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February 11, 1966 - Image 29

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1966-02-11

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Belgium Institutionalizes
Swastika Smearer, 26

Mrs. Tuchman's 'The Proud Tower' Reviews Dreyfus
Affair, Anti-Semitic Trends, Major Historical Events

"The Proud Tower" by Barbara
W. Tuchman, published by Mac-
millan, is "a portrait of the world
before the war: 1890-1914," that
will hold the reader glued to the
book and will create a new interest
in many of the occurrences that
revolutionized the world.
This historical resume of events
that affected many lands, that re-
sulted from the changing times
that began towards the end of the
last century, is told with such skill,
is written so effectively, that the
Tuchman volume must be viewed
among the most impressive of
our time.
Its title is culled from Edgar
Allen Poe's "The City in the Sea."
While from a proud tower in
the town Death looks gigantically
down.
It is a serious work, and it
covers so much, embracing also
"the end of a dream," the events
in the United States, 1890-1902,
that marked the emergence of a
new era that began with the ac-
quisition of Cuba, Hawaii, the
Panama Canal Zone, in the years
when Theodore Roosevelt who
won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1905,
after the Treaty of Portsmouth
which ended the Russian-Japanese
war, but who delighted in carrying
a gun, who ridiculed arbitration
which he said will produce "a
flabby timid type of character
which eats away the great fight-
ing features of our race."
Of major interest in the Tuch-
man book is the chapter "Give
Me Combat!" dealing with France,
1894-99, in which the brilliant
author covers the period of the
Dreyfus Affair and describes the
conflicting forces that emanated
in the course of the battle for
justice for the Jewish army officer
who became the victim of the
army's honor, in upholding which
justice was being sacrificed until
the clamor for a new trial reached
great proportions—until new evi-
dence finally was unearthed re-
vealing the great French scandal
During those years, Leon
Blum, then in his twenties, who
later was to become France's
premier, wrote that "life was as
if suspended." Families were

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divided on the issue. An anti- enrolled, the bigots who created
Semitic press emerged and news- with Marquis de Mores the Na-
papers that defended Dreyfus tional Anti-Semitic League, the
were accusd of having been encouragement given them by the
bought by the Jews. "A creation America n Henry Adams, the
of the anti-Semitic press, the grandson and the great grandson
`S y n d i c at e,' represented the of American Presidents.
Right's idea of evil. It was sup-
Mrs. Tuchman relates that when
posed to be a subterranean fel- the Paris court condemned Zola
lowship of the Jews, a black and by a vote of 7 to 5—"the wonder
sinister conspiracy whose forces was that five j u r or s had the
were mobilized to reverse the courage to vote for acquittal"—so
conviction of Dreyfus and to violent was the mob that clamored
substitute a Christian as the for Zola's and Dreyfus' lives at and
traitor in his place." And for near the court settings — Henry
a long time those who believed Adams' comments were that Zola
in Dreyfus' guilt, those who should have been sent "to join his
would not challenge the men in friend Dreyfus on Devil's Island,
the army who had conspired to with as much more French rot as
emphasize the Jewish officer's the island would hold, including
guilt, would not listen to facts most of the press, the greater part
or to reason, to the revelations of the theater, all the stockholders
about the real traitor.
and a Rothschild or two for ex-
The men who fought in defense ample." Mrs. Tuchman states that
Another Newspaper Folds
of the man unjustly condemned the American anti-Semite's "senti-
11lA.• AVIV (ZINS) — Another
to life on Devil's Island, Anatole ments were his own, not paid for
newspaper, Omer, published by the
France, Emile Zola, Scheurer- like those of the Paris mob which
Histadrut publishing company De-
Kestner, Joseph Reinach, the they so accurately reflected."
ver, will cease publication as a
a c c u s e d' s brother Mathieu,
In this connection, Mrs. Tuch-
result of the large financial debts
Georges Clemenceau, the brave
man also tells about the ex-
it has incurred. This is the third
soldier Georges Pucquart who was
perience of Dr. Theodor Herd
paper to have suspended public&
himself an anti-Semite but who
at the trial and the emergence
tion in the last five weeks. About
could not keep silent when he saw
of the Zionist movement he
a month ago, Herut and Haboker
the false evidence that was com-
organized, after he had written
ceased publication. The same fate
piled by the army he was serving
Capt. ALFRED DREYFUS' awaits a number of other party
the historic pamphlet "The Jew-
loyally—these men form part of
statuette by Caccia. The inscrip- organs.
ish State."
the cast of characters that exposed
Another important incident de- tion is Dreyfus' outcry at his
the crime. Esterhazy finally was scribed by Mrs. Tuchman relates trial, "je suis innocent — I am
FOR THE BEST IN
proven guilty. One of the plotters, to the Kishinev pogrom, the role innocent."
MUSIC AND ENTERTAINMENT
Colonel Hubert Henry, committed of the Jewish agent Evno Azev .
suicide. It was an immense scan- who was an agent of the Russian French Naval Hero
dal. Jews were blamed for many secret police, who became out-
John Ordronaux, a French naval
And His Orchestra
things, and Mrs. Tuchman offers raged by what was happening in hero who served in the early part
an objective resume of the -prej- the government-instigated pogroms of the 19th Century, was one of
DI 1-1609
udices that were part of the in- and delayed his prescribed actions the most successful privateers
famous case.
against the British during the War
Mrs. Tuchman's review of the which enabled the revolutionary of 1812 and virtually the only Jew
FOR YOUR SIMCHA
terrorists
to
assassinate
Grand
Dreyfus Affair is sufficient to Duke Sergei. "That evening," Mrs. to achieve fame in this field. He
make "The Proud Tower" a mod-
Tuchman writes, "when the Czar later settled in the United States.
ern classic. But
heard the news (of the murder of
PRESENTS
this is not the
Better fall from the window than
the Grand Duke) he came down to
only great ele-
MOVIE
"LEFTOVERS"
dinner as usual and did not men- the roof.—Italian proverb.
m e nt in her
the murder, but, according to
tion
AFTER THE FOOD IS EATEN
book. The vast
AND ALL THE SCHNAPPS IS GONE
a guest who was present, 'after
YOUR PRETTY FLOWERS WILTED
panorama tha t
dinner the Czar and his brother-
AND OVER ALL THE FUN
unfolds in her
YOU'VE STILL GOT OUR
in-law amused themselves by try-
book is so reveal-
ing to edge one another off the
Orchestra and Entertainment
ing, of such great
long narorw sofa."
importance h i s-
Mrs. Tuchman recalls then the
torically, that she
PHONE: 542-7874
great Russian writer Anton Chek-
has rendered a
hov found anti-Semitism in Russia
great service
"simply repulsive" and was re-
with a significant
We Make Our Own Glasses
volted by the Dreyfus Affair, and
work.
she tells about Arthur Schnitzler,
HEADQUARTERS FOR
She begins with
the Jewish author who "was assim-
"The Patricians"
• LATEST DOMESTIC AND
ilated but never enough." She tells
in England and
IMPORTED FRAME FASHIONS
about the anti-Semitic mayor of
offers a charm-
Vienna, Karl Luger, who said "I
• PRESCRIPTIONS FOR GLASSES
ing and most
myself decide who is a Jew.
ACCURATELY FILLED
Balfour
entertaining
There is an account of the
account of the Salisburys and of
status of the Jews during the
• Immediate Repair
• Reasonably Priced
Arthur James Balfour who suc-
rule of Kaiser Wilhelm in Ger-
ceeded a Salisbury as prime min-
many, of the Kaiser's friend
ister. The Balfour sketch is de-
Albert Ballin, of the manner in
lightful, entertaining, revealing.
13720 W. 9 MILE nr. COOLIDGE
which anti - Semitism became
In the course of her account of
fashionable ,of the prominent
LI 7 5068
OAK PARK, MICH.
Balfour she relates the story of
Jews who "were responsible
Dr. Chaim Weizmann's first meet- -
Hours: Daily and Saturday 9:30 a.m. to 6 p.m.
for a major proportion of Ger-
ing with him. W e i z m a n n was
Thursdays to 9 p.m.
many's booming energies. And
nervous, he plunged into a long
there
is
important
reference
to
harangue on the meaning of Zion-
Sigmund Freud; to Nietzsche
ism. The Zionist leader told about
who was discovered by the Jews
it in his "Trial and Error':
and the Dane, Georg Brandeis;
"I was sweating blood and
to Max Nordau and his sensa-
trying to find some less ponder-
tional "Degeneration."
ous way of expressing myself
There are numerous other ref-
. . Suddenly I said: `Mr. Bal-
four, suppose I were to offer erences to the anti-Smitic tend-
you Paris_ instead of London, encies, to the major personalities
in the years under review.
would you take it?'
The panorama in "The Proud
"He sat up, looked at me and
answered: 'But Dr. Weizmann, Tower" is vast. It is a work of
major significance. It is brilliantly
we have London.'
18485 WYOMING
" 'That is true,' I said, 'but we written. The choice of photographs
had Jerusalem when London is superb. Mrs. Tuchman has writ-
was a marsh.' He leaned back ten a classic that should be used
is pleased to announce
and continued to _ stare at me in our schools and will surely be
that they will
... I did not see him again until referred to time and again as an
historical review of great merit.
1914."
both Seders .
And here Mrs. Tuchman states:
"Of the future Declaration that Humanities for Doctors
and will be open the
was to bear his name, Balfour said
NEW YORK (JTA) — A pro-
entire week of Passover
at the end of his life that 'on the gram of study stressing the hu-
whole (it) had been the thing he manities and aimed at humanizing
to the public for lunches
looked back upon as the most the practice of medicine by broad.
worth his doing.' "
ening the outlook of physicians
and dinners.
Mrs. Tuchman makes numerous was announced both by Mount
references to the anti-Semitic Sinai Hospital and its new medi-
occurrences during the era she cal school.
dealt with. She comments on the
4 \-nryxrnrcrm-r.
- • • • • .
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
anti-Smitic writings of Drumont
Friday, February 11, 1966-29
and ,Gobineau, the supporters they
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.6111111111
-99901.9111=101110.111111.111BilliallftiNnik_

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BRUSSELS (JTA)—A Brussels
correctional court ordered a twice-
arrested swastika smearer to be
confined for en indefinite period
in a psychiatric institution.
R. van Avermaete, 26, was ac-
cused several months a g o
smearing swastikas on a number
of shops of Brussells' Jewish mei+.
chants. He was arrested, released
then arrested again on charges Oct
repeating the smearings.
The court then ordered him to
be placed under psychiatric obser.
vation. Th e correctional court
ordered his institutionalization is
accordance with recommendationa
of the psychiatrists.
The man's case evoked great
interest here among the non-Jew.
ish population, no less than among
Jews, since there is considerable
sentiment in Brussels against neo-
Nazi activities.

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