Pius XII Letters Show He Was Silent on Nazi Anti-Semitism
ROME (JTA) — Informed
sources at the Vatican indicated
Monday that a third volume of
data to be compiled from docu-
ments and letters left by the late
Pope Pius XII, dealing specifi-
cally with the pontiff's reactions to
the Hitler program for annihila-
tion of European Jewry, is expect-
ed to be published this year.
The second book in the series,
disclosing Pope Pius' correspon-
dence during the war years, was
issued Sunday, and showed very
few mentions of Jews. The next
volume, however, will deal with
letters sent by Pius XII to Polish
bishops during the World War II
era and may refer to Jews, it was
In Volume II, issued Sunday. it
was noted upon careful examina-
tion that a footnote refers to let-
ters and telegrams of thanks re-
ceived by Pope Pius from "Jewish
centers" for the Holy See's "sal-
vation work." Among the Jewish
communities that sent such mes-
sages were listed those of Bolivia,
Costa Rica, South Africa, Chile
and the city of Zagreb, Yugo-
The entire series of papal cor-
respondence in the Hitler era is
being published by the Vatican as
a response to criticisms against
Pope Pius' inaction on the Jewish
problem, contained• in "The De-
puty," the controversial drama by
a German playwright, Roll Hoch-
Pope Pius XII made few re-
ferences to Jews, and not once
voiced any condemnation of the
Nazi camnaign to obliterate the
Jews of Euroe, it appeared fol-
lowing official Vatican publica-
tion of a volume entitled "Let-
ters of Pope Pius XII to German
The 450-page book, reproducing
'etters from Pius and other docu-
ments, contains 124 letters. most
of them in German, some in Latin.
Tn one letter, dated April 30, 1944,
the pontiff praised Msgr. Bern-
hard Lichtenberg, provost of St.
Tedwig Cathedral in Berlin, who
died in a Nazi prison. A footnote
explains that Msgr. Lichtenberg
'lad been imprisoned by the Nazis
or praying for the Jews in public.
''ope Pius wrote of his "fatherly
-ecognition" and sympathy for the
In another letter, Pope Pius
raised German Catholics who
*ielped Jewish victims of Nazism.
`n this letter he stated: "It has
'leased us that Catholics, and es-
-ecially the Catholics of Berlin,
lave come with great love to the
aid of the so-called non-Aryans in
their difficulties. The Holy See
has done all within its power, both
economically and morally, to help
in charity the non-Aryan Catholics
and Jewish believers."
Aside from these, the letters.
appendices and notes in the vol-
ume report Pope Pius' concern
with family life during World War
II and stressed that he had con-
sidered Hitler's war against the
USSR as a welcome crusade
gainst Communism. The new book
is one in a continuing effort by
the Vatican to disprove charges in
the drama, "The Deputy," by Ger-
man author Rolf Hochhuth, which
had accused Pius of maintaining
silence during Hitler's campaign
against the Jewish people.
Address Taped for
STAMFORD, Conn. (JTA) — A
Catholic bishop preached the Sab-
bath sermon Friday night at
Temple Sinai when Richard Car-
dinal Cushing was unable to ap-
near because bad weather ground-
ed his plane in Boston.
The Cardinal told Rabbi Samuel
Silver by telephone that he would
come to Stamford when another
date could be arranged. He also
invited the Reform rabbi to come
to Boston's Cathedral and share
the pulpit with the Cardinal at a
service. The Cardinal called the
Rev. Walter Curtis of Bridge-
port gave the sermon ,to750 at the
service. Bishop Curtis called the
Ecumenical Council's declaration
on Jews, later promulgated as for-
mal Catholic doctrine, an expres-
sion of the "profound feeling" of
the Church that anti-Semitism was
a moral wrong and said that the
Church was determined to fight it.
In addition to the invitation to
the Reform rabbi, Cardinal Cush-
ing dictated by telephone an ad-
Of 1,045 chaplains in the Navy
only 10 are rabbis on active duty.
One of these is at Davisville,
as the first chaplain the U.S Naval
Mobile Construction Battalion NO.
6 has had since 1959.
And only one of the Seabees In
the battalion is
dress to a Stamford radio station Jewish.
This is the
which recorded the talk on tape
and was later run off in the syna- story of how
gogue. Explaining why he had ac- Chaplain (Lt.
cepted the invitation, he said it j.g.) David B.
was not "because I wanted to make Saltzman cares
Catholics out of Jews." The ,rea- for the spiritual
son, he said, was "to bring a mes- and moral wel-
sage of good will and see to it that fare of a battal-
the Jewish program of brother- ion of men not of
hood should receive our strong his faith.
The way in
which he has
done this since
when he was as-
signed to MCB6
while it was sta-
tioned at Guan-
LONDON (JTA)—Informed visi- tanamo Bay
tors returning here from Lenin- drew high praise
grad reported that, contrary to all from Lt. Cmdr. H. A. Tombari, his
rumors, Gedalia Pechersky, for- commanding officer.
Graduated from the Navy Chap-
mer lay chairman of the Lenin-
grad Jewish community, who was lains School in Newport less than
sentenced in 1961 to 12 years' im- a month, the 27-year-old chaplain
prisonment, has not been released took over his functions at Guan-
tanamo Bay "with youth and
Sentenced with Pechersky, then vigor" and has won the respect
60, were two other lay leaders, Na- of all officers and men of the bat.
chum A. Kaganov, and S. S. Din- talion," said Commander Tom-
kin. They received lighter sen- bari. "We're proud to have him,"
tences because of their advanced he added, noting that his bat-
ages. The trials and sentences talion has the first Jewish chap-
touched off world-wide protests. plain ever assigned to the Sea-
The three Jewish leaders were ar- bees and the first ever to serve
rested on charges of "consorting at the Guantanamo Bay Navy Base.
with foreign agents" and "crimes
against the state."
`Argentine Govt. Action
The visitors reported that all Checking Anti-Semitism'
persons seeking Pechersky's re-
MEXICO CITY (JTA)—The Ar-
lease have been told there was no
prospect of his being freed before gentine government's firm backing
1969. Dinkin and Kaganov were re- of the Argentinian Jewish com-
munity's fight against anti-Semi-
leased in 1965.
A year before his death, Pone Pius XII received West German
President Theodor Heuss at the Vatican. It was the first time in
50 years that a Pope formally and officially welcomed a German
head of state. At that time Pius XII told Heuss he welcomed the
rise of the new, democratic post-war Germany.
Neumann Welcomes 4
to Agency Executive
NEW YORK (JTA)—Four Amer-
ican Jewish leaders, recently
elected on a non-party basis to
serve on the Jewish Agency and
World Zionist Executive, were of-
ficially welcomed by their Amer-
ican colleagues at a luncheon in
the Jewish Agency building here.
The four thus honored are: Dewey
D. Stone; Dr. Simon Greenberg,
vice chancellor of the Jewish
Theological Seminary; Dr. Joseph
J. Schwartz, executive vice presi-
dent of the Israel Bond Organiza-
tion; and Dr. Emanuel Backman,
assistant president of Yeshiva Uni-
Dr. Emanuel Neumann, chair-
man of the Jewish Agency-Amer-
ican Section, who presided at the
luncheon, referred to it as "a not-
able occasion marking a significant
new development in the proce-
dures of the World Zionist Organ-
ization. For the first time in many
years a considerable part of the
Jewish Agency and Zionist execu-
tive consists of men elected ad
personum without regard to party
The deadline for participation in
Medicare Part "B" is approaching.
Senior citizens who have not
signed up for the medical insur-
ance portion (Part "B") of Medi-
care by March 31 will not be
eligible for medical benefits on
July 1, 1966, when the Medicare
law takes effect.
Medicare Part "A" is auto-
matic. If a person is a social
security beneficiary, he will have
hospital benefits automatically.
Part "A" covers hospitalization.
It is free.
tism has, at least temporarily,
halted the efforts of racists
Jews in Poland Convene; in
that country, it was stated
Discuss Youth Education here by Dr. Isaac Goldenberg,
WARSAW (JTA) — Before a
large . gathering of Jewish dele-
gates from all over Poland and
representatives of the Polish gov-
ernment and non-Jewish organiza-
tions of intellectuals, the Jewish
Social and Cultural Organizations
of Poland opened its fifth national
convention here Monday night.
The principal topics on the agen-
da included these subjects: Youth
work for preparation of the next
generation of Jews in Poland to
continue the activities of the as-
sociation; the integration of Polish
Jewry into the framework of mod-
ern Polish society, while preserv-
ing Jewishness; and the language
problem. In the latter regard, the
agenda emphasized the fact that
the Yiddish language as a vernacu-
lar is "shrinking" and is being re-
placed too often by the Polish
president of DATA, the central
body of organized Jewry in
Argentina. On a visit in Mexico,
Dr. Goldenberg was honored at a
reception March 2 by the Central
Committee of Mexican Jewry.
"We have reasons for satisfac-
tion with the firm stand against
anti-Semitism taken by our demo-
cratic government," said Dr. Gol-
denberg. "However, we must eon-
tinue to be on the alert and On
guard, because the halt in anti..
Semitism may be only temporary.
Part "B" covers doctor bills and
costs $3 per month, per person.
The $3 monthly premium for Part
"B" will be deducted from Social
Security or railroad retirement
benefit checks, or paid through a
flexible direct-billed system to the
federal government through SSA.
If a senior citizen has questions
about eligibility, he should con-
tact his nearest Social Security
The anti-Semites may still attempt
to renew their hooliganism against
Unless a senior citizen signs up
for Part "B" by March 31, he will
not have another chance until the
end of 1967. If he waits until then
to sign up, medical care benefits
MEN ON THE MOVE
`Friends of Animals' Hit
will not become effective until
1968, and the monthly pre-
for Public Discussion Plan July
mium payments will be more than
CHARLES P. DAVEY
NEW YORK—Agudath Israel of $3.
America, a national Orthodox Jew-
However, Medicare doesn't pro)
ish movement, stated it will not vide for everything.
Special Tourist Discounts
participate in a "public discus-
JERUSALEM (JTA) — Special NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL
Michigan Blue Cross-Blue Shield
sion" announced in a large ad- will offer . special coverage to fill discounts for tourists shopping in
17220 W. 8 Mile Rd.
vertisement in the New York Times the gaps in Medicare. Announce- Israel with travelers' checks were
March 1 by Friends of Animals, ments about the details of this announced by Tourism Minister
Inc., regarding humane slaughter complementary coverage will be Moshe Kol.
He said 15 per cent discounts
made within the next few weeks.
would be granted on a wide var-
Rabbi Morris Sherer, executive
sity of products, including cloth-
vice-president of Agudath Israel, Fishermen Attacked
ing, footwear, jewelry, leather
by Syrians on Tiberias
products, plastic goods, carpets,
"We shall not dignify an extre-
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
gifts and souvenirs if they are pur-
mist organization such as Friends
TEL AVIV—Syrian gun posts chased in any of the 430 ministry-
of Animals, which publishes de-
recommended shops. Discounts of
famatory and inflamatory material near the shores of Lake Tiberias— 20 per cent are already in effect
about Jewish religious practice, a body of water entirely within Is- for knitwear and leather garments.
by permitting it to become the cen- raeli jurisdiction—fired on Israeli
tral organizer of public discussions fishermen on the lake Monday af-
on this problem. Furthermore, the ternoon, riddling one of the Israeli
CHARLES M. POSEN
issues involved include matters of boats with machinegun bullets.
complex religious law which can-
Mr. Posen qualified for our Star
Complete from Detroit
not lend themselves to the format last month against Israeli fishing
Producer of the Month in Feb-
of public debate. It is our hope boats on the lake. Israel filed a
ruray, being of service to many
that the public will not be misled complaint against Syria with the
by a group which announces a United Nations Syrian Israeli
families in the community. Since
debate whose alleged participants Mixed Armistice Commission.
his association with our or-
never authorized their name to be Such Syrian attacks against Israeli
ganization in 1964, he has con•
used and the majority of whom fishermen occur very often at this
sistently been among our lead-
will not be there."
BOO K C OU ZEN S
attempt to bar the Israelis from
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
the rich fishing waters at one point
on Lake Tiberias.
12—Friday, March 11, 1966
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