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February 11, 1966 - Image 11

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1966-02-11

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

3-Point Program
for ME Urged by
Sen. Bob Kennedy

/

\

NEW YORK (JTA) — A three-
point program of United States
guarantees of Israel's security and
Middle East peace was advocated
here Sunday night in an address
by Sen. Robert F. Kennedy.
He voiced the program at the
58th annual dinner of Bnai Zion,
American fraternal Zionist organi-
zation, after receiving the Bnai
Zion Bill of Rights Gold Medal in
recognition of "his inspiring lead-
ership in the furtherance of the
letter and spirit of the Bill of
Rights."
At the same event, the Bnai
Zion America - Israel Friendship
Gold Medal was awarded to Maur-
ice Levin.
Asserting that there must be
no further armed confrontation
between Israel and the Arab
states, Sen. Kennedy said: "All
of us who are concerned with
the fate of Israel must now
redouble our efforts, for we are
now in a critical time, one as
full of danger and promise as
any that Israel has yet seen."
Then he spelled the program for
United States government action
in the region as follows:
"1) We should affirm our com-
mitment to peace and stability in
the Near East. Any • leader who
does not understand that no Near
Eastern war can be a local war
should have that misapprehension
corrected in the most forceful
terms.
"2) We should continue to as-
sure a reasonable balance between
Israel's arms and the arms of
those who threaten her secur-
ity. In courage, in determination,
in alertness, Israel is equal to any
challenge, as she has been in the
past. Her arms must also be equal
to any challenge.
"3) We should intensify disarm-
ament efforts in the Middle East.
It would be far better for Israel
and for every nation in that part
of the world if money now spent
on arms were spent instead on
bringing a better life to the chil-
dren of all the region. Equality of
arms is preferable to imbalance;
but absence of armaments under
appropriate safeguards is better
still. The Soviet Union must be
brought to recognize that arms
competition in this region is harm-
ful to all."
"We must, in short," Sen. Ken-
nedy stated, "ensure that what
President Kennedy called 'the
shining light of the Midle East' —
the light of Israel's freedom, tra-
ditions and people, will continue
to glow, increasing its importance
as its contributions to the world
;increase."

Programs for Collegians
Designed to Strengthen
Religious Commitment

NEW YORK (JTA)—The Union
of American Hebrew Congregations
has launched a series of experi-
mental programs for college youth
dealing in such areas as worship,
theology and social action as a
means of strengthening their re-
ligious committments. R e f o r m
Jewish students at 10 universities
in the United States and Canada
are currently involved in these
pilot efforts.
UAHC President Rabbi Maurice
N. Eisendrath, in announcing the
plan, expressed the hope that "if
these projects proved successful
they could result in a new bridge
of communication between the
present and new generation of
Jews."

Italian Zionist Leader
Carlo Conigliani, a 19th Century
Italian political economist, was a
leader of the Zionist movement in
his country. He played a major
role in the reform of Italian tax
legislation in the latter part of
the 19th Century.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, February 11, 1966-11

Escalation of Arab Airpower Increases the Menace to Israel

By MILTON FRIEDMAN

(Copyright, 1966, JTA, Inc.)

WASHINGTON — While public
attention is fastened on Vietnam,
a dangerous escalation in Arab
airpower is developing, with the
Soviet Union, England, France
and the United States involved in
supplying the Arabs with ultra-
modern aerial weapons.
The latest development is the ac-
tive consideration in Washington
of Jordan's request for U. S. F-104
Lockheed jets, F-105 Thunderchief
fighter-bombers, and helicopter
"gun-ships" armed with Zuni roc-
kets. These are among the most
effective arms used by the United
States in Vietnam.
Jordan is scheduled to receive
a full squadron of supersonic air-
craft• from the Unified Arab Com-
mand. This command is partially
financed by oil-rich Saudi Arabia.
The closer relationship of the
Saudi and Jordanian kings may
facilitate additional f i n a n c i n g.
Jordan lacks funds for her most
elementary needs, and is virtually
subsidized by the United States.
President Johnson's new for-
eign aid message to Congress
linked assistance to peaceful and
responsible behavior by bene-
ficiaries. But State Department
officials said they did not con-
sider Jordan aggressive or ir-
responsible, despite her anti-Is-
rael vendetta. Indeed, Washing-
ton regard for Jordan was great-
ly enchanted by the Jordanian
vote at the United Nations Secu-
rity Council, favoring inscrip-
tion of the U.S. resolution on
Vietnam on the council agenda.
Jordan has had negotiations with
England and France for British
Lightning and French Mirage jets.
But Jordan is so poor that neither
England nor France was eager to
extend liberal credit terms. This
caused Jordan to seek American
credit guarantees.
While American guarantees of
possible Jordanian purchases in
Europe were sought, Amman began
stressing that the Soviet Union was
willing to sell Soviet MIG-21 jets
for the bargain price of $500,000
apiece. This is about one-sixth the
cost of the British and French
planes, which are powered by
twin-jets. The Unified Arab Com-
mand, said Jordan, would pay the
Russian bill.
Then Jordan pointed out that-the
American F-104 is the cheapest
Western jet, comparable to the
MIG-21. Of course, Jordan insisted
that she would prefer American
equipment to avoid ties with Rus-
sia.
After the State Department re-
cently approved Jordan's request
for M-48 tanks and sophisticated
infantry weapons, Jordanian
thoughts turned from the F-104
to the potent F-105 fighter-bomber
and the deadly assault helicopters.
A high-level Jordanian delega-
tion is expected soon in Washing-
ton to discuss not only the aircraft
sought but also Hawk ground-to-
air missiles. Sensing a receptive
climate, Jordan is emphasizing
that such arms would allow "pro-
American" Jordan to withstand
Soviet influence and keep balance
in the Unified Arab Command by
adding U.S. weapons to the Soviet
equipment used by Egypt, Syria
and Iraq.
The State Department initially
refused to sell F-104's to Jordan.
Officials were mindful of Jord-
an's economic plight and depend-
ence on American handouts. It
was obvious that the U.S. gov-
vernment would have had to lend
Jordan the money to pay the
Lockheed Company. Then the
Vietnamese crisis escalated. The
State Department was more
eager to seek Arab favor. The
decision to "sell" armor and
guns to Jordan opened the way
for the escalation of Jordanian
demands.
Members of Congress have
noted that the Arab build-up is
hazardous to Israel. Regional
peace prospects are jeopardized.
The Unified Arab Command has
proclaimed that the common enemy

of all Arabs is Israel. Its objective
is the mustering of adequate mili-
tary strength to destroy the Jew-
ish State.
Congressmen are still annoyed
that a huge transaction with Saudi
Arabia was negotiated, without
Congressional consultation, while
Congress was in recess. This in-
volved about $400,000,000 in aerial
weapons, including Hawk missiles,
jets, and other equipment.
Secretary of State Dean Rusk
revealed current thinking when
asked why the United States re-
sumed . aid to Egypt when that
country is using its own resources
to buy Soviet jets. He replied that
"common interests" linking Egypt
and Amer cawere served by the
aid. He aid he did not think
aid facilitated Egypt's arms pur-
chases from Russia.
An Iraq military delegation,
meanwhile, left Moscow with as-
surances that Russia would furnish
Iraq with MIG-21's and other
sophisticated arms like those fur-
nished to Egypt.
Lebanon has now agreed to buy
a force of 12 Mirage fighter-bomb-
ers from France. She wanted to do
her share in preparations for the
showdown with Israel. The Mirage
jets can achieve twice the speed
of sound.
Israel must keep pace with the
Arab _escalation. The big question
is whether the United States will
provide planes or assistance, so
that the Israelis will not become
victims of a dangerous im-
balance.
However, the State Department

— while selling to Israel very
limited arms — would like to avoid
jet sales. The Department feels
that relations with the Arabs have
improved, and that Washington
should do nothing to annoy the
Arabs.
Douglas MacArthur II, speak-

ing as Assistant Secretary of State,
recently commended "the con-
structive and helpful role Egypt
has played in several current inter-
national issues." Other officials
openly admitted that Vietnam
necessitated friendlier America-
Arab ties.

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