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December 10, 1965 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1965-12-10

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

`Resistance Movement'
Emerging in Russia

Dr. Moshe Decter's
Revelations, Page 5

Vietnam Crisis
and Freedom of
Expression

Hanukah Celebrations
Planned by Local Groups

All Faiths Condemn
Insult to Gittelsohn

Story About American
Legion Action, Page 16

Detailed Stories
on Pages 12, 15, 28

Inadequacies of
Vatican
Declaration:
Dangers of
Inherited
Prejudices

JEWISH NE

Rising German
Nationalism

r."7.-FQ CD VT

MICHIGAN

A Weekly Review

Editorials
Page 4

of Jewish Events

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

VOLUME XLVI I I—NO.

16

Printed in a
100% Union Shop

17100 W. 7 Mile Rd., Detroit 48235—VE 8-9364--Dec. 10, 1965

Commentary
Page 2

$6.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c

Javits Asks U. S. to Intercede
Against Indemnification Delay

State Department . Inconsistencies:
Viet Reds' Israel Threat Minimized

By MILTON FRIEDMAN

(Copyright, 1965, JTA, Inc.)

WASHINGTON—A Viet Cong military delegation, the honored guests
of Syria, have peered through binoculars across the Jordan into Israel and
discussed prospects for guerrilla warfare against Israel.
President Nasser of Egypt has la -u-ded Communist Vietnamese forces
killing American soldiers. Within the last few weeks, Nasser has reaffirmed
Arab determination to destroy Israel.
Nasser is purchasing _Vile latest available Soviet jets, tanks, and
S.A.M. missiles. The Egyptian economy faces bankruptcy because of the heavy
Egyptian military buildi,tip.
Neverthele!,:s,---a' White House decision has been made to extend con-
siderable rffw-- aid to Egypt to fill deficits created by Egyptian military
expenl.lures. The aid will be in the form of wheat and other foodstuffs
ough Egypt has shipped her own rice to Communist China:
The American decision to resume aid to Nasser came at a time when
Americans are dying to protect South Vietnam from Communist aggression.
Nasser had only days before spoken of "preparations to face the enemy"
and the "liberation of Palestine." He openly proclaimed that "Arab revolu-
tionary forces are able to confront the decisive liquidation of Zionist danger.
This is our ideology."
The Beirut Daily Star carried the headlines: "Nasser Cites Arab Plan
For Eliminating Israel."
But the State Department reported that the Arabs were more moderate.
Aid to Egypt was described by R. W. Homer, Deputy Special Assistant to
President Johnson for National Security Affairs, as a policy "best calculated
to preserve peace and stability in the Near East."
The White House made known that President Johnson was mindful
Of Israel's precarious situation but decided that aid to Egypt would help
relax tensions and bring about a reduction in the arms race. Johnson acted
"on the strong recommendation of the Secetary of State."
Washington is certainly aware of the latest developments in the Near
sast. Intelligence officials have advised the White House that Chinese
ommunist military advisers and a Viet Cong delegation arrived in Syria
hi November as official guests. They know that the visitors were taken to
the Israeli border by the Syrian Army.
The State Department has seen the joint communique in which the
Syrians and Viet Cong representatives pledged full support against Israel
as the "tool of imperialism" and for "putting an end to old and new imperial-
ism throughout the world."
Meanwhile, the official Cairo Radio has broadcast in Arabic through-
out the Near East the identification of Egypt with the Viet Cong cause. The
Egyptians voiced elation at American losses.
One Cairo broadcast said "the material and moral losses suffered
by the United States cannot possibly be equated with any American victory,
which cannot in fact be achieved against the fighting Vietnamese people.
American officials realize this very well, but have unfortunately turned the
war into a question of dignity. They consider that acceptance of peaceful
solutions and implementation of the Geneva conference resolutions on
Indochina would constitute a stab against this dignity."
It is clear that Washington is trying to minimize dangers to Israel to
justify new efforts to buy Nasser's favor. The Chinese Communist and Viet
Cong threats in the Far East cause what some consider an alarmist response
here. But pro-Communist and pro-Viet Cong Arabs are to be indirectly sub-
sidized by the United States in the Near East. Supporters of Israel are re-
assured that a marked tendency toward moderation has been noted on
Israel's borders.
If Israelis believe Secretary of State Rusk's dire evaluation of the Viet
Cong, they can scarcely take a calm view of the Viet Cong officers peering
down at them from the "more moderate" Arab military outposts.

Federation Allocates
$2,615,277; Will Plan
1966 Formula Dec. 19

WASHINGTON (JTA) — Secretary of State Dean Rusk was asked Tuesday
to intercede with West Germany against the deferment of indemnification for
Nazi victims and to note that the Bonn action could affect the climate of the
forthcoming visit to the United States of Chancellor Erhard.
The request was made by Sen. Jacob K. Javits, New York Republican, who
pointed out that "this is a matter of the gravest importance, affecting large
numbers of former persecutees who are now American citizens." In a letter to
Rusk, Javits noted that West Germany had proposed new legislation to defer
budgetary appropriations scheduled to be made under the indemnification
program applied to 1966 and 1967, totaling 400,000,000 German marks ($100,-
000,000) for the two years.
This is the first time in the history of the indemnification program that
such deferment of payment was proposed. The effect would be to deprive thou-
sands of Nazi victims who have awaited new legislative authority of the possi-
bility of receiving any payments under that authority until 1968 at the earliest.
Even then there is no guarantee that payment will be made since it is possible
that the deferment now proposed could be extended.
"Although the proposal would under any circumstances be undesirable, its
lack of merit is accentuated by the fact that it is being put through the Bundestag,
apparently bypassing normal legislative procedures," Javits said. "I am told the
purpose is to have it enacted prior to Chancellor Erhard's forthcoming visit to the
United States. But if this action is taken, it could seriously affect the good climate
which might otherwise surround this visit."
Javits asked the department to instruct the American ambassador in Bonn to
convey the "deep disappointment which would be felt in the United States if this
step were to be taken, as well as pointing out the prejudice to the rights of
United States citizens." He noted that "many of these citizens are aged and ill,
often as a result of persecution suffered years ago, and that deferment in many
cases may well mean that the benefit of payment will never in fact be enjoyed
by the persecutees."

Eshkol Ill Forms
New Cabinet from
His Hospital Bed

,

JERUSALEM (JTA) — Prime
Minister Levi Eshkol's condition, as
a result of exhaustion for which
he was hospitalized Saturday night,
was reported by his physicians here
Monday as "satisfactory but un-
changed." His doctors at the Ha-
dassah-Hebrew University Hospital
said he "feels better" and spent
most of the day reading. However,
physicians have still forbidden him
to hold any business meetings.
Occupied with efforts to form a
new coalition government, necessi-
tated by the change in the political
complexion of the Knesset (Parlia-
ment) following the Nov. 2 elec-
tions, Eshkol will continue the ne-
gotiations through his political sec-
retary. It is understood that he will
have to remain in the hospital for
several weeks.

(Related Story, Page 5)

Move Called Unconstitutional;
May Complain to Highest Tribunal
BONN (JTA) — Jewish organizations
interested in securing compensation from
the West German government for Jews
who suffered as Nazi victims may have to
appeal to the Federal Constitutional Court
of West Germany—the country's highest
tribunal—against an effort now being made
by the Bonn government to postpone for a
year or longer the payment of $50,000,000
to a specific group of victims of Nazism,
the vast majority of them Jews, who were
to receive this sum in 1966 as the first
installment of $300,000,000 in payments
decided upon by Parliament.
A spokesman for the Conference on
Jewish Material Claims Against Germany
said the postponement of the 1966 pay-
ments will "shake all confidence" in the
pledges by the Bonn government to meet
fully its responsibility to aid those victims
—known as post-1953 claimants because
they were unable to file claims before
Oct. 1, 1953. These claimants could not
leave countries behind the Iron Curtain
prior to that date, the deadline for filing
claims. However, legislation was passed
last May by the Bonn Parliament setting

(Continued on Page 10)

The 17th annual pre-campaign budget conference of the Jewish Welfare Federation has been
set for Dec. 19, starting at 10 a.m. at the Jewish Center, Hyman Safran, Federation president,
announced. The conference meets yearly to develop a formula for allocating funds to agencies that
will be financed by the 1966 Allied Jewish Campaign, led this year by Sol Eisenberg and Irwin Green,
general chairmen, and Abraham Borman, honorary chairman.
The sum of $2,615,277 has been allocated for local, national and overseas agencies and programs,
by action of the Jewish Welfare Federation board of governors.
The 1965 allocations are based on a pre-campaign formula applied to a total campaign achieve-
ment of more than $5,100,000. Also budgeted were capital needs of local agencies.
Earlier this year, $1,537,741 was allocated to local agencies.
The major part of the monies allocated went for overseas programs and to aid Israel, as pro-
posed by Max Fisher, chairmen of the executive committee. Major beneficiary of overseas aid is the
(Continued on Page 3)

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