A Wealth of Ancient Judaic Art Described
in Dr. Bernard Goldman's 'Sacred Portal'
Prof. Bernard Goldman of the
Wayne State University art history
department presents a most im-
portant account of recent discov-
eries of ancient Israeli synagogue
mosaics in his book, "The Sacred
Portal—A Primary Symbol in An-
cient Judaic Art," published by
It is the Beth Alpha synagogue's
mosaic floor, which has become
an object for deep study, that
plays the major role in Dr. Gold-
man's analysis in this book,
published with financial assis-
tance from the Schaver WS'U
Publications Fund for Jewish
Studies and with aid in research
from the WSU graduate division
and the American Council of
Illustrated with 33 descrip-
tive figures and a series of 60
valuable photographs that ap-
pear at the end of the book, Dr.
Goldman's study deals in con-
siderable detail with the field
of Near Eastern art and de-
scribes the focal points of the
Beth Alpha synagogue which
dates back 1,500 years and
which was located in the lower
Referring to the . descriptive
works of Prof. Erwin Goodenough,
outlining in explanation of the
excavations the findings of murals
in the Dura-Europa synagogue, the
author throws much light on the
art, the literature and the monu-
ments of Jews of that early period.
Because "fragmentary remains
we have of Judaic art before the
opening of the Christian Era are
shrouded in anonymity," Dr. Gold.
man points out, "we must wait
until the 6th Century to meet in
ancient Palestine the name of a
Jewish artist connected with a
well-preserved and major exam-
ple of his work." In the mosaic
floor of the Beth Alpha synagogue
was found this attribution in
Greek: "May the craftsmen who
carried out this work, Marianos
and his son 'Janina, be held in
remembrance." Among the repro-
duced Beth Alpha photographs is
one with this . inscription.
The author therefore devotes
himself to an explanation of the
works of Marianos and Hanina and
the long chapter devoted to them
deals with the art of Christians
and Jews, with Jewish attitudes
and trends, indicating that "Jew-
ish and Christian artists were not
hermetically sealed within their
separate religious environments,
so that the carrying of composi-
tions, symbols and subjects from
one context to the other may have
come about not only by copying,
but also by very intimate connec-
tions between artist and patron
across religious lines."
The interesting conclusion Dr.
Goldman reaches is: "If this is
so, then we have a long way
toward understanding the some-
times shocking use of pagan
motives in Jewish art, toward
explaining why and how the art
of Jewish communities in an-
cient Palestine and the lands of
the dispersion assumed the
forms it did. For, although the
zodiac made by Marianos and
Car Crash and Field
in New WSU Press Book
The issue revolving around auto-
mobile safety finds powerful echo
in an important book just issued
by Wayne State University Press.
"Eighth Stapp Car Crash and
Field Demonstration Conference,"
which was conducted by the Bio-
mechanics Research Center of
Wayne State University, heard im-
portant papers by experts. Their
talks were extensively illustrated.
Both talks and illustrations, con-
tributing towards car safety, were
selected and edited by Lawrence
The essays, addresses, com-
ments, charts and illuminating,
photographic material were splen-
didly correlated. Noted authorities
are among the participants in this
Hanina is not a stranger to
Judaism, it is initially surpris-
ing to find that the design and
format are Roman mosaics of
the zodiac with Helios and the
The study of symbolism leads
Dr. Goldman to explain the Akedah
—the Sacrifice of Abraham and
the Binding of Isaac. Midrashic
sources are resorted to and the
reader finds in this work explana-
tory notes on the Midrash (from
the root darash — to examine),
the Talmud and other references.
Describing the sources of style
of the two Beth Alpha artists, Dr.
"Marianos and Hanina clearly
stand closer to the Oriental art
tradition than do many of their
Israeli 'Fool's Tax'
W ools overnment;
Ups State Income
Technion Students Study
the 'Real' American Jew
HAIFA—Many of the myths and
fellow Jewish artists who follow
the realistic illusionism of the
TEL AVIV—According to Israeli
West . . . The mosaic offers a fresh
artistic expression in which the law, citizens of the country have
technical subtleness of the West only one legal outlet for their
is tempered by Oriental directness gambling instincts — Mifaal Ha-
of expression, in which Western payis, or the state lottery, now a
variety and humanism are modi- $1,000,000-a-week business, the
fied by the conceptual patterning profits of which pay for public
of the Orient. Naturalism and for- welfare projects.
mulism are wedded to produce
Nobody really likes to pay taxes,
a tense, dramatic style . . . "
but most of the citizens (weekly
This work is richly annotated. issue is up to 1,000,000) seem will-
There is a section of notes in addi- ing to pay a $1 "fool's tax," to
tion to many explanatory com- face odds of 3,000,000 to one for
ments on the bottom of numerous a chance at prizes which range
pages. It is the result of a serious from small sums to the grand
study, of expert evaluation of find- prize of $16,666.
ings in an important excavation
The lottery, run by local gov-
which .added to historic values
ernment authorities rather than
provided by archaeology.
by the central government, has
become an important source of
revenue for public projects.
Prizes take about 60 per cent of
the receipts, and less than 10
per cent goes to cover agents'
fees, overhead and publicity.
About one-third of the gross re-
ceipts thus constitute clear profit.
Net profit for the current year
stands at more than $13,333,000.
The know-how accumulated by
Mifaal Hapayis also plays a part
in Israel's foreign aid program.
Along with technological aid to
developing countries, Israel has so
far helped eight African countries
to establish national lotteries of
popular misconceptions surround-
ing the American Jewish com-
munity are being shattered in a
course entitled "American Jewry"
now being taught at the Technion,
Israel Institute of Technology.
"The image of America as an
inexhaustible source of funds,
streaming out of a community
wallowing in material comfort to
the exclusions of all else, is what
we are seeking to destroy" states
Rabbi Sheldon Lilker who teaches
the course which currently has 150
students enrolled. He contends that
there are "dangerous" gaps in
Israeli knowledge of American
Johnson Gets AJCommittee Medal
1 block South of 7
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
12—Friday, June 3, 1966
The Community Is Invited
To The Inaugural Event
President Johnson accepts the American Liberties Medallion
from American Jewish Committee President Morris Abram at the Com-
mittee's 60th anniversary annual meeting in Washington, D.C. "Corn-
ing from a group such as yours, which has made the path of freedom
easier to travel for all of its fellow citizens, this award means
just a little more for this kind of man," the President said.
Ambassador Stresses 'Mutual Aid'
From U.S. Assistance to Israel
Before an audience of 350
guests and friends of Julius and
Alice Rotenberg Sunday evening,
Ambassador James Roosevelt out-
lined the mutual benefits derived
from United States aid to the
State of Israel.
"The results of the experiments
in the area of desalinization, hy-
droponics and the social sciences
will revolutionize not only the
economy of the young state of Is-
It is anticipated that the Theo-
: logical Seminary Chachmey Lub-
lin, closed by the Nazis in Lublin,
will be recreated in this
village and will stand as a spiritual
memorial to the martyred Jews of
Norman Allan, general chairman,
introduced Morris Brandwine as
Greetings from the mayor of
Detroit were brought by Com-
ptroller Richard Strichartz. The
invocation was delivered by Rab-
bi Joel Litke of Cong. Gemiluth
Chassodim. The musical selec-
tions were rendered by. Cantors
Hyman J. Adler of Bnai a- vid
and Shabtai Ackerman of meth
Abraham, assisted by Mrs. Nor-
man Allan at the piano.
rael; the mighty United States
will have much to learn as well.
In extending various forms of aid
to that young democracy in the
Near East, America is investing
in her own future as well," the
ambassador to Israel stated.
A keys-to-the-city presentation
inaugurating Kfar Rotenberg, a
Allan stated that construction
new village to be established near should begin within the next two
Haifa in honor of the Rotenbergs, years and that between five and
was conducted by Mrs. Morris L. eight years will be needed until
Schaver. Milton Rotenberg accept- the project is completed.
Akiva Hebrew Day School"
Monday Evening, June 6, 1 96 6
_ Half after Eight o'clock
Dorchester Community House
Somerset Park, Troy, Michigan
Dr. Marvin Fox
Professor of Philosophy,
Ohio State University
"Faith and Learning"
342-9 1 19
For Reservations, Phone:
Woodward Ave. to Maple Road (15 Mile Rd.)
Turn right to Coolidge (1 1/4 miles)
Left on Coolidge
Follow signs: .
Somerset Park Apartments
Models and Club House
ed a plaque on behalf of his par-
Louis E. Levit.an, director of
the Bonds for the State of Israel
office in Detroit and co-chairman
of the event, introduced Roose-
Rabbi Samuel H. Prero, presi-
dent of the Young Israel Council
and spiritual leader of North-
west Young Israel, announced
the participation of the national
Young Israel movement in the
housing project related to the
He outlined the threefold obj-
ectives to be incorporated in the
new village plans: construction of
500 residential units, an elemen-
tary and secondary school and the
creation of light industrial enter-
prises under the AID (Aid for In-
dustrial Development) program of
the American government.
Mr. and Mrs. Julius Rotenberg accept 'keys to the city' to the future village to be known as
Kfar Rotenberg at the Inaugural dinner at the Statler-Hilton Hotel in the presence of (left to
right) Morris J. Brandwine, dinner chairman, Mrs. Morris L. Schaver who made the presentation,
Mr. and Mrs. Rotenberg, Milton Rotenberg, Rabbi Samuel H. Prero, co-chairman and Ambassador
James Roosevelt, guest speaker. The general chairman of the event was Mr. Norman Allan.