Plan Library in Israel
Named for Moses Leavitt,li
Late JDC Executive
NEW YORK (JTA) — Friends
and associates of the late Moses
A. Leavitt will establish a library
in Israel in memory of the Joint
Distribution Committee's longtime
executive vice-chairman, who died
last year at age 71. The library is
to be an addition to the Paul
Baerwald School of Social Work
of the Hebrew University in Jeru-
The project was announced by
Louis Broido. JDC chairman. The
library will cost $125,000, to be
raised by contributions from Mr.
Leavitt's friends and colleagues,
both in the United States and
overseas. The Baerwald School was
chosen as the site of the memorial
library because Mr. Leavitt was
largely instrumental in the estab-
lishment of the school in 1958.
The school was the first under-
graduate school in Israel to give a
degree in social work, and is now
a major source of trained profes-
sional personnel for Israel's wel-
fare agencies, government depart-
ments and communities.
In announcing the establishment
of the Leavitt Memorial Library,
Broido asked that contributions be
sent either to the United Jewish
Appeal, or direct to JDC. Individ-
uals outside of New York City
will be invited to participate in co-
operation with local federation
and welfare funds.
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. . and Me'
TEL AVIV (ZINS)—Leon Dult-
zin, vice president of the World
Union of General Zionists and
head of the Economic Department
of the Jewish Agency, declared
here that a total of 2.000 American
Jews immigrated to Israel last
year. He noted that while in the
past three years the number of
such immigrants had not increased.
"I am convinced that with a cer-
tain amount of effort the number
of immigrants from America could
be brought up to 5,000 a year."
(Copyright, 1966, JTA, Inc.)
THE CENSUS ISSUE: Should the U.S. Census Bureau be en-
couraged to ascertain the religion of persons when conducting a
population study? This question is now coming to the forefront in
discussions among Jewish organizations as the U.S. Census Bureau
is making its preliminary preparations for the official U.S. census
The census is taken every 10 years. The last census was in 1960.
Between the decennial censuses, the U.S. Census Bureau also conducts
In March, 1957, the bureau included a question, "What is your
religion?" in a sample study. Ninety-six per cent reported a religion,
3 per cent stated they had no religion, and 1 per cent made no report
Encouraged by this high response rate, and the reliability of
the data, the Census Bureau expressed willingness to consider the
inclusion of such a question in the 1960 decennial census.
The Census Bureau had to drop this proposal, however, when
Jewish organizations—primarily community relations groups—opposed
the inclusion of questions on religion in the questionnaire.
These organizations, affiliated with the National Community
Relations Advisory Council and with the Synagogue Council of
America, argued that asking such questions by census takers would
be in violation of the constitutional guarantee of the separation of
church and state. They pointed out that, for 170 years, the U.S.
government has refrained from including questions concerning religion
in the census.
In neighboring Canada, the government is gathering census data
on religious affiliation regularly, and publishes it regularly. This
data is appreciated by the Jewish community there. In fact, it is
being used as a reliable basis for establishing trends in Canadian
Jewish life on subjects like births, marriages, occupations , and
educational attainment. It gives an authentic picture of the changes
that take place in the socio-economic characteristics of Canadian
Hitler ' s 'Jewish Blood' Jewry from year to year.
In the United States, the Council of Jewish Federations and
Reason for Murders? Welfare
Funds has now approached the National Community Rela-
SAN FRANCISCO — Hitler's tions Advisory Council and the Synagogue Council of America,
suspicions that his grandfather was suggesting a review and re-examination of their positions on asking
a Jew and that he, Hitler, might of questions about religion in the U.S. census.
have Jewish blood, may have been
paramount in the near-extermina-
CJFWF PROPOSALS: In making this approach, the Council of
tion of European Jewry, according Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds made it clear that its move
to Prof. Robert G. L. Waite of Wil- is not limited to consideration of the decennial U.S. Census. Rather,
liams College, Mass.
it suggested that various alternative possibilities be considered, such
In his address to the 80th an- as voluntary studies on a sampling basis, with voluntary questions,
nual meeting of the American His- in which people can refuse to answer without any disability.
torical Association, Prof. Waite
In the decennial census, all persons are required under penalty
stated that, while there was no of law to answer truthfully all questions put to them by the census
proof substantiating these theories, takers. Failure to do so can result in fine or punishment. This
suspicions did exist in the mind mandatory feature of decennial census questions was established by
of the Fuehrer.
an act of Congress. CJFWF suggests, however, a number of different
It was revealed that Hitler's fa- alternative approaches for the government to obtain religious-ethnic
ther was the illegitimate son of data, to make responses to the question about religion voluntary
Marianne Schickelgruber, who was rather than mandatory.
working as a domestic in Graz for
In the light of the CJFWF's suggestions, the National Community
a Jewish family by the name of Relations Advisory Council and the Synagogue Council of America
Frankenberger at the time of her agreed to enter upon a review of their stands.
. son's birth.
Mindful of the policy position jointly adopted in 1957 by the
There was also evidence that NCRAC and the SCA, the CJFWF raised the question of establishing
Herr Frankenberger paid main- a joint commission representing the Jewish community relations
tenance to the mother after the agencies and the Jewish federations.
birth of the child, a fact which
The commission's task would be to review the possibilities for
Hitler did not deny.
utilizing governmental resources in obtaining essential trend data
about the Jewish population in a way which would be consistent with
the policy positions adopted on other matters involving the principle
of separation of church and state.
THE TWO AREAS: Why is the Council of Jewish Federations
and Welfare Funds interested in stimulating re-examination of the
stand of the other Jewish organizations on the use of the government
For Regular Savings
on resources for the study of the Jewish population?
The CJFWF is now itself about to undertake a national Jewish
population study to obtain information required for sound national,
regional and local planning of Jewish community life in the United
States. It feels that demographic data—births, deaths, vocations, edu-
cation, etc.—possibly might be obtained through the resources of the
Federal government, which is in a unique position to do so.
On the other hand, CJFWF makes it clear that questions related
to Jewish commitment and identification are to be dealt with under
Jewish auspices, and with voluntary financing.
In its "per-prospectus" for the National Jewish Population Study,
For Longer Term Investments
the CJFWF lists 18 different categories of major concern, falling into
two major groups: 1. Basic demographic information, for which
government resources could be extremely helpful; 2. Data regarding
Jewish identification, commitment and participation—for which gov-
ernment resources are not considered appropriate.
What a wealth of hitherto unavailable demographic data about
American Jewry would become available if, for example, the Census
Bureau were to include the question of religion in its sample study
of March, 1967, and decennially thereafter! The Census Bureau's
computers could grind out whatever distributions and tabulations
the ingenuity of social planners, fund-raisers and demographers might
The Jewish community would then immediately secure reliable
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With national data as a base for sampling design, the studies of
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economically, the CJFWF believes. Specifically, Census Bureau data
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place of birth, internal migration, number of children, occupation,
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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS advantage of comparative data dealing with other minority groups
Friday, February 11, 1966 15 , which have similar experiences in a pluralistic society.
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