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May 27, 1966 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1966-05-27

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

at

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On this solemn day, the Detroit Jewish community will pay tribute to our honored dead . . . In our observance
of Memorial Day, we pay respect to our heroes who contributed nobly to the protection of our precious freedoms

(List of Detroit Memorial Day Services in story on Page 6)

Role of the
Jewish Press

JNF's Deserved
Tribute to
Simons

Editorial
Page 4

Vol.

XLIX, No. 14

THE JEWISH NEWS

CD 'TR 01 'V

A Weekly Review

MICHIGA N

of Jewish Events

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

May 27, 1966-17100 W. 7 Mile Rd.—Detroit 48235—VE 8-9364

State Department
Confuses
Middle East
Problems
*

Austrian
Anti-Semitism

Commentary
Page 2

.QP's $6.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c

Arab 'Liberation' Group Claims
It Gets Communist C inese Aid

German City Ordered to Permit
Conclave of Neo-Nazi Rightists;
Israel Society Formed in Berlin

BONN (JTA) — The city of Karlsruhe has been forbidden by a
local court to interfere with plans of the National Democratic Party to
hold its national congress in that city, scheduled to be conducted there
June 17 to 19.
Under the court order, the city will be obligated not only to permit
the convening of the NDP congress, but also to designate a site for the
conclave. The NDP is a fusion of various right-wing political parties,
including some outright anti-Semitic and neo-Nazi groupings.
Karlsruhe's municipality has forbidden the holding of the NDP con-
gress, and the lower court's ruling in favor of the party is being appealed
to a higher court. However, there is doubt whether the higher court will
support the city, since the NDP is a legally established party. The NDP
has scored significant successes throughout Germany in recent municipal
and state elections.
Asher Ben-Nathan, Israel's first ambassador to West Germany, told
the founding meeting of the German-Israel Society in West Berlin last
weekend that there were still persons in Germany who had learned
nothing and who were hostile to anything relating to Israel.
He told - the 2,000 persons present in the Hall of the Academy of Art
that he was pleased at the opportunity to speak amid a large number of
friends and people who themselves had suffered at the hands of the
Nazis. He said there were Germans whom one could not forgive but that
there were others who had done nothing and should not be subject to
blame.
Dr. Heinrich Grueber, a long-time foe of the Nazis, was named
honorary president of the society. The president is Dr. Gerhard Jahn, a
Social Democratic member of the Bundestag, the West German lower
house of Parliament. The society board includes former Chancellor
Konrad Adenauer; Dr. Eugen Gerstenmair, president of the Bundestag;
Dr. Carlo Schmidt, vice-president of the Bundestag; Munich Mayor Hans
Fogel and other West German leaders. One of the vice presidents is
Ernst Bender, who initiated the successful effort to extend the deadline
for prosecution of Nazi war criminals last year.

LONDON (JTA) — The Palestine Liberation Organization, the group formed by
the Arab League to conduct war against Israel, is receiving arms and training from
Communist China, according to a statement by Ahmed Shukairy, chairman of the Pale-
stine Liberation Organization. •
Shukairy said in a speech delivered May 21 in Gaza, which is under Egyptian
jurisdiction, that Communist China is sending arms into the "Arab world for use
against Israel." He added that "some Palestinians are receiving military training in
China." The "Palestinians" of whom Shukairy spoke are presumably Arab refugees
housed in camps on Israel's borders by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency.
Dispatches from Cairo also said that Egypt may turn to China for aid in develop-
ment of nuclear capability and in general help toward fighting Israel. Communist
sources in the Egyptian capital were reported here to have said that Egypt's President
Nasser would raise the question when Communist China's Premier Chou En-lai visits
Cairo next month.
WASHINGTON (JTA)—Large-scale Soviet arms sales to Egypt and Syria—Israel's
most dangerous neighbors — had convinced the United States that, to leave Israel with-
out adequate defenses would tend to encourage the Arab neighboring states to start
a "second round" against the Jewish State. This was considered here the motive behind
the announcement last weekend of an agreement by the United States to sell "tacti-
cal" military aircraft to Israel.
Robert McCloskey, State Department spokesman, did not specify the model or
number of planes to be provided to Israel. However the planes are identified as
older models of the A-4 Skyhawk, a mainstay of the U.S. Navy's carrier striking force
in Vietnam. It is believed that attack bombers capable of striking at Arab bases would
provide a needed deterrent against use by the Arab rulers of the advanced Russian
MIG-21's being supplied by Moscow to Egypt and Syria.
Recalling the general U.S. "restraint" concerning military equipment supply to
the Middle East, McCloskey told reporters of the "continued, massive Soviet sales of
arms to certain countries in the Middle East, which have tended to intensify the arms
imbalance." He added that there was no connection between the sale of the jet craft to
Israel and similar sales to Jordan and Saudia Arabia.
McCloskey said that the Israeli transaction grew out of legitimate defense needs of
Israel. He said that the conditions governing the sale to Israel were the usual commit-
ment under United States laws pertaining to assurances that arms will not be used ag-
gressively or transferred to a third party. (Related story, Page 3.)

Arms Race Problems Reach Critical Stage

Israel to Get U.S. Jet Bombers; Controls May Stymie Defenses

Special to The Jewish News
WASHINGTON, D. C. — Behind-the-scenes negotiations to secure American
military aid for Israel resulted in a "concession" to Israel in the form of a sale of old
models of A-4 Skyhawks, described as "tactical" jet bombers. The agreement for this
sale was reached in February but was not made known until the end of last week.
Because this is the first time that strictly offensive weapons are being provided
by this country to Israel, it brought prompt protests from Arab sources. It also explained
why the Israelis looked askance at Congressional protests against the sale of fighter
interceptors to Jordan and supersonic fighters to Saudi Arabia. While members of
Congress were resenting the extended supply of arms to Arab states by the United
States and Great Britain, the Israeli embassies were silent. The new American move
to provide some jet bombers to Israel is explained as an effort to avoid imbalance and
as the reason for the Israelis' restraint and refusal to join in the protests.
Although Israel has scored a diplomatic victory by the acquisition of limited
American military aid, the State Department continues to place emphasis on its insistence
that there should be international inspection of all nuclear experimentations. A
statement in the KneSset last week by Israel's Prime Minister Levi Eshkol that Israel
does not have atomic arms and will not be the first to introduce them in he Middle
East nevertheless brought comment from Robert McCloskey, State Department press
officer, of opposition to nuclear proliferation, especially in the Near East. McCloskey
commented: "If anyone should advance a plan offering a potential for avoiding the
spread of nuclear weapons to the Middle East, we would be interested in studying it."
He was not alone in such insistence on inspections to prevent proliferation. The
adoption last Thursday by the U. S. Senate of Senate Resolution 179, by a vote of 84 to 0,
calling for "additional efforts by the President which are appropriate and necessary
in the interest of peace for the solution of nuclear proliferous problems," is interpreted
by the State Department as giving it authority to insist, as a condition for U. S. financial
assistance in nuclear desalting, to force Israel to open its nuclear facilities to inter-
national inspection.
The agreement between the U. S. and Israel for supply of American tactical jet
bombers to the latter meanwhile has aroused protests in Arab quarters. Al Ahram of

Cairo, Nasser's mouthpiece, attacked the provision of arms to Israel as a "dangerous
development" and maintained that the sales of tanks and jet bombers to Jordan and of
the joint U..S..- British $400,000,000 sale of anti-aircraft missiles are offered as excuses
for arms aid to Israel. Al Ahram's contention is that these sales have no bearing on
Israel, that the sales to the Arabs were intended to counterbalance the Soviet supply
of arms to the. United Arab Republic.
In the face of the new critical stage in the arms proliferation in the Middle East,
the State Department remained hopeful that grave consequences will be avoided. A
State Department communique on the arrangements for the sale of jets to Israel
declared: "This decision reflects our due regard for security in the Near East, our wish
to avoid arms imbalance that would jeopardize area stability and our general restraint
as to military equipment supplied to that area."
It is clear, nevertheless, that the new developments have created another serious
crisis in the Middle East revolving around the urgent need to assure Israel's security.
In his speech in the Knesset in which he gave asurance that Israel does not have
the atomic bomb, Premier Eshkol had commented on UAR President Nasser's threat
that he would start a preventive war against Israel and begin developing nuclear arms
"because Israel does." Eshkol denounced Nasser for "attempts to deceive the world
and divert attention from the perils of existing aggressive arms in the region by drawing
attention to nuclear weapons which do not exist in our region and in whose existence
in our region we are not interested."
Premier Eshkol then described how every type of modern weapon had been
first introduced by Egypt with Israel compelled to follow suit later. He charged that
Nasser "alleges that Israel is forcing an arms race on him but he himself systematically
rejects every proposal for disarmament, arms limitation or treaty non-agression." He
proposed a joint call by the major powers for abstention from the use of force for
the solution of disputes. He told the Parliament that a joint statement of policy of
absolute determination to respect the independence and territorial integrity in the
area would be a "signal contribution" to peace. He also urged regional disarmament
or at least regional limitation of armaments in the Middle East to be reciprocally
supervised.

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