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May 20, 1966 - Image 15

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1966-05-20

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Three Popes from the Ghetto Delineated by Joachim Prinz

Dr. Joachim Prinz was moved,
It led him to a study of the
even before coming here from Ger- Vatican and of the popes and the
many more than 30 years ago, to result is a book that will surely
delve into the problem of Christians arouse much attention. Dr. Prinz's
who stemmed from Jews, of those "Popes From the Ghetto," publish-
whose parents and grandparents ed by Horizon Press (156' 5th,
had become converts to Christian- NY 10), is subtitled "A View of
ity but whose offspring continued Medieval Christendom."
to be viewed as "non-Aryans" un-
Actually, his story is more about
der Nazi rule. There were those the latter and the popes who stem:
with letter "J" on their passports med from Jews merely emphasize
and he asked the question: "Was the story. Both are, of course,
Jewish fate still inescapable, even strongly- inter-related in this
in the 20th Century?"
splendid account, and it is because
of the review given of the entire
history of the popes in Medieval
times that his book acquires spe-
cial significance.
This is the story of the Pier-
leone family whose ancestor
Baruch and his entire family
accepted all the negations that
went with certain conversion
rules to accept Christianity, with
a view that a member of that
family should one day preside
over the Vatican. It is the story
of Popes Gregory VI, Gregory
Knows His
VII and Anaclet II and of the
related Frangipani family, the
Mountains . • •
noble group whose ancestors
also were Jews.
Dr. Prinz points out: "Within
but a hundred years this family,
CATSKILLS
often despised by the people who
could never forget their Jewish
origin and even by clergymen who
remembered the Jewish Baruch
aid 86.fig Nis
when it served their purposes, con-
CATSKILLS
tributed to the Church three
Popes: Ioannes Gratianus (John
Gratian), who was Gregory VI
(1045-46); Hildebrand, who be-
CATSKILLS
came Gregory VII (1073-85); and
Peter Pierleone, who as Pope
assumed . the name of Anaclet II
CATSKILLS
(1130-38). Their lives were turbu-
lent and difficult, but each of
them made his contribution to the
Oahe. kate2
growth of the Church and the de-
velopment of the Papacy."
CATSKILLS
Dr. Prinz writes about them inter
alia:
"Strangely enough, although the
POCONOS
Pierleone f a m i l y intermarried
(even Baruch is thought to have
married a Frangipane), they still
looked Jewish—"more like a Jew
or Saracen than a Christian" Med-
ieval chroniclers say of all of them,
PHEASANT RUN LODGE
even of Gregory VII, who might
and COUNTRY CLUB
have been related to them only by
(Illinois)
marriage. The weight of the evi-
dence seems, however, to favor
DEER PARK LODGE
a blood relationship. "No doubt,"
(Wisconsin)
says Pietro Fedele, . the great
Italian medievalist who devoted_ his
We handle all details of resort
life to the study of the Pierleone,_
"Hildebrand's mother was a Pier-
reservations; these and many
others.
leone, if we are to believe . the
Annals of Pegau in which Gregory
• We have the right spot for
VII is said to be a nephew on his
singles, marrieds, families and
mother's side of Peter de Leone
senior citizens.
(Petrus Leonis, the grandson of
CALL DI 1-7111
Baruch). But even if these state-
For Information & Reservations
ments in the Annals were not cor-
rect, it would always have great
weight in our assertion that Hilde-
brand had the closest family ties
TRAVEL AGENCY
with the Pierleone. It seems that
18246 WYOMING AVE.
Hildebrand's mother was Bertha.
Closed Sat.—Open Sun. 11-3
Her brother was the abbot of San-

JULES
DONESON

Ptah
Nogg,

A4-TARIENti

JULES DONESON

Roll out of bed and
you're on the
golf course at Kutsher's.

Our golf course is 400 feet away from the main building;

250 feet away from the dining room (but if you want to
play in your pajamas you can't eat in them) and 280 feet'
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Soviet Scientists in Israel

Study Anti-Pest Methods

to Maria on the Avantine. We the Popes are unconvincing. The
TEL AVIV (JTA) — Three So-
know that young Hildebrand lived trickeries do not lend to belief
viet scientists arrived in Israel to
with his uncle, the abbot of this that they had risen above the
monastery, where he was educated low standards of the times of
study local agricultural tech-
and brought up on the monastic their domination. But the nu- niques in combating plant pests.
discipline. The relationship be- merous insults leveled at them as
The three, who conferred imme-
tween Gregory VI (John Gratian) ,Jews show that their background
diately
on their arrival with Agri-
and Hildebrand is well known.
was not forgotten in prejudiced
culture Minister Haim Gvati, are
When Gregory VI went into exile, quarters.
Hildebrand, albeit reluctantly, fol-
The concluding paragraph in Dr. Y. Gussayev of Leningrad;
lowed him to Germany. After Prinz's book states: - "During the Dr. H. Hadihyelly of Georgia, a -
Gregory's death he inherited his reign of Anaclet, a new synagogue woman scientist; and Dr. Tryapit-
fortune; he felt such gratitude for was built in the Ghetto (of Rome) sin of the Soviet Academy of
his master and protector that he on the Via dell 'Atleta where it Sciences.
During their visit here, which
took his name, Gregory, when he can still be seen today. Could it
became Pope. There is no other be that the same Jews who had was first proposed by Gvati in talks
plausible explanation for this in- greeted him so fervently on the with Soviet Ambassador Dimitri
timate relationship between Hilde- day of his coronation at the Palace Chuvakhin, the three scientists
brand and the arch priest of San of Chromatius said the ancient will study particularly biological
Giovanni (John Gratian) than that , prayer El Male Rachamim for him anti-pest methods at the Agricul-
they were related to each other _the Jewish prayer of the dead?" tore Ministry's Plant Protection
. . . It is because they were both This is sensationalizing the story Department.
Pierleone that Hildebrand inherit- ! a bit and fictionalizing the tale
ed John Gratian's fortune. It is . about the three Popes. Neverthe-
for the same reason that Hilde- less, the revelations included in
EVERYBODY
brand's parents attached him to 1 Dr. Prinz's "Popes From The
John Gratian and that he followed Ghetto" are most interesting —
l(thING
the Pope into exile - in 1046."
1 more in reference to the Papacy
is abToAuLt
Much of the avarice, the im- ', itself than to the three Jewish
FABULOUS
morality of the eras during which Pbpes.
the Popes who are described in
this book is part of the Prinz
record. It is difficult to see what
GROSSINGER'S HAS EVERYTHING!
glory there is in the three men
he delineates. They were part of
the schemes and intrigues that
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18 HOLE

STEVENS LE

Weekly Quiz

BY RABBI SAMUEL J.

FOX

(Copyright, 1966, JTA, Inc.)

Why is the cup of wine used
for making benedictions (such as
Kiddush, grace after meals, wed-
dings, etc.) held in a raised posi-
tion?
Amongst other requirements for
such a cup of wine, the Talmud
(Babli, Berakoth, 51a) states that
the cup must be raised from the
ground. Kabbalistic sources require
that the cup be- raised to shoulder
height. Medieval authorities (Rabbi
Jacob, the author of Tur) explain
that this is done so that the pres-
ence of the cup of wine will draw
attention from the people around
him and that they will therefore
pay attention and concentrate upon
it. This serves the purpose of re-
lating the benedictions directly to
the cup of wine. Were the cup of
wine to be left standing on the table,
instead of being held in hand, , it
would not be obvious that the bene-
dictions being pronounced and the
cup of wine were intended to be
related.

MIDWEEK GOLFERS & GROUPS

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*
What is the derivation for the

word "Bible" which is used to
denote the Holy Scriptures?
Daniel (Book of Daniel, 9:2) re-
lates that he . "meditated in the
Books" meaning thereby that he
meditated in the various writings
of the Holy_ Scriptures which were
written on a number of scrolls.
The word which is translated as
"books" in this verse is the He-
brew word "Sefarim" which the
Greek renders as "Biblia." It is
from this expression "Biblia" that
our English term "Bible" comes,
as referring to the -Holy Scriptures.

Herzl's Diaries in Yiddish

Theodor Herzl started writing
his diaries in June, 1895, about
two years before the opening of
the first Zionist Congress in Basle,
Switzerland and concluded his
labors in May, 1904, shortly before
his death. Since then, many edi-
tions and selections have appeared
of these diaries, which ran to six-
teen volumes, all of them consti-
tuting the best source of the rise
and early development of the
Zionist idea movement. Nov the
Zionist Library, issued by the
World Zionist Organization in
Jerusalem, has added a new com-
pendium of Herzl's diaries in Yid-
dish, selected, edited and com-
mented by A. Alperin, managing
editor of the Day-Jewish Journal.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, May 20, 1966-15

Don't make a move!

Big man, you've had a busy day golfing, horseback riding, playing
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Hotel Tel: 914 - 647-6000 •

or Call Your Travel Agent

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