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February 11, 1966 - Image 31

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1966-02-11

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

General Strike at Israel Universities Averted;
Demands Lowered to Slow Down Wage Spiral

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

TEL AVIV—Spokesmen for the
academic staffs of the Hebrew Uni-
versity and the Haifa Institute of
Technology (Technion) announced
Wednesday that the staff members
were ready to forego in part their
demands for an increase in basic
wages.
The spokesman said that stand
was being taken as an example to
other Israeli employees in efforts
to slow down Israel's mounting
wage and price spiral. Last Sun-
day, the academic staffs of all
Israeli institutions of higher learn-
ing called off .plans for a general
strike after the Israel Cabinet
agreed to allocate 3,000,000 pounds
($1,000,000) so that salary arrears
of the staff members could be
made up by July.
The institutions whose academic
staffs threatened a general strike
are the Hebrew University, Tel
Aviv University, Bar-Ilan Univer-
sity at Ramat Gan, Technior and
the Weizmann Institute of Science
at Rehovot.
A proposal by the Treasury
for partial payment of the
claims was rejected overwhelm-
ingly Sunday by the representa-
tives of the five academic staffs.
The Treasury had proposed to
make partial payment now, of-
fering the remainder of the
salaries due in government
bonds.
The academicians employed
by the government itself have
been receiving back pay, but
the Treasury disclaimed respon-
sibility for payments due to
lecturers, although the univer-
sities are subsidized by the gov-
ermnent.
The board of governors of the
Haifa Institute authorized its
president, Alexander Goldberg, to

appeal to Premier Levi Eshkol for
aid.
Technion administrative board
members told an emergency meet-
ing of the Technion Senate Sun-
day that they would be unable to
continue their work unless the
government provided enough fi-
nancial help to see the Technion
through the current crisis, and to
plan for several years ahead.
Goldberg told the senate that,
because of the financial diffi-
*

Histadrut, Manufacturers
Agree on Cost-of-Living
Allowance Raise in Israel

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

TEL AVIV—Histadrut, Israel's
labor federation, and the Israeli
Manufacturers Association signed
an agreement Wednesday for pay-
mentof an increase in the cost
of living allowance of 9.3 per cent
of basic pay scales up to '700
pounds ($233), retroactive to Jan.
16. The maximum increase will
be 65 pounds ($22) a month.
Both the Histadrut and the
association expressed reservations
about the increase which were in-
corporated in the agreement. The
employes expressed opposition to
paying cost-of-living-allowance in-
creases more than once a year and
noted that the January increase
should be taken into account when
new wage pacts are negotiated.
The Histadrut reserved the right
to insist on twice-a-year calcula-
tions of the cost-of-living allow-
ances.
Both sides agreed that two com-
munities should be formed, one
to frame a new collective allow-
ance payment contract and a
second to examine the entire
cost-of-living allowance structure.

"East Europe may now be en- formity with the desires of the
tering the last decade of its un- East Europeans and the hopes of
natural divorce from the rest of their friends in the West."
John Richardson Jr., president
culties, it was impossible to do Europe," according to Z. Brzezin-
ski, professor of government and of Free Europe, Inc., in his intro-
any advance planning.
Goldberg said that the Technion director of the Research Institute duction to the report, stated that
needed a budget of 39,000,000 on Communist Affairs at Colum- Radio Free Europe now has 22,-
000,000 listeners in Poland, Cze-
pounds ($13,000,000) a year, but bia University.
Prof. Brzezinski's statement was choslovakia, Hungary,' Romania
was assured of only 26,000,000
pounds ($8,666,000) annually from made in an article, "East Europe and Bulgaria. This is at least 2,-
—On the Way to Freedom," writ- 000,000 more listeners than in
all possible sources.
Two hundred stevedores walked ten for A Free Europe, Inc., 1964, and includes half the adult
out on strike at the new port of 1965 report entitled "The Job population of this area.
Ashdod Sunday, insisting that a Ahead."
number of special payments be in-
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
"This area as a whole is still
cluded in their new contract. The subject to Soviet - predominance,
Friday, February 11, 1966.-31
old contract had expired last Fri- and the East European regimes
day. The strikers are the same remain essentially authoritarian,"
SUPERB FULL-COURSE
men who had staged a slow-down Prof. Brzezinski stated. "The im-
in loadings at Ashdod last month. portant :point, however, is that
The Citrus Marketing Board im- East Europe is moving forward
PRIVATE MEETING ROOM
mediately ordered a halt to the and the over-all direction—even if
COMPLETE FACILITIES FOR PARTIES,
BANQUETS, STAGS — SPECIAL RATES
shipment of all fruits for loading not the pace of change—is in con-
at Ashdod until the situation was
clarified. Four ships that were
being loaded Friday were com-
STEAMER,
SAM ROSENBLAT
pelled to sail with only partial
STEAM BATE AND HEALTH CLUB
Master of Ceremonies
cargoes, due to the slow-down and
STEAM ROOM • MASSAGES
And His
strike.
SLUMBER LOUNGE • SUN ROOM
Dance
and
Entertainment
It was feared that the Israel
EXERCISE ROOM • RECREATION
Band
LOUNGE with RESTAURANT
Port Authority would have to
Arrangement
Specialist
Party
shut down the port because of
COOLIDGE HWY. at CAPITAL OAK PARK
KE 8.1291
UN 4.0237
the incessant strikes and slow-
(bet. 8 and 9 Mile) Phone 544-3611
downs.
The authority also has indicated r'4,4 1:41;4 1;.4;111, 11;4 1,14•;41; ■ ;41%; ■ ;41, „t;411' ■ ;4.2..-.$;,±; fiX411;64 ► ,- 6'4 1,-6.4 Ice:4 ► 16;4 1.;±:4 1 ■ 21:412.2 1.;±:4 12.:4 126;4 V.
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1 tTIPTIP7.1 r^I r.:57.1 ■ TIP.7.47.1r^i
resistance to demands by the
stevedores for the same or even
lower work norms at the new port,
which is ultra modern - in equip-
ment, as they have at the techni-
cally backward Haifa port.
Previously, it had been reported
that the authority was considering
diversion of all ships from Ashdod
to Haifa, which would in effect
close down the port unless a bind-
ing agreement for labor peace
was reached with the stevedores.
Former Gen. Chaim Laskov,
chairman of the authority, was un- •
derstood to be determined to •
demand an "uncompromising atti-
tude" toward the tactics of the
stevedores.
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Alcalay's Hebrew-English Dictionary Illustrates
Terms With Classic Quotations, Has 12,000 Words

Prayer Book Press (410 Ady-
lum St., Hartford), which already
has to its credit the publication
of "The Complete English-Hebrew
Dictionary," compiled by Reuben
Alcalay, chief of the translation
department of the Israel Prime
Minister's office, has just issued
the complementary volume, "The
Complete Hebrew-English Diction-
ary." The appearance of the new
volume completes a great task and
calls attention to a great literary
occurrence in American Jewish
life: the sponsorship by an Ameri-
can Jewish publishing house of the
printing of a great encyclopedic
work that enriches Hebraic
studies.
Alcalay's approach, the method
of his gathering for incorporation
in the new dictionary of "thou-
sands of Hebrew 'technical terms'
that are lacking in the best

Hebrew dictionaries so far avail-
able," gives the new dictionary
highest status.
The eminent compiler of such
terms explains one aspect of his
efforts as follows in a preface to
the Hebrew-English dictionary:
"The challenge of the need to
find or coin Hebrew equivalents
by innumerable English com-
pounds, or compound-forming pre-
fixes and suffixes, has led to a
considerable enrichment of the
Hebrew vocabulary, e.g.: phobia-
`b'et anush,
‘b'et, anthrophobia
and pyrophobia—`b'et esh'; -ate,
-form — `dmui,' spatulate — `dmui-
`dmui-gib'ul'.
marit,' stupiform
Such words and compounds, run-
ning into the thousands, are not
to be found in any other Hebrew
dictionary."
As in the Alcalay English-
Hebrew Dictionary, the compiler
traces many words to biblical
sources. For instance, on the
very first page, in the Aleph
section, developing the words
stemming from Ab—father—and
Abot — fathers — he illustrates
with the complete quotation of
"ben khakham yesamakh ab"—
"a wise son makes a glad

father" from Proverbs 10,1; and
"abot akhlu bohser v'shinei
banim tikhenah"—"the fathers
have eaten sour grapes and the
children's teeth are set on edge"
from Jeremiah 31, 28.
These approaches are multiplied
many hundred fold. They offer
an enrichment in choice of words
and they are, in a sense, like a
biblical concordance, guiding stu-
dents in search of the origin of
words to their proper sources.
Thus, the colorful Hebraic
idioms, the many words that have
come down from Aramaic and
other roots for Hebrew words,
phrases, word formations, find
their explanatory listings in the
Alcalay collection.
An interesting sample of the
Alcalay translations is his treat-
ment of the word "bayit" —
house, home, its suffixes, pre-
fixes and word developments.
Adding to the several listed
phrases "ashrei yoshvei bei-
takho," he gives a popular trans-
lation, "no place like home." It
is not a translation, but it_ is an
appropriate explanation.
In an interesting and scholarly
preface, Alcalay states that "where
words admit of more than one
connotation, currency rather than
chronology has determined t h e
order in which the meanings are
shown." He offers this interesting
comment on his work:
"Unlike many authors of He-
brew-foreign language dictionaries,
I have endeavored to give equiv-
alents rather than explanatory defi-
nitions, and I do not have to dilate
on the importance of equivalents
for writers and translators. More-
over, I have freely furnished syn-
onyms, which may well help users
to augment their vocabularies and
variegate their speech and writing.
Quotations from the Bible and
other ancient Hebrew sources are
frequently given at length, the
more amply to convey semantic,
literary and aesthetic significance
to the reader.
"In the English biblical quota-
tions, I have chosen to replace the

E. Europe Moving Ahead to Freedom, Reports Say

archaic forms hath, thou, wilt,
and so forth, time-honored though
they are, by the more prosaic has,
you and will. Bible phrases that I
suspect of clumsy and inexact
rendering have been slightly
amended, but no undue liberties
are taken. Most of the quotations
come from the generally acclaimed
translation of the Old Testament
published by the Jewish Publica-
tion Society of America and from
its New Translation of the Torah
which recently appeared; a few
come, or are adapted, from the
Authorized Version."
To further illustrate Alcalay's
resort to traditional sources are
the illustrative quotations for
"marbeh" — to increase, mean-
ing also abundance, plenty. He
quotes: "Marbeh basar—marbeh
rimah," "The more flesh the
more worms;" "marbeh yeshi-
vah — marbeh khakhmah," "the
more schooling the more wis-
dom;" "marbeh nekhasim—mar-
beh d'agah," "the more posses-
sions the more care;" (it would
have been better to substitute
"worry" for "care") ; "marbeh
eitzah marbeh t'yukah," the
more counsel the more under-
standing"—all from the talmudic
Aboth.
As in his English-Hebrew Dic-
tionary, Alcalay has included more
than 120,000 words in the 2,883-
page Hebrew-English Dictionary.
Durably bound, compiled with cau-
tion to avoid errors, the dictionary
is well prepared, excellently
printed — as a tribute to Prayer
Book Press—and serves as a chal-
lenge to teachers and students
who will be fascinated by the
methods used by the able scholar.
Alcalay previously served as
translator-in-chief of the British
Mandatory Government in Pales-
tine before heading the Israel
Prime Minister's translations de-
partment. He began work on his
dictionaries in 1953 and was as-
sisted in his work by a collection
of 20,000 words that were gathered
by the Hebrew Language Academy.

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