THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951
to u tHEe,K; up
Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 48235 Mich.,
$7. Class Postage Paid at Detroit, Michigan
VE 8-9364. Subscription $6 a year. Foreign
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 18th day of Heshvan, 5726, the following scriptural selections
will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion: Gen. 18:1-22:24; Prophetical portion: II Kings 4:1-37.
Editor and Publisher
Licht benshen, Friday, Nov. 12, 4:56 p.m.
VOL. XLVIII, No. 12
Nov. 12, 1965
Jewish Book Month: No Home Without Library
There is an accepted Jewish injunction Month will have become a vital force for
that "it is a man's duty to have an eye to the creativity in Jewish life.
The book as a good companion was de-
honor of his books."
In "Musar Ha-Sekhel," a medieval writer scribed with eloquence by the 12th Century
famed poet and philosopher, Moses Ben Ja-
"If a man is in reduced circumstances, cob Ibn Ezra, of Spain, as follows:
"A book is the most delightful com-
and forced to sell his property, he should dis-
panion. If you wish entertainment, its
pose first of his gold and jewelry and houses
witty sayings will amuse you; if you want
and estates, and only at the very end, when
advice, its words of wisdom will gladden
no alternative is left, denude himself of his
Within its covers it holds everything:
is first and what is last, what is gone
That is why there is traditionally a library
still is. Although it is not alive, it
in every Jewish home, and hardly a house-
things both dead and living.
hold, no matter how poor, ever was without
"A true friend, it brings out your inner
accomplishments. In the whole world,
Observance of annual Jewish Book Month,
there is no friend more faithful, no com-
to commence on Nov. 13, therefore becomes
panion more bending, no teacher more in-
a cause to be honored anew. It assumes an
structive, than a book. It is a friend that
obligation with communitywide emphasis,
will cause you no harm and deny you no
and it is proper that, as in the past two years,
favor. If you fail on evil days, it will be a
a score of organizations will share with the
friend in your loneliness, a companion in
Jewish Community Center - the duties of
your exile, a light in darkness, good cheer
sponsoring the attendant programs.
in your sorrow. It will bestow upon you
In the process of observing the annual
whatever it can, asking no favor in return.
month of tribute to books, we, to whom the
It gives all, it takes nothing."
book is our people's soul and legacy, must
This is an era in which we are so vitally
make certain that the occasion of a book concerned that our children should be pro-
month does not remain a one-month-in-the- vided with the best schooling. In the Musar
year event even to pay lip service to the HaSekhel of centuries ago we are offered
printed word. We dare not yield to a condi- this advice:
tion under which we live on crumbs and are
denuded of our heritage. We must never sub-
If children thou shouldst bear at length
mit to impoverishment because the library is
Reprove them, but with tender thought.
planned by interior decorators rather than as
Purchase them books with all thy strength
a sacred heritage.
And by skilled teachers have them
In this era during which we are so con-
taught .. .
cerned about the perpetuation of Jewish
values it is important for us to be alerted to To three possessions thou shouldst look:
the fact that our real enemy is indifference,
Acquire a field, a friend, a book.
and indifference springs from ignorance.
Book Month is the period for inspiration
The book is one of the best friends. It re-
to Jews who love books, and an occasion to tains highest values, perpetuates the best in
encourage • those who have been estranged a people's heritage. May the book remain our
from it to turn to it again.
major treasure, and may the observance of a
These are not difficult approaches for special Book Month serve to instill the love
those who understand the true values in life. and inspiration that is so urgent for the
If we can teach our community to appreciate strengthening of the highest ideals of all man-
the good companionship of books, Book kind and especially of the People of the Book.
Schools for Whom Children or Adults?
Sukkot is long past, but an incident related Days and on occasions other than the days on
to the festival can stand us in good stead for which Yizkor is recited?
a long time.
The holidays, except for the three Holy
On the day after the festival, a non-Jewish Days, seem suddenly to become unknown to
utility man in one of our schools said to the the elders, yet we expect the children to
principal: "You are wasting your time. You respond with loyalty to the call to duty!
should have a school for parents, not for
Which brings us back to the realization
children." He explained that during the of the major factor in our struggle to retain
holiday the phone was ringing away in the the standards of Jewish living: that without
school office, and when he finally answered the influence of the home, there is little hope
one of the calls he was asked by a parent: for an assured respect for our traditions.
"You have school today, don't you? When
But parents will emphasize the Bar
will the bus pick up my boy?"
Mitzvah — and then comes the lull! Just as
Is it any wonder that synagogue attend- the Kaddish and the Yizkor revive loyalties,
ance declines to a minimum after the Holy which are so short-lived.
Realistic Effectiveness on German. Stage
Objections to the drama "The Investiga- troversy and the staging of which had to be
tion," shown in 14 German theaters, were curtailed in several cities in this country and
based on claims that it was "ersatz repent-
ance" — a substitute atonement. But the in Canada after big losses were sustained in
defenders of the play, which is based on the New York.
facts the author, Peter Weiss, a German "The Investigation" is part of the realism
now residing in Sweden, gathered at the that must be confronted in relation to Ger-
recent trial of Auschwitz criminals, maintain many. Whenever there are exposes of the
that the theater is an "authentic place of crimes there are certain to emerge protesting
moral demonstrations, of confession, of crime elements who are anxious that the past be
and atonement." Erwin Piscator, head of forgotten. But in the interests of an assured
Volksbuehne of Berlin where the play was prevention of repetitive Nazi acts the truth
staged in addition to other theaters where must be told and retold, time and again.
"The Investigation" is being dramatized, has That's what "The Deputy" did. That's what
received considerable newspaper support for "The Investigation" does. It is heartening to
his stand. read that Die Welt, one of Germany's lead-
"The Investigation" in a sense assumes ing newspapers, has judged the latter by
the complementary role to "The Deputy" stating that "it has proved its effectiveness
which also was the subject for much con- on the stage."
'Fifty Years' — Brilliant Collection
of Works Published by Knopfs
There is a remarkable tribute to Alfred and Blanche Knopf of
the famous Knopf publishing house in the volume "Fifty Years,"
containing excerpts from the major works that appeared under the
symbol of the Borzoi.i. Books from 1915 to 1965.
The contents are explained in the title as "being a retrospective
collection of novels, tales, drama, poetry and reportage and essays
(whether literary, musical, contemplative, historical, biographical,
argumentative or gastronomical). All are drawn from volumes issued
during the last half-century by Alfred and Blanche Knopf. The whole is
selected, assembled and edited, with an introduction and sundry corn-
mentaries, by Clifton Fadiman."
This at once explains the contents of the nearly 1,100 pages
of a volume that is intended to offer some of the best of the
Knopf collections, while indicating the genius of the Knopfs in
having made possible the appearance of so many noteworthy works.
While the collection does not include excerpts from the works
of I. J. Singer and Maurice Samuel, who had the Knopfs as their
publishers, there is reference to them. In the list of Yiddish writers
whose works were published by Knopf in translations are the names
of Sholem Aleichem and I. B. Singer.
It's a pity that the Sholem Aleichem work by Maurice Samuel
and those of the Singers are not included in this monumental work.
In the list . of authors who had the Knopfs as their publishers are
hundreds of authors.
Fadiman's tribute to the Knopfs is impressive. It offers
profiles of the couple and deservedly praises their devotion and
their dedication to the aim of publishing the best available in
literature. At the same time the editor declares that " 'Fifty
Years' is not a house book. The choices are the editor's. His taste
alone, however it may be judged, determined them."
There are numerous photos of the most noteworthy authors—
John Hersey, H. L. Mencken, Andre Gide, Thomas Mann, Ernest
Newman and others—as well of the Knopfs. And a number of the
verses are illustrated, from their originals, especially Hillaire Belloc's
"Bad Child's Book of Beasts" which contain the large selection of
the originals from his children's poem.
The most distinguished authors of our time are in this COM-
memorative volume. It is a great tribute to publishers and a noteworthy
collection of modern classics, well selected by an able editor.
Essays by Experts in 'Trencif \_.
Currents i in Jewish Thought'
Benjamin Efron, director of the Los Angeles College of Jewish
Studies sponsored by the Union of American Hebrew Congregations,
used good judgment in the selection of participants in the symposium
incorporated in the study of many current Jewish issues, "Currents
and Trends in the Contemporary Jewish Thought," published by Ktav
(65 Suffolk, NY 2).
With two evaluatiVe orientation essays by Efron, as editor of the
volume, his book is divided into two sections, speaking with trends and
currents in Jewish life.
The trends deal with the various religious divisions, Orthodox,
Conservative, Reform, Reconstructionist, with a chapter devoted to
ethical doctrines and a study of Biblical criticism and archaeology.
Developments in Hebrew language studies and in Jewish worship also
Authors participating in the trends evaluations include Theo-
dore N., Lewis, Kurt Klappholz, Richard F. Steinbrink, Samuel
Chiel, Jack D. Spiro, Edward Horowitz, Herbert M. Baumgard
and Jack Bemporad.
The currents deal with the basic issues affecting the American
Jewish community—paths of Jewish literature, Israel's role, Judaism
and Christianity, anti-Semitism, intermarriage, Jewry's links with
Rabbi Arthur Gilbert, as a staff consultant of the National Con-
ference of Christians and Jews, reviews Jewish-Christian relations and
points to the manner in which, due to most recent developments, there
is emerging a . better understanding among faiths.
The essay on intermarriage by Marshall Sklare is especially
informative, and in the article "Being a Jew in America" Rabbi
Leon A. Jick emphasizes the challenges and opportunities to
fulfill the promises of both the Jewish and American heritages.
Rabbi Henry Enoch Kagan's "Jewish View of Sex and Family" is
informative, drawing upon Talmudic and other viewpoints. Others who
authored essays in the second section of the book include Manheim S.
Shapiro, Myron N. Fenster, Charles E. Shulman and Oscar Cohen.