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May 27, 1966 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1966-05-27

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

13-G Condemns Eshkol on Pact U.S. Decision
IWith Bonn; Ki lesset Backs It Greeted in Israel

JERUSALEM (JTA) — A state-
ment by Prime Minister Levi Esh-
kol on the agreement with the West
German government for a $40,000,-
000 loan to Israel this year was
approved by the Israel Parliament,
despite a bitter attack by ex-Pre-
mier David Ben-Gurion.
Ben-Gurion said that "the gov-
ernment of Israel. has humiliated
itself" in accepting the loan. The
sum obtained, he contended, is
smaller than the amount previously
agreed upon, and "the entire man-
ner in which the negotiations were
conducted has been shameful."

Sen. Dodd Attacks
Viet Peace Pleas
in UAHC Journal

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

.

WASHINGTON — Sen. Thomas
J. Dodd, a member of the Senate
subcommittee on internal security,
in a Senate speech Tuesday de-
nounced appeals for Vietnamese
peace by the Union of American
Hebrew Congregations as reflective
of a "vociferous minority" and
allegedly not representative of
Jewish opinion in the United
States.
The Connecticut Democrat cited
a featured article by Albert Vor-
span in American Judaism, the
UAHC official periodical, that said
"Jews are traditionally fighters for
peace" and that "Vietnam is not
comparable to Munich and Hitler."
Sen. Dodd deplored the position
of Reform Judaism, as voiced by
Vorspan, and said such thinking
"has since been criticized by many
Jewish leaders who are interested
in making it clear that this state-
ment does not represent their
view."
For what he saw as a more
typical and "perceptive" Jewish
view of Vietnam, Sen. Dodd re-
ferred to an article in the "Jew-
ish Veteran" by JWV National
Executive Director Monroe R.
Sheinberg. Sheinberg, speaking
for the JWV, attacked the Vors-
pan position and justified the
"morality of our current com-
mitment" in Vietnam.
The Senator introduced into the
Senate speech the entire text of
the JWV pro-war stand.
Sen. Dodd alleged that the bulk
of religious sentiment—Jewish as
well as Catholic and Protestant—
endorsed the War.
The Senator especially singled
out for criticism a statement in
the American Judaism article that
"immorality of American Actions
in Vietnam arises from our pecu-
liarly American brand of obses-
sive anticommunism."

-Two-Way Traffic

]

JERUSALEM (ZINS) — A num-
ber of Israelis in the United States
who have become naturalized
American citizens have recently
applied for renewal of their former
citizenship, according to a report
in the Israeli press. It is asserted
that the ministry of the interior
rejected the application of the
c'Yordim," even though they ex-
pressed their willingness to serve
in the Israeli army.
It seems, the press further com-
ments, that, these "Yordim" wish
to have their Israeli citizenship
restored in order to avoid being
drafted into the U.S. army during
the Vietnam War.
*
*
HAIFA (ZINS) — More than
200 emigrants left Israel last week
to return to their former countries,
of residence, according to a report
by the Ha'aretz. A majority of the
immigrants, including 36 children
and youths, are returning to Brazil,
Argentina and Uruguay.
In answer to the inquiries of
the reporter as to their reasons
for leaving, some replied: We
came to Israel with funds which
would have been quite sufficient
for a settler in Latin America,
but over here it is not even enough
for the very "first steps."

The only reason for signing the
pact with West Germany on the
terms accepted by Eshkol, he said,
was "Eshkol's desire to bolster
the failing strength of his govern-
ment."
"This," he went on to say, "is
further proof that Eshkol is un-
fit to be prime minister." He .
revealed formally for the first
time that Dr. Konrad Adenauer,
when he was chancellor of West
Germany, had pledged in 1960
to lend Israel $500,000,000.
That pledge, said Ben-Gurion,
was given to him by Dr. Adenauer
when they conferred six years ago
at the Waldorf-Astoria in New
York. He said the money was to
have been used for development
in the Negev desert.
Ben-Gurion's criticisms were
taken up by other members of the
Knesset, including Y. Hazan, of
Mapam, and Z. Tsui., of Ahdut
Avodah, both . representatives of
parties in the present government's
coalition.
Both attacked the manner in
which the economic aid talks were
conducted with West Germany,
and Hazan proposed that no fur-
ther loans be accepted from the
Bonn government. Agudath Israel
also joined in attacking Eshkol
over the economic aid pact.
Replying, Eshkol told the house
that the terms of the German loan
are favorable and constitute "the
first link in a chain of future
financial relations" with the Bonn
government.
Conceding the correctness of
Ben - Gurion's report about the
agreement with Dr. Adenauer,
Eshkol said that the terms stated
by the former Bonn chancellor
had not been met. It took two
years of negotiations to get the
first installment of a $50,000,000
loan, he stressed.
The prime minister reiterated his
repeated contention that West Ger-
many has a moral obligation to aid
Israel. He referred to the manner
in which he had told Dr. Adenauer
here two weeks ago of Germany's
moral obligation, but declared that
"inexact German translation" of
his remarks made his comment
appear "much sharper" than he
had intended.
As part of his report to the Knes-
set, Eshkol also mentioned the
agreement announced last week for
Israel's purchase of Skyhawk light
bombers from the United States.
These planes, he said, will "com-
plement vitally the array of
weapons possessed by Israel's air
force." "The security situation vis-
a-vis our neighbors," he added,
"has not been worsened by as
much as one grain of sand."
* * 5:

JERUSALEM (JTA) — The of-
ficial announcement of the United
States agreement to sell Israel
some tactical jet bombers was
greeted here with deep satisfaction
and gratification. In a brief state-
ment, the Israel government said
it considered the transaction a
positive step toward maintenance
of stability in the Middle East. The
agreement provides the first United
States supply of military aircraft
to Israel. Competent observers here
stressed that the agreement and
the official announcement of the
pact were proof of the clear and
concrete intentions of the United
States to preserve the balance of
power in the Middle East as the
key to regional peace.
Sources here said that the de-
cision for the sale was made per-
sonally by President Johnson
during a meeting with Foreign
Minister Abba Eban in Washing-
ton last February. Eban also met
with Defense Secretary Robert
McNamara. One of the conditions
which the United States attached
to the transaction was a pledge of
strict secrecy on the part of Israel
to..prevent American involvements.
At the weekly meeting of Israel's
Cabinet, Eban reported about the
steps leading to the plane agree-
ment with Washington. He said
the negotiations for U.S. sale of
the jet bombers to Israel were first
begun by Prime Minister Levi
Eshkol, when he visited Washing-
ton in 1964. The talks, he said,
were continued by Mrs, Golda
Meir, Israel's ex-Foreign Minister,
then by Israel's deputy Minister of
Defense, Shimon Peres, and by
President Johnson's Ambassador-
at-large, Averell Harriman. The
negotiations were furthered by Is-
rael's Ambassador to Washington,
Ayraham Harman, and clinched by
himself when he visited Washing-
ton in February of this year.
The foreign minister denied
there were any conditions attached
to. the agreement with the United
States government except those re-
quired by U.S. law, requiring Is-
rael not to use the planes for
attack purposes but only for de-
fense. The agreement, he reported,
specified the manner of Israel's
payments for the aircraft and pro-
hibits the resale of the planes by
Israel without prior approval by
the United States.

El Fatah Terrorists
Reported China-Trained

ISTANBUL (ZINS) — The
Lebanese radio announced here
that the El Fatah terrorist bands
which are raiding Israel are under-
going military training in China.
The El Fatah members are in-
Israel Didn't Win
structed by specialists in terror
guerilla warfare. China also
Bonn Talks Le Monde and
supplies the terrorists with am-
PARIS (ZINS) — In a leading munition.
article, the noted French paper Le
Monde writes that "Israel has lost
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
its battle with Bonn for long-term
Friday, May 27, 1966-3
economic aid." Israel will be
forced to negotiate yearly for the
renewal of such aid. "The Israeli
war of nerves lasting over a year
failed to attain its objective," the
paper states.

U.S. Gives $5,000,000 in Loans to Aid
Bar-Ilan U. and Weizmann Institute

John A. Schnittker, assistant sec-
retary of agriculture, wrote the

WASHINGTON (JTA) — Two
Israeli educational institutions will
receive long-term, low-interest
loans totaling $5,000,000 under
terms of an agreement approved
by the U. S. Senate Agricultural
Committee.
The W e i z m a n n Institute of
Science at Rehovot will get
$4,000,000 worth of Israeli pounds
while Bar-Ilan University, in Ra-
mat Gan, will receive $1,000,000
worth of Israeli pounds. The loans
are for 20 years at two per cent
interest. Under the American
policy of surplus commodity sales,
the Senate and House agricultural
committees pass on loans from
counterpart funds generated in
payment.

Senate that at the end of last year,
the United States owned 78,300,000
Israeli pounds and that an addi-
tional 50,000,000 pounds and
7,000,000 pounds interest would be
received in repayment and interest
this year.
The U. S. Treasury sold 40,800,-
000 Israeli pounds for dollars in
the last fiscal year. The proposed
loans would be repaid in dollars
including interest.

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Sabbatarians Win
as Civil Service
Exam Bill Passed

ALBANY, N.Y. (JTA)—A bill
providing that Sabbath observers
or those who observe a religious
holiday need not take civil service
examinations that conflict with
their religious practices was pass-
ed finally by the New York State
Legislature. The measure has been
forwarded to Gov. Rockefeller for
his signature.
It provides that Jews. Seventh
Day Adventists, Seventh Day Bap-
tists, or others whose religious
practices forbid taking examina-
tions on certain days, be per-
mitted to "take such examinations
on some other, mutually con-
venient day without any additional
fee or penalty."
Until now, the sponsors told the
legislature, the New York City
Municipal Civil Service Commis-
sion discriminated against Sab-
batarians when examinations were
scheduled on Saturdays.
The sponsors of the legislation
pointed out that federal law and
U.S. civil service regulations al-
ready provide relief for applicants
taking federal examination on re-
ligions holidays.

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Israelis Cross Border
by Mistake; Arabs Fire

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

TEL AVIV — An army
spokesman confirmed that an Is-
raeli platoon on maneuvers in the
south had crossed the Jordanian
border by mistake.
The spokesman said that the
Jordanians opened fire on the
platoon which realized its mistake
and withdrew back into Israel
without returning the Jordanian
fire and without suffering any
casualties.
The Israeli representative on
the Israel-Jordan Mixed Armistice
Commission informed the Jordan-
ians of the platoon's error. Never-
theless, the Jordanian radio an-
nounced that Israeli forces tried
to blast a Jordanian police station
but retreated without doing so
after an exchange of fire.

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