Global Total of World Jewry Put at 13,887,000
A survey of Jewish communities made by the World Jewish Congress puts the •
global total of Jews at 13,887,000.
The survey, carried out by the WJC's Institute of Jewish Affairs, notes that the
t majority, 10,885,000, reside in three countries: U. S. A., 5,612,000; USSR
0,000; Israel, 2,273,000. The remaining 3,000,000 are scattered in almost 100
Argentina according to a figure from the D.A.I.A., the central representative body
of Argentinian Jewry, is the fourth largest Jewish community in the world,
with 550,000; France is fifth, with 500,000; Britain sixth, with 450,000. Next are:
Canada, 262,000; Brazil, 150,000; South Africa, 116,000; Romania, 100,000; Iran, 80,_
000; Morocco, 75,000; and Australia, 70,000.
.Regionally, the World Jewish Congress divides the 13,887,000 figure into: 5,904,-
000 in North America; 4,392,854 in Europe; 2,431,891 in Asia, including Israel's 2,273,-
040; 829,708 in South America; 253,640 in - Africa—almost 50 per cent in South
Africa; 75,000 in Australasia.
The decimation of European Jewry is shown in the number of Jews remaining
in many countries of that continent: Poland, once the powerhouse of European Jewry,
now has, according to the WJC survey, a population of 25,000 Jews, less than 1
per cent of its pre-World -War II figure. Germany, divided, has a total of 32,400, of
whom 31,000 are in West Germany. Prior to World War II the German Jewish
community was put at 600,000.
•• ■ 111M,
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An Israeli Minister to Diaspora?
Planned 'Diplomatic Relations'
With World Jewries Revealed
Papal Errors in Hitler Dealings
Told at Parley of Historians
SAN FRANCISCO (JTA)—Pope Paul VI who, in 1940,
served in a highly trusted position in the Vatican under his
name of Giovanni Batista Montini, had acted as a "particu-
larly trusted intermediary" for the late Pope Pius XII in
informing the British and French ambassadors in Rome
that Hitler was about to attack their countries, it was re-
vealed here in a paper read to the convention of the Ameri-
can Historical Association by Prof. Harold C. Deutsch, head
of the history department at the University of Minnesota.
He identified himself as a man of "no particular religious
affiliation." (In Rome the Vatican confirmed the present
pontiff's role in the events related by Prof. Deutsch.)
- The paper by Prof. Deutsch was one of a number on
the role of the Vatican prior to and during World War II
presented to the historians by a number of scholears, Catho-
lic and non-Catholic. Prof. John L. Snell, of Tulane Uni-
Versity, New Orleans ; the official commentator at the ses-
sion, saying that: Pius had been "no admirer of Hitler,"
noted nevertheless . that the wartime Pope had been in error
or not speaking out against Hitler's program for the an-
ihilation of European Jews.
Dr. Snell said that, had it not been for "The Deputy,"
e drama about Pius' silence on the subject, written by a
German playright, there would not have been such great
concern shown on the issue. He accused one of the Catholic
speakers at the session of having "glossed over" this issue.
"Historians," he held, "must grapple with the silence of
Related Story on Page 5
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
JERUSALEM—The Israel government intends to name a Minister for the Diaspora
who will establish closer contact between Israel and Jewish communities outside of
Israel, it was revealed here Tuesday by Dr. Emanuel Neumann, chairman of the Ameri-
can Section of the Jewish Agency.
Dr. Neumann, who is here to attend the plenary meeting of the Jewish Agency
Executive, stressed that the Jewish Agency—which is carrying out the function of main-
taining contact between Israel and Jews in countries outside of Israel—has not been
consulted on the matter. "I hope that no decision will be taken by the Israel govern-
ment before the Agency is consulted," he stated. He said the Agency should be given
definite political goals, and proposed the re-establishment of the Agency's political de-
partment. That department had been disbanded when the State of Israel was reborn in
On another issue, Dr. Neumann reported that Jewish organizations in the United
States were disturbed by reports from Washington to the effect that the United States
had participated in underwriting huge, We stern arms supplies to Saudi Arabia Express-
ing the opinion that "there is no doubt that President Johnson is anxious to keep Israel
free," he declared that further information should be obtained from Washington about
its motives for the decision to sell armaments to Saudi Arabia.
Purchases of Weapons by Jordan From U. S.,
Britain Create Concerns Over Threats to Israel
LONDON (JTA)—The Jordanian government has decided to order from Britain some 30,000,000
pounds sterling ($84,000,000) worth of supersonic Lightning jet interceptor fighter planes, subject to
financial arrangements between the two countries.
An official announcement is expected within a week.
If reports of the sale are confirmed, it will bring the value of exports of British arms to Middle
Eastern countries during the last month to a record 124,000,000 pounds sterling ($347,200,000).
At the same time, it was reported here that Egypt and the Soviet Union have signed a five-year
trade payments agreement, boosting the volume of trade between the two countries. Under the pact,
(Continued on Page 7)
Biblical Radio Apparatus Depicted in Research by Father-Son Team;
Monograph Describes Functions of Edus, Ephod, Urim, Thummim
"Puzzling Biblical Laws" by Dr. Raphael
Isaacs and Roger D. Isaacs, published by
Bloch, is a brochure of less than 20 pages.
But it is a classic of interpretive literature
by two noted scholars, who interpret the
1aws "in terms of modern physics," main-
taining that in Moses' time there was a
Machine similar in concept to the modern
Interpreting biblical phenomena, Dr.
Isaacs and his son Roger state that at this
time 'the scientific thinking is along lines
of radiation physics, and this has given us
new frame of reference with which to
evaluate the phenomena detailed in the
references scattered through the text indi-
cate that it was used, in conjunction with
other apparatus associated with it (Urim
and Thummim, portable transmitting and
receiving apparatus) for at least six cen-
turies. While the rules for its use were
strictly utilitarian at first, symbolical con-
notations were ascribed to them in later
years as the electronic nature was not
understood. One of the purposes of the
`sacrifices' was to get blood containing
`nefesh' to neutralize substances which
interfered with the proper reception on
the speaking cabinet (`Ark of Testimony')."
Thus, they indicate that "a device existed
Bible." Their monograph makes this cor- in biblical times which could be conceived
relation in describing these phenomena.
This summary offers the desired explana-
tion of their task:
"An apparatus is described in the Bible
for receiving and reproducing transmitted
voice, much as our present radio receivers.
It served as a means of communication
between God and the Children of Israel.
Elaborate directions were given for its
Manufacture and use and a whole body of
laws covered its proper care. Many biblical
as being able to receive transmitted waves
and convert them into sound."
Biblical quotations are resorted to by the
two authors to show the structure of the
speaking apparatus, to prove its existence
and use in ancient times, to prove that "the
complete receiving apparatus involved (a)
the cabinet and its supporting poles with
Edus and cherubim, (b) a screen and
structures called (c) the breast plate,
Ephod, and the (d) Urim and (e) Thum-
mim and (f) the seven-branched Menorah."
These various parts are explained in con-
siderable detail, and there is a section in
the monograph outlining "the electro-
magnetic nature of the 'Ark of the Testi-
mony'." An appended table shows parts
of the electro-magnetic spectrum of wave
lengths, listing parts as noted in the Bible.
Even the interfering conditions and their
significance are indicated, as well as the
ethical-moral precepts as opposed to me-
In a paragraph describing "The Edus,"
the two authors assert: "It appears pos-
sible that a machine, somewhat similar in
concept to a modern radio set, is described.
The beam of transmitted energy was pre-
sumably converted into sound waves, heard
between the two cherubim' by a mechanism
— two stones, the Edus which Moses
brought down from Mount Sinai. Moses'
technicians were . able to make all parts of
the receiving machine except the Edus
mechanism, which was given to him. 'And
see and make it, according to the pattern
which is shown to you on the Mount.' "
In their conclusions the authors also as-
sert: "A study of Exodus 25:10 and follow-
ing sentences (the translation is included
in the text) throws a light on the problem
which could only be interpreted following
the development of the radio."
They add to their explanation that "the
description of the Urim and Thummim re-
minds one very much of a portable receiv-
ing and transmitting set." They believe
that "the cabinet was carried by two poles
(wood covered with gold) which were in-
serted in rings on the sides of the box —
(Exodus 25:12-14). These were left in place
permanently—(Exodus 25:15), and touched
the screen—(I Kings 8:8), making contact
with the 'antennae' and thus making it
possible for energy 'waves' to be picked up
and transmitted to the apparatus."
A glossary lists the Hebrew words re-
lated to the ancient mechanism, their
English translations and their significance.
Dr. Isaacs has done medical research
at the University of Michigan for a number
of years. His son, a public relations expert,
worked with him for 15 years in the area
of biblical interpretation.