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June 10, 1966 - Image 9

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1966-06-10

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Soviet Oppressions Against Jews
Reported at Lvov and Chernowitz

LONDON (JTA)—Reliable trave-
lers returning from the Soviet
Union reported here that anti-
Semitism has reached alarming
proportions in Lvov, in the western
The travelers asserted that Lvov
Jews were not employed in any
important capacities and that they
were being "starved spiritually."
Virtually no Jewish performers
or dramatic troupes have been al-
lowed to appear in Lvov. Applica-
tions for such performances from
Jewish actors Chernowitz and
Kishinev have been turned down.
The travelers also reported per-
sistant rumors that Jews were not
accepted at the local university.
Some Ukrainians confided that
only one per cent of places at the
university were allocated for Jew-
ish students.

The reports stated that Jewish
marriages are solemnized in secret
and that ,in one case, the abbi
insisted that the ceremony take
place after dark with only the wit-
nesses present.
A garage in Lvov, at 23 Lenin
Street, has its entrance paved with
Jewish tombstones. The Lvov syna-
gogue has been closed since No-
vember 1962, following a fierce
anti-Jewish campaign in the local
press. There are some 50,000 Jews
in Lvov.
It was learned also that Cherno-
witz Jews who applied for exit per-
mits to go to Israel were subse-
quently harassed in various ways.
Members of the Komsomol, the
Communist youth movement,
whose parents applied for exit to
Israel, have been questioned at

Chief JTA Correspondent in Israel
(Copyright, 1966, JTA, Inc.)

JERUSALEM — An intensive
searchlight of publicity and inves-
tigation is now focused on the
Israel police.
Complaints of excessive or un-
necessary use of force during or
after arrest are always voiced
about any police, since the use of
force being implicit in the task of
the. police, it is always a ques-
tion of quantative judgment as
to how much should or should
not have been applied. And the
Israel police, as police all over
the world, maintain that some sus-
pects charge use of force in order
to prepare a way to retract in
court whatever admissions they
made during the police investiga-
However, in recent weeks there
were just too many incidents hit-
ting the eye of the public. It
started with a brief item in Haar-
etz, Israel's largest morning paper,
which reported that four clerks in

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MONTREAL(JTA) — More than
1,000 young Canadian Jews in vari-
ous parts of Canada sent letters
to the captain of the new Soviet
passenger liner, Alexander Push-
kin, which June 2 made its second
call at the port of Montreal, urging
the Soviet government to grant
Jews in the USSR the same rights
accorded other Soviet citizens.

(Direct .JTA Teletype Wire to
The Jewish News)

lasted an hour, until military ob-
servers representing the United
TEL AVIV — Syrian troops Nations Truce Supervision Organi-
opened fire against Israeli workers zation managed to effect a cease-
at Ashmora Monday night for the fire. There were no Israeli
second time in 24 hours, spreading casualties.
a fire in wheat fields touched
off in the first clash.
Friday, June 10, 1966-9
Israel filed a complaint again
with the mixed Armistice Com-
Syrian fields were set afire in
that exchange, and the blaze spread
to Israeli territory. The shooting
Monday night caused the fire to
spread. It was brought under con-
trol by a fire brigade only after
it destroyed 450 dunams (115
acres) with damages estimated at
80,000 pounds ($26,000).
'Milan Wineries, Detroit, Mich.
The shooting exchange Sunday

Many of the letters, which were
delivered aboard the Soviet liner
when it docked here, stressed that
an improvement in the plight of
Soviet Jewry would enable Soviet
the Tel Aviv income tax office, Jewish youth and Jewish youth in
suspected of bribery, were mal- other parts of the world to partici-
treated in a police station where pate in a cultural exchange pro-
'they were called in for interroga- gram.
Ition. Though held for four days
Last month, when the liner, which
(under a detention warrant signed
by a judge), they were not per- now regularly sails between Len-
mitted by the police to inform ingrad and Montreal, made its
their families of their whereabouts. maiden voyage to Canada, a simi-
lar protest over the plight of Soviet
Shortly afterward, former West
Jewry was presented to the ship's
German Chancellor Adenauer ar- captain, Agram Ogamov.
rived in Israel. During a visit to
the Hebrew University in Jerusa-
lem, a few score students organ-
ized a protest demonstration. When
hundreds of other students, simply
curious to see the celebrated visi-
tor, pushed forward against police
lines, the police panicked and start-
ed swinging their sticks indiscrim-
inately, kicked demonstrators and
bystanders alike and left more
than 20 students injured on what
had become a veritable battle-
ground. The students reacted by
organizing a protest strike. The
university appointed three profes-
sors to investigate and their find-
ings put the blame for the incident
squarely on the shoulders of the
police. Premier Eshkol appointed
an official Inquiry Committee,
which has not yet published its.
findings. But testimonies in the
public hearings largely substan-
tiated most of the accusations.
It was in this atmosphere that
papers published a complaint by
a 16-year-old high school student
that he was severely beaten up by
four officers of the Tel-Aviv mo•
als squad. According to his testi-
mony, he was escorting home his
girl friend, at night, accompanied
by two classmates. Suddenly they
were pounced upon by four men
in civilian clothes, who mistook
the youngsters for prostitutes and
their clients. Three of the group
escaped (one of them rushed to
call the police assuming that the
attackers were criminals), but
the fourth was dragged, amidst
kicks and boxes, to a police van.
He later said that the beatings
continued in the car and even in
the police station, where he was
. 9tiRAZ
held overnight.
After preliminary hearings, the
inspector general of the police
decided to start disciplinary court
proceedings against the four of-.
Classmates of the student fully
substantiated their friend's com-
plaint, while the accused police-
men .claimed that they used only
necessary force to restrain the
youngster who resisted arrest.
Israeli papers are flooded by
letters of complaint against the
police. Most of them obviously
come from crackpots and crooks
( often giving non-existing street
come from crackpots and crooks
still, police behavior may possibly
be a more serious problem than
most Israelis suspected.

Charge of Police Brutality in Israel


In Chernowitz, too, Jews are
barred from institutions of higher
learning, no matter how capable
they are, the travelers said. Anti-
Jewish manifestation in public
places go unpunished, they added.
There are 70,000 Jews in Cherno-
Soviet Ship Master in Montreal
Gets Appeal on Behalf of Jews

Syrian Troops Fire Twice in 24 Hours;

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