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February 18, 1966 - Image 18

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1966-02-18

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

UNEF'S Status in Middle East Endangered . . . Arab Force Threatens Israel

By SAUL CARSON

JTA Correspondent at the UN
(Copyright, 1966, JTA, Inc.)

UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. — Is
there a danger that UNEF may be
closed down? The United Nations
Emergency Force, acting as a po-
lice buffer between Israel and
Egyptian-dominated area s, h a s
been in existence now for more
than nine years. It was formed in
1956, during the height of the
Sinai-Suez crisis, and has been the
only beneficial result of the United
Nations intervention in that series
of developments.
Due to UNEF, there has been
relative tranquility on the border
between Israel and the Gaza Strip.
Due also to UNEF, Israel has en-
joyed freedom of shipping to and
from its port of Eilat, since UNEF
is on 24-hour duty at Sharm el-
Sheikh, a Gulf of Akaba promon-
tory overlooking the Straits of
Tiran.
Until UNEF took up that post,
Egypt had artillery on those Sharm
el-Sheikh bluffs, ready to shoot
down any shipping of benefit to
Israel through the Straits or the
Gulf. Now UNEF is there—and Ei-
lat is a busy, free port—growing
busier month by month, giving
Israel freedom of shipping to Asia

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
18—Friday, February 18, 1966

and Africa. If UNEF were to be that the solution is simple — all
removed, Israel would have one that has to be done is for the Rus-
way to keep its port of Eilat open sians and the French to pay up.
—by bombing any possible re-es- The French have their own rea-
tablishment of the Egyptian guns sons. But the Russian reasons are
at Sharm el-Sheikh. That, of clear: they don't care whether the
course, would mean war—possibly peace is kept or not.
involving not only Israel and the
The committee of 33 had recon-
Arabs but the rest of the world as vened on the very day that the
well.
world learned of Russia's success-
* * *
ful soft landing of Luna 9 on the
The Soviet Union has always op- moon. That venture has cost the
posed the establishment of UNEF USSR many millions—possibly bil-
and has consistently refused to lions—of dollars. But even while
help pay for its operation. UNEF it was being congratulated by the
is now one of the two most im- world on the Luna 9 success, Mos-
portant of the UN's peace-keeping cow was still mute about paying up
operations; the other is in Cy- for the UN peace-keeping opera-
prus. It is due to the stubborn- 1 tions.
ness of the Soviet Union, France
Meanwhile. UNEF is being whit-
and several other countries that tied down, little by little. Its 1966
the 1964 financial crisis threatened budget was cut to $18,519,000, a
the very existence of the United reduction of about $3,500,000 from
Nations. While a modus vivendi the preceding year's expenditures.
was worked out, so that the 1965 Its strength has been reduced gra-
General Assembly could function dually from a total of about 7,000
again, the fact is that the financial men and officers to about 4,000.
situation has never been solved.
True, UNEF has assured the
Right now, member states—includ- United Nations that it plans to
ing the USSR—still owe the United continue its work, despite the loss
Nations about $125,000,000 for the of money and men. by streamlin-
operation of peace-keeping forces. ing its operations and by other
Right now, too, a committee of economies. But the fact is that
33 UN members—including Egypt the whittling process has begun.
and the Soviet Union, but not Is- , How far will it go? As far as the
rael—is still trying to solve the Russians are concerned, men and
financial crisis. Everyone knows i money might as well go down to

L111011111 111101 1115 1111111101 I

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IMO

St. Louis Residents Get
Anti-Jewish Newsletter

zero. The Russians would not at
ST. LOUIS (JTA) — Numerous
all mind if the Egyptians took over. St. Louis residents were reported
A recent UN report showed to have received anti-Semitic mat-
that, smack up behind the UNEF
erial from Gerald L. K. Smith's
lines, in the Sinai Desert, the Christian Nationalist Crusade of-
Palestine Liberation Organiza- fice in Los Angeles.
tion has troops on duty. Every-
The material is a two-sheet
one knows that the PLO has one
"newsletter"
which alleges that
purpose — to attack Israel. If
UNEF should be dissolved, the many American notables have been
PLO forces would come right active in recent years in the fight
"to rid the world of Judaism."
up to the frontier facing Israel.
Would they stop there—voluntar-
The St. Louis Anti-Defamation
ily? Or would Israel's armed
League office said that some of
forces have to deter them — the persons here receiving the mat-
either defensively or offensively? erial were getting it as contrib-
Nasser could answer some of utors to Smith's activities and that
those questions. But so could the ADL had the names of such
Moscow. If the Kremlin could only contributors. Other recipients, the
get its head out of the lunar ADL said "are innocent victims of
clouds, it might answer whether it happening to be on a random mail-
wants open Israeli-Arab conflict to ing list."
start along the UNEF vacuum —
possibly to be followed by World
War III.

Moscow Agriculture Fair
to Draw 30 Israelis

ISRAEL-15 DAYS

Complete from Detroit

$799

(Direct JTA

Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

TEL AVIV—Thirty Israeli manu-
facturers will participate in the

forthcoming International Agricul-
tural Fair in Moscow. The Israeli
pavilion at the fair will display
farm machinery, irrigation equip-
ment and hatching devices.

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