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August 05, 1966 - Image 9

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1966-08-05

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

7 7-,





German Material Restitution
Not Enough, Says Goldmann,

(Continued from Page 8)
note of Germany's growing im-
portance is a most unrealistic
attitude, based on pure emotion-
alism.
"The purpose of the discussion
in Brussels, in which prominent
German and Jewish leaders will
participate, is to analyze the
complexity and the difficulties
of the problem, and to make the
German people aware that
merely material restitution can-
not solve the question, and that
they must continue to make seri-
ous efforts to avoid any resift..
gene of neo-Nazi or anti-Semi-
tic tendencies and to eradicate
old traditions of racial discrim-
ination and anti-Jewish preju-
dices.
• ."The frank discussion of the
problem by eminent Jewish and
German personalities will indicate
the importance of this question
which will, for quite some time,
remain on the agenda of the Jew-:
ish and the German peoples and
C- may contribute to its clarification
and to a gradual constructive solu-
tion."
Participants in the German sym-
posium will be, in addition to Dr.
Gerstenmaier, also Professor Golo
Mann, Kilchberg-Zurich; Professor
Salo Baron, New York; and Pro-
fessor Gershon Sholem of Jeru-
saleni.

Protests to Soviet
on -Treatment of Jews
Brings Concessions

BRUSSELS (JTA)—Jewish corn-
,plaints against the mistreatment
of Soviet Jewry have resulted in
minor concessions by the Moscow
authorities in regard to the posi-
tion of the Jews in the Soviet
'Union, the World Jewish Congress
'plenary assembly was told here.
That assertion was made by
Alex L. Easterman, of London, di-
:rector of the WJC department of
international affairs. "Soviet au-
.thorities," he said, "have been de-
•inying indignantly any official or
'semi-official bias of action against
Soviet Jews. Nevertheless, the
truth of our complaints and the
'validity of our protests regarding
Soviet Jews have been proven by
,the fact that minor concessions
were made lately, and minor im-
'provements have occurred in the
situation of Russian -Jewry."
These concessions "touch only
the fringe of the problem," Easter-
:man stressed. He reported that the
WJC has constantly pointed out to
Soviet representatives that "a gen-
uine change in the situation of
Soviet Jewry would earn the ap-
plause of not only the Jews around
the world but of non-Jews as

,

The Congress made public a let-
ter addressed to the WJC presi-
dent, Dr. Nahum Goldmann, from
the Council of Jewish Communities
of Czechoslovakia, which had been
invited to send representatives to
the plenary assembly. While not-
ing that the • Council would not
send anyone to attend the parley,
the letter said:
"This certainly does not mean
that our attitude toward the World

World Book Lore

Jewish Congress is negative. We
are, and want to be still more, in
permanent contact with Jewish or-
ganizations, particularly the World
Jewish Congress. We presume that
our absence will not be interpreted
as our disinterestedness. We would
welcome personal contact between
the representatives of your organi-
zation and ours, both in this coun-
try and abroad."
The letter was signed by Fran-
tisek Fuchs, acting president of
the Council. Added was a separate
letter joining with the first the
same sentiments from the Jewish
communities in Slovakia.
* * *

Hungarian Leaders
Offer Glowing Report
of Community Life

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish- News)

Pamphlet Shows Arab Leanings Towards Communism

Israel's political patterns emerge
in a most interesting light in the
pamphlet "The Israeli Communist
Party and the Elections• for the
Fifth Knesset," by Moshe M. Czud-
nowsid. and Jacob M. Lancia% pub-
lished by Hoover Institution Stud-
ies of Stanford University, Stan-
ford, Calif.
The two authors, who are mem-
bers of the Hebrew University po-
litical science department, have
made a thorough study of Arab
and Jewish membership in MAQI
— as the Israel Communist Party
is known from the initials of the
party's Hebrew name, Miflaga
qomunistit Israe'elit.
Describing the party's structure,
its social and economic as well as
foreign aims, the authors explain
in advance that the party failed to
penetrate the Palestine Jewish
community "because of the latter's
longing to realize the Zionist
ideal." They state that a few so-
cialist extremists who could not
bridge Communist-Zionist contra-
dictions settled in the Soviet Un-
ion.

sponse, concentrated

activities
among Arabs. Leadership in the
party nevertheless remained
Jewish and extreme anti-Zionist
slogans were employed to at-
tract Arabs.

ing and abetting their feelings and
hopes, and tend to ignore the so-
alai and economic doctrines of
Communism. This stand is influ-
enced and encouraged by the So-
viet Union's penetration into the
Membership of the MAQI from Middle East."
the first to the fifth Knesset were,
respectively, 4, 5, 6, 3 and 5.
Forty-eight thousand, five hun-
There were numerous voting dred persons were killed in 1965
shifts. The lowest MAQI votes on the nation's highways, accord-
were in the villages. The largest ing to a report by The Travelers
Arab Communist vote was in Naz- Insurance Companies. In addition,
areth.
4,100,000 others were injured in
(In the 1965 election the Com- traffic accidents last year. ••

munists won four seats — pro-
Arab Communists, 3; pro-Israel
Communists, 1.)

, The Communist vote showed an
increase in 1961, although the to-
tal vote remained on a small scale.
Thus MAQI is viewed by the two
authors of this pamphlet as "a
marginal factor" in Israel. But
among the Arabs they note grow-
ing strength. MAQI remains the
party second in strength among
Arabs in Israel.
The pamphlet points out: "Arab
nationalists in Israel view MAQI
as an organization capable of aid-

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, August 5, 1966-9

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BRUSSELS—A report on the sit-
uation of the Jews in Hungary was
given to the Jewish Telegraphic
*
MORE REPEAT
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There was a limited response
Agency here by two leaders of from Arabs, because of the in-
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who. are attending the sessions of religious aspects, b u t Russia,
IF YOU TURN THE
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the plenary assembly of the World getting a limited Zionist 're-
Jewish Congress. The leaders are
V iT. S
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There are in Hungary now be-
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tween 80,000 and 100,000 Jews,
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be estimates, since the govern- t**********************t
ment census does not identify peo--
ple by race or religion.
There are 34 synagogues and
Jewish houses of prayer in Buda-
pest. The synagogue on Dohany
Street has a capacity of 4,000 wor-
shippers, and is believed to be the
largest synagogue in the world.
Most of the synagogues are ortho-
dox.
All synagogues are filled to
capacity on the High Holy Days
and major festivals, and some of
them, the leaders said, hold serv-
ices in three shifts to accommo-
date the vast crowds.
The religious community main-
tains institutions for kashruth, in-
cluding nine kosher butcher shops.
Large quantities of kosher meat
are also exported from Budapest,
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and kosher meat sent out under
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supervision of Jewish • religious
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leaders in Budapest is accepted
for import by religious authorities
• Interest is paid and compounded January 1,
in Israel.
April 1, July 1 and October 1.
There is a matzo factory in Buda-
pest, and it is run by the govern-
• Usual withdrawal privileges.
ment—as all factories are—but the
matzo is baked undeer rabbinical
supervision. Matzo is exported to
Germany and to other countries.
There are Jewish high schools
where the enrollment is co-educa-
tional and where, in addition to
general subjects, the pupils are
taught Bible, Jewish prayers and
Jewish history.
There is also a yeshiva with 40
students, and there the Talmud is
translated into Yiddish. There is
a Talmud Torah in the city, and
there are also Sunday School
classes.
The leaders said there is no as-
similation among Hungarian Jews
"in the accepted sense." This
• When held for one year.
means, they explained, that those
"who are out of the Jewish com-
• 4% if redeemed on 30 day notice.
munity stay out while those who
• Issued in multiples of $1,000.
are in, are in. Religion is a priv-
ate affair, and there is no room
for conversion." There is "a cer-
• Interest paid monthly or
tain amount" of emigration for
quarterly as desired.
family reunification, they reported.
The leaders said they are proud
Your deposits are insured up to $10,000 by
of the Jewish museum, the Jew-
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ish hospital, which serves strictly
kosher food and 11 Jewish homes
for the aged, of which four are
maintained by the Central Jewish
Board and the others by the gov-
MEMBER FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION
ernment.
While the ideology of the gov-
ernment, they stressed, is atheist,
it does not impose atheism on the
Jews, but permits them to prac-
tice their faith and provides help
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