
Beersheba and Haifa. These are in can resorts.
addition to Bar-Ilan University,
Israel's tourist industry is grow-
whose progressive efforts are the ing, Many of the visitors are
result of the deep interest and de- Christians. They are beginning to
votion of its American suporters, come not only at Christmas and
headed by the Stollman family in Easter seasons but throughout the
year. The country, the people, the
The present—the fifth—visit to history—all attract, all remain the
Bar-Ilan was an opportunity to see magnetic forces that link Israel
so much new activity, such a thriv- with the world, with international
ing atmosphere, so much move- history. This is an unending exper-
ment by students, that the success ience.
of the university whose formation
* * *
was inspired by the Mizrachi Or-
doubt about the mul-
thodox Zionist movement was ap-
parent at once. Bar-Ilan boasts tiplicity of problems affecting Is-
that in its curriculum there is no rael. One is linked closely with a
conflict between science and reli- major American JeWish need: It
gion. In addition, having been is the problem of a teacher short-
Formed by American Jews — age, of a supply and demand that
Phillip S'tollman is the chair- has developed into a controversy.
man of the American Friends of It was discussed at the World Jew-
Bar-Ilan University—there is the ish Congress plenary in Brussels,
added expression of pride that this and it was a subject for dispute
university, located in Ramat Gan, at the convention of the National
near Tel Aviv, combines American Council for Jewish Education of
and Israeli principles, that it this country, which this year was
blends Jewish traditions with mod- taken to Jerusalem and Kfar Mac-
ernity patterned on American uni- cabiah in Israel. The hornet's nest
was stirred by Israel's Education
ersity policies.
Bar-Han, now in its 11th year, Minister Zalman Aranne who
has a faculty of 170, more than charged that American Jews were
1,600 students, 550 courses, includ- "coming to Israel hat in hand to
ing Jewish lore, the sciences, lan- beg for teachers."
Soon there were defenders who
guages. It is no wonder that Am-
erican-made Bar-Ilan has won so said he was quoted out of context,
that he did not mean to be that
much admiration.
tt is reported that 1,400 new critical. But actually he may have
applicants have indicated a desire been right: Why should American
bo enroll in Bar-Ilan this com- Jews come to Israel, where there
ing semester and that the student also is a shortage of teachers,
body may be increased by 400. when they should be training their
That's how the school's importance own?
It has been and it remains
\ to Israel becomes increasingly em-
OUR contention that Israelis in
* * *
the main may not even be quali-
Records similarly are- being set fied to teach in the United States

/10—Fri as ,, August 19, 1966


where Jewish children must be
trained by men and women from
their own environment. We have
spent and are spending too much
money and energy to bring a
handful of Israelis to the United
States. These means and energ-
ies should be expended in find-
ing a way of attracting Ameri-
can youth to the Jewish teach-
ing profession.
The chairman of the Jewish
Agency Executive, A. L. Pincus,
speaking recently at the laying of
the cornerstone for the Rabbi Gold
Institute, an institution for the
training of teachers from the Dias-
pora, had an answer to the prob-
lem when he said:
"Israel cannot possibly dream
of supplying all the Diaspora's
needs for teachers. The solution
to the critical shortage of teach-
ers in Jewish schools in the Dias-
pora lies in bringing young
people from countries abroad for
training in Israel."
The dispute is far from ended.
The debate goes on. There may
have been misleading information
when the American teachers, at
their meeting in Kfar Maccabiah,
were told there is an excess of 400
teachers in Tel Aviv. This has been
denied authoritatively to this re-
porter, who was informed that
there are 400 uncertified applicants
for teachers' jobs in Tel Aviv. Per-
haps we have thousands of this
type in the U.S.!
The Aranne statement drew
sharp retorts, and the most noticed
was this one, addressed to the Jer-
usalem Post by Dr. Sol Colodner
of New York:
In your issue of today you re-
ported that Mr. Zalman Aranne
had taken the American Jewish
Community to task for "coming
hat in hand to Israel to beg for
• teachers." I wish the Minister
could have read the paper I pres-
ented on Monday morning on
which I made a number of re-
marks on the subject.
I, for one, cannot accept such
strong and strange language on
the part of the Minister. I won-
der where the Minister got the
notion that we come "hat in hand
to beg for teachers." I believe
that the complete opposite is
is true. I have never "begged"
for a single Israeli teacher. I
personally believe that most Is-
raeli teachers have no "common
language" with American-Jew.
children—and this must be a
pre-requisite for successful
teaching in American Jewish
schools. Fully qualified teachers
from Israel, from Europe or
from any other country who pos-
sess the "common language"
are welcome to teach in Ameri-
can Jewish schools. Israelis (or
French Jews) who passed matri-
culation exams and want to
study engineering, international
relations, etc., and are not
qualified teachers do not belong
in American Jewish schools—
merely because they know He-
Mr. Aranne must surely know
that the American Jewish
schools are for the most part re-
ligious schools and not schools
for teaching the Hebrew lang-
uage. To be sure, the Hebrew
language captures an important
segment of the total curriculum
—but it is only one of three or
four major subjects. Now, Mr.
Aranne suggests that the afflu-
ent American Jewish Com-
munity pay the college-
trained Jewish intellectuals in
the U.S. very high salaries to at-
tract them to the Jewish teach-
ing profession. I want Mr. Ar-
anne to know that very high sal-
aries are offered but there are
few qualified applicants. In my
paper I emphasized that the
Jewish teaching profession in
the U.S. must be considered
melechet ha-kodesh — one in
which the teacher must be a
fully committed Jew to his
People, to the Tora and his God.
Very few Israelis can meet these



requirements. Unfortunately,
very few college-trained Jewish
intellectuals in the U.S. are in-
terested in entering this profes-
sion. Money in itself is not a de-
termining factor. This profession
requires a bit of kana'ut and
mesirut nefesh. These so-called
intellectuals would rather teach
in the university—any subject
but Hebrew. These intellectuals
would rather enter any other
field but not "minister" to the
spiritual needs of the American
Jewish Community.
Your headline, sir, that "Ar-
anne berates U.S. Jewish edu-
cators" grieves me—as a Jew-
ish educator from the U.S.
(Translations: Melechet hako-
desh, holy task; kana'ut, fanati-
f ciicse)
m:. mesirut nefesh, self-sacri-

Perhaps out of this dispute will
emerge a clarification of a major
issue that splits Jewish ranks.
* * *
Equally vital is an issue one
hears discussed in Israel relative
to "the failure" of Diaspora youth
to integrate in Israel, or to settle
there, and one would imagine that
there is an ideological battle. It
is all based upon unfortunate mis-
In the U.S., one hears only praise
for Israel and admiration for the
Israelis. If anyone were to say
that American Jewish youth labor
under suspicions of their young
kinsmen in Israel he would be
viewed with amazement It is only
when one gets to Israel that he be-
comes aware that there are sus-
The controversy is unfortunate.
Strife should be avoided. There is
no reason for divisiveness. Once
again, Kamtza faces Bar Kamtza.
It is unnecessary strife.
At the Brussels WJCongress
plenary, a unanimously adopted
resolution, one that was welcomed
with acclaim, recorded "with
pride" Israel's achievements and
expressed the hope that young
Jews from all parts of the world
"will in increasing numbers wish
to settle in Israel, participate per-
sonally in its upbuilding and find
there the fulfillment of a full Jew-
ish life."
It is in this spirit that world
Jewry addresses itself to Israel.
In this spirit there should come the
required response.
* * •
There is concern in Israel over
a declining birth rate. Formation
of an "Ephrath—Association for the
Encouragement of Increase of
Birth Rate Among the Jewish
People," with headquarters in Tel
Aviv, is the result of the organized
effort to "check this biological
decline" among Jews everywhere.
An interesting pamphlet has
been printed by this association,
and it addressed an appeal in be-
half of its aims to the presidium
and delegates to the World Jewish
Congress in Brussels, in the fol-
lowing statement that was dis-
tributed in Hebrew, English and
Yiddish :

In the vital field of demography, the
Jewish people is in a state of crisis.
The birthrate of our people, both in
Israel and elsewhere, is steadily de-
clining and according to the findings
of one expert in this field, it is one of
the lowest in the world. Our manpower
shows a frightening decrease in num-
bers which sounds the alarm regard-
ing the danger of national bankruptcy
and constitutes a very real threat to
the future of our people and the in-
dependence of Medinat Israel.
At this important hour in the his-
tory of our people when the World
Jewish Congress is assembled in Brus-
sels, it is only natural that this fate-
ful problem (which is a primary con-
cern of many enlightened nations)
should be brought on to the agenda of
the Congress so that special considera-
tion may be devoted to devising means
to check this biological decline and
find a cure for this self-wasting dis-
ease which has overtaken us; to take
us out from this sorry plight into an
era of growth and development abso-
lutely vital for national existence.
Two shattering events—Hurban on
one side and the rise of the State of
Israel on the other which have oc-
curred in our times, have led to a new
outlook with regard to corporate re-
sponsibility for the affairs of our na-
tion. No lunge' is the basic problem
"Here are Jews, what can we do for

them?" but "Jews are missing, what
can be done to encourage an increase?"
We appeal to all delegates to the
Congress to be concerned about the
vital needs of Israel and to ensure by
all means at your disposal that the
Congress discusses this problem and
decides on measures to improve the
situation, including a combined effort
with Eprath which is expanding its
activities with the formation of cen-
ters in Paris, London and other places.
Our aim and purpose should be to dis-
seminate to all Jewish communities by
means of national presentation and
other acceptable methods, facts about
the birth-rate.
Let us not forget that, in the holo-
caust, one third of our nation was de-
stroyed. This destruction came as a
result of outside forces that attacked
us, and Jewish leadership was unable
to prevent the catastrophe. Now an
internal holocaust threatens our exist-
ence, God forbid, and to prevent it
we are not dependent on outside agen-
cies. We have the power to prevent it.
Can we remain silent and inactive and
witness with equanimity the loss of
our people and our birthplace? How
can we justify ourselves at the bar of
history if we remain silent now? Let
us not dissipate our energies, let us
commence rescue operations immedi-
ately and the Rock of Israel will be
our helpers.
With greetings and blessings from
the Eprath Association in Israel.
Lawyer Y. Pevzner (Chairman)
Lawyer Mordechai Levanon
Chemdah Gileadi
Y. A. Nebantzal (Secretary)
Raphael Olevsky (Treasurer)
Menachem Ephrati
Dr. Reuben Ben Shem, Zalman Shachar,
(Joint Vice-Chairmen)
Dr. Samuel Herksher
Rabbi J. Ch. Tourtshin
Brussels 15th Av., 5726
* * *

Israeli leaders got quite a kick
out of a noted American leader
who, in his enthusiasm for the
Jewish State and his acquired
great devotion to Jewish causes,
spoke of his dedication to "Jewish-
keit." Even Prime Minister Levi
Eshkol got quite a kick out of the
newly-coined slogan!
* * *
There is something new in Israel
all the time. In the past there was
fear that Tel Aviv, because it once
was a mere sand dune and was
developed by Jews into a great
metropolis, could not have sky-
scrapers. But Tel Aviv now has its
Migdal Shalom—a 37-story building
with a four-story underground
parking facility.
* * *
One of Israel's oldest landmarks
is Mikveh Israel—the agricultural
school that came into being nearly
a century ago through the efforts
of the great French-Jewish leader
Karl Netter. Tel Aviv wanted to
absorb the Mikveh Israel territory
into an expanded city area but the
school's authorities, desiring to re-
tain its identity, turned down the
request. When Israel's history is
written, the Mikveh Israel story
will form one of its glorious chap-
* *
Thanks to the energetic direction
of Meyer W. Weisgal, the Weiz-
mann Institute in Rehovoth retains
a leading role as a center of scien-
tific research and as one of Israel's
unquestioned cultural centers that
recognized science institute.
Weisgal had the vision to in-
vite the American Jewish Con-
gress to hold its annual dialogue
at the Weizmann Institute. Eve-
nings, on the spacious lawn of his
home, he "held court" and the
dialogue turned into a monologue,
with the distinguished scholars,
writers, newspapermen listening
intently to his wisdom. It did not
matter that he swore a bit, used
strong language and was unortho-
dox: what he had to say drew a
listening audience. And he knew
—as he always knows—how to be a
good host. His home has been turn-
ed into a palace as well as an art
gallery, just as the Weizmann In-
stitute of Science has become the
sacred portal for research men
and women because nothing is too
costly for Weisgal, insofar as ac-
quisition of the latest instruments
is concerned, as long as the ob-
jective can be attained: that of
getting the best results in scien-
tific experimentation. That's the
genius of Meyer W. Weisgall, and
the Weizmann Institute and Re-
hovoth have become, inseparable
from the name of Chaim Weiz-
mann, are similarly inseparable
from the name of Weisgal who has
guided, and at 72 continues to
guide, the institute to glorious ac-

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