Allied Jewish Drive's Final
Solicitation Week Indicates
Noteworthy Success for '66
With an assurance that the 1966 Allied Jewish Campaign will be
marked by the third highest total ever raised in the 40-year history of
major Jewish community fund-raising, the year's drive will conclude with
the traditional victory dinner, next Wednesday, at the Jewish Center.
Under the chairmanship of Sol Eisenberg and Irwin Green,
solicitations continue, and 3,000 volunteer workers are contacting several
thousand potential givers who have not been reached.
Solicitors are visiting homes and business offices and there is a
telephone solicitation in progress to reach those still unaccounted for as
participants in this year's drive.
(Detailed stories, Page 7 . . . Editorial, Page 4)
Raised Anew . .
HE JEWISH NE
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A Weekly Review
Leading to Panic
iMIC HIGA N
f Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
Vol. XL IX, No. 10
April 29, 1966
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd.—Detroit 48235—Ve 8-9364
$6.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c
Resumed German Economic Talks
(Direct JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News)
Local Commerce Board Acts
on Arab League Boycott
Greater Detroit Board of Commerce this week adopted a
resolution "opposing restrictive trade practices and boycotts
imposed or fostered by foreign states against other foreign
states friendly to the United States," and thereby gave strong
endorsement to Congressional action opposing such boycotts.
The adopted resolution specifically mentions Israel, and
the movement that has been initiated against the Jewish state
by the Arab League.
Prepared by Norman Birnkrant, well-known Detroit
attorney who is the Austrian consul here, the resolution
received strong approval, disapproving "restrictive trade
practices or- boycotts imposed or fostered by any country
against any other foreign country friendly to the U.S."
The complete text of the resolution, as prepared by Birn-
krant and adopted by Greater Detroit Board of Commerce
WHEREAS, it is the avowed policy of the United States, as expressed
in Public Law 89-63 which was signed by the President of the United
States on June 30, 1965, A) to oppose restrictive trade practices or
boycotts fostered or imposed by foreign countries against countries
friendly to the United States, and B) to encourage and request domestic
concerns engaged in export of articles, materials, supplies, or informa-
tion, to refuse to take any action, including the furnishing of informa-
tion or the signing of agreements which have the effect of furthering
9r supporting the restrictive trade practices or boycotts f • -,tered or
imposed by any foreign country against another forel,,n country,
friendly to the United States; and
WHEREAS, on October '7, 1965, regulations promulgated by Secretary
of Commerce, John T. Connor, to implement the provisions of PL 89-63
went into effect; and
WHEREAS, on June 22, 1965, a resolution was adopted by the Detroit
Common Council that the State of Israel is one of the United States'
staunchest and firmest friends in the Near East; and that the State of
Israel is a bastion of democracy in the Near East, and is dependent on
commerce and industry to continue its growth and survival; and,
it was RESOLVED in the said Resolution of the Detroit Common
(Continued on Page 3)
BONN—Dr. Rolf Lahr, head of the West German delegation to the Israeli-West German
economic aid talks, said Tuesday he was optimistic that the talks,- which were resumed here
Wednesday, would "end in a positive manner."
Predicting that the second round of the talks would not be protracted, Dr. Lahr, who
is also state secretary in the West German g overnment, said that the previous talks "were
in the direction of a satisfactory conclusion and they were more difficult than those to be
held now." -
Dr. Lahr, who attended the Israel Inde pendence Day celebration at Bad Godesburg,
declared that an agreement on West German economic aid to Israel could be completed
"immediately after we place our offers on the table." He was asked by a Jewish Telegraphic
Agency - correspondent whether Arab views were involved in the schedule for the talks and
replied that the negotiations were between Israel and West Germany and "Arab desires"
had nothing to do with the issue.
The debate over whether the then-Chancellor Konrad Adenauer promised the then-
Premier David Ben-Gurion the sum of $500,000,000 in such aid at a 1960 New York meeting
also came up in Dr. Lahr's comments. He said the differences on that matter "also had a good
side" because it had shown that Israel and West German views were very similar.
However, Chancellor Ludwig Erhard twice denied this week that Dr. Adenauer had made such a
promise. He said-in Bonn that Dr. Adenauer had only expressed support for the principle -of WeSt German
aid but that no sum had been mentioned in the New York meeting. On - Monday, the chancellor reiterated
at a press conference in West Berlin that the Federal Republic was willing to -help Israel but that Dr.
Adenauer had not made a proposal to Ben-Gurion for a specific sum.
Foreign ministry sources stressed that Premier Levi Eshkol's statement on the $500,000,000 matter in
his recent interview in Bamahaneh, the Israel army publication, which led to Erhard's denial, did not
change anything of the known Israeli stand on the matter. -
Israeli sources said that Israel always -held the view that Adenauer promised the $500,000,000 loan
and cited as proof annual payments of $50,000,000 made by West Germany -to Israel in the past.
The Israeli sources said that while the Israeli delegation would do its utmost to obtain implementation
of Adenauer's reported promise "it would not pull the rope too tight" and that government directives to the
delegation for the second round included a "certain elasticity."
Israeli political sources expressed optimism about the fin-al outcome of the talks, and many observers
even expressed hopes that the talks would be completed before Adenauer's arrival in Israel on May 2.
Dr. Rolf Pauls, West Germany's Ambassador to Israel, protested orally to Foreign Minister Abba Eban
against the report.
Israeli Author Defends Pope Pius XII, Claims
Pontiff Rescued 860,000 Jews in World War II
NEW YOFK (JTA)—"Quiet wartime efforts" by the late Pope Pius XII
,ulted in the saving of 860,000 Jews from the Hitler annihilation program, a former
consul in Milan claims, according to a Jerusalem dispatch published by the
New York Times. The former Israeli diplomat, Pinhas Lapide, has written a book
to be published soon in Holland. He was quoted as saying that his work is primarily
a reply to Rolf Hochhuth, the German playwright, whose drama, "The Deputy,"
accused Pope Pius of having condoned Hitler's anti-Jewish actions through silence.
"I have waited for the Vatican to stand up and say what it did," the author said
in Jerusalem. "Apparently, it doesn't know the results of the Pope's repeated
interventions." He said that Catholic clergymen in many countries, encouraged by
quiet papal messages, had saved many hundreds of thousands of Jews. Lapide stated
that, after the papal nuncio in Germany had intervened with Hitler himself against
the deportation of Jews, and found Hitler angrily rejecting the nuncio's pleas, Pope
Pius had decided that a public pronouncement on the issue would only aggravate
the Jewish situation.
(In "Pius XII and the Third Reich," to be . published May 17 by Knopf, Saul
Friedlaender presents data, based on German Foreign Office documents, reaffirming
the charges in "The Deputy" and indicating that Pope Pius XII hesitated to speak
out in defense of Jews, against the Nazi atrocities, and even was mild in his protest
when Poland was invaded. Friedlaender's book, to be reviewed in The Jewish News
on May 13, depicts Pope Pius XII as Germanophile and having been motivated by
much that he did because of his hope that Germany would emerge victorious over
Lapides' contention is that Yad Washem files in Jerusalem uphold his claims.
He maintains in his book that the Pope had sent nuncios to several countries to
intercede in behalf of Jews who were condemned to death by the Nazis. He writes
that the Pope sent his nuncio to visit Hitler -at Berchtesgaden to plead in behalf of
the Jews and that the interview ended with Hitler smashing a glass. He states that
other first-hand accounts of Hitler's reaction convinced Pius XII that public pronounce-
ments would have sealed the fate of the Jews.
(The latter claim appears in "The Deputy" and in Friedlaender's book, but without
affirming strong action by the Pope who merely defended his position with the
admonition that if he were to speak out, the Jews' lot would be even worse.)
ADL-Financed Study Shows
Christian Teachings Still
NEW YORK (JTA)=Christian teachings which played "a crucial historical--role
in the rise of anti-Semitism" continue "to reinforce and foster" anti-Jewish prejudice
in \ the United States despite an increasing spirit of good will between the faiths and a
willingness on the part of most American churchmen "to take action to combat anti-
This was the major finding of a sociological study, "Christian Beliefs and Anti-
Semitism," conducted by the University of California Survey Research Center under
a $500,000 grant from the Anti-Defamation League of Bnai Brith. The study, based
on five years of research into all aspects of anti-Semitism in American life, was
carried out by Charles Y. Glock, director of the Research Center, and Rodney Stark,
a research sociologist at the University of California.
The study reveals that at least one-fourth of those in the United States with
anti-Semitic attitudes "have a religious basis for their prejudice while nearly another
fifth have this religious basis in considerable part," that "only 5 percent of
Americans with anti-Semitic views lack- all rudiments of a religious basis for
The sociologists refute the "comfortable and complacent view" that anti-Semitism
is no longer a real problem in the United States. Declaring that "there are no grounds
for complacency, and especially none for churches," they call for "a systematic re-
appraisal of Christian education, both as it teaches its history and doctrines and in
the way it deals with the question of anti-Semitism as such."
(See Commentary, Page 2)
The study is based on a three-hour questionnaire which was answered by 2,326
Protestants in 97 congregations and by 545 Catholics in 21 parishes, all in four
counties in and around San Francisco. The study was then tested against a sample
of 1,976 interviews representative of the entire population of the United States.
In the California counties, 3.3 per cent of the Protestants and 29 per cent of the
Catholics queried "scored high and medium high" in their anti-Semitism. Nationally,
(Continued on Page 8)